The Handbook of Global Health Policy

Author: Garrett W. Brown,Gavin Yamey,Sarah Wamala

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118509609

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 8124

The Handbook of Global Health Policy provides adefinitive source of the key areas in the field. It examines theethical and practical dimensions of new and current policy modelsand their effect on the future development of global health andpolicy. Maps out key debates and policy structures involved in allareas of global health policy Isolates and examines new policy initiatives in global healthpolicy Provides an examination of these initiatives that captures boththe ethical/critical as well as practical/empirical dimensionsinvolved with global health policy, global health policy formationand its implications Confronts the theoretical and practical questions of ‘whogets what and why’ and ‘how, when andwhere?’ Captures the views of a wide array of scholars andpractitioners, including from low- and middle-income countries, toensure an inclusive view of current policy debates

Public Policy and the Challenge of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases

Author: Olusoji Adeyi,Owen Smith,Sylvia Robles

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821370456

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 4683

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are by far the major cause of death in lower-middle, upper-middle, and high-income countries; by 2015, they will also be the leading cause of death in low-income countries. In addition to mortality, NCDs account for nearly half of the disease burden measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in low- and middle-income countries, and large increases in NCD-related DALYs are projected. Addressing this challenge will require policy makers to design and implement economic, health, and social policies to address the links between NCDs and poverty and to minimize the health and economic losses among the population. Public Policy and the Challenge of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases provides a framework that policy makers can use to formulate their strategies. The authors point out that the most effective policy response will be twofold: to develop programs to avoid the looming NCD burden of disease to the extent possible-for example, through public health interventions and improved health care-and simultaneously to prepare to address the health system and economic pressures that will arise from the increase in NCDs due to the aging of populations. This book will be of interest to governments, international organizations, universities, and research institutions focusing on health care, economic policy, public health, and poverty reduction strategies. Book jacket.

Health Transitions and the Double Disease Burden in Asia and the Pacific

Histories of Responses to Non-communicable and Communicable Diseases

Author: Milton James Lewis,Kerrie L. Macpherson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415575435

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 317

View: 6325

With in-depth analysis of more than fifteen countries, this volume examines the impact of the double disease burden on health care regimes, resource allocation, strategies for prevention and control on the wealthiest nations in the region, as well as the smallest Pacific islands. Milton Lewis , University of Sydney.

Die Kunst des Heilens

eine medizinische Geschichte der Menschheit von der Antike bis heute

Author: Roy Porter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827414540

Category: Medicine

Page: 818

View: 1260

Zwischen Leben und Tod Ein faszinierender Aoeberblick A1/4ber fA1/4nf Jahrtausende Medizingeschichte -- von der Steinzeit bis zum New Age, von der Magie zur Molekularbiologie, begeisternd geschrieben und begeistert aufgenommen: ”Roy Porter ist ein brillanter Triumph gelungen.Evening Standard" ”Eine erstklassige EinfA1/4hrung in die Geschichte der Medizin.The Times" ”Roy Porters Mammut-Medizingeschichte ist eine auAerordentliche Leistung ... lebhaft und voller faszinierender Information.Observer" ”Lehrbuch-Geschichte der Spitzenklasse.Nature" ”Eine immens unterhaltsame Erkundung von Medizin und Geschichte. Von den JAgern und Sammlern bis zur Herztransplantation wird ein Geflecht von Ideen und Ereignissen gewoben, das nahtlos Medizin, Philosophie, Wissenschaft und Geschichte integriert. Ein verfA1/4hrerischer Sog entsteht ... Die Prosa flieAt mA1/4helos, das Material ist wohlorganisiert und in den Anekdoten faszinierend ... Eine groAartige LektA1/4re.British Journal of General Practice" ”Im Zentrum des nun deutsch vorliegenden Werkes stehen das Denken, Wissen und Handeln der A"rzte oder im weiteren Sinne Heiler; durchgAngig wird die Aufmerksamkeit auf den Kranken und die soziale Welt gelenkt, wird die Geschichte der Krankheit mit der Geschichte des Kranken verbunden ... Fachliches Wissen verbindet sich bei Porter mit einem Schreibstil, der auch den Laien zu fesseln vermag und den Fachmann A1/4berzeugt. Substanz und Humor mA1/4ssen sich, das lAsst sich hier einmal wieder eindrucksvoll nachvollziehen, keineswegs widersprechen. Abbildungen ergAnzen und vertiefen auf einleuchtende Weise den Text ... Das ebenso gehaltreiche wie stimulierende Werk von Roy Porter mAge viele Leser finden -- in der medizinhistorischen Zunft wie in der allgemeinen A-ffentlichkeit, auch unter Patienten und ihren AngehArigen.Aus dem Geleitwort von Prof. Dr. Dietrich von Engelhardt, Institut fA1/4r Medizin- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Medizinische UniversitAt zu LA1/4beck" Porters monumentales Buch verknA1/4pft in geschickter Weise zwei AnsAtze der Medizingeschichte miteinander. Zum einen stellen kurze, prAgnante Portraits jene vielfAltigen PersAnlichkeiten vor, deren Leistungen fA1/4r die stetige Entwicklung der Medizin von entscheidender Bedeutung waren. Zum anderen gelingt es dem Autor zugleich, jede Phase dieser komplexen Geschichte in ihren politischen, sozialen und demographischen Rahmen zu stellen. Dieser duale Ansatz spannt sich von den Berichten A1/4ber die medizinische Praxis im alten Griechenland, in China und in Indien A1/4ber die arabisch-islamische Periode und das Mittelalter hinweg bis zur Medizin der Gegenwart. Trotz aller FaktenfA1/4lle ist dieses gewichtige Werk aber so eloquent geschrieben, mit so viel Stil, Einsicht und Humor, dass man es kaum aus der Hand legen mag. Porter erweist den heutigen (und den zukA1/4nftigen) A"rzten wie der Fachgemeinschaft insgesamt einen groAen Dienst, indem er die aktuelle medizinische Landschaft in eine breite historische Perspektive stellt. Sein Buch ist spannendste Unterhaltung fA1/4r alle (medizin)historisch Interessierten und PflichtlektA1/4re fA1/4r all jene, die sich der schweren Aufgabe gewidmet haben, die Ziele der medizinischen TAtigkeit fA1/4r die Zukunft neu zu definieren.

Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations and Challenges

Author: Bernard J. Healey,Tina Marie Evans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118450140

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 1580

A comprehensive guide to the structure, synergy, and challengesin U.S. health care delivery Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations andChallenges offers new insights into the most important sectorsof the United States' health care industry and the many challengesthe future holds. Designed to provide a comprehensive andup-to-date understanding of the system, this textbook covers themany facets of health care delivery and details the interaction ofhealth, environments, organizations, populations, and the healthprofessions. Written by authors with decades of experience teachingand working in health care administration and management, the bookexamines the current state and changing face of health caredelivery in the United States. Each chapter includes learningobjectives and discussion questions that help guide and engagedeeper consideration of the issues at hand, providing acomprehensive approach for students. Cases studies demonstratinginnovations in the delivery of health care services are alsopresented. Health care administration requires a thorough understanding ofthe multiple systems that define and shape the delivery of healthcare in the United States. At the same time, it is important forstudents to gain an appreciation of the dilemma confronting policymakers, providers, and patients in the struggle to balance cost,quality, and access. Introduction to Health Care Services:Foundations and Challenges is an in-depth examination of themajor health care issues and policy changes that have had an impacton the U.S. health care delivery system. Includes information on U.S. health care delivery, from care tocost, and the forces of change Focuses on major industry players, including providers,insurers, and facilities Highlights challenges facing health care delivery in thefuture, including physician shortages, quality care, and thechronic disease epidemic The U.S. health care system is undergoing major reform, and theeffects will ripple across every sector of the industry.Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations andChallenges gives students a complete introduction tounderstanding the issues and ramifications.

Achieving the Global Public Health Agenda

Dialogues at the Economic and Social Council

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211045963

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 273

View: 1084

The publication presents the main discussions that took place during the Economic and Social Council meetings at the 2009 High-level Segment. The key debates focused on the theme of the 2009 Annual Ministerial Review, “Implementing the internationally agreed goals and commitments in regard to global public health”.

Achieving the Health Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific

Policies and Actions Within Health Systems and Beyond

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211205138

Category: Medical

Page: 105

View: 6393

The report tracks the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Asia and the Pacific. It also analyses the barriers the region faces in making sustainable progress towards achieving the MDGs and the reasons for large-scale intra-country and inter-country disparities in their achievement. It also presents a number of strategies for removing such barriers, including a range of action and policy options at the national and regional levels.

Health and Health Care in the Nation's Prisons

Issues, Challenges, and Policies

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742563464

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 8833

The United States correctional system is facing an urgent crisis in how to meet the health care needs of its prisoners. As the number of inmates in correctional facilities increases, prisons struggle to adequately address health care needs in a financially feasible way. Many prisoners enter the system with medical problems that have gone unmet, and the toxic environments inside the prisons further compromise their health, causing serious problems both within the prisons themselves and in society as a whole when the prisoners are released. Health and Health Care in the Nation's Prisons presents a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the health care challenges facing today's prisons along with concrete recommendations for change. In addition toan overview of the most common prison health care problems, this book provides a unique assessment of the needs of largely-overlooked prison populations, including women, people of color, and older adults. Authors Melvin Delgado and Denise Humm-Delgado cover high profile health care needs, such as substance abuse and mental illness, as well as lower profile needs like hepatitis and STDs. They also provide essential background information on the development of today's crisis by tracing the history of theU.S. health care system and how it has changed over time to meet social needs.

Advancing the Human Right to Health

Author: José M. Zuniga,Stephen P. Marks,Lawrence O. Gostin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191637645

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 4692

Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments. Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context. Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action. Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.

Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

An Economic and Policy Perspective

Author: Richard D. Smith,Kara Hanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199566763

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 1163

Health systems in low- and middle-income countries: an economic and policy perspective outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognising the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics of this context. It brings together a set of renowned authors to tackle the issues that face population health and health care in the twenty-first century. The focus is predominantly low- and middle-income countries, with a distinct meeting of economic and policy perspectives, and grounding analysis of key issues within the broader international context. The book therefore provides a unique and comprehensive analysis of health systems, with a very different and unique 'flavour' in the field. It should have wide appeal to those engaged in health and health care, including health professionals, researchers and students, as well as those outside traditional health professions but with increasing interest within health issues, such as trade policy makers, researchers and students.

Managing eHealth

From Vision to Reality

Author: M. Rosenmöller,D. Whitehouse,P. Wilson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137379448

Category: Medical

Page: 283

View: 3693

This book constitutes an excellent source of information for gaining a better understanding of information technologies in healthcare; for reviewing how healthcare will change as a consequence; and how to manage these changes in order to realise eHealth's full potential in creating value for patients, professionals and the system as a whole.

An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Author: Andrew Green

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198571348

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 3545

Andrew Green explains the importance of health planning in both developing regions such as Africa, and those in transition, such as Central and Eastern Europe. This book stresses the importance of understanding the national and international context in which planning occurs and analyses the major policy issues.

The Health Sector in Eritrea

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821358764

Category: Medical

Page: 96

View: 9782

In March 2001, the government of Eritrea launched a process to prepare a long-term health sector policy and strategic plan (HSPSP), with a focus on assuring equitable, quality, and sustainable health care. This publication sets out the World Bank's review of the Eritrean health sector, as the first part of a three-step process to develop the HSPSP. The study forms the preliminary basis for further rounds of discussion among stakeholders, and incorporates comments received from the Ministry of Health's central agencies, Zoba (regional) health teams and external partners working in Eritrea.

The New Public Health

Author: Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena A. Varavikova

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012415767X

Category: Medical

Page: 912

View: 3339

The New Public Health has established itself as a solid textbook throughout the world. Translated into 7 languages, this work distinguishes itself from other public health textbooks, which are either highly locally oriented or, if international, lack the specificity of local issues relevant to students' understanding of applied public health in their own setting. This 3e provides a unified approach to public health appropriate for all masters' level students and practitioners—specifically for courses in MPH programs, community health and preventive medicine programs, community health education programs, and community health nursing programs, as well as programs for other medical professionals such as pharmacy, physiotherapy, and other public health courses. Changes in infectious and chronic disease epidemiology including vaccines, health promotion, human resources for health and health technology Lessons from H1N1, pandemic threats, disease eradication, nutritional health Trends of health systems and reforms and consequences of current economic crisis for health Public health law, ethics, scientific d health technology advances and assessment Global Health environment, Millennium Development Goals and international NGOs

Is the Planet Full?

Author: Ian Goldin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191017450

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 8030

What are the impacts of population growth? Can our planet support the demands of the ten billion people anticipated to be the world's population by the middle of this century? While it is common to hear about the problems of overpopulation, might there be unexplored benefits of increasing numbers of people in the world? How can we both consider and harness the potential benefits brought by a healthier, wealthier and larger population? May more people mean more scientists to discover how our world works, more inventors and thinkers to help solve the world's problems, more skilled people to put these ideas into practice? In this book, leading academics with a wide range of expertise in demography, philosophy, biology, climate science, economics and environmental sustainability explore the contexts, costs and benefits of a burgeoning population on our economic, social and environmental systems.

China's Capacity to Manage Infectious Diseases

Global Implications ; a Report of the Freeman Chair in China Studies

Author: Charles Freeman

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 9780892065806

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 101

View: 3727

During the Seventeenth Party Congress in October 2007, it was clear that improving health care in China had become a political priority for the country's leadership. Three decades of double-digit economic growth had not been matched by progress in China's ability to prevent and treat diseases. The rudimentary Maoist-era health care infrastructure had largely collapsed in the reformist years of Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin, and by the time Hu Jintao took office in 2002, it was in tatters, particularly in rural China.At the same time, the socioeconomic changes wrought by China's economic explosion and openness to the outside world created enormous new health care challenges and strains on the country's capacity to manage them. As part of his government's efforts to reduce social inequities resulting from 30 years of runaway growth, Hu made improving China's health care system a priority. The SARS crisis of 2003 was a catalyzing period for China, and since then Beijing's blueprint for national health care has been drawn and redrawn several times. The problems are deep and multifaceted; identifying solutions is not easy, no matter how clear a priority the task might be.If China cannot meet its health care challenges, it will further tax an already strained international infrastructure. On the other hand, if China is successful, it can not only short-circuit an international spread of disease but also become a net donor to the global health community. To that end, the Freeman Chair in China Studies at CSIS assembled a group of international experts to address the current health care situation in China, China's efforts to tackle the problems of infectious disease and health care reform, and the regional and global dimensions of these reform efforts. This report is intended as a tool to help international policymakers and practitioners, as well as Chinese officials and academics, meet the challenges of health care in China head on.

Strategic Issues and Challenges in Health Management

Author: K V Ramani,Dileep V Mavalankar,Dipti Govil

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 0761936548

Category: Medical

Page: 227

View: 6041

Health and socio-economic development are so closely connected that it is impossible to achieve one without the other. While economic development in India has been gaining momentum over the last decade, our health system is at a critical point today. Government initiatives in public health have recorded some significant successes over time. However, the Indian health system is only ranked 118 among the 191 WHO member countries on overall health performance. Building health systems that are responsive to community needs, particularly for the poor requires politically difficult and administratively demanding decisions. Health should be a priority in its own right, as well as a means for economic development and poverty reduction. The health sector is complex with multiple goals, multiple products and different beneficiaries. India is now well placed to develop a uniquely Indian set of health sector reforms. This will enable the health system meet the increasing expectations of its users and personnel. Managerial challenges to meet community needs efficiently and effectively are many. These include ensuring availability, access, affordability and equity in delivering health services. The ten chapters in this book cover important strategic issues of health care in India and include - health system planning and development, financing, financing mechanisms, public-private partnerships

Global Health 101

Author: Richard Skolnik

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763797510

Category: Medical

Page: 434

View: 7141

Rev. ed. of: Essentials of global health. c2008.