Improving Diets and Nutrition

Food-based Approaches

Author: Brian Thompson,Leslie Amoroso

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780642997

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 1865

Nutrition-sensitive, food-based approaches towards hunger and malnutrition are effective, sustainable and long-term solutions. This book discusses the policy, strategic, methodological, technical and programmatic issues associated with such approaches, proposes “best practices” for the design, targeting, implementation and evaluation of specific nutrition-sensitive, food-based interventions and for improved methodologies for evaluating their efficacy and cost-effectiveness, and provides practical lessons for advancing nutrition-sensitive food-based approaches for improving nutrition at policy and programme level.

Diversifying Food and Diets

Using Agricultural Biodiversity to Improve Nutrition and Health

Author: Jessica Fanzo,Danny Hunter,Teresa Borelli,Federico Mattei

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136461469

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4525

Currently 868 million people are undernourished and 195 million children under five years of age are stunted. At the same time, over 1 billion people are overweight and obese in both the developed and developing world. Diseases previously associated with affluence, such as cancer, diabetes and cardio-vascular disease, are on the rise. Food system-based approaches to addressing these problems that could enhance food availability and diet quality through local production and agricultural biodiversity often fall outside the traditional scope of nutrition, and have been under-researched. As a consequence, there remains insufficient evidence to support well-defined, scalable agricultural biodiversity interventions that can be linked to improvements in nutrition outcomes. Agricultural biodiversity is important for food and nutritional security, as a safeguard against hunger, a source of nutrients for improved dietary diversity and quality, and strengthening local food systems and environmental sustainability. This book explores the current state of knowledge on the role of agricultural biodiversity in improving diets, nutrition and food security. Using examples and case studies from around the globe, the book explores current strategies for improving nutrition and diets and identifies key research and implementation gaps that need to be addressed to successfully promote the better use of agricultural biodiversity for rural and urban populations and societies in transition.

The New You and Improved Diet

8 Rules to Lose Weight and Change Your Life Forever

Author: Keri Glassman

Publisher: Rodale

ISBN: 1609611195

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 272

View: 3439

Builds on the author's philosophies about the benefits of a balanced and nutritionally dense diet to counsel readers on weight loss and promoting good health through nutrition, providing coverage of such interrelated topics as sleep, sex and antioxidants. 50,000 first printing.

Reshaping Agriculture for Nutrition and Health

Author: Shenggen Fan,Rajul Pandya-Lorch

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896296733

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 8258

The fundamental purpose of agriculture is not just to produce food and raw materials, but also to grow healthy, well-nourished people. One of the sector’s most important tasks then is to provide food of sufficient quantity and quality to feed and nourish the world’s population sustainably so that all people can lead healthy, productive lives. Achieving this goal will require closer collaboration across the sectors of agriculture, nutrition, and health, which have long operated in separate spheres with little recognition of how their actions affect each other. It is time for agriculture, nutrition, and health to join forces in pursuit of the common goal of improving human well-being. In Reshaping Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, leading experts, practitioners, and policymakers explore the links among agriculture, nutrition, and health and identify ways to strengthen related policies and programs. The chapters in this book were originally commissioned as background papers or policy briefs for the conference “Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health,” facilitated by the International Food Policy Research Institute’s 2020 Vision Initiative in New Delhi, India, in February 2011.

Unleashing agriculture's potential for improved nutrition and health in Malawi: Conference report - 26-27 September 2011, Lilongwe, Malawi

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896297942

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 68

View: 6385

This conference focused on how agricultural strategies can best be tailored to the Malawian context and result in improvements for nutrition and health. It is crucially important to make linkages--the best agricultural practices will not succeed in improving the nation's nutritional status if there is not good nutritional care and access to health services.

Diet and Nutrition in Dementia and Cognitive Decline

Author: Colin R. Martin,Victor R. Preedy

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124079393

Category: Medical

Page: 1260

View: 8209

Diet and Nutrition in Dementia and Cognitive Decline offers researchers and clinicians a single authoritative source which outlines the complex interrelationships between cognitive decline, dementia and the way diet can be modified to improve outcomes. In a cross-disciplinary field like dementia research and practice, clinicians and researchers need a comprehensive resource which will quickly help them identify a range of nutritional components and how they affect cognitive decline and the development of dementia. While the focus is on clinical applications, the book also features landmark and innovative preclinical studies that have served as the foundation of rigorous trials. Chapters explore the evidence of how nutritional components, either in the diet or supplements, can either impede the development to, or progression from, the onset of dementia. Authors investigate how conditions and processes overlap between defined conditions and present studies which show that dietary components may be equally effective in a number of conditions characterized by declining cognition or dementia. This book represents essential reading for researchers and practicing clinicians in nutrition, dietetics, geriatrics, nursing, neurology, and psychology, as well as researchers, such as neuroscientists, molecular and cellular biochemists, interested in dementia. Explores the complex interrelationships between cognitive decline, dementia and the way diet can be modified to improve outcomes Focuses on both clinical nutrition applications and the innovative preclinical studies that serve as the foundation for rigorous trials Covers specific conditions and mechanisms in dementias, as well as general aspects, risk factors, lifestyle and guidelines for practitioners Organizes chapter content in terms of the molecular, mechanistic, epidemiologic, and practical, so that correlations can be observed across conditions

Power Foods for the Brain

An Effective 3-Step Plan to Protect Your Mind and Strengthen Your Memory

Author: Neal D Barnard

Publisher: Grand Central Life & Style

ISBN: 1455512699

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 8277

Could your breakfast or lunch be harming your memory? Are you missing out on the foods that could prevent Alzheimer's disease? Everyone knows good nutrition supports your overall health, but few realize that certain foods-power foods-can protect your brain and optimize its function, and even dramatically reduce your risk of Alzheimer's Disease. Now, New York Times bestselling author, clinical researcher and health advocate Dr. Neal Barnard has gathered the most up-to-date research and created a groundbreaking program that can strengthen your memory and protect your brain's health. In this effective 3-step plan Dr. Barnard reveals which foods to increase in your diet and which to avoid, and shows you specific exercises and supplements that can make a difference. It will not only help boost brain health, but it can also reduce your risk of Alzheimer's disease, stroke, and other less serious malfunctions such as low energy, poor sleep patterns, irritability, and lack of focus. You'll discover: The best foods to increase cognitive function Dairy products and meats-the dangers they may pose to your memory The surprising roles alcohol and caffeine play in Alzheimer's risk The latest research on toxic metals, like aluminum found in cookware, soda cans, and common antacids. Plus a detailed menu plan, recipes and time-saving kitchen tips

Could Behavioral Economics Help Improve Diet Quality for Nutrition Assistance Program Participants?

Author: David R. Just

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437911013

Category:

Page: 28

View: 1431

This report discusses findings from behavioral and psychological studies which indicate that people regularly and predictably behave in ways that contradict some standard assumptions of economic analysis. Recognizing that consumption choices are determined by factors other than prices, income, and information illuminates a broad array of strategies to influence consumers¿ food choices. These strategies expand the list of possible ideas for improving the diet quality and health of participants in the USDA¿s Food Stamp Program; the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs.

Improving the Sensory and Nutritional Quality of Fresh Meat

Author: Joseph Kerry

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845695437

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 680

View: 579

Understanding of the scientific basis of quality attributes in meat is becoming more advanced, providing more effective approaches to the control of meat eating and technological quality. This important collection reviews essential knowledge of the mechanisms underlying quality characteristics and methods to improve meat sensory and nutritional quality. Part one analyses the scientific basis of meat quality attributes, such as texture and tenderness, colour, water-holding capacity and flavour development. Chapters on the nutritional quality of meat and meat sensory evaluation complete the section. Part two discusses significant insights into the biology of meat quality obtained from genomic and proteomic perspectives, with chapters focussing on different types of meat. Parts three and four then review production and processing strategies to optimise meat quality, considering aspects such as production practices and meat nutritional quality, dietary antioxidants and antimicrobials, carcass interventions, chilling and freezing and packaging. Methods of meat grading and quality analysis are also included. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Improving the sensory and nutritional quality of fresh meat is a standard reference for those industrialists and academics interested in optimising meat quality. Reviews methods to improve meat sensory and nutritional quality considering the effects of different production practices such as chilling, freezing and packaging Analyses the scientific basis of meat quality attributes covering texture, tenderness, colour and water-holding capacity Examines production and processing strategies to optimise meat quality, including the current state of development and future potential

Mapping the linkages between agriculture, food security and nutrition in Malawi

Author: Aberman, Noora-Lisa,Meerman, Janice,Benson, Todd

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 62

View: 5147

Smallholder agriculture is the mainstay of Malawi’s economy. Its importance for livelihoods cannot be overstated. 94 percent of rural residents and 38 percent of urban residents engage in agriculture to some extent (Jones, Shrinivas, and Bezner-Kerr 2014), the vast majority as smallholder farmers with landholdings of less than one hectare. Smallholder crops are primarily maize—which accounted for nearly 80 percent of smallholder-cultivated land in 2011 —followed by cassava and other food crops (FAO 2008; IFAD 2011). These foods are grown for household consumption and for sale at local and regional markets. As such, the Malawian food supply, especially in rural areas where markets are thin with few buying or selling options, is shaped largely by trends in smallholder food-crop production

The Fertility Diet: Groundbreaking Research Reveals Natural Ways to Boost Ovulation and Improve Your Chances of Getting Pregnant

Author: Jorge Chavarro,Walter Willett,Patrick Skerrett

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071595506

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 535

The first fertility-boosting guide to feature the cutting-edge research results on fertility from the Nurses’ Health Study More than 6 million women in the United States alone experience infertility problems User-friendly, medically approved advice clearly explained in 10 nutritional guidelines from two of Harvard Medical School’s top voices in nutrition

Improving America's Diet and Health

From Recommendations to Action

Author: Paul R. Thomas

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 3624

Written and organized to be accessible to a wide range of readers, Improving America's Diet and Health explores how Americans can be persuaded to adopt healthier eating habits. Moving well beyond the "pamphlet and public service announcement" approach to dietary change, this volume investigates current eating patterns in this country, consumers' beliefs and attitudes about food and nutrition, the theory and practice of promoting healthy behaviors, and needs for further research. The core of the volume consists of strategies and actions targeted to sectors of society--government, the private sector, the health professions, the education community--that have special responsibilities for encouraging and enabling consumers to eat better. These recommendations form the basis for three principal strategies necessary to further the implementation of dietary recommendations in the United States.

Building evidence for policy and program action for nutrition in Ghana

Author: Aberman, Noora-Lisa,Billings, Lucy,Hidrobo, Melissa,Verstraeten, Roosmarijn,Salm, Leah,van den Bold, Mara

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 6

View: 5575

This brief provides an overview of existing literature on nutrition in Ghana, summarizing the issues covered by existing evidence and identifying remaining evidence gaps. It also describes promising new research initiatives underway to further build the evidence base for nutrition action in Ghana.

Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Author: David L. Katz

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1469887207

Category: Medical

Page: 760

View: 6506

Written by one of America's foremost authorities in preventive medicine, Nutrition in Clinical Practice is the practical, comprehensive, evidence-based reference that all clinicians need to offer patients effective, appropriate dietary counseling. Each chapter concludes with concise guidelines for counseling and treatment, based on consensus and the weight of evidence. Appendices include clinically relevant formulas, nutrient data tables, patient-specific meal planners, and print and Web-based resources for clinicians and patients. Enhanced coverage of probiotics, health effects of soy, and other topics Information derived from a rigorous analysis of the published literature New chapter on food processing New chapter on functional foods New chapter on nutritional profiling systems Short chapters written for the busy clinician who needs actionable information

Hidden Hunger: Strategies to Improve Nutrition Quality

Author: H.K. Biesalski,R. Birner

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3318062537

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 4852

Hidden hunger has long been an overlooked problem. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies have to be remedied and the availability of calories needs to be increased. As a matter of fact, the number of people who do not have access to a balanced diet has multiplied in rich and poor countries, with lasting consequences for health and well-being. Hidden hunger not only affects childhood growth and cognitive development, but also reduces productivity and well-being later in life, thus keeping the affected population trapped in a circle of poverty and malnutrition. This book illustrates the global fight against hunger by national governments and international organizations. Presented at the Third Hidden Hunger Conference held at the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, Germany, it presents a range of strategies being implemented in various regions of the world to improve nutrition quality and combat this international crisis.

Nutrition Psychology

Improving Dietary Adherence

Author: Melinda Blackman,Colleen Kvaska

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763780405

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 235

View: 4965

Nutrition Psychology: Improving Dietary Adherence presents prominent psychological theories that are known to drive human eating behavior, and reveal how these models can be transformed into proactive strategies for adhering to healthy dietary regimens.

Traditional Foods Are Your Best Medicine

Improving Health and Longevity with Native Nutrition

Author: Ronald F. Schmid, N.D.

Publisher: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co

ISBN: 1620553422

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 9469

This book traces the cause of many chronic health problems to our modern diet and shows how a return to traditional foods can improve one's well-being. Modern medicine now recognizes that the present-day Western diet is responsible for many of today's chronic illnesses. Nutritionists and anthropologists have noted the decline in health that accompanies indigenous peoples' transition from traditional to modern diets. In Traditional Foods Are Your Best Medicine, Ron Schmid explains how a return to a traditional diet can help you reduce your risk of heart attack by 50 percent; fight allergies, chronic fatigue, arthritis, skin problems, and headaches; recover from colds and flu in a day or two; and increase your life-expectancy. Chapters focusing on the major food groups, common diets, and health goals enable you to tailor a diet to your special needs. New edition, previously titled Native Nutrition.

Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health

Probiotics and Prebiotics

Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080958540

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 638

View: 8323

Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion: Probiotics and Prebiotics brings together experts working on the different aspects of supplementation, foods, and bacterial preparations, in health promotion and disease prevention, to provide current scientific information, as well as providing a framework upon which to build clinical disease treatment studies. Since common dietary bacterial preparations are over-the-counter and readily available, this book will be useful to the growing nutrition, food science, and natural product community that will use it as a resource in identifying dietary behavioral modifications in pursuit of improved health as well as for treatment of specific disease, as it focuses on the growing body of knowledge of the role of various bacteria in reducing disease risk and disease. Probiotics are now a multi-billion-dollar, dietary supplement business which is built upon extremely little research data. In order to follow the 1994 ruling, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with the support of Congress is currently pushing this industry to base its claims and products on scientific research. Research as shown that dietary habits need to be altered for most people whether for continued or improved good health. The conclusions and recommendations from the various chapters in this book will provide a basis for those important factors of change by industry with new uses. Animal studies and early clinical ones will lead to new uses and studies. Particularly the cutting edge experimental and clinical studies from Europe will provide novel approaches to clinical uses through their innovative new studies. Feature: Heavy emphasis on clinical applications (benefits and/or lack thereof) as well as future biomedical therapeutic uses identified in animal model studies Benefits: Focused on therapies and data supporting them for application in clinical medicine as complementary and alternative medicines Feature: Key insights into gut flora and the potential health benefits thereof. Benefit: Health scientists and nutritionists will use this information to map out key areas of research. Food scientists will use it in product development. Feature:Information on pre-and probiotics as important sources of micro-and macronutrients Benefit: Aids in the development of methods of bio-modification of dietary plant molecules for health promotion. Feature: Coverage of a broad range of bacterial consituents Benefits: Nutritionists will use the information to identify which of these constituents should be used as dietary supplements based on health status of an individual Feature: Science-based information on the health promoting characteristics of pre-and probiotics Benefits: Provides defense of food selections for individual consumption based on health needs and current status Feature: Diverse international authoring team experienced in studying prebiotics and probiotics for medical practice Benefits: Unusally broad range of experiences and newly completed clinical and animal studies provides extended access to latest information