Human Factors in Auditory Warnings

Author: Judy Edworthy,Neville A. Stanton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429849648

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 375

View: 1157

First published in 1999, this book provides answers to many of the problems associated with the design and application of auditory warnings. It represents the position of contemporary auditory warnings research and development in a single unique volume. Application domains include air traffic control, aviation, emergency services, manufacturing, medicine, military and nuclear power. The contributors constitute many key experts in this area, some of whom are psychoacousticians, some psychologists and some ergonomists. Correspondingly, the chapters range from those covering basic topics such as audibility and localization of warnings, through psychological issues concerned with the relationship between design, understanding and the behavioural response, to the more general ergonomic issues of implementing the warnings in a particular context. Although each of the chapters takes a slightly different perspective, they all balance theoretical underpinning with practical application. The editors have undertaken to draw all of the contributions together by providing an overview of warnings research at the beginning of the book and summary of the contributions at the end. This book will appeal to all involved in the research, development, design and implementation of auditory warnings.

Human Factors in Alarm Design

Author: Neville A. Stanton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203481712

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 3114

Focusing on the application of human factors and ergonomics in the design of alarm systems, this book brings together all the disparate areas in a single volume.; The aim of the book is to present current human factor issues regarding alarm design in a variety of setting, such as industrial alarm systems in process industries, aviation, automobiles and intensive care. It argues that the severe short comings of alarm systems can be overcome through the use of human factors evaluation and design integration techniques. Contributors cover the areas of HCI, task analysis, training, personnel selection, and design and human behavior in an emergency, which of course, can be influenced positively and negatively by the design and deployment of alarm systems.

Handbook of Human Factors in Medical Device Design

Author: Matthew Bret Weinger,Michael E. Wiklund,Daryle Jean Gardner-Bonneau

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420063516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 844

View: 1927

Developed to promote the design of safe, effective, and usable medical devices, Handbook of Human Factors in Medical Device Design provides a single convenient source of authoritative information to support evidence-based design and evaluation of medical device user interfaces using rigorous human factors engineering principles. It offers guidance on user-centric design supported by discussions of design issues, case studies, and examples. The book sets the foundation with coverage of fundamental topics such as aligning the interactive nature of medical devices to the expected use environments ranging from hospitals and ambulances to patients’ homes, drawing on anthropometric and biomechanical data to ensure that designs match the intended users’ bodies and physical abilities, and conducting usability tests and other evaluations to ensure that devices perform as intended. It then focuses on applied design issues, offering guidance on the design of specific types of devices and designing devices for particular use environments. Adapted in part from established design standards and conventions, the design guidance presented in this work distills professional judgment extracted from the contributing authors’ years of experience in applied analysis and design. Written in true handbook style, each chapter stands alone and includes tables, illustrations, and cross references, allowing you to quickly find the exact information you need. Most chapters begin with a general introduction to the selected topic, followed by the presentation of general and special design considerations and then specific, numbered design guidelines. The book also presents a listing of resources, literature, and website references. It not only focuses on the human factors issues that arise when developing medical devices, it supplies the necessary guidance to resolve them.

Handbook of Warnings

Author: Michael S. Wogalter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482289687

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 864

View: 1573

A technical discussion that includes theory, research, and application, this book describes warning design standards and guidelines; aspects of law relevant to warnings such as government regulations, case/trial litigation, and the role of expert testimony in these cases; and international, health/medical, and marketing issues. Broken into thirteen major sections, the chapters cover theory, research, applications, and law, and many different perspectives on topics associated with warnings. The Selected Applications and Case Studies section highlights topics of interest and gives real world examples of problems and their solutions. No other book gives a more comprehensive treatment. This text will appeal to those whose study, work, or research concerns the design of hazard communications by linguistic, symbolic, and auditory means. The blending of research, theory, and applications also make the book attractive to safety engineers, health and medical professionals, occupational safety specialists, consumer product and industrial equipment designers, government regulators of consumer products and industrial safety, documentation writers, and plaintiff and defense attorneys involved in product- and premises-liability claims.

International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors, Second Edition - 3 Volume Set

Author: Informa Healthcare,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849375477

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3728

View: 590

The previous edition of the International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors made history as the first unified source of reliable information drawn from many realms of science and technology and created specifically with ergonomics professionals in mind. It was also a winner of the Best Reference Award 2002 from the Engineering Libraries Division, American Society of Engineering Education, USA, and the Outstanding Academic Title 2002 from Choice Magazine. Not content to rest on his laurels, human factors and ergonomics expert Professor Waldemar Karwowski has overhauled his standard-setting resource, incorporating coverage of tried and true methods, fundamental principles, and major paradigm shifts in philosophy, thought, and design. Demonstrating the truly interdisciplinary nature of this field, these changes make the second edition even more comprehensive, more informative, more, in a word, encyclopedic. Keeping the format popularized by the first edition, the new edition has been completely revised and updated. Divided into 13 sections and organized alphabetically within each section, the entries provide a clear and simple outline of the topics as well as precise and practical information. The book reviews applications, tools, and innovative concepts related to ergonomic research. Technical terms are defined (where possible) within entries as well as in a glossary. Students and professionals will find this format invaluable, whether they have ergonomics, engineering, computing, or psychology backgrounds. Experts and researchers will also find it an excellent source of information on areas beyond the range of their direct interests.

Interactive Speech Technology: Human Factors Issues In The Application Of Speech Input/Output To Computers

Human Factors Issues In The Application Of Speech Input/Output To Computers

Author: Chris Baber,J Noyes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020348181X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 225

View: 3204

Deals with the two important technologies in human-computer interaction, computer generation of synthetic speech and computer recognition of human speech. The book focuses on three main areas - recognition, production and dialogue.

The psychology of music in multimedia

Author: Siu-Lan Tan,Annabel J. Cohen,Scott D. Lipscomb,Roger A. Kendall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191503266

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 7299

For most of the history of film-making, music has played an integral role serving many functions - such as conveying emotion, heightening tension, and influencing interpretation and inferences about events and characters. More recently, with the enormous growth of the gaming industry and the Internet, a new role for music has emerged. However, all of these applications of music depend on complex mental processes which are being identified through research on human participants in multimedia contexts. The Psychology of Music in Multimedia is the first book dedicated to this fascinating topic. The Psychology of Music in Multimedia presents a wide range of scientific research on the psychological processes involved in the integration of sound and image when engaging with film, television, video, interactive games, and computer interfaces. Collectively, the rich chapters in this edited volume represent a comprehensive treatment of the existing research on the multimedia experience, with the aim of disseminating the current knowledge base and inspiring future scholarship. The focus on empirical research and the strong psychological framework make this book an exceptional and distinctive contribution to the field. The international collection of contributors represents eight countries and a broad range of disciplines including psychology, musicology, neuroscience, media studies, film, and communications. Each chapter includes a comprehensive review of the topic and, where appropriate, identifies models that can be empirically tested. Part One presents contrasting theoretical approaches from cognitive psychology, philosophy, semiotics, communication, musicology, and neuroscience. Part Two reviews research on the structural aspects of music and multimedia, while Part Three focuses on research examining the influence of music on perceived meaning in the multimedia experience. Part Four explores empirical findings in a variety of real-world applications of music in multimedia including entertainment and educational media for children, video and computer games, television and online advertising, and auditory displays of information. Finally, the closing chapter in Part Five identifies emerging themes and points to the value of broadening the scope of research to encompass multisensory, multidisciplinary, and cross-cultural perspectives to advance our understanding of the role of music in multimedia. This is a valuable book for those in the fields of music psychology and musicology, as well as film and media studies.

Auditory Cognition and Human Performance

Research and Applications

Author: Carryl L. Baldwin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553545

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 343

View: 9689

Hearing and understanding sound — auditory processing — greatly enriches everyday life and enhances our ability to perform many tasks essential to survival. The complex soundscape in which we live influences where we direct our attention, how we communicate with each other, and how we interact with technological systems. Auditory Cognition and Human Performance: Research and Applications explores how we accomplish this no less than remarkable task. It provides an overview of key auditory sensation and perception topics and mental workload theory, providing those who may be unfamiliar with these topics a foundation on which to understand applied auditory cognition. The book examines the relationship between auditory cognition and human performance, highlighting the nature of situations in which the mental resource requirements of auditory processing may be compromised. It focuses on the importance of increasing our understanding of auditory cognition and its relationship to human performance. Written in an accessible and engaging style, this book balances coverage of basic and applied research, supplies copious examples to explain key concepts, and includes extensive references for further reading and exploration. Bringing together coverage of sensory and cognitive processes, the author discusses how their interaction can be used to improve display design. Despite the relative neglect that auditory processing has received in earlier years, the auditory modality remains a potent source of information with several advantageous and unique characteristics. Over the past two decades there has been a growing base of empirical research on auditory cognition and its role in human performance at work and in everyday life. This book points out many of the questions that have yet to be resolved and provides the understanding needed to design more effective auditory displays, make better alerts and warnings, and improve communications and a wide variety of other things.

Human Factors for Civil Flight Deck Design

Author: Don Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351929836

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 9933

Human error is now the main cause of aircraft accidents. However, in many cases the pilot simply falls into a trap that has been left for him/her by the poor design of the flight deck. This book addresses the human factors issues pertinent to the design of modern flight decks. Comprising of invited chapters from internationally recognised experts in human factors and flight deck design, contributions span the world of industry, government research establishments and academia. The book brings together the practical experience of professionals across the human factors and flight deck design disciplines to provide a single, all-encompassing volume. Divided into two main parts, part one of the book examines: the benefits of human engineering; flight deck design process; head down display design; head-up display design; auditory warning systems; flight control systems, control inceptors and aircraft handling qualities; flight deck automation; and human-computer interaction on the flight deck and anthropometrics for flight deck design. Part two is concerned with flight deck evaluation - the human factors evaluation of flight decks; human factors in flight test and the regulatory viewpoint Of interest to all human factors professionals operating in high technology, high-risk dynamic industries as well as those engaged directly in aerospace activities, the book will also be of key importance to engineers with an interest in human factors for flight deck design, academics and third year and post-graduate human factors/ergonomics and psychology students.

In touch with the future

The sense of touch from cognitive neuroscience to virtual reality

Author: Alberto Gallace,Charles Spence

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191501816

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 6719

Out of all the human senses, touch is the one that is most often unappreciated, and undervalued. Yet, the surface of the human body, the skin, is actually one huge sheet of tactile receptors. It provides us with the means to connect with our surroundings. Despite the important role that vision plays in our everyday lives, it is the skin that constitutes both the oldest, and by far the largest of our sense organs. The skin protects our body from the external world and, at the same time, informs us about what occurs on its surface. In Touch With The Future explores the science of touch, bringing together the latest findings from cognitive neuroscience about the processing of tactile information in humans. The book provides a comprehensive overview of scientific knowledge regarding themes such as tactile memory, tactile awareness (consciousness), tactile attention, the role of touch in interpersonal and sexual interactions, and the neurological substrates of touch. It highlights the many ways in which our growing understanding of the world of touch can, and in some cases already are, being applied in the real world in everything from the development of virtual reality (VR) environments, tablet PCs, mobile phones, and even teledildonics - the ultimate frontier in terms of adult entertainment. In addition, the book shows how the cognitive neuroscience approach to the study of touch can be applied to help improve the design of many real-world applications/products as well as to many of our everyday experiences, such as those related to the appreciation of food, marketing, packaging design, the development of enhanced sensory substitution systems, art, and man-machine interfaces. Crucially, the authors makes a convincing argument for the view that one cannot really understand touch, especially not in a real-world context, without placing it in a multisensory context. That is, the senses interact to influence tactile perception in everything - from changing the feel of a surface or product by changing the sound it makes or the fragrance it has. For students and researchers in the brain sciences, this book presents a valuable and fascinating exploration into one of our least understood senses

Crash Warning System Interfaces

Human Factors Insights and Lessons Learned : Final Report

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Automobiles

Page: 179

View: 6027

The specific objectives of this handbook are to develop a set of clear, relevant, and easy-to-use lessons learned that can be used to support the development of the Driver-Vehicle Interface (DVI) of near-term Collision Warning Systems (CWS): 1) building on the 1996 effort conducted by Comsis, determine the current state of human factors knowledge applicable to DVI development; i.e., controls, displays, message content & timing; 2) to support the IVBSS program, develop guidelines for the integration of forward collision (headway warning), lane change (blind spot warning) and road departure warnings; 3) identify additional research that is needed to fill existing gaps in the knowledge base; 4) focus on passenger vehicles, but include information relevant to heavy trucks and buses.--P. 3, Power point overview.

Humanware-Practical Usability Engineering

Author: Ulf L. Andersson

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 1412240603

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5287

Humanware is everything which helps human beings to handle (use and look after) a product, e.g. controls and indicators, program ergonomy, location of assembly divisions in parts to be put together, signs and other markings, instructions, training and technical consultation. Against the background of how humans behave when handling a product, this book offers advice and explains principles for suitable design of humanware: how to analyse needs, design different types of humanware, and test that it works. A wide range of specific examples are described. Exercises after each chapter give readers the possibility of trying to solve humanware problems themselves. Suggested solutions are provided at the end of the book. The book is intended for practising developers, designers and technical communicators, and for students of these professions.

Warning Design

A Research Prospective

Author: John Edworthy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748404674

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 9977

Why don't we always obey warnings? In discussing a wide range of issues in behavioural research of warnings, this book takes the view that a warning is but one piece of information which we take into account in deciding what - or what not - to do. This view leads the authors to the positions that warnings should be matched in their urgency to the urgency of the situation they warn about. Auditory, visual, written and symbolic warnings are discussed in detail.

Human Factors in Healthcare

Level One

Author: Debbie Rosenorn-Lanng

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191649562

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 5751

The majority of errors, litigation, and complaints in the health service are due to 'human factors', yet the term is still not widely understood and is sometimes used interchangeably to refer to team training or communication skills. Although including these, the subject of 'human factors' goes far beyond this to look at systems, environmental influences, and interactions with equipment, in addition to self-awareness and human interaction. All of these aspects are captured in Human Factors in Healthcare and are built into a new framework: the SHEEP model, which breaks down into five key areas: Systems, Human Interaction, Environment, Equipment, and Personal, providing a structured way to focus on adopting 'safety positive' behaviours. Written in a clear and engaging way, the book is ideal for clinicians and non-clinicians alike. Through the use of relevant real world healthcare examples and exercises the book encourages interaction and thinking, as well as illustrating how mistakes can be avoided. The book also sets out ways on how to improve the experience of patients and staff across healthcare, in particular focusing on how to improve patient safety. In light of regular news reports about patient care, Human Factors in Healthcare presents a timely and proactive approach to these issues and is essential reading for doctors, nurses, managers, and everyone working in the healthcare profession.

Quality Improvement in Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine, An Issue of Clinics in Perinatology - E-Book

Author: Alan R. Spitzer,Dan Ellsbury

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455700533

Category: Medical

Page: 321

View: 7783

This issue of Clinics in Perinatology, guest edited by Drs. Alan Spitzer and Dan Ellsbury, examines Quality Improvement in Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine. The first part of the issue addresses Tools of Quality Improvement and includes articles on The Quality Chasm in Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine; Evaluating the Medical Evidence; The Vermont Oxford Network Database; The Pediatrix Clinical Data Warehouse; Role of Regional Collaboratives: The California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative Model; A Primer on Quality Improvement Methodology; Using Statistical Process Control Methodology; Human Factors in Quality Improvement, Random Safety Audits, Root Cause Analysis, and Failure Mode and Effects Analysis; Collaboration Between Obstetricians and Neonatologists: Perinatal Safety Programs and Improved Clinical Outcomes; and Pay for Performance: A Business Strategy for Quality Improvement in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. The second part of this issue addresses Specific Applications of Documented Quality Improvement Methodology in Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine and includes articles on Delivery Room Intervention-Improving the Outcome, Reducing Retinopathy of Prematurity, Improving Breast Milk Use During and After the NICU Stay, Decreasing Catheter Related Bloodstream Infection, and Decreasing Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

Shipboard Automatic Identification System Displays

Meeting the Needs of Mariners

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee for Evaluating Shipboard Display of Automated Identification Systems

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 0309085500

Category: Transportation

Page: 197

View: 4020

Assesses the state of the art in Automatic Identification System (AIS) display technologies, evaluates system designs and capabilities, and reviews the human factors aspects associated with operating these systems.

Human factors in product design

Author: William H. Cushman,Daniel J. Rosenberg

Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 1478

Recently, the use of human factors engineering in product design has become much more widely accepted. It is gaining recognition as an essential part of the product design and development process for both consumer products and commercial products. The aim of this volume is to show how human factors technology can be effectively applied during the product design and development process to improve product usability, user-product performance, user satisfaction, and product safety. A second objective is to assemble a wealth of design information for human factors practitioners and others involved with the design of consumer and commercial products for both national and international markets. The book is also suitable as a text for courses and seminars concerned with the application of human factors technology to design. Earlier works on this topic have focused mainly on designing a few specific types of products, or have considered product design only within the context of human factors engineering in general. Available both in hardback and paperback, this is the first publication of its kind to focus on the subject of human factors in product design, providing a blend of theory, data, detailed examples, guidelines, and practical advice in one volume. With over 180 tables, figures, and photographs, as well as 640 references, extensive cross- referencing and keyword index, the volume will be essential reading for all those involved in work, research or study, related to product development.