Bibliography 2008

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2839

The Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime

Author: Nathan Hall,Abbee Corb,Paul Giannasi,John Grieve

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136684360

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 5640

This edited collection brings together many of the world's leading experts, both academic and practitioner, in a single volume handbook that examines key international issues in the field of hate crime. Collectively it examines a range of pertinent areas with the ultimate aim of providing a detailed picture of the hate crime 'problem' in different parts of the world. The book is divided into four parts: An examination, covering theories and concepts, of issues relating to definitions of hate crime, the individual and community impacts of hate crime, the controversies of hate crime legislation, and theoretical approaches to understanding offending. An exploration of the international geography of hate, in which each chapter examines a range of hate crime issues in different parts of the world, including the UK, wider Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand. Reflections on a number of different perspectives across a range of key issues in hate crime, examining areas including particular issues affecting different victim groups, the increasingly important influence of the Internet, and hate crimes in sport. A discussion of a range of international efforts being utilised to combat hate and hate crime. Offering a strong international focus and comprehensive coverage of a wide range of hate crime issues, this book is an important contribution to hate crime studies and will be essential reading for academics, students and practitioners interested in this field.

Victimisation Surveys in Comparative Perspectives

Papers from the Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2007

Author: Kauko Aromaa,Markku Heiskanen

Publisher: Heuni

ISBN: 952533337X

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 8153

Criminologists have gone a long way recently toward solving the mysteries of hidden crime, which refers to the vast numbers of offenses that are not counted in government crime statistics because they are never reported to police. But the increasing use of victimization surveys in which samples of the general public are asked to describe their experiences as crime victims has generated plentiful data on the hidden criminal incidents. The 15 papers in this anthology explore three current trends in the way crime victimization surveys are conducted: (1) the development of comparative multinational victimization surveys; (2) redesigns to make the survey data more useful to decision makers and researchers; and, (3) the launching of surveys targeted specifically at violence in intimate relationships.The objectives and possibilities of a new Europe-wide crime survey are discussed by Geoffrey Thomas, and an overview of the planned methodology and questionnaire is provided by Markku Heiskanen and Minna Viuhko. Jo Goodey describes pilot testing in six European Union countries of a specialized survey of crimes committed against immigrants and members of ethnic minorities. Antony Pemberton shows how results from victimization surveys have been used by a Dutch victim support organization in developing its policy proposals. Richard Blath reflects on the significance of victimization surveys for crime and criminal justice policies in Germany.Seven papers describe recent developments in national victimization surveys. Andri Ahven assesses the results from four victimization surveys carried out in Estonia since the early 1990s. Maria Guiseppina Muratore and Giovanna Tagliacozzo highlight the main achieve

Administrative Measures to Prevent and Tackle Crime

Legal Possibilities and Practical Application in Eu Member States

Author: A. C. M. Spapens,M. Peters,D. Van Daele

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789462365797

Category:

Page: 726

View: 1116

Criminals and persons involved in serious and organized crime often do not limit their activities to purely illegal ones, such as drug trafficking, fraud, or property crimes. They also invest money in legal activities and businesses, for instance to exploit the revenues of their crimes or to generate a legal income. Criminals may establish or take over a construction company and then tender for government contracts. The 'business processes' of most types of organized crime also require legal facilities. Authorities thus have a particular interest in preventing criminals from either using the economic infrastructure to acquire a legal income or from misusing businesses to facilitate crimes and applying their criminal proceeds towards this purpose. An administrative approach - applied in addition to or coordinated with the traditional instruments of criminal law - is a potentially powerful tool to prevent and combat serious and organized crime. In 2011, the European Commission awarded an ISEC grant to the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice (coordinator) to conduct a 'study on the potential for information exchanges between administrative bodies and traditional law enforcement organizations to support the use of administrative measures within EU Member States and at EU level.' The underlying report presented in this book is the result of the ISEC grant. *** Librarians: ebook available on ProQuest and EBSCO [Subject: Criminology, Criminal Law]

Global Burden of Armed Violence 2011

Lethal Encounters

Author: Keith Krause

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107023076

Category: Political Science

Page: 175

View: 3262

Maps the global distribution of lethal violence and presents an overview of the changing nature of conflict and crime.

The Many Faces of Youth Crime

Contrasting Theoretical Perspectives on Juvenile Delinquency across Countries and Cultures

Author: Josine Junger-Tas,Ineke Haen Marshall,Dirk Enzmann,Martin Killias,Majone Steketee,Beata Gruszczynska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441994554

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 3501

This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the second International Self-Report Delinquency study (ISRD-2). An earlier volume, Juvenile Delinquency in Europe and Beyond (Springer, 2010) focused mainly on the findings with regard to delinquency, victimization and substance use in each of the individual participating ISRD-2 countries. The Many Faces of Youth Crime is based on analysis of the merged data set and has a number of unique features:  The analyses are based on an unusually large number of respondents (about 67,000 7th, 8th and 9th graders) collected by researchers from 31 countries;  It includes reports on the characteristics, experiences and behaviour of first and second generation migrant youth from a variety of cultures;  It is one of the first large-scale international studies asking 12-16 year olds about their victimization experiences (bullying, assault, robbery, theft);  It describes both intriguing differences between young people from different countries and country clusters in the nature and extent of delinquency, victimization and substance use, as well as remarkable cross-national uniformities in delinquency, victimization, and substance use patterns;  A careful comparative analysis of the social responses to offending and victimization adds to our limited knowledge on this important issue;  Detailed chapters on the family, school, neighbourhood, lifestyle and peers provide a rich comparative description of these institutions and their impact on delinquency;  It tests a number of theoretical perspectives (social control, self-control, social disorganization, routine activities/opportunity theory) on a large international sample from a variety of national contexts;  It combines a theoretical focus with a thoughtful consideration of the policy implications of the findings;  An extensive discussion of the ISRD methodology of ‘flexible standardization’ details the challenges of comparative research. The book consists of 12 chapters, which also may be read individually by those interested in particular special topics (for instance, the last chapter should be of special interest to policy makers). The material is presented in such a way that it is accessible to more advanced students, researchers and scholars in a variety of fields, such as criminology, sociology, deviance, social work, comparative methodology, youth studies, substance use studies, and victimology.

Effective Criminal Defence in Europe

Author: N.A

Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 657

View: 9724

Based on a three year research study, the book explores and compares access to effective defence in criminal proceedings across nine European jurisdictions that constitute examples of the three major legal traditions in Europe, inquisitiorial, adversarial and post-state socialist: Belgium, England & Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Turkey. --

The World of Crime

Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World

Author: Jan Van Dijk

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506320899

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 1634

"This book is important for students who want to put domestic crime and justice issues and criminological theories in an international perspective....It is more than likely that this book will also interest all those who are professionally or privately interested in issues of crime, corruption, terrorism, law enforcement, criminal justice and sustainable development." —Johnson Thomas, BUSINESS INDIA In today's interdependent world, governments must become more transparent about their crime and justice problems. The World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World seeks to break the "conspiracy of silence" regarding statistical information on these sensitive issues. It subsequently analyzes the macro causes of crime such as rapid urbanization, economic inequality, gender discrimination, abuse of alcohol, and drugs and availability of guns. Furthermore, the book analyzes the impact of crime on individuals and societies. Using a wealth of statistical information, the author underlines the need of greater international efforts to tackle transnational problems of crime. Key Features Presents 13 chapters, which are organized in 4 main parts, that cover measurement challenges, common crimes, emerging global crimes, criminal justice, and international perspectives on crime and justice Contains statistical data taken from 2005 International Crime Victim Surveys Includes high quality figures such as scatter plots, graphs, and maps Features summary reviews and figure footnotes at the ends of each chapter Intended Audience: The book is intended as a supplementary text for introduction to criminology, criminal justice, and comparative justice courses and is also appropriate for those professionally interested in security, criminal justice and development.

Hate Crime

Papers from the 2006 and 2007 Stockholm Criminology Symposiums

Author: Joanna Goodey,Kauko Aromaa

Publisher: Criminal Justice Press

ISBN: 9789525333718

Category: Law

Page: 76

View: 2628

The six papers in this volume describe differing government responses to hate crimes in selected European countries, with comparisons to the U.S. The papers were originally presented during the 2006 and 2007 Stockholm Criminology Symposiums. Erik Bleich presents a succinct overview and comparison of hate crime policies in the U.S., Britain, Germany and France. Joanna Goodey highlights the inadequacy of data collection to support policies against racist crime in European Union member states. Nathan Hall offers a comparative overview of criminal justice responses to hate crime in London and New York City. The Swedish model of data collection on hate crime is described by Klara Klingspor. The identification and recording of racist crimes in Finland is examined by Juha Kaariainen and Noora Ellonen. Paul Iganski charts the development of criminal justice and civil society responses to racist crimes in the U.K., focusing on the example of the London-Wide Race Hate Crime Forum.

Leaving Terrorism Behind

Individual and Collective Disengagement

Author: Tore Bjorgo,Director International Center for the Study of Terrorism and Associate Professor of Psychology John Horgan, JR,John Horgan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135971064

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 1542

This new edited volume expands our understanding of the processes by which individuals and groups disengage from terrorism. While there has been a growing awareness of the need to understand and prevent processes of radicalization into terrorism, disengagement and deradicalization from terrorism have long been neglected areas in research on terrorism. This book uses empirical data to explore how and why individuals and groups disengage from terrorism, and what can be done to facilitate it. The work also presents a series of case studies of disengagement programmes, from Colombia, northern Europe, Italy, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia, comparing and assessing their various strengths and weaknesses. In light of the lessons learned from these cases, this book describes and explains the potential for new developments in counter-terrorism. This book will be of great interest to all students of terrorism studies, war and conflict studies, international security and politics in general, as well as professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.

Less Law, More Order

The Truth about Reducing Crime

Author: Irvin Waller

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275990770

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 9410

Sheds new light on the problem of crime and argues that better prevention strategies, rather than stricter laws, will do more to reduce crime

Women and Children as Victims and Offenders: Background, Prevention, Reintegration

Suggestions for Succeeding Generations

Author: Helmut Kury,Sławomir Redo,Evelyn Shea

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319083988

Category: Law

Page: 1004

View: 6838

This work compiles experiences and lessons learned in meeting the unique needs of women and children regarding crime prevention and criminal justice, in particular the treatment and social reintegration of offenders, and serves a as a cross-disciplinary work for academic and policy-making analyses and follow-up in developing and developed countries. Furthermore, it argues for a more humane and effective approach to countering delinquency and crime among future generations. In a world where development positively depends on the rule of law and the related investment security, two global trends may chart the course of development: urbanization and education. Urbanization will globalize the concepts of “justice” and “fairness”; education will be dominated by the urban mindset and digital service economy, just as a culture of lawfulness will. This work looks at crime prevention education as an investment in the sustainable quality of life of succeeding generations, and at those who pursue such crime prevention as the providers of much-needed skills in the educational portfolio. Adopting a reformist approach, this work collects articles with findings and recommendations that may be relevant to domestic and international policymaking, including the United Nations Studies and their educational value for the welfare of coming generations. The books address the relevant United Nations ideas by combining them with academic approaches. Guided by the Editors’ respective fields of expertise, and in full recognition of academic freedom and “organized scepticism”, it includes contributions by lawyers, criminologists, sociologists and other eminent experts seeking to bridge the gap between academic and policy perspectives, as appropriate, against the international background, including the United Nations developments.​ The first volume opens with a foreword by Marta Santos Pais, the United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children, and a general introduction by the editors. Part I provides an overview of United Nations principles for crime prevention and the treatment of women and children. Part II concentrates on education and the social learning of children and adolescents. The importance of quality education is stressed as is its impact on the behaviour of children of all ages. It also includes a discussion of the factors that still hinder access to good schooling in many parts of the world. Part III presents international research findings on children, juveniles and women both as victims and offenders. Statistics show overwhelmingly that these groups are more often victims than offenders.

Prostitution and Human Trafficking

Focus on Clients

Author: Andrea Di Nicola,Andrea Cauduro,Marco Lombardi,Paolo Ruspini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387736301

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1383

Andrea Cauduro, Andrea Di Nicola, Marco Lombardi, and Paolo Ruspini Client: Have you ever had a [...] by an Albanian? Researcher: No... Client: You should have one, they’re great! “I’ll tell you something: between an exploited girl and a ‘free’ one, I choose the exploited one. Because a girl who’s being exploited has to give money to her pimp, otherwise she’ll be beaten. The others, when they’ve earned enough they stop working. The exploited ones no: even they don’t want to work, they have to stay there and if they don’t pay the pimp they’re beaten [...] If you think about it, you notice it is more a help than anything else. We all know they’re exploited, so it’s better to go with them, otherwise they’ll be slaughtered!” These two tough excerpts from interviews with clients of foreign prostitution stress the core point of this work: There seems to be a different view, a different logic that moves these men in their search for commercial sex. This is the focus of the discussion and the main reason for this volume. We have attempted to study the phenomenon of trafficking from a different and innovative perspective: the demand. Trafficking in human beings for sexual exploitation (and not only) has involved all the European Union and more in general Western European countries in the past twenty years.

Refugees and Migrants in Law and Policy

Challenges and Opportunities for Global Civic Education

Author: Helmut Kury,Sławomir Redo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319721583

Category: Law

Page: 840

View: 352

Refugees and migration are not a new story in the history of humankind, but in the last few years, against a backdrop of huge numbers of migrants, especially from war-torn countries, they have again been a topic of intensive and contentious discussion in politics, the media and scientific publications. Two United Nations framework declarations on the sustainable development goals and on refugees and migrants adopted in 2016 have prompted the editors – who have a background in international criminology – to invite 60 contributors from different countries to contribute their expertise on civic education aspects of the refugee and migrant crisis in the Global North and South. Comprising 35 articles, this book presents an overview of the interdisciplinary issues involved in irregular migration around the world. It is intended for educationists, educators, diplomats, those working in mass media, decision-makers, criminologists and other specialists faced with questions involving refugees and migrants as well as those interested in improving the prospects of orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration in the context of promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development. Rather than a timeline for migration policies based on “now”, with states focusing on “stopping migration now”, “sending back migrants now” or “bringing in technicians or low-skilled migrant workers now”, there should be a long-term strategy for multicultural integration and economic assimilation. This book, prefaced by François Crépeau, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, and William Lacy Swing, Director-General of the International Organization for Migration, addresses the question of the rights and responsibilities involved in migration from the academic and practical perspectives of experts in the field of social sciences and welfare, and charts the way forward to 2030 and beyond, and also beyond the paradigm of political correctness.

International Handbook of Victimology

Author: Shlomo Giora Shoham,Paul Knepper,Martin Kett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420085488

Category: Law

Page: 732

View: 2545

In the nearly four decades since the First International Symposium on Victimology convened in Jerusalem in 1973, some concepts and themes have continued to hold a prominent place in the literature, while new ones have also emerged. Exploring enduring topics such as conceptions of victimhood, secondary and hidden victimization, and social services for victims along with more recent issues, the International Handbook of Victimology provides an interdisciplinary study of the topic from a diverse range of professionals on the cutting edge of victimology research. Forty experts from top research facilities and universities around the world provide input on the traditional longstanding issues that surround the field of victimology and explore newer themes such as restorative justice, the use of government-sponsored crime victimization surveys, compensation and restitution schemes, and victims’ rights legislation. The second in a trilogy of volumes, this handbook examines victimology from criminology, sociology, psychology, law, and philosophy perspectives. Topics discussed include: Theoretical and historical frameworks used in the study of victimology Advances in research methods, including GIS technology Patterns of victimization, including drug- sex-, and work-related Responses to victimization by the victim and society Restorative justice issues Victimization as it occurs in various social divisions Describing current research and identifying new ideas and topics of concern, the book collectively presents the “state-of-the-art” of the field today. In doing so, it helps to inform contemporary understanding of an eternal societal plague. Those wishing to continue their studies should consult the International Handbook of Criminology and the International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice, which complete the trilogy.

Hate Crime

Impact, Causes and Responses

Author: Neil Chakraborti,Jon Garland

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473918073

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6472

Hate crime is a particularly pernicious form of criminal behaviour that has significant impacts upon victims, their families and wider communities. In this substantially revised and updated edition the book examines the nature, extent and harms of hate crime, and the effectiveness of criminal justice responses to it. It covers racist, religiously motivated, homophobic, disablist and transphobic hate crime, as well as other forms of targeted victimisation such as gendered hostility, elder abuse, attacks upon alternative subcultures and violence against sex workers and the homeless. The book also assesses the complexities and controversies surrounding hate crime legislation and policy-making, as well as the continuing challenges associated with the policing of hate. The second edition features expanded discussions of international perspectives and contemporary topics such as online hate and cyberbullying, as well as numerous case studies covering issues such as lone wolf extremists, Islamophobia, asylum seekers and the far right. The book contains a range of links to online material that accompany the extensive lists of further reading in each chapter.

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Author: Bonnie S. Fisher,Steven P. Lab

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960479

Category: Social Science

Page: 1174

View: 3800

Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives. Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization. .In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs. Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics. A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.