Health Transitions and the Double Disease Burden in Asia and the Pacific

Histories of Responses to Non-communicable and Communicable Diseases

Author: Milton James Lewis,Kerrie L. Macpherson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415575435

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 317

View: 1684

With in-depth analysis of more than fifteen countries, this volume examines the impact of the double disease burden on health care regimes, resource allocation, strategies for prevention and control on the wealthiest nations in the region, as well as the smallest Pacific islands. Milton Lewis , University of Sydney.

Public Policy and the Challenge of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases

Author: Olusoji Adeyi,Owen Smith,Sylvia Robles

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821370456

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 8318

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are by far the major cause of death in lower-middle, upper-middle, and high-income countries; by 2015, they will also be the leading cause of death in low-income countries. In addition to mortality, NCDs account for nearly half of the disease burden measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in low- and middle-income countries, and large increases in NCD-related DALYs are projected. Addressing this challenge will require policy makers to design and implement economic, health, and social policies to address the links between NCDs and poverty and to minimize the health and economic losses among the population. Public Policy and the Challenge of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases provides a framework that policy makers can use to formulate their strategies. The authors point out that the most effective policy response will be twofold: to develop programs to avoid the looming NCD burden of disease to the extent possible-for example, through public health interventions and improved health care-and simultaneously to prepare to address the health system and economic pressures that will arise from the increase in NCDs due to the aging of populations. This book will be of interest to governments, international organizations, universities, and research institutions focusing on health care, economic policy, public health, and poverty reduction strategies. Book jacket.

The Handbook of Global Health Policy

Author: Garrett W. Brown,Gavin Yamey,Sarah Wamala

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118509609

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 7644

The Handbook of Global Health Policy provides adefinitive source of the key areas in the field. It examines theethical and practical dimensions of new and current policy modelsand their effect on the future development of global health andpolicy. Maps out key debates and policy structures involved in allareas of global health policy Isolates and examines new policy initiatives in global healthpolicy Provides an examination of these initiatives that captures boththe ethical/critical as well as practical/empirical dimensionsinvolved with global health policy, global health policy formationand its implications Confronts the theoretical and practical questions of ‘whogets what and why’ and ‘how, when andwhere?’ Captures the views of a wide array of scholars andpractitioners, including from low- and middle-income countries, toensure an inclusive view of current policy debates

Global Health 101

Author: Richard Skolnik

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763797510

Category: Medical

Page: 434

View: 4221

Rev. ed. of: Essentials of global health. c2008.

Achieving the Health Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific

Policies and Actions Within Health Systems and Beyond

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211205138

Category: Medical

Page: 105

View: 3725

The report tracks the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Asia and the Pacific. It also analyses the barriers the region faces in making sustainable progress towards achieving the MDGs and the reasons for large-scale intra-country and inter-country disparities in their achievement. It also presents a number of strategies for removing such barriers, including a range of action and policy options at the national and regional levels.

Achieving the Global Public Health Agenda

Dialogues at the Economic and Social Council

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211045963

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 273

View: 8594

The publication presents the main discussions that took place during the Economic and Social Council meetings at the 2009 High-level Segment. The key debates focused on the theme of the 2009 Annual Ministerial Review, “Implementing the internationally agreed goals and commitments in regard to global public health”.

Strategic Issues and Challenges in Health Management

Author: K V Ramani,Dileep V Mavalankar,Dipti Govil

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 0761936548

Category: Medical

Page: 227

View: 3024

Health and socio-economic development are so closely connected that it is impossible to achieve one without the other. While economic development in India has been gaining momentum over the last decade, our health system is at a critical point today. Government initiatives in public health have recorded some significant successes over time. However, the Indian health system is only ranked 118 among the 191 WHO member countries on overall health performance. Building health systems that are responsive to community needs, particularly for the poor requires politically difficult and administratively demanding decisions. Health should be a priority in its own right, as well as a means for economic development and poverty reduction. The health sector is complex with multiple goals, multiple products and different beneficiaries. India is now well placed to develop a uniquely Indian set of health sector reforms. This will enable the health system meet the increasing expectations of its users and personnel. Managerial challenges to meet community needs efficiently and effectively are many. These include ensuring availability, access, affordability and equity in delivering health services. The ten chapters in this book cover important strategic issues of health care in India and include - health system planning and development, financing, financing mechanisms, public-private partnerships

Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics

Author: Kate Curtis,Clair Ramsden

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579824

Category: Medical

Page: 1494

View: 3430

Emergency and Trauma Care is written for Australian emergency care providers including paramedics, emergency nurses, pre-hospital care providers, nurse practitioners, general practice nurses and allied health practitioners including occupational therapists and physiotherapists who are caring for trauma patients. This book follows the patient journey from pre-hospital to definitive care. Using a body systems approach, each chapter provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of adult and paediatric emergencies. Implications for clinical practice is supported by chapters of professional practice, clinical skills, research, evidence-based practice, and legal, ethical and cultural issues. Clinical assessment, physiology, management and rationale for intervention of common and not so common emergency presentations are provided, with each chapter providing clear and relevant examples for both Paramedics and Nurses. Emergency and Trauma Care brings together a team of highly respected clinical practitioners and academics to deliver the most up-to-date text dealing with the practical procedures and evidence experienced by emergency and trauma care providers every day. Chapter 2 Pre-hospital care overview in Australia and NZ Chapter 10 Scene assessment, management and rescue Chapter 11 Pre-Hospital Clinical Reasoning, Triage and Communication Pre-hospital and emergency nursing considerations included in all relevant chapters Chapter 5 Cultural Considerations in Emergency Care addresses cultural diversity, beliefs and values and focuses on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and Maori health Chapter 19 Resuscitation includes advanced life support, airway management and incorporates the 2010 Australian Resuscitation Council guidelines Chapter 37 People with disabilities provides assessment, examination and communication strategies for working with clients with intellectual and physical disabilities Section 5 focuses on examination and communication strategies for working with unique population groups, including the elderly, disabled, obstetric and paediatric patients Section 6 details major trauma assessment and management, blast injury, and trauma to specific body regions Essentials outline the main points addressed in each chapter Practice tips assist with communication skills, procedures and assessment Case studies supported by questions throughout Summaries and Key points, review questions, web links and references provide for consolidation and further research. Evolve resources include Power point slides, 30 additional Case studies, image bank, web links Three paramedic specific chapters (including scene assessment and management)

Public Health Nursing - E-Book

Population-Centered Health Care in the Community

Author: Marcia Stanhope,Jeanette Lancaster

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323294103

Category: Medical

Page: 1128

View: 4549

Now in its 8th edition, the "gold standard" in community health nursing provides comprehensive and up-to-date content to keep you at the forefront of the ever-changing community health climate and prepare you for an effective nursing career. In addition to a solid foundation in concepts and interventions for individuals, families, and communities, you will find real-life applications of the public nurse's role, Healthy People 2020 initiatives, new chapters on forensics and genomics, plus timely coverage of disaster management and important client populations such as pregnant teens, the homeless, immigrants, and more. Evidence-Based Practice boxes illustrate how the latest research findings apply to public/community health nursing. Separate chapters on disease outbreak investigation and disaster management describe the nurse's role in surveilling public health and managing these types of threats to public health. Separate unit on the public/community health nurse's role describes the different roles and functions of the public/community health nurse within the community. Levels of Prevention boxes show how community/public health nurses deliver health care interventions at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention. What Do You Think?, Did You Know?, and How To? boxes use practical examples and critical thinking exercises to illustrate chapter content. The Cutting Edge highlights significant issues and new approaches to community-oriented nursing practice. Practice Application provides case studies with critical thinking questions. Separate chapters on community health initiatives thoroughly describe different approaches to promoting health among populations. Appendixes offer additional resources and key information, such as screening and assessment tools and clinical practice guidelines. Linking Content to Practice boxes provide real-life applications for chapter content. NEW! Healthy People 2020 feature boxes highlight the goals and objectives for promoting health and wellness over the next decade. NEW! The Nurse in Forensics chapter focuses on the unique role of forensic nurses in public health and safety, interpersonal violence, mass violence, and disasters. NEW! Genomics in Public Health Nursing chapter includes a history of genetics and genomics and their impact on public/community health nursing care.

Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,National Academy of Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on International Security and Arms Control,Committee on Anticipating Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309225752

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 972

During July 10-13, 2011, 68 participants from 32 countries gathered in Istanbul, Turkey for a workshop organized by the United States National Research Council on Anticipating Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-containment Biological Laboratories. The United States Department of State's Biosecurity Engagement Program sponsored the workshop, which was held in partnership with the Turkish Academy of Sciences. The international workshop examined biosafety and biosecurity issues related to the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of high-containment biological laboratories- equivalent to United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention biological safety level 3 or 4 labs. Although these laboratories are needed to characterize highly dangerous human and animal pathogens, assist in disease surveillance, and produce vaccines, they are complex systems with inherent risks. Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories summarizes the workshop discussion, which included the following topics: Technological options to meet diagnostic, research, and other goals; Laboratory construction and commissioning; Operational maintenance to provide sustainable capabilities, safety, and security; and Measures for encouraging a culture of responsible conduct. Workshop attendees described the history and current challenges they face in their individual laboratories. Speakers recounted steps they were taking to improve safety and security, from running training programs to implementing a variety of personnel reliability measures. Many also spoke about physical security, access controls, and monitoring pathogen inventories. Workshop participants also identified tensions in the field and suggested possible areas for action.

Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations and Challenges

Author: Bernard J. Healey,Tina Marie Evans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118450140

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 4412

A comprehensive guide to the structure, synergy, and challengesin U.S. health care delivery Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations andChallenges offers new insights into the most important sectorsof the United States' health care industry and the many challengesthe future holds. Designed to provide a comprehensive andup-to-date understanding of the system, this textbook covers themany facets of health care delivery and details the interaction ofhealth, environments, organizations, populations, and the healthprofessions. Written by authors with decades of experience teachingand working in health care administration and management, the bookexamines the current state and changing face of health caredelivery in the United States. Each chapter includes learningobjectives and discussion questions that help guide and engagedeeper consideration of the issues at hand, providing acomprehensive approach for students. Cases studies demonstratinginnovations in the delivery of health care services are alsopresented. Health care administration requires a thorough understanding ofthe multiple systems that define and shape the delivery of healthcare in the United States. At the same time, it is important forstudents to gain an appreciation of the dilemma confronting policymakers, providers, and patients in the struggle to balance cost,quality, and access. Introduction to Health Care Services:Foundations and Challenges is an in-depth examination of themajor health care issues and policy changes that have had an impacton the U.S. health care delivery system. Includes information on U.S. health care delivery, from care tocost, and the forces of change Focuses on major industry players, including providers,insurers, and facilities Highlights challenges facing health care delivery in thefuture, including physician shortages, quality care, and thechronic disease epidemic The U.S. health care system is undergoing major reform, and theeffects will ripple across every sector of the industry.Introduction to Health Care Services: Foundations andChallenges gives students a complete introduction tounderstanding the issues and ramifications.

The New Public Health

Author: Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena A. Varavikova

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012415767X

Category: Medical

Page: 912

View: 6185

The New Public Health has established itself as a solid textbook throughout the world. Translated into 7 languages, this work distinguishes itself from other public health textbooks, which are either highly locally oriented or, if international, lack the specificity of local issues relevant to students' understanding of applied public health in their own setting. This 3e provides a unified approach to public health appropriate for all masters' level students and practitioners—specifically for courses in MPH programs, community health and preventive medicine programs, community health education programs, and community health nursing programs, as well as programs for other medical professionals such as pharmacy, physiotherapy, and other public health courses. Changes in infectious and chronic disease epidemiology including vaccines, health promotion, human resources for health and health technology Lessons from H1N1, pandemic threats, disease eradication, nutritional health Trends of health systems and reforms and consequences of current economic crisis for health Public health law, ethics, scientific d health technology advances and assessment Global Health environment, Millennium Development Goals and international NGOs

The Health Sector in Eritrea

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821358764

Category: Medical

Page: 96

View: 6048

In March 2001, the government of Eritrea launched a process to prepare a long-term health sector policy and strategic plan (HSPSP), with a focus on assuring equitable, quality, and sustainable health care. This publication sets out the World Bank's review of the Eritrean health sector, as the first part of a three-step process to develop the HSPSP. The study forms the preliminary basis for further rounds of discussion among stakeholders, and incorporates comments received from the Ministry of Health's central agencies, Zoba (regional) health teams and external partners working in Eritrea.

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology

Author: Nancy A. Pachana,Ken Laidlaw

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191029106

Category: Psychology

Page: 600

View: 2321

Throughout the world, the population of older adults continues to grow. The rise in geriatric populations has seen an increase in research on clinical diagnostic, assessment, and treatment issues aimed at this population. Clinical geropsychologists have increased their interest both in providing mental health services as well as developing approaches to improve quality of life for all older adults. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology is a landmark publication in this field, providing broad and authoritative coverage of the research and practice issues in clinical geropsychology today, as well as innovations expanding the field's horizons. Comprising chapters from the foremost scholars in clinical geropsychology from around the world, the handbook captures the global proliferation of activity in this field. In addition to core sections on topics such as sources of psychological distress, assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, the handbook includes valuable chapters devoted to methodological issues such as longitudinal studies and meta-analyses in the field, as well as new and emerging issues such as technological innovations and social media use in older populations. Each chapter offers a review of the most pertinent international literature, outlining current issues as well as important cultural implications and key practice issues where relevant, and identifying possibilities for future research and policy applications. The book is essential to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators, and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. In addition, health professionals - including psychiatrists, social workers, mental health nurses, and trainee geriatric mental heatlh workers - will find this a invaluable resource. Older adults comprise a growing percentage of the population worldwide. Clinical psychologists with an interest in older populations have increased the amount of research and applied knowledge about effectively improving mental health later in life, and this book captures that information on an international level. The book addresses how to diagnose, assess and treat mental illness in older persons, as well as ways to improve quality of life in all older persons. It has a great breadth of coverage of the area, including chapters spanning how research is conducted to how new technologies such as virtual reality and social media are used with older people to improve mental health. The book would appeal to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. It would also appeal to other health professionals, including psychiatrists, social workers, and mental health nurses who work with older people. It is a valuable resource for trainee geriatric mental health workers because it highlights key readings and important practice implications in the field.

The Upside of Aging

How Long Life Is Changing the World of Health, Work, Innovation, Policy, and Purpose

Author: Paul Irving

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118691903

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6506

The Upside of Aging: How Long Life Is Changing the World ofHealth, Work, Innovation, Policy and Purpose explores a titanicshift that will alter every aspect of human existence, from thejobs we hold to the products we buy to the medical care we receive- an aging revolution underway across America and the world. Movingbeyond the stereotypes of dependency and decline that have definedolder age, The Upside of Aging reveals the vast opportunityand potential of this aging phenomenon, despite significant policyand societal challenges that must be addressed. The book’schapter authors, all prominent thought-leaders, point to areinvention and reimagination of our older years that have criticalimplications for people of all ages. With a positive call to action, the book illuminates the upsidefor health and wellness, work and volunteerism, economic growth,innovation and education. The authors, like the baby boomgeneration itself, posit new ways of thinking about aging, aslongevity and declining birthrates put the world on track for amature population of unprecedented size and significance. Amongtopics they examine are: The emotional intelligence and qualities of the aging brainthat science is uncovering, “senior moments”notwithstanding. The new worlds of genomics, medicine and technology that arerevolutionizing health care and wellness. The aging population’s massive impact on global markets,with enormous profit potential from an explosion in products andservices geared toward mature consumers. New education paradigms to meet the needs and aspirations ofolder people, and to capitalize on their talents. The benefits that aging workers and entrepreneurs bring tocompanies, and the crucial role of older people in philanthropy andsociety. Tools and policies to facilitate financial security for longerand more purposeful lives. Infrastructure and housing changes to create livable cities forall ages, enabling “aging in place” and continuingcivic contribution from millions of older adults. The opportunities and potential for intergenerationalengagement and collaboration. The Upside of Aging defines a future that differs profoundlyfrom the retirement dreams of our parents and grandparents, onethat holds promise and power and bears the stamp of a generationthat has changed every stage of life through which it hasmoved.

Is the Planet Full?

Author: Ian Goldin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191017450

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 3850

What are the impacts of population growth? Can our planet support the demands of the ten billion people anticipated to be the world's population by the middle of this century? While it is common to hear about the problems of overpopulation, might there be unexplored benefits of increasing numbers of people in the world? How can we both consider and harness the potential benefits brought by a healthier, wealthier and larger population? May more people mean more scientists to discover how our world works, more inventors and thinkers to help solve the world's problems, more skilled people to put these ideas into practice? In this book, leading academics with a wide range of expertise in demography, philosophy, biology, climate science, economics and environmental sustainability explore the contexts, costs and benefits of a burgeoning population on our economic, social and environmental systems.

Best Care at Lower Cost

The Path to Continuously Learning Health Care in America

Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on the Learning Health Care System in America

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309260736

Category: Medical

Page: 436

View: 5263

America's health care system has become too complex and costly to continue business as usual. Best Care at Lower Cost explains that inefficiencies, an overwhelming amount of data, and other economic and quality barriers hinder progress in improving health and threaten the nation's economic stability and global competitiveness. According to this report, the knowledge and tools exist to put the health system on the right course to achieve continuous improvement and better quality care at a lower cost. The costs of the system's current inefficiency underscore the urgent need for a systemwide transformation. About 30 percent of health spending in 2009--roughly $750 billion--was wasted on unnecessary services, excessive administrative costs, fraud, and other problems. Moreover, inefficiencies cause needless suffering. By one estimate, roughly 75,000 deaths might have been averted in 2005 if every state had delivered care at the quality level of the best performing state. This report states that the way health care providers currently train, practice, and learn new information cannot keep pace with the flood of research discoveries and technological advances. About 75 million Americans have more than one chronic condition, requiring coordination among multiple specialists and therapies, which can increase the potential for miscommunication, misdiagnosis, potentially conflicting interventions, and dangerous drug interactions. Best Care at Lower Cost emphasizes that a better use of data is a critical element of a continuously improving health system, such as mobile technologies and electronic health records that offer significant potential to capture and share health data better. In order for this to occur, the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, IT developers, and standard-setting organizations should ensure that these systems are robust and interoperable. Clinicians and care organizations should fully adopt these technologies, and patients should be encouraged to use tools, such as personal health information portals, to actively engage in their care. This book is a call to action that will guide health care providers; administrators; caregivers; policy makers; health professionals; federal, state, and local government agencies; private and public health organizations; and educational institutions.

Geographies of Health

An Introduction

Author: Anthony C. Gatrell,Susan J. Elliott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118274857

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 2144

Setting out the debates and reviewing the evidence that links health outcomes with social and physical environments, this new edition of the well-established text offers an accessible overview of the theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and research in the field of health geography Includes international examples, drawn from a broad range of countries, and extensive illustrations Unique in its approach to health geography, as opposed to medical geography New chapters focus on contemporary concerns including neighborhoods and health, ageing, and emerging infectious disease Offers five new case studies and an fresh emphasis on qualitative research approaches Written by two of the leading health geographers in the world, each with extensive experience in research and policy