The Psychology of the Criminal Justice Process
Author: Dan Simon
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Criminal justice is unavoidably human. Detectives, witnesses, suspects, and victims shape investigations; prosecutors, defense attorneys, jurors, and judges affect the outcome of adjudication. Simon shows how flawed investigations produce erroneous evidence and why well-meaning juries send innocent people to prison and set the guilty free.
Die wissenschaftliche Erforschung unseres Alltags
Author: Richard Wiseman
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
Quirkologie ist eine neue Disziplin der Verhaltenspsychologie, die Professor Richard Wiseman seit über zwanzig Jahren betreibt. Mit wissenschaftlichen Methoden untersucht er die erstaunlichsten Aspekte menschlichen Verhaltens: wie unser Vorname unsere Persönlichkeit beeinflusst, warum September-Kinder besser in Sport sind, ob Freitag der 13. tatsächlich eine Gefahr für unsere Gesundheit darstellt - und welches der lustigste Witz der Welt ist. »Wiseman hat einen Riecher für populäre Themen und ein bemerkenswertes Geschick, Fragen auf eine Art anzugehen, wie es noch keiner vor ihm getan hat.« Die Zeit
Vergewaltigung im Land der Freiheit
Author: Jon Krakauer
Publisher: Piper ebooks
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Die meisten Vergewaltiger kannten ihre Opfer vorher, wodurch die Strafverfolgung und die gerichtliche Suche nach der Wahrheit oft komplex und undurchsichtig ist und die vergewaltigten Frauen ein zweites Mal traumatisiert werden. In seinem neuen Buch beschäftigt sich Jon Krakauer mit Vergewaltigungsfällen in der amerikanischen Universitätsstadt Missoula. Minutiös und doch einfühlsam skizziert er die Ereignisse, die eine ganze Gesellschaft an der Frage nach Recht und Unrecht, Wahrheit und Lüge verzweifeln lassen, er spricht mit den Beschuldigten und den Opfern und schildert packend, wie schmerzhaft die Suche nach Gerechtigkeit und Sühne bei Gericht sein kann.
Author: Marvin Zalman,Julia Carrano
Category: Social Science
Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.
Author: Lee Epstein,Andrew D. Martin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Social Science
Is the death penalty a more effective deterrent than lengthy prison sentences? Does a judge's gender influence their decisions? Do independent judiciaries promote economic freedom? Answering such questions requires empirical evidence, and arguments based on empirical research have become an everyday part of legal practice, scholarship, and teaching. In litigation judges are confronted with empirical evidence in cases ranging from bankruptcy and taxation to criminal law and environmental infringement. In academia researchers are increasingly turning to sophisticated empirical methods to assess and challenge fundamental assumptions about the law. As empirical methods impact on traditional legal scholarship and practice, new forms of education are needed for today's lawyers. All lawyers asked to present or assess empirical arguments need to understand the fundamental principles of social science methodology that underpin sound empirical research. An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research introduces that methodology in a legal context, explaining how empirical analysis can inform legal arguments; how lawyers can set about framing empirical questions, conducting empirical research, analysing data, and presenting or evaluating the results. The fundamentals of understanding quantitative and qualitative data, statistical models, and the structure of empirical arguments are explained in a way accessible to lawyers with or without formal training in statistics. Written by two of the world's leading experts in empirical legal analysis, drawing on years of experience in training lawyers in empirical methods, An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research will be an invaluable primer for all students, academics, or practising lawyers coming to empirical research - whether they are embarking themselves on an empirical research project, or engaging with empirical arguments in their field of study, research, or practice.
The Psychopathology of Unjust Prosecutions
Author: David C Anderson,Nigel P Scott
Publisher: Waterside Press
A new perspective on the roles of psychopathology, confirmation bias, false confessions, the media and internet (amongst other causes) of unjust accusations. Putting lack of empathy at the fore in terms of police, prosecutors and others, it considers a wide range of other psychopathological aspects of miscarriages of justice. By looking at three high profile cases, those of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito (Italy), Stefan Kiszko (UK) and Darlie Routier (USA)—the authors show that motive forces are a mind-set in which psychopathy (what they term ‘constitutional negative empathy’) may be present and the need to reinforce existing supposition or lose face plays a large part.
An Empirical Perspective
Author: Neil Brewer,Kipling D. Williams
Publisher: Guilford Publications
From the initial investigation of a crime to the sentencing of an offender, many everyday practices within the criminal justice system involve complex psychological processes. This volume analyzes the processes involved in such tasks as interviewing witnesses, detecting deception, and eliciting eyewitness reports and identification from adults and children. Factors that influence decision making by jurors and judges are examined as well. Throughout, findings from experimental research are translated into clear recommendations for improving the quality of evidence and the fairness of investigative and legal proceedings. The book also addresses salient methodological questions and identifies key directions for future investigation.
Author: Brian L. Cutler
Publisher: SAGE Publications
The Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law addresses the interface of psychology and law and draws from the related discipline of criminal justice. These two volumes represent an outstanding collection of entries describing a wide array of contemporary and historical psychology and law topics. With more than 400 entries, this comprehensive resource is perfect to fill the substantial gap in the holdings of academic, professional, and personal libraries on this topic. Key Themes Criminal Competencies Criminal Responsibility Death Penalty Education and Professional Development Forensic Assessment in Civil and Criminal Cases Juvenile Offenders Mental Health Law Police and Investigative Psychology Psychological and Forensic Assessment Instruments Psychology of Criminal Behavior Sentencing and Incarceration Symptoms and Disorders Relevant to Forensic Assessment Trial Processes Violence Risk Assessment The Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law allows individual students, scientists, and practitioners to keep abreast of the growing knowledge base outside their individual areas of expertise, making it a must-have resource for any academic library.
Author: Neil Brewer,Carlene Wilson
Publisher: Psychology Press
Psychological theory and research have much to contribute to the knowledge and skill bases underlying effective policing. Much of the relevant information, however, is dispersed across a variety of different psychological and criminal justice/policing journals and seldom integrated for those applied psychologists interested in policing issues or for police policymakers/administrators and others working in the criminal justice area who are not familiar with the psychological literature. Designed to accommodate the needs of these different groups, this book addresses both operational policing issues and issues relevant to the improvement of organizational functioning by providing integrative reviews of psychological theory and research that deal with effective policing. It illustrates how the theory and research reviewed are relevant to specific policing practices. These include eyewitness testimony, conflict resolution, changing driver behavior, controlling criminal behavior, effective interviewing, and techniques of face reconstruction. The volume's readable style makes it accessible to a diverse audience including undergraduate and postgraduate students in forensic/organizational/applied psychology, criminal justice, and police science programs, and police administrators and policymakers. It will also interest psychologists whose primary focus includes policing and criminal justice issues. The book should draw attention to the often unrecognized and valuable contribution that mainstream psychology can make to the knowledge base underpinning a wide variety of policing practices.
Social Psychological Perspectives
Author: Robert G. Folger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The importance of justice cannot be overstated. As one author has put it, "A better understanding of how justice concerns develop and function in people's lives should enable us to plan more effectively for institutional and other social change to deal with the problems that confront humankind" (S. C. Lerner, 1981, p. 466). The volume in which that statement appeared-an earlier one in this same series-was devoted to exploring the impact that dwindling resources and an increasing rate of change have had upon people's concern for justice. In contrast, the present volume places greater emphasis on the word under standing, as it was used in the context of the preceding quotation, than upon effective planning, social change, and ways of dealing with human problems. Nothing in that statement of purpose is meant to belittle the urgency of translat ing understanding into action, because the social significance of justice concerns is a major factor that has prompted the authors of the chapters in this book to do research in the area. Rather, this volume receives its emphasis from Kurt Lewin's famous dictum there is nothing so practical as a good theory. The need for good theory is ongoing, and these pages are dedicated to a search for new pathways toward better theory.
Author: Karim A. A. Khan,Caroline Buisman,Christopher Gosnell
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Evidence (Law)
Principles of Evidence in International Criminal Justice provides an overview of the procedure and practice concerning the admission and evaluation of evidence before the international criminal tribunals. The book is both descriptive and critical and its emphasis is on day-to-day practice, drawing on the experience of the Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone Tribunals. This book is an attempt to define and explain the core principles and rules that have developed at those ad hoc Tribunals; the rationale and origin of those rules; and to assess the suitability of those rules in the particular context of the International Criminal Court which is still at its early stages. The ICC differs in structure from the ad hoc Tribunals and approaches the legal issues it has to resolve differently from its predecessors. The ICC is however confronted with many of the same questions. The book examines the differences between the ad hoc Tribunals and the ICC and seeks to offer insights as to how and in which circumstances the principles established over years of practice at the ICTY, ICTR and SCSL may serve as guidance to the ICC practitioners of today and the future. The contributors represent a cross-section of the practicing international criminal bar, drawn from the ranks of the Bench, the Prosecution and the Defence and bringing with them different legal domestic cultures. Their mixed background underlines the recurring theme in this book which is the manner in which a legal culture has gradually taken shape in the international Tribunals, drawing on the various traditions and experiences of its participants.
Author: Allen Eskens
»Wenn das Schicksal mir damals wirklich ins Ohr geflüstert hätte - wenn ich gewusst hätte, dass dieser Besuch so viele Dinge ändern würde - hätte ich dann einen sichereren Weg gewählt? Wäre ich links abgebogen, wo ich rechts abgebogen bin?« Der Student Joe Talbert muss fürs College mit einem völlig Fremden ein Interview führen. Dafür sucht er in einem Pflegeheim nach der passenden Person und trifft auf den krebskranken, im Sterben liegenden Carl Iverson. Doch Iverson ist kein harmloser alter Mann. Er ist ein verurteilter Mörder. Vor 30 Jahren soll er ein Mädchen missbraucht, umgebracht und in seinem Schuppen verbrannt haben. Nach einigen Gesprächen erkennt Joe, dass etwas an dem grausamen Mordfall nicht stimmt. Es gibt zu viele Widersprüche. Joe überkommt eine regelrechte Besessenheit, die Wahrheit herauszufinden ... Doch das könnte seinen eigenen Tod bedeuten! Julie Kramer: »Ein hypnotischer Erstlingsroman.« Suspense Magazine: »DAS LEBEN, DAS WIR BEGRABEN spielt vor der Szenerie eines brutalen Winters in Minnesota, ist aber viel mehr als nur ein spannender Kriminalroman. Diese Geschichte hielt mich gefangen und berührte mein Herz. Die Charaktere sind so lebendig wie die Leute, die nebenan wohnen. Der Roman ist packend und beeindruckend geschrieben.« The Big Thrill: »Ein gut durchdachter, spannender Roman mit Figuren, die einen sofort packen.«
A Critical Introduction
Author: Andreas Kapardis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book is the authoritative work for students and professionals in psychology and law.
Author: Erik Claes,René Foqué,Tony Peters
Publisher: Intersentia nv
Critics take the unclear status of restorative justice practices, along with their vagueness in meaning and purpose, as a clear invitation to a fundamental questioning of the legitimacy of these practices. Their supporters consider the experiment of restorative justice as a platform for reforming penal institutions and for rethinking the legitimacy of orthodox legal reasoning. Within the framework of a rechtsstaat, a democratic state governed by fundamental rights and by the rule of law, both issues of legitimacy lead not only to reflection on concepts such as restoration, punishment, or on such notions as harm and wrong. Questioning the legitimacy both of restorative justice practices and of the prevailing penal system also inevitably involves some reflection on, and articulation of, the underlying values and normative aspirations of such a democratic constitutional state. What are these values and how can they be given appropriate expression in the leading concepts and principles of the criminal law? To what extent are fundamental rights and principles of the rule of law sufficiently reflected in the practices of restorative justice? How are these practices to be related to the criminal justice system according to the normative aspirations of a democratic constitutional state? To what degree can current penal practices be made continuous with these aspirations? These fundamental questions formed the intellectual framework for the 10th Aquinas Conference on Restorative Justice, Punishment and the Morality of Law, at which conference the larger part of the papers published in this volume were presented. Consistent with the structure of the conference, this collection of essays is organised into three parts, each focussing on one central topic and containing a lead essay and corresponding replies. The first part offers critical scrutiny of one of the cornerstones of a criminal justice system governed by the rule of law, namely the principle of legality. Efforts are made to empower this principle through reflection on its underlying values and aspirations, and this in order to meet some of the legitimate ideals and concerns of restorative justice. These efforts are subsequently assessed from both sociological and philosophical perspectives. In the second part, attention is drawn to the legitimacy of restorative justice practices. Here, the normative intuitions of a democratic constitutional state serve either as a critical framework to assess these practices, or, more optimistically, as ideals to whose realisation restorative justice is supposed to make a valuable contribution. And, finally, in the third part, reflection on the value of restorative justice brings us to a fundamental questioning of the legitimacy of punishment and penal practices. Central to the discussion is whether it is possible to interpret and normatively reconstruct the idea and practice of punishment so as to make them compatible with, and even continuous with, the underlying values of a democratic constitutional state.
Author: Julie Harrower
Publisher: Hachette UK
Psychology in Practice is the definitive six-part series on the practical applications of psychology to areas of everyday life, covering crime, education, health, sport, organisations and the environment. Each book in the series examines one unit of the Applications of Psychology section of the OCR syllabus. Psychology in Practice: Crime covers the application of psychology to our understanding of criminal behaviour. Forensic psychology has significantly expanded over recent years and now makes a valuable contribution to the investigation of crime, the development of treatment programmes for offenders, crime prevention, and research which can provide the basis of expert testimony in the courtroom. Key learning aids include: - a set of key terms for each chapter - practical exercises - section summaries and overall main chapter points - recommended further reading and web sites - sample examination questions based on OCR specimen materials.
International Developments in Research and Practice
Author: Graham Davies,Sally Lloyd-Bostock,Mary McMurran,Clare Wilson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Author: Elayne Rapping
Publisher: NYU Press
Historians consider the previous century to have been one of the most violent periods in human history. As we move into an era where violence is sanitized and normalized in the media, and depicted as glamorous and fun, how will we relate to the violence in our midst? Why do people and their governments choose to engage in violent activity? How to peaceful people who live under violent conditions such as warfare or domestic abuse make sense of it? Catherine Besteman tackles these questions in this multi-disciplinary anthology that explores the topic of violence from a wide variety of perspectives. The first section focuses on state violence and deals with nationalism, warmaking and the Nazi genocide. The second section treats the question of anti-state violence with essays on the IRA, Sihk rebels and the paramilitary conflict in the Balkans. The third section examines criminal violence such as armed robbery, murder and sexual assualt while the final section explores how ordinary citizens respond when their societies are suffused with violence. Combining classic essays by Max Weber and Hannah Arendt, with contemporary treatments by leading scholars such as Michael Taussig and Julie Peteet, this anthology is designed for course use and is accessible to undergraduate and graduate students. Contributors: Max Weber, Charles Tilly, Hannah Arendt, Zygmunt Bauman, Martha Crenshaw, Deborah Poole, Cynthia Mahmood, Begonia Aretxaga, Rhonda Copelon, Jack Katz, Deborah Cameron, Elizabeth Fraser, Michael Taussig, Julie Peteet, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, and Carolyn Nordstrom.
Research and Application
Author: Curt R. Bartol,Anne M. Bartol
While students most often associate forensic psychology with criminal profiling, crime scene investigations, and serial murder, the Second Edition of Introduction to Forensic Psychology covers the many others areas where psychology has played a significant role in providing research knowledge to the civil and criminal justice systems. Practical applications and case law are discussed along with a summary of contemporary research and practice across a broad spectrum of topics. New to the Second Edition: - More contemporary developmental and biological material in criminal behaviour sections - Includes more on the relationship between mental disorders and crime and violence. - More examples throughout the text, with a case at the beginning of each chapter - Now covers topics such as: the death penalty, restorative justice, civil forensic issues, arson and typologies of juvenile firesetters, and eyewitness identification and discrimination - New learning objectives at beginning of each chapter, review questions at the ends of each chapter, a list of key concepts defined, chapter summaries, boxes - More visually appealing with 2-colour page design: improved design of figures and tables.
Author: Leonard Jason-Lloyd
Publisher: Psychology Press
The Criminal Appeal Act 1995 has significantly changed the way in which criminal appeals will be dealt with in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Providing a brief guide to the provisions of the Act, this is a quick reference for practitioners and students on degree and equivalent courses.