Human Rights

The Hard Questions

Author: Cindy Holder,David Reidy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107067146

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 1001

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. A burgeoning human rights movement followed, yielding many treaties and new international institutions and shaping the constitutions and laws of many states. Yet human rights continue to be contested politically and legally and there is substantial philosophical and theoretical debate over their foundations and implications. In this volume, distinguished philosophers, political scientists, international lawyers, environmentalists and anthropologists discuss some of the most difficult questions of human rights theory and practice: what do human rights require of the global economy? Does it make sense to secure them by force? What do they require in jus post bello contexts of transitional justice? Is global climate change a human rights issue? Is there a human right to democracy? Does the human rights movement constitute moral progress? For students of political philosophy, human rights, peace studies and international relations.

Human Rights

The Hard Questions

Author: Cindy Holder,David Reidy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107003067

Category: Law

Page: 472

View: 2463

This volume addresses the philosophical and theoretical ramifications of human rights, and challenges made to them.

Human Rights and Power in Times of Globalisation

Author: Ekaterina Yahyaoui

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004346406

Category: Political Science

Page: 295

View: 8289

How does globalisation affect the ability of human rights to constrain power? The contributions to the volume tackle this question in various areas of human rights and international law calling for rethinking of the structure and functioning of human rights.

Human Rights and Cultural Diversity

Core Issues and Cases

Author: Andrew Fagan

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 1474401198

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3658

A student guide to reconciling human rights with cultural difference, using political philosophy and real-life case studiesHow can universal human rights be reconciled with respect for wide cultural differences? This textbook introduces the core issues for students and addresses them through an interdisciplinary analysis of key case studies. Throughout the book, an alternative philosophical framework is offered as a model through which universalism and difference can be reconciled into a single global vision.Key FeaturesCombines the theory and application of human rights to provide practical help for students and course leadersKey case studies examine the rights of women, ethnic and national minorities, indigenous peoples and religious communitiesAddresses a broad range of on-going political struggles and issues, including FGM, LGBT rights, freedom of speech and the rights of indigenous peoplesOutlines a new human rights-based philosophical perspective that enables students to understand human rights within culturally diverse environmentsHelpful student features include:Core questions: each chapter starts with 10 core questions, which students are invited to answer as they read to put what they learn into practiceFurther reading: every chapter ends with suggestions for further reading, to help students deepen their study in particular areasTwo-colour layout: blue text boxes and headings draw your attention to important information and make the book easier to read

Ethical Relativity

Author: Edvard Alexander Westermarck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783869321318

Category:

Page: 348

View: 6405

Human Rights

Between Idealism and Realism

Author: Christian Tomuschat

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191506699

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 8595

This third edition of Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism presents human rights in action, focusing on their effectiveness as legal tools designed to benefit human beings. By combining conceptual analysis with an emphasis on procedures and mechanisms of implementation, this volume provides a multidimensional overview of human rights. After examining briefly the history of human rights, the author analyses the intellectual framework that forms the basis of their legitimacy. In particular, he covers the concept of universality and the widely used model that classifies human rights into clusters of different 'generations'. In this edition, the author brings together the fundamental aspects of human rights law, addressing human dignity as the ethical foundation of human rights, the principle of equality and non-discrimination as the essence of any culture of human rights, the protections against racial discrimination and discrimination against women, and assesses the individual as a subject of international law. The volume then moves on to assess the activities of the political institutions of the United Nations, the expert bodies established by the relevant treaties, and the international tribunals specifically entrusted at the regional level with protecting human rights. This edition also includes specific analysis of the actions mandated by the UN Security Council against Libya in 2011. It also includes greater coverage of the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. The author explains how and why the classical array of politically inspired informal devices has been enriched by the addition of international criminal procedures and by endeavours to introduce civil suits against alleged individual violators of human rights. Finally, the volume is rounded off by a consideration of the importance of humanitarian law as an instrument for the protection of human life and dignity and an exploration of the future of human rights.

Ein wenig Leben

Roman

Author: Hanya Yanagihara

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446255583

Category: Fiction

Page: 960

View: 2228

"Ein wenig Leben" handelt von der lebenslangen Freundschaft zwischen vier Männern in New York, die sich am College kennengelernt haben. Jude St. Francis, brillant und enigmatisch, ist die charismatische Figur im Zentrum der Gruppe – ein aufopfernd liebender und zugleich innerlich zerbrochener Mensch. Immer tiefer werden die Freunde in Judes dunkle, schmerzhafte Welt hineingesogen, deren Ungeheuer nach und nach hervortreten. "Ein wenig Leben" ist ein rauschhaftes, mit kaum fasslicher Dringlichkeit erzähltes Epos über Trauma, menschliche Güte und Freundschaft als wahre Liebe. Es begibt sich an die dunkelsten Orte, an die Literatur sich wagen kann, und bricht dabei immer wieder zum hellen Licht durch.

On Human Rights

Author: Stephen Shute,Susan Hurley

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780465052240

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 1298

Are there any human rights that apply to all women and all men in all cultures at all times? Can we ground human rights in an abstract rationality possessed by every human being? Or, as some philosophers have claimed, are attempts to ground human rights doomed to failure? Do human rights in any case need such grounding? On Human Rights, the second book in the Oxford Amnesty Lecture Series, presents the opinions of seven distinguished contributors who approach the problem of universal human rights from a variety of perspectives using a wealth of contemporary and historical material. The essays make a significant contribution to the theory and practice of human rights . They grapple with the hard questions that confront anyone concerned with responding appropriately to the numerous violations of human rights that surround us.

Intimations of Global Law

Author: Neil Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316195708

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1725

A strain of law reaching beyond any bounded international or transnational remit to assert a global jurisdiction has recently acquired a new prominence. Intimations of Global Law detects this strain in structures of international law claiming a planetary scope independent of state consent, in new threads of global constitutional law, administrative law and human rights, and in revived notions of ius gentium and the global rule of law. It is also visible in the legal pursuit of functionally differentiated global public goods, general conflict rules, norms of 'legal pluralism' and new legal hybrids such as the global law of peace and humanity law. The coming of global law affects how law manifests itself in a global age and alters the shape of our legal-ethical horizons. Global law presents a diverse, unsettled and sometimes conflicted legal category, and one which challenges our very understanding of the rudiments of legal authority.

Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 6719

Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.

Die Eroberung Amerikas

das Problem des Anderen

Author: Tzvetan Todorov

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518112137

Category: America

Page: 312

View: 974

Freakonomics

überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]

Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442154517

Category:

Page: 411

View: 9936

Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

Die Idee der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406606533

Category: Civil rights

Page: 493

View: 4846

Drei Kinder streiten darüber, wem von ihnen eine Flöte gehören sollte. Das erste Kind hat Musikunterricht gehabt und kann als einziges Flöte spielen. Das zweite ist arm und besitzt keinerlei anderes Spielzeug. Das dritte Kind hat die Flöte mit viel Ausdauer selbst angefertigt. Mit diesem Gleichnis eröffnet Amartya Sen, einer der wichtigsten Denker unserer Zeit, sein Buch über die Idee der Gerechtigkeit. Es ist John Rawls gewidmet und grenzt sich doch von der wirkungsmächtigsten Gerechtigkeitstheorie des 20. Jahrhunderts ab. Wer eine weitere abstrakte Diskussion der institutionellen Grundlagen einer gerechten Gesellschaft erwartet, der wird enttäuscht sein. Wer sich hingegen darüber wundert, was diese Theorien eigentlich zur Bekämpfung real existierender Ungerechtigkeiten beitragen, der wird großen Gewinn daraus ziehen. Sen nämlich stellt die Plausibilität solcher Anstrengungen der reinen Vernunft in Frage. Seine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit ist weniger an der Ausformulierung einer ethisch perfekten Gesellschaft interessiert als an Argumenten, deren Maßstab die konkrete Überwindung von Ungerechtigkeit ist. Sen eröffnet Perspektiven, die dem westlichen Denken meist fehlen. Seine Kenntnis der hinduistischen, buddhistischen und islamischen Kultur ist wundervoll eingewoben in das Buch und prägt den ganzen Charakter seines Philosophierens. Die Vernunft sucht die Wahrheit, wo immer sie sich finden lässt - und wie der Autor dieses außergewöhnlichen Werkes entdeckt sie auf ihrer weiten Reise viele gangbare Wege zu einer gerechteren Welt.

After War Ends

A Philosophical Perspective

Author: Larry May

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110701851X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 9359

This is the first book-length treatment of justice after war ends. Larry May combines here both philosophical and legal analysis.

Ethical Citizenship

British Idealism and the Politics of Recognition

Author: T. Brooks

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137329963

Category: Philosophy

Page: 247

View: 2797

In the first full length examination of the topic, Ethical Citizenship rediscovers a significant and distinctive contribution to how we might understand citizenship today. Leading international scholars bring together theory and practice to explore its historical roots, contemporary relevance and application to international politics.

Starship Troopers

der Roman zum Film von Paul Verhoeven

Author: Robert A. Heinlein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783404141593

Category: Science fiction

Page: 334

View: 1516

Die Menschheit befindet sich ein einem unerbittlichen Krieg mit den Bugs, Insektenwesen aus den Tiefen des Weltalls, einem Krieg, der alle Lebensbereiche durchdringt. Die Bürgerrechte werden auf der Erde nur jenem zugesprochen, der seinen Militärdienst geleistet hat. Auch die Soldaten an Bord der Rodger Young müssen in den Kampf zeihen. Sie sind Starship Troopers, die Infanteristen in diesem galaktischen Konflikt, und sie trifft der Schrecken, die Einsamkeit und die Angst am härtesten ... 1959 erhielt Robert Heinlein für diesen Roman den Hugo Award, einen der international bedeutendsten Preise der Science Fiction. Seit seinem Erscheinen löst er immer wieder heftige Diskussionen aus. Eines ist jedoch sicher: Er ist einer der spannendsten Romane des Autors und zählt zu seinen Schlüsselwerken. Aufwendig fürs Kino verfilmt wurde das Buch Ende der 90er Jahre von Paul Verhoeven.

Concentrate Questions and Answers Human Rights and Civil Liberties

Law Q&A Revision and Study Guide

Author: Steve Foster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192551663

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 9477

The Concentrate Q&As are a result of a collaboration involving hundreds of law students and lecturers from universities across the UK. The series offers you better support and a greater chance to succeed on your law course than any of the competitors. 'A sure-fire way to get a 1st class result' (Naomi M, Coventry University) 'My grades have dramatically improved since I started using the OUP Q&A guides' (Glen Sylvester, Bournemouth University) 'These first class answers will transform you into a first class student' (Ali Mohamed, University of Hertfordshire) 'I can't think of better revision support for my study' (Quynh Anh Thi Le, University of Warwick) 'I would strongly recommend Q&A guides. They have vastly improved my structuring of exam answers and helped me identify key components of a high quality answer' (Hayden Roach, Bournemouth University) '100% would recommend. Makes you feel like you will pass with flying colours' (Elysia Marie Vaughan, University of Hertfordshire) 'My fellow students rave about this book' (Octavia Knapper, Lancaster University) 'The best Q&A books that I've read; the content is exceptional' (Wendy Chinenye Akaigwe, London Metropolitan University) 'I would not hesitate to recommend this book to a friend' (Blessing Denhere, Coventry University)

Globalizing Democracy and Human Rights

Author: Carol C. Gould

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521541275

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 3098

In her new book Carol Gould addresses the fundamental issue of democratizing globalization, that is to say of finding ways to open transnational institutions and communities to democratic participation by those widely affected by their decisions.The book develops a framework for expanding participation in crossborder decisions, arguing for a broader understanding of human rights and introducing a new role for the ideas of care and solidarity at a distance. Accessibly written with a minimum of technical jargon this is a major new contribution to political philosophy.