Human Motion Simulation

Predictive Dynamics

Author: Karim Abdel-Malek,Jasbir Arora

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124046010

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 1295

Simulate realistic human motion in a virtual world with an optimization-based approach to motion prediction. With this approach, motion is governed by human performance measures, such as speed and energy, which act as objective functions to be optimized. Constraints on joint torques and angles are imposed quite easily. Predicting motion in this way allows one to use avatars to study how and why humans move the way they do, given specific scenarios. It also enables avatars to react to infinitely many scenarios with substantial autonomy. With this approach it is possible to predict dynamic motion without having to integrate equations of motion -- rather than solving equations of motion, this approach solves for a continuous time-dependent curve characterizing joint variables (also called joint profiles) for every degree of freedom. Introduces rigorous mathematical methods for digital human modelling and simulation Focuses on understanding and representing spatial relationships (3D) of biomechanics Develops an innovative optimization-based approach to predicting human movement Extensively illustrated with 3D images of simulated human motion (full color in the ebook version)

Multimedia and Network Information Systems

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference MISSI 2018

Author: Kazimierz Choroś,Marek Kopel,Elżbieta Kukla,Andrzej Siemiński

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319986783

Category: Computers

Page: 599

View: 2854

These proceedings collect papers presented at the 11th International Conference on Multimedia & Network Information Systems (MISSI 2018), held from 12 to 14 September 2018 in Wrocław, Poland. The keynote lectures, given by four outstanding scientists, are also included here. The Conference attracted a great number of scientists from across Europe and beyond, and hosted the 6th International Workshop on Computational Intelligence for Multimedia Understanding as well as four special sessions. The majority of the papers describe various artificial intelligence (AI) methods applied to multimedia and natural language (NL) processing; they address hot topics such as virtual and augmented reality, identity recognition, video summarization, intelligent audio processing, accessing multilingual information and opinions, video games, and innovations in Web technologies. Accordingly, the proceedings provide a cutting-edge update on work being pursued in the rapidly evolving field of Multimedia and Internet Information Systems.

Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling

Author: Vincent Duffy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439835128

Category: Computers

Page: 662

View: 9004

This volume is concerned with digital human modeling. The utility of this area of research is to aid the design of systems that are benefitted from reducing the need for physical prototyping and incorporating ergonomics and human factors earlier in design processes. Digital human models are representations of some aspects of a human that can be inserted into simulations or virtual environments to facilitate prediction of safety, satisfaction, usability and performance. These representations may consider the physical, physiological, cognitive, behavioral or emotional aspects. They are typically represented by some visualization with the math and science computed in the background. Explicitly, the book covers the following subject areas: I. Applications II. Mobility and Universal Access III. Physical and Physiological Aspects IV. Product and Process Design V. Motion Analysis VI. Cognitive Aspects VII. Human Response and Behavioral Aspects VIII. Novel Systems Approaches This book is of special value to those researchers and practitioners involved in various aspects of product, process and system design worldwide. Engineers, ergonomists and human factors specialists will see a broad spectrum of applications for this research, especially in the automotive and manufacturing industries, military, aerospace and service industries such as healthcare. Seven other titles in the Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series are: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics Advances in Occupational, Social and Organizational Ergonomics Advances in Human Factors, Ergonomics and Safety in Manufacturing and Service Industries Advances in Ergonomics Modeling & Usability Evaluation Advances in Neuroergonomics and Human Factors of Special Populations

Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling and Simulation

Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Digital Human Modeling and Simulation, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA

Author: Vincent G. Duffy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319416278

Category: Computers

Page: 327

View: 9163

This book focuses on the predictive capabilities derived from digital representation of humans in simulation or virtual environments. It reports on models that facilitate prediction of safety and performance, and describes both innovative visualization techniques as well as the underlying mathematics and science. Contributions cover a wealth of topics, including simulation tools and platforms, virtual interactive design, model optimization methods, ontologies and knowledge-based decision support, human-computer interaction, human augmentation, and many others. The book gives special emphasis to cutting-edge simulation applications of human system modeling and optimization, including aviation, manufacturing and service industries, automotive design, product design, healthcare, sustainability, and emergency management. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Digital Human Modeling and Simulation, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, it is intended as timely survey for researchers, engineers, designers, applied mathematicians and practitioners working in the field of Human Factors and Ergonomics.

Handbook of Digital Human Modeling

Research for Applied Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering

Author: Vincent G. Duffy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420063529

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1006

View: 4645

The rapid introduction of sophisticated computers, services, telecommunications systems, and manufacturing systems has caused a major shift in the way people use and work with technology. It is not surprising that computer-aided modeling has emerged as a promising method for ensuring products meet the requirements of the consumer. The Handbook of Digital Human Modeling provides comprehensive coverage of the theory, tools, and methods to effectively achieve this objective. The 56 chapters in this book, written by 113 contributing authorities from Canada, China, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Taiwan, UK, and the US, provide a wealth of international knowledge and guidelines. They cover applications in advanced manufacturing, aerospace, automotive, data visualization and simulation, defense and military systems, design for impaired mobility, healthcare and medicine, information systems, and product design. The text elucidates tools to help evaluate product and work design while reducing the need for physical prototyping. Additional software and demonstration materials on the CRC Press web site include a never-before-released 220-page step-by-step UGS-Siemens JackTM help manual developed at Purdue University. The current gap between capability to correctly predict outcomes and set expectation for new and existing products and processes affects human-system performance, market acceptance, product safety, and satisfaction at work. The handbook provides the fundamental concepts and tools for digital human modeling and simulation with a focus on its foundations in human factors and ergonomics. The tools identified and made available in this handbook help reduce the need for physical prototyping. They enable engineers to quantify acceptability and risk in design in terms of the human factors and ergonomics.

Multibody Dynamics

Computational Methods and Applications

Author: Carlo L. Bottasso

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402088299

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 5387

Multibody Dynamics is an area of Computational Mechanics which blends together various disciplines such as structural dynamics, multi-physics - chanics, computational mathematics, control theory and computer science, in order to deliver methods and tools for the virtual prototyping of complex mechanical systems. Multibody dynamics plays today a central role in the modeling, analysis, simulation and optimization of mechanical systems in a variety of ?elds and for a wide range of industrial applications. The ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Multibody Dynamics was ini- ated in Lisbon in 2003, and then continued in Madrid in 2005 with the goal of providing researchers in Multibody Dynamics with appropriate venues for exchanging ideas and results. The third edition of the Conference was held at the Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy, from June 25 to June 28, 2007. The Conference saw the participation of over 250 researchers from 32 di?- ent countries, presenting 209 technical papers, and proved to be an excellent forum for discussion and technical exchange on the most recent advances in this rapidly growing ?eld.

Natural Biodynamics

Author: Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812565345

Category: Science

Page: 1001

View: 8881

This comprehensive volume is a graduate-level text in human biodynamics, written in the unified categorical language of modern differential geometry and topology. Combining mathematics, physics and robotics with human physiology, this is the first book that describes all levels of human biodynamics, from musculo-skeletal mechanics to the higher brain functions. The book develops and uses a variety of research methods, ranging from chaos theory and Haken's synergetics, through quantum mechanics, to nonlinear control and artificial intelligence, to provide the means to understand, predict and control the behavior of human-like systems in their full neuro-musculo-skeletal complexity. The applications of this unique scientific methodology range from prediction of human neuro-musculo-skeletal injuries to brain-like control of humanoid robots.

Human-Like Biomechanics

A Unified Mathematical Approach to Human Biomechanics and Humanoid Robotics

Author: Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402041174

Category: Medical

Page: 470

View: 5749

Human-Like Biomechanics is a comprehensive introduction into modern geometrical methods to be used as a unified research approach in two apparently separate and rapidly growing fields: mathematical biomechanics and humanoid robotics. The book contains six Chapters and an Appendix. The first Chapter is an Introduction, giving a brief review of mathematical techniques to be used in the text. The second Chapter develops geometrical basis of human-like biomechanics, while the third Chapter develops its mechanical basis, mainly from generalized Lagrangian and Hamiltonian perspective. The fourth Chapter develops topology of human-like biomechanics, while the fifth Chapter reviews related nonlinear control techniques. The sixth Chapter develops covariant biophysics of electro-muscular stimulation. The Appendix consists of two parts: classical muscular mechanics and modern path integral methods, which are both used frequently in the main text. The whole book is based on the authors’ own research papers in human-like biomechanics.

Differential Equations and Applications

Author: Yeol Je Cho

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594548789

Category: Mathematics

Page: 165

View: 1900

Preface; Existence for set Differential Equations via Multivalued Operator Equations; Nonlocal Cauchy Problem for Abstract Functional Integrodifferential Equations; Existence Results for Discontinuous Functional Evolution Equations in Abstract Spaces; A Generalised Solution of the Black-Scholes Partial Differential Equation; Optimality and Duality for Multiobjective Fractional Programming with Generalised Invexity; Markovian Approach to the Backward Recurrence Time; A Multiplicity Result of Singular Boundary Value Problems for Second Order Impulsive Differential Equations; Extremal Solutions of Initial Value Problem for Non-linear Second Order Impulsive Integro-Differential Equations of Volterra Type in Banach Spaces; Construction of Upper and Lower Solutions for Singular p-Laplacian Equations with Sign Changing Nonlinearities; A Qualitative Hamiltonian Model for Human Motion; ; Newton's Method for Matrix Polynomials; Admissibility and Non-Uniform Dichotomy for Differential Systems; Boundary Value Problems of Fuzzy Differential Equations on an Infinite Interval; An Ultimate Boundedness Result for a Certain System of Fourth Order Non-linear Differential Equations; The Initial Value Problems for the First Order System of Non-linear Impulsive Integro-Differential Equations; Generic Well-Posedness of Nonconvex Optimal Control Problems; Index.

Verkehrsdynamik und -simulation

Daten, Modelle und Anwendungen der Verkehrsflussdynamik

Author: Martin Treiber,Arne Kesting

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783642052286

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9936

Das Lehrbuch liefert eine umfassende Darstellung der Modellierung und Dynamik des Straßenverkehrs. Es erschließt Studierenden ein Gebiet, das bisher nur in der englischsprachigen Originalliteratur dargestellt wurde. Aktuelle Anwendungen in Bereichen wie Verkehrsmanagement, Fahrer-Assistenzsysteme oder Verkehrstelematik stellen den Praxisbezug her, zahlreiche Abbildungen und Übungsaufgaben vertiefen das Verständnis. Das Buch richtet sich an Physik- und Verkehrsingenieurstudenten sowie Studierende der Informatik, Mathematik und technischer Richtungen.

Advances in Human Aspects of Healthcare

Author: Vincent Duffy,Nancy Lightner

Publisher: AHFE Conference

ISBN: 1495120937


Page: 609

View: 7254

Now more than ever, the design of systems and devices for effective and safe healthcare delivery has taken center stage. And the importance of human factors and ergonomics in achieving this goal can’t be ignored. Underlining the utility of research in achieving effective design, Advances in Human Aspects of Healthcare discusses how human factors and ergonomics principles can be applied to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness in patient care. Topics include the design of work environments to improve satisfaction and well-being of patients, healthcare providers, and professionals. The book explores new approaches for improving healthcare devices such as portable ultrasound systems, better work design, and effective communications and systems support. It also examines healthcare informatics for the public and usability for patient users, building on results from usability studies for medical personnel. Several chapters explore quality and safety while others examine medical error for risk factors and information transfer in error reduction. The book provides an integrated review of physical, cognitive, and organizational aspects that facilitates a systems approach to implementation. These features and more allow practitioners to gain a deeper understanding of the issues in healthcare delivery and the role ergonomics and human factors can play in solving them.

Accidental Injury

Biomechanics and Prevention

Author: Alan M. Nahum,John Melvin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387988207

Category: Medical

Page: 637

View: 9924

The study of accidental injury lies at the interface between medical diagnosis and treatment, and research on biomechanical principles of tissue organization. This second edition, completely revised and judiciously expanded, presents chapters written by authorities in the field of human traumatic injury, and covers topics ranging from automobile restraint systems to cell and tissue biomechanics. This new edition will continue to interest a variety of researchers including physicians; biomechanical researchers; mechanical, biomedical and automotive engineers; as well as attorneys and jurists involved in accidental injury cases.

Technische Unterstützungssysteme

Author: Robert Weidner,Tobias Redlich,Jens P. Wulfsberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662483831

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 226

View: 877

Mit dem vorliegenden Werk wird ein transdisziplinärer und partizipativer Ansatz zur bedarfsorientierten Technikentwicklung beschrieben. Ausgehend von der Vorstellung, dass der Mensch auch in Zukunft in vielen Bereichen durch Technik weder ersetzt werden kann noch sich ersetzt zu werden wünscht, richtet sich das Werk an Wissenschaftler und Praktiker gleichermaßen. Die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz technischer Unterstützungssysteme stellt den Kern und Ausgangspunkt des Buches dar. Neben den Grundlagen und Ansätzen für die Entwicklung von Unterstützungssystemen werden im Buch innovative Technologien und Anwendungsbeispiele akzeptierter Systeme vorgestellt.

Numerische Strömungsmechanik

Author: Joel H. Ferziger,Milovan Peric

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540682287

Category: Science

Page: 509

View: 3182

Das Buch bietet einen Überblick über die numerischen Methoden zur Lösung strömungsmechanischer Probleme. Die in der Praxis meistgenutzten Methoden werden detailliert beschrieben. Behandelt werden auch fortgeschrittene Methoden, wie die Simulation von Turbulenzen und Parallel-Verarbeitung. Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen und Prinzipien der verschiedenen Methoden. Numerische Genauigkeit und Abschätzung sowie Fehlerreduktion werden detailliert mit vielen Beispielen behandelt. Alle Computercodes sind über den Server des Springer-Verlages erhältlich (Internet).

Dynamics of Tree-Type Robotic Systems

Author: Suril Vijaykumar Shah,Subir Kumar Saha,Jayanta Kumar Dutt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400750064

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 6850

This book addresses dynamic modelling methodology and analyses of tree-type robotic systems. Such analyses are required to visualize the motion of a system without really building it. The book contains novel treatment of the tree-type systems using concept of kinematic modules and the corresponding Decoupled Natural Orthogonal Complements (DeNOC), unified representation of the multiple-degrees-of freedom-joints, efficient recursive dynamics algorithms, and detailed dynamic analyses of several legged robots. The book will help graduate students, researchers and practicing engineers in applying their knowledge of dynamics for analysis of complex robotic systems. The knowledge contained in the book will help one in virtual testing of robot operation, trajectory planning and control.