Hydrology

An Introduction

Author: Wilfried Brutsaert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268796

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2763

Water in its different forms has always been a source of wonder, curiosity and practical concern for humans everywhere. Hydrology: An Introduction presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental principles of hydrology, based on the course that Wilfried Brutsaert has taught at Cornell University for the last thirty years. Hydrologic phenomena are dealt with at spatial and temporal scales at which they occur in nature. The physics and mathematics necessary to describe these phenomena are introduced and developed, and readers will require a working knowledge of calculus and basic fluid mechanics. The book will be invaluable as a textbook for entry-level courses in hydrology directed at advanced seniors and graduate students in physical science and engineering. In addition, the book will be more broadly of interest to professional scientists and engineers in hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, agronomy, geology, climatology, oceanology, glaciology and other earth sciences.

Hydrology

An Introduction to Hydrologic Science

Author: Rafael L. Bras

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 643

View: 3655

Stream Hydrology

An Introduction for Ecologists

Author: Nancy D. Gordon,Thomas A. McMahon,Brian L. Finlayson,Christopher J. Gippel,Rory J. Nathan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118688171

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 8734

Since the publication of the first edition (1994) there have been rapid developments in the application of hydrology, geomorphology and ecology to stream management. In particular, growth has occurred in the areas of stream rehabilitation and the evaluation of environmental flow needs. The concept of stream health has been adopted as a way of assessing stream resources and setting management goals. Stream Hydrology: An Introduction for Ecologists Second Edition documents recent research and practice in these areas. Chapters provide information on sampling, field techniques, stream analysis, the hydrodynamics of moving water, channel form, sediment transport and commonly used statistical methods such as flow duration and flood frequency analysis. Methods are presented from engineering hydrology, fluvial geomorphology and hydraulics with examples of their biological implications. This book demonstrates how these fields are linked and utilised in modern, scientific river management. Emphasis on applications, from collecting and analysing field measurements to using data and tools in stream management. Updated to include new sections on environmental flows, rehabilitation, measuring stream health and stream classification. Critical reviews of the successes and failures of implementation. Revised and updated windows-based AQUAPAK software. This book is essential reading for 2nd/3rd year undergraduates and postgraduates of hydrology, stream ecology and fisheries science in Departments of Physical Geography, Biology, Environmental Science, Landscape Ecology, Environmental Engineering and Limnology. It would be valuable reading for professionals working in stream ecology, fisheries science and habitat management, environmental consultants and engineers.

Forest Hydrology

An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition

Author: Mingteh Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143987994X

Category: Science

Page: 595

View: 6018

Due to its height, density, and thickness of crown canopy; fluffy forest floor; large root system; and horizontal distribution; forest is the most distinguished type of vegetation on the earth. In the U.S., forests occupy about 30 percent of the total territory. Yet this 30 percent of land area produces about 60 percent of total surface runoff, the major water resource area of the country. Any human activity in forested areas will inevitably disturb forest floors and destroy forest canopies, consequently affecting the quantity, quality, and timing of water resources. Thoroughly updated and expanded, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition discusses the concepts, principles, and processes of forest and forest activity impacts on the occurrence, distribution, and circulation of water and the aquatic environment. Brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single, comprehensive textbook Focuses on the concepts, processes, and general principles in forest hydrology Covers functions, properties, and science of water; water distribution; forests and precipitation, vaporization, stream flow, and stream sediment Discusses watershed management planning and practical applications of forest hydrology in resource management In a single textbook, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition comprehensively covers water and water resources issues, forest characteristics relevant to the environment, forest impacts in the hydrological cycle, watershed research, watershed management planning, and hydrologic measurements. With the addition of new chapters, new issues, and appendices, this new edition is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduates in forest hydrology courses as well as professionals involved in water resources management and decision-making in forested watersheds.

Hydrology

An Australian Introduction

Author: Anthony Ladson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195553581

Category: Hydrology

Page: 326

View: 4713

Australia has a unique climate and students of Australian Hydrology need a textbook to match. Hydrology: An Australian Introduction is the first hydrology text of its kind, prepared especially for Australian students. It explores and discusses the techniques used for dealing with problems in the Australian context including: Rainfall, including estimation of design rainfall events Evapotranspiration Runoff processes Stream flow measurement and data Flood frequency analysis Rational method of design flood estimation Rainfall runoff models Water storage, diversions and management This text provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamental hydrology principles but the focus, examples and applications relate to the Australian experience. It includes worked examples from the geographically diverse regions of Australia and introduces techniques that can be used to solve practical problems in hydrology.

Hydrology

An Advanced Introduction to Hydrological Processes and Modelling

Author: Arved J. Raudkivi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483135977

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 9228

Hydrology: An Advanced Introduction to Hydrological Processes and Modelling introduces the reader to hydrological processes and methods of estimation of the various quantities involved. Topics covered range from elements of meteorology to precipitation, evaporation and transpiration, interception, and flood routing. Extreme events, design flood, and small catchment runoff are also discussed. This book is comprised of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of hydrology and the hydrologic cycle, along with the world's water resources and their utilization and management. Subsequent chapters deal with atmospheric thermodynamics and atmospheric circulation; analysis and measurement of precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, and interception; infiltration of groundwater; and reservoir and stream routing. Storage for flood control and regulation for abatement of water shortage are also considered, along with stratification and siltation of reservoirs, catchment yield, and sediment yield and transport. The final chapter highlights the importance of information analysis and decision making in hydrological work. This monograph is written for senior and postgraduate students and should also be of value to practitioners of physics, mathematics, and civil engineering.

Numerical Methods in Subsurface Hydrology

With an Introduction to the Finite Element Method

Author: Irwin Remson,George Milton Hornberger,Fred John Molz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 389

View: 8395

Hydrology

An Environmental Approach

Author: Ian Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351439693

Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 2999

Hydrology covers the fundamentals of hydrology and hydrogeology, taking an environmental slant dictated by the emphasis in recent times for the remediation of contaminated aquifers and surface-water bodies as well as a demand for new designs that impose the least negative impact on the natural environment. Major topics covered include hydrological principles, groundwater flow, groundwater contamination and clean-up, groundwater applications to civil engineering, well hydraulics, and surface water. Additional topics addressed include flood analysis, flood control, and both ground-water and surface-water applications to civil engineering design.

An Introduction to Mine Hydrogeology

Author: Pradipta Kumar Deb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319029886

Category: Science

Page: 54

View: 4511

An Introduction to Mine Hydrogeology briefly describes the subject of hydrogeology so that this knowledge can be integrated into mine development planning. It emphasizes not only the hydrochemical but also the physical impacts of the hydrogeological environment on the mine and its surroundings. Further, it discusses the methodologies used in mine hydrogeological studies, showcased by selected studies on Indian mines.

Introduction to Physical Hydrology

Author: Martin Hendriks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199296847

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 8244

Introduction to Physical Hydrology provides a solid grounding in the principles of the subject. Exploring the principal rules that govern the flow of water on the land, it considers the three major types of water: atmospheric, ground, and soil. It gives insights into the major hydrologicalprocesses, and shows how the principles of physical hydrology inform our understanding of climate and global hydrology - the large-scale study of hydrology with which we need to grapple to fully understand the impact of the climate on water supply.The study of physical properties is done most effectively through mathematical representations of concepts and processes. Introduction to Physical Hydrology includes a carefully-developed and class-tested learning framework: an extensive range of examples and exercises, and further maths support inthe form of a series of Maths Toolboxes help the reader engage with and understand the maths required to master the subject.With hydrology now being approached from environmental and social perspectives, in addition to the more traditional physical geography and civil engineering perspectives, there has never been a more important time to develop a sound understanding of the subject. Introduction to Physical Hydrology isthe perfect course companion while you develop this understanding.

Estuarine Ecohydrology

Author: Eric Wolanski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080550355

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 1932

Estuarine Ecohydrology focuses on the principal components of an estuary. The book demonstrates how one can quantify an estuarine ecosystem's ability to cope with human stresses. The theories, models, and real-world solutions covered will serve as a toolkit for designing a management plan for the ecologically sustainable development of an estuary. This book is organized into seven chapters dealing with topics such as estuarine water circulation; estuarine sediment dynamics; tidal wetlands; estuarine food webs; and ecohydrology models and solutions. Although each chapter contains rigorous specialist knowledge, it is presented in an accessible way that encourages multi-disciplinary collaboration between such fields as hydrology, ecology and mathematical modeling. Estuarine Ecohydrology is appropriate for use as a textbook and as a reference for researchers; advanced undergraduate and graduate students in marine biology, oceanography, coastal management, and coastal engineering; coastal developers; resources managers, shipping operators; and those involved in estuarine fisheries and sustainable development communities. * Appropriate for use as a textbook and as a reference * Focuses on the principal components of an estuary * Presents theories, models, and real-world solutions to serve as a toolkit for designing a management plan for the ecologically sustainable development of an estuary

Fundamentals of Hydrology

Author: Tim Davie

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415399866

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 7473

In order to manage the world's increasingly scarce water resources we must have a sound understanding of how water moves around the planet and what influences water quality. Fundamentals of Hydrology provides an engaging and comprehensive introduction to this subject and provides real-life examples of water resource management in a changing world. The second edition of this popular book brings the text up-to-date with additional case studies and diagrams and a greater synthesis of water quality with physical hydrology. The chapters on runoff and evaporation have been updated and the final chapter on hydrology in a changing world has more material on water resource management strategies. Additionally the chapter on streamflow analysis now includes a more in-depth section on modelling runoff. The book begins with a comprehensive coverage of precipitation, evaporation, water stored in the ground and as snow and ice, and runoff. These physical hydrological processes show with respect to the fundamental knowledge about the process, its measurement and estimation and how it ties in with water quality. Following this is a section on analyzing streamflow data, including using computer models and combining hydrology and ecology for in-stream flow assessment. A chapter on water quality shows how to measure and estimate it in a variable environment and finishes with a section on pollution treatment. The final chapter brings the text together to discuss water resource management andreal-life issues that are faced by hydrologists in a constantly changing world. Fundamentals of Hydrology is a lively and accessible introduction to the study of hydrology at university level. This new edition continues to provide an understanding of hydrological processes, knowledge of the techniques used to assess water resources and an up-to-date overview of water resource management in a changing world. Throughout the text, wide-ranging examples and case studies are used to clearly explain ideas and methods. Short chapter summaries, essay questions, guides to further reading and a glossary are also included.

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management

An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel P. Loucks,Eelco van Beek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319442341

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 8283

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.

Elements of Physical Hydrology

Author: George M. Hornberger,Patricia L. Wiberg,Jeffrey P. Raffensperger,Paolo D'Odorico

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413965

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 9470

Among the many diverse aspects of environmental science, none is more critical to the future of society and nature than water. Understanding the role of water on Earth and making good decisions regarding water conservation and hydrological hazards depends on learning the fundamentals of physical hydrology. This textbook, now in an expanded second edition, provides the clearest opportunity for students to absorb those fundamentals. Written at an introductory level, Elements of Physical Hydrology covers virtually every aspect of this subject, including: • The hydrological cycle• Water budgets at catchment to global scales • Spatial and temporal aspects of precipitation• Evapotranspiration• Fluid dynamics and the Bernoulli equation• Laminar and turbulent flows• Open channel flow • Flood movement through reservoirs and channels • Flood frequency analysis• Groundwater flow• Aquifer characterization• Land subsidence• Soil moisture dynamics• Flow in the unsaturated zone• Hydrologic controls on vegetation • Biotic controls on hydrological processes• Runoff generation from surface and subsurface sources• Catchment models• The water-food-energy nexus• The globalization of water• Impacts of changing climate Layering one topic upon the next, Elements of Physical Hydrology succeeds in moving from simple, easy-to-grasp explanations though equations and models in a manner that will leave students new to the topic eager to apply their knowledge. Professionals in related disciplines will also find this book ideal for self-study. Thoughtfully illustrated, carefully written, and covering a broad spectrum of topics, this classic text clarifies a subject that is often misunderstood and oversimplified. -- Keith Loague

Introduction to Hydrogeology

Author: David Deming

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 3044

Provides an introduction to hydrogeology. This work is applicable for hydrogeololgy, geohydrology, groundwater and geologic fluids courses taken by juniors and seniors. Its primary goal is to emphasize the geologic aspects of hydrogeology.

Hydrology and the Management of Watersheds

Author: Kenneth N. Brooks,Peter F. Ffolliott,Joseph A. Magner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118459741

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 681

This new edition is a major revision of the popular introductory reference on hydrology and watershed management principles, methods, and applications. The book's content and scope have been improved and condensed, with updated chapters on the management of forest, woodland, rangeland, agricultural urban, and mixed land use watersheds. Case studies and examples throughout the book show practical ways to use web sites and the Internet to acquire data, update methods and models, and apply the latest technologies to issues of land and water use and climate variability and change.

Hydrogeology of an Arid Region: The Arabian Gulf and Adjoining Areas

Author: A.S. Alsharhan,Z.A. Rizk,A.E.M. Nairn,D.W. Bakhit,S.A. Alhajari

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080534329

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 4203

This book provides comprehensive information about the water resources of the Arabian Gulf region, an area that is symbolic as an arid to extremely arid belt. Filling an information gap it provides in-depth analyses of both natural and human-related constraints on water resources, and presents a new vision on efficient management of available water resources. It contains an overview of the physical geography and climatic constraints on water resources, systematic inventory of available traditional and non-traditional water resources, water-related problems, water conservation and legislations, comprehensive water laws applicable to the region, and modern techniques of water resources investigation. This work meets the needs of scientists, environmentalists, engineers, planners and decision makers. Senior undergraduate, graduate students and researchers of the Gulf area, and more generally of arid regions, will also find this volume valuable.

Terrestrial Hydrometeorology

Author: W. James Shuttleworth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470659378

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 4724

"This book on Terrestrial Hydrometeorology is needed because there is currently no single graduate level text with sufficient breadth across the hydrological and meteorological sciences that provides understanding with sufficient depth and detail in both disciples for use (a) in hydrology departments to teach relevant aspects of meteorology; (b) in meteorological departments to teach relevant aspects of surface hydrology; and (c) to teach the emerging discipline of hydrometeorology"--Provided by publisher.

Introduction to Hydrology

Author: Warren Viessman,Gary L. Lewis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780132763608

Category: Hydrology

Page: 612

View: 3587

This work focuses on presenting the principles of hydrology in the context of their application to real-world problems. It will be useful to students involved in programs that are concerned with the development, management and protection of water resources.

Groundwater in the Environment

An Introduction

Author: Paul L. Younger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444309048

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2307

This accessible new textbook provides a thorough introduction to all aspects of groundwater systems and their management. Using straightforward language and analogies to everyday experiences, it explains the origins, nature, and behavior of subsurface water without resorting to complicated mathematics. Groundwater in the Environment draws on case studies and cutting-edge research from around the world, giving a unique insight into groundwater occurring in a wide range of different climate zones and geological settings. This book: provides a robust, practical introduction to groundwater quality, and a succinct summary of modern remedial technologies for polluted groundwaters explores how groundwater fits into the wider natural environment, especially in relation to freshwater ecosystems considers the vulnerability of groundwater systems and the effects of pollution, climate change, land-use change, and overexploitation examines human dependence on water and the effect that this has on groundwater systems presents vivid examples of geohazards associated with ground waters explains the whys and wherefores of groundwater modeling examines competing philosophies of groundwater management, making the case for approaches which take social, economic and ecological issues into account. Goundwater in the Environment provides an up-to-date, essential introduction for undergraduate students of environmental sciences, geography and geology. It will also be invaluable to professionals working in various fields of natural resource management who need accessible information on groundwater but who are reluctant to read conventional texts full of mathematical notation. For practicing hydrogeologists and engineers without formal training in freshwater ecology, this book provides a `crash course' in the new frontiers of groundwater management. Artwork from the book is available to instructors online at www.blackwellpublishing.com/younger. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.