Immigration and Conflict in Europe

Author: Rafaela M. Dancygier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139490494

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8447

Contemporary debates give the impression that the presence of immigrants necessarily spells strife. Yet as Immigration and Conflict in Europe shows, the incidence of conflict involving immigrants and their descendants has varied widely across groups, cities, and countries. The book presents a theory to account for this uneven pattern, explaining why we observe clashes between immigrants and natives in some locations but not in others and why some cities experience confrontations between immigrants and state actors while others are spared from such conflicts. The book addresses how economic conditions interact with electoral incentives to account for immigrant-native and immigrant-state conflict across groups and cities within Great Britain as well as across Germany and France. It highlights the importance of national immigration regimes and local political economies in shaping immigrants' economic position and political behavior, demonstrating how economic and electoral forces, rather than cultural differences, determine patterns of conflict and calm.

Immigration and Politics in the New Europe

Reinventing Borders

Author: Gallya Lahav

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107320461

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2444

With almost a quarter of the world's migrants, Europe has been attempting to regulate migration and harmonize immigration policy at the European level. The central dilemma exposed is how liberal democracies can reconcile the need to control the movement of people with the desire to promote open borders, free markets and liberal standards. Gallya Lahav's book traces ten years of public opinion and elite attitudes toward immigration cross-nationally to show how and why increasing EU integration may not necessarily lead to more open immigration outcomes. Empirical evidence reveals that support from both elite and public opinion has led to the adoption of restrictive immigration policies despite the requirements of open borders. Unique in bringing together original data on European legislators and national elites, longitudinal data on public opinion and institutional and policy analyses, this 2004 study provides an important insight into the processes of European integration, and globalization more broadly.

Political Conflict in Western Europe

Author: Hanspeter Kriesi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107024382

Category: Philosophy

Page: 349

View: 9963

Analyzes the effects of globalization on the restructuring of politics in Western Europe over the past three decades.

Immigration and Membership Politics in Western Europe

Author: Sara Wallace Goodman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131606168X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8223

Why are traditional nation-states newly defining membership and belonging? In the twenty-first century, several Western European states have attached obligatory civic integration requirements as conditions for citizenship and residence, which include language proficiency, country knowledge and value commitments for immigrants. This book examines this membership policy adoption and adaptation through both medium-N analysis and three paired comparisons to argue that while there is convergence in instruments, there is also significant divergence in policy purpose, design and outcomes. To explain this variation, this book focuses on the continuing, dynamic interaction of institutional path dependency and party politics. Through paired comparisons of Austria and Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands and France, this book illustrates how variations in these factors - as well as a variety of causal processes - produce divergent civic integration policy strategies that, ultimately, preserve and anchor national understandings of membership.

Immigration and Citizenship in Japan

Author: Erin Aeran Chung

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139484648

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 938

Japan is currently the only advanced industrial democracy with a fourth-generation immigrant problem. As other industrialized countries face the challenges of incorporating post-war immigrants, Japan continues to struggle with the incorporation of pre-war immigrants and their descendants. Whereas others have focused on international norms, domestic institutions, and recent immigration, this book argues that contemporary immigration and citizenship politics in Japan reflect the strategic interaction between state efforts to control immigration and grassroots movements by multi-generational Korean resident activists to gain rights and recognition specifically as permanently settled foreign residents of Japan. Based on in-depth interviews and fieldwork conducted in Tokyo, Kawasaki, and Osaka, this book aims to further our understanding of democratic inclusion in Japan by analyzing how those who are formally excluded from the political process voice their interests and what factors contribute to the effective representation of those interests in public debate and policy.

Inside the Radical Right

The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe

Author: David Art

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498835

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6802

What explains the cross-national variation in the radical right's electoral success over the last several decades? Challenging existing structural and institutional accounts, this book analyzes the dynamics of party building and explores the attitudes, skills and experiences of radical right activists in eleven different countries. Based on extensive field research and an original data set of radical right candidates for office, David Art links the quality of radical right activists to broader patterns of success and failure. He demonstrates how a combination of historical legacies and incentive structures produced activists who helped party building in some cases and doomed it in others. In an age of rising electoral volatility and the fading of traditional political cleavages, Inside the Radical Right makes a strong case for the importance of party leaders and activists as masters of their own fate.

Dilemmas of Inclusion

Muslims in European Politics

Author: Rafaela M. Dancygier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691172606

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3350

"This is a book about contemporary European politics and the demographics of Muslim political candidacies."--Provided by publisher.

The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe

Author: Andrew Geddes,Peter Scholten

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473988322

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5927

Migration and immigration are high on any nation’s agenda but have particular resonance in Europe in light of recent events. The new edition of this book has been fully updated in this respect and explores: Immigration policy in individual EU nations The treatment of migrants, including immigrant policies The development and effects of the Shengen agreement The movement towards common EU policies. It looks specifically at the contexts of Britain, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Greece and Turkey as well as a examining the changing nature of migration dynamics in central and Eastern Europe. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level.

Passion, Craft, and Method in Comparative Politics

Author: Gerardo L. Munck,Richard Snyder

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801892058

Category: Political Science

Page: 792

View: 8283

Giving voice to scholars who practice their craft in different ways yet share a passion for knowledge about global politics, Passion, Craft, and Method in Comparative Politics offers a wealth of insights into contemporary debates about the state of knowledge in comparative politics and the future of the field.

Alliance Formation in Civil Wars

Author: Fotini Christia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139851756

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1019

Some of the most brutal and long-lasting civil wars of our time involve the rapid formation and disintegration of alliances among warring groups, as well as fractionalization within them. It would be natural to suppose that warring groups form alliances based on shared identity considerations - such as Christian groups allying with Christian groups - but this is not what we see. Two groups that identify themselves as bitter foes one day, on the basis of some identity narrative, might be allies the next day and vice versa. Nor is any group, however homogeneous, safe from internal fractionalization. Rather, looking closely at the civil wars in Afghanistan and Bosnia and testing against the broader universe of fifty-three cases of multiparty civil wars, Fotini Christia finds that the relative power distribution between and within various warring groups is the primary driving force behind alliance formation, alliance changes, group splits and internal group takeovers.

Skeletons in the Closet

Transitional Justice in Post-Communist Europe

Author: Monika Nalepa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521514452

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 8902

This book explores pacted transitions to democracy, in which former autocrats are granted amnesty in exchange for allowing free elections.

The Logic of Violence in Civil War

Author: Stathis N. Kalyvas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139456920

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2131

By analytically decoupling war and violence, this book explores the causes and dynamics of violence in civil war. Against the prevailing view that such violence is an instance of impenetrable madness, the book demonstrates that there is logic to it and that it has much less to do with collective emotions, ideologies, and cultures than currently believed. Kalyvas specifies a novel theory of selective violence: it is jointly produced by political actors seeking information and individual civilians trying to avoid the worst but also grabbing what opportunities their predicament affords them. Violence, he finds, is never a simple reflection of the optimal strategy of its users; its profoundly interactive character defeats simple maximization logics while producing surprising outcomes, such as relative nonviolence in the 'frontlines' of civil war.

The Politics of the Nazi Past in Germany and Austria

Author: David Art

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139448833

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9458

This book argues that Germans and Austrians have dealt with the Nazi past very differently and these differences have had important consequences for political culture and partisan politics in the two countries. Drawing on different literatures in political science, Art builds a framework for understanding how public deliberation transforms the political environment in which it occurs. The book analyzes how public debates about the 'lessons of history' created a culture of contrition in Germany that prevented a resurgent far right from consolidating itself in German politics after unification. By contrast, public debates in Austria nourished a culture of victimization that provided a hospitable environment for the rise of right-wing populism. The argument is supported by evidence from nearly two hundred semi-structured interviews and an analysis of the German and Austrian print media over a twenty-year period.

Immigration and the Transformation of Europe

Author: Craig A. Parsons,Timothy M. Smeeding

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458809

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 8223

A new kind of historic transformation is underway in twenty-first-century Europe. Twentieth-century Europeans were no strangers to social, economic and political change, but their major challenges focused mainly on the intra-European construction of stable, prosperous, capitalist democracies. Today, by contrast, one of the major challenges is flows across borders - and particularly in-flows of non-European people. Immigration and minority integration consistently occupy the headlines. The issues which rival immigration - unemployment, crime, terrorism - are often presented by politicians as its negative secondary effects. Immigration is also intimately connected to the profound challenges of demographic change, economic growth and welfare-state reform. Both academic observers and the European public are increasingly convinced that Europe's future will largely turn on how is admits and integrates non-Europeans. This book is a comprehensive stock-taking of the contemporary situation and its policy implications.

Europe, a New Immigration Continent

Policies and Politics in Comparative Perspective

Author: Dietrich Thränhardt

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783894733629

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 1351

This study illustrates the challenges that Western European nations face as they struggle to come to terms with their new situation as countries of immigration, against their historical backdrop as important countries of out-migration. Since the end of the Cold War, immigration has become one of the foremost issues of national as well as European politics. In this volume, the models and policies of the four large nations of Western Europe - France, Germany, Great Britain, and Italy - are examined within a comparative framework by leading national experts on immigration policy. Bringing together the individual countries, elements of a "negative coordination" as well as those of a united European immigration policy are evaluated with particular attention given to EU visa arrangements and the discourse centering around a border free "Schengenland" Europe. Within this context, the thinking expressed by the concept "Fortress Europe" is confronted by highlighting the demographic disparities between rich and poor nations, and concepts of future policies are presented. (Series: Studien zu Migration und Minderheiten/Studies in Migration and Minorities - Vol. 1)

The Making of a European Public Sphere

Media Discourse and Political Contention

Author: Ruud Koopmans,Paul Statham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139490001

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2595

This book investigates an important source of the European Union's recent legitimacy problems. It shows how European integration is debated in mass media, and how this affects democratic inclusiveness. Advancing integration implies a shift in power between governments, parliaments, and civil society. Behind debates over Europe's 'democratic deficit' is a deeper concern: whether democratic politics can perform effectively under conditions of Europeanization and globalization. This study is based on a wealth of unique data from seven European countries, combining newspaper content analyses, an innovative study of Internet communication structures, and hundreds of interviews with leading political and media representatives across Europe. It is by far the most far-reaching and empirically grounded study on the Europeanization of media discourse and political contention to date, and a must-read for anyone interested in how European integration changes democratic politics and why European integration has become increasingly contested.

Citizenship and Immigration

Author: Christian Joppke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745658393

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8176

This incisive book provides a succinct overview of the new academic field of citizenship and immigration, as well as presenting a fresh and original argument about changing citizenship in our contemporary human rights era. Instead of being nationally resilient or in “postnational” decline, citizenship in Western states has continued to evolve, converging on a liberal model of inclusive citizenship with diminished rights implications and increasingly universalistic identities. This convergence is demonstrated through a sustained comparison of developments in North America, Western Europe and Australia. Topics covered in the book include: recent trends in nationality laws; what ethnic diversity does to the welfare state; the decline of multiculturalism accompanied by the continuing rise of antidiscrimination policies; and the new state campaigns to “upgrade” citizenship in the post-2001 period. Sophisticated and informative, and written in a lively and accessible style, this book will appeal to upper-level students and scholars in sociology, political science, and immigration and citizenship studies.

A Nation by Design

immigration policy in the fashioning of America

Author: Aristide R. ZOLBERG,Aristide R Zolberg

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674045467

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 7161