Industrial Catalysis and Separations

Innovations for Process Intensification

Author: K. V. Raghavan,B. M. Reddy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1926895967

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 9775

With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in the identified areas. In addition, a thorough and updated coverage of the traditional aspects of heterogeneous catalysis such as preparation, characterization and use in well-established technologies such as nitration, ammoxidation and hydrofluorination is included. This book incorporates appropriate case studies, explanatory notes, and schematics for more clarity and better understanding.

Catalysis for Sustainability

Goals, Challenges, and Impacts

Author: Thomas P. Umile, Ph.D

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586869

Category: Nature

Page: 214

View: 9849

Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts explores the intersection between catalytic science and sustainable technologies as a means to addressing current economic, social, and environmental problems. These problems include harnessing alternative energy sources, pollution prevention and remediation, and the manufacturing of commodity products. The book describes the nature of catalysis regarding sustainability and presents challenges to accomplishing sustainability as well as the significance of proven or potential success. The contributors have backgrounds in academia and industry to create a more integrated picture of the issues involving sustainability and catalysis. Broad in scope, the book covers topics such as traditional metal-mediated catalysis, organocatalysis, biocatalysis, biomimicry, and heterogeneous catalysis. It includes chapters dedicated to specific research areas of catalysis as they pertain to their effectiveness, their economic and environmental benefits, and the challenges researchers face in actualizing solutions. It also contains a chapter on the application of life cycle analysis to catalytic processes, demonstrating the need to holistically consider the sustainable impacts of a process. The book can be read in a straightforward fashion or skimmed without forfeiting understanding of the narrative on the strategies and intentions of research and development. Throughout the book the requirements of sustainability are measured by the triple bottom line of environmental, economic, and social impacts. It highlights real-world implementations of catalytic processes in drug development, manufacturing, polymers, and energy. Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts is a strong and versatile text. It provides an introduction to the field and the issues with which it is concerned, as well as a detailed and far-reaching discussion on current achievements and future progress.

Industrial Catalytic Processes for Fine and Specialty Chemicals

Author: Sunil S Joshi,Vivek V. Ranade

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128016701

Category: Science

Page: 782

View: 790

Industrial Catalytic Processes for Fine and Specialty Chemicals provides a comprehensive methodology and state-of-the art toolbox for industrial catalysis. The book begins by introducing the reader to the interesting, challenging, and important field of catalysis and catalytic processes. The fundamentals of catalysis and catalytic processes are fully covered before delving into the important industrial applications of catalysis and catalytic processes, with an emphasis on green and sustainable technologies. Several case studies illustrate new and sustainable ways of designing catalysts and catalytic processes. The intended audience of the book includes researchers in academia and industry, as well as chemical engineers, process development chemists, and technologists working in chemical industries and industrial research laboratories. Discusses the fundamentals of catalytic processes, catalyst preparation and characterization, and reaction engineering Outlines the homogeneous catalytic processes as they apply to specialty chemicals Introduces industrial catalysis and catalytic processes for fine chemicals Includes a number of case studies to demonstrate the various processes and methods for designing green catalysts

Process Intensification Technologies for Biodiesel Production

Reactive Separation Processes

Author: Anton Alexandru Kiss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319035541

Category: Science

Page: 103

View: 4374

This book is among the first to address the novel process intensification technologies for biodiesel production, in particular the integrated reactive separations. It provides a comprehensive overview illustrated with many industrially relevant examples of novel reactive separation processes used in the production of biodiesel (e.g. fatty acid alkyl esters): reactive distillation, reactive absorption, reactive extraction, membrane reactors, and centrifugal contact separators. Readers will also learn about the working principles, design and control of integrated processes, while also getting a relevant and modern overview of the process intensification opportunities for biodiesel synthesis. Biodiesel is a biodegradable and renewable fuel that currently enjoys much attention. In spite of the recent advances, the existing biodiesel processes still suffer from problems associated with the use of homogeneous catalysts (e.g. salt waste streams) and the key limitations imposed by the chemical reaction equilibrium, thus leading to severe economic and environmental penalties. The integration of reaction and separation into one operating unit overcomes equilibrium limitations and provides key benefits such as low capital investment and operating costs. Many of these processes can be further enhanced by heat-integration and powered by heterogeneous catalysts, to eliminate all conventional catalyst related operations, using the raw materials efficiently and the reaction volume, while offering high conversion and selectivity, and significant energy savings. The targeted audience of this book includes both academia (students and researchers) and industry (project leaders, technology managers, researchers, biodiesel producers, and equipment suppliers).

Management Principles of Sustainable Industrial Chemistry

Theories, Concepts and Indusstrial Examples for Achieving Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes from a Non-Technological Viewpoint

Author: Genserik L. L. Reniers,Kenneth Sörensen,Karl Vrancken

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527649506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 9256

Approaching sustainability from the perspectives of engineering and multiple scientific disciplines, this book incorporates the concepts of intergenerational equity and ecological capabilities, while promoting scientific rigor for the analysis of sustainability and the use of appropriate metrics to determine the comparative merits of alternatives. The chapters are organized around the key non-technological themes of sustainable industrial chemistry and provide an overview of the managerial principles to enhance sustainability in the chemicals sector. The book strives to provide an intellectual forum and stimulus for defining the roles chemical engineers can play in achieving sustainable development. Suitable for industry and graduate education, this is the one-stop guide to greener, cleaner, economically viable and more efficient chemical industries.

Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050

Author: Tianran Wang,Yi Zhang,Haibin Yu,Fei-Yue Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642138551

Category: Science

Page: 146

View: 5011

As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of advanced manufacturing technology. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out China’s S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with China’s reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China’s modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with China’s reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation’s highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government’s decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China’s high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.

Porous Polymers

Author: Michael S. Silverstein,Neil R. Cameron,Marc A. Hillmyer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470934746

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 6549

This book gathers the various aspects of the porous polymer field into one volume. It not only presents a fundamental description of the field, but also describes the state of the art for such materials and provides a glimpse into the future. Emphasizing a different aspect of the ongoing research and development in porous polymers, the book is divided into three sections: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications. The first part of each chapter presents the basic scientific and engineering principles underlying the topic, while the second part presents the state of the art results based on those principles. In this fashion, the book connects and integrates topics from seemingly disparate fields, each of which embodies different aspects inherent in the diverse field of porous polymeric materials.

Energy Technology Transitions for Industry

Strategies for the Next Industrial Revolution

Author: N.A

Publisher: Organization for Economic

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 321

View: 392

Industry accounts for one-third of global energy use and almost 40% of worldwide CO2 emissions. Achieving substantial emissions reduction in the future will require urgent action from industry. What are the likely future trends in energy use and CO2 emissions from industry? What impact could the application of best available technologies have on these trends? Which new technologies are needed if these sectors are to fully play their role in a more secure and sustainable energy future? Energy Technology Transitions for Industry looks at these questions through detailed sectoral and regional analyses, building on IEA findings, such as Energy Technology Perspectives 2008: Scenarios and Strategies to 2050. It contains new indicators and methodologies as well as scenario results for the following sectors: iron and steel, cement, chemicals, pulp and paper and aluminium sectors. The report discusses the prospects for new low-carbon technologies and outlines potential technology transition paths for the most important industrial sectors.

Novel Process Windows

Innovative Gates to Intensified and Sustainable Chemical Processes

Author: Volker Hessel,Dana Kralisch,Norbert Kockmann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527654844

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 9624

This book introduces the concept of novel process windows, focusing on cost improvements, safety, energy and eco-efficiency throughout each step of the process. The first part presents the new reactor and process-related technologies, introducing the potential and benefit analysis. The core of the book details scenarios for unusual parameter sets and the new holistic and systemic approach to processing, while the final part analyses the implications for green and cost-efficient processing. With its practical approach, this is invaluable reading for those working in the pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, fuels and oils industries.

Novel Concepts in Catalysis and Chemical Reactors

Improving the Efficiency for the Future

Author: Andrzej Cybulski,Jacob A. Moulijn,Andrzej Stankiewicz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352764153X

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 5161

The chemical process industry faces a tremendous challenge of supplying a growing and ever more demanding global population with the products we need. The average efficiency at which resources are converted into the final products is however still dramatically low. The most obvious solution is to carry out chemical conversions at much higher yields and selectivity and this is where active and selective catalysts and efficient chemical reactors play a crucial role. Written by an international team of highly experienced editors and authors from academia and industry, this ready reference focuses on how to enhance the efficiency of catalysts and reactors. It treats key topics such as molecular modeling, zeolites, MOFs, catalysis at room temperature, biocatalysis, catalysis for sustainability, structured reactors including membrane and microchannel reactors, switching from batch to continuous reactors, application of alternative energies and process intensification. By including recent achievements and trends, the book provides an up-to-date insight into the most important developments in the field of industrial catalysis and chemical reactor engineering. In addition, several ways of improving efficiency, selectivity, activity and improved methods for scale-up, modeling and design are presented in a compact manner.

Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant

Process Intensification

Author: Andrzej Stankiewicz,Jacob A. Moulijn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 2095

The first guide to compile current research and frontline developments in the science of process intensification (PI), Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant illustrates the design, integration, and application of PI principles and structures for the development and optimization of chemical and industrial plants. This volume updates professionals on emerging PI equipment and methodologies to promote technological advances and operational efficacy in chemical, biochemical, and engineering environments and presents clear examples illustrating the implementation and application of specific process-intensifying equipment and methods in various commercial arenas.

Inorganic Membrane Reactors

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Xiaoyao Tan,Kang Li

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118672747

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 8754

Membrane reactors combine membrane functions such as separation, reactant distribution, and catalyst support with chemical reactions in a single unit. The benefits of this approach include enhanced conversion, increased yield, and selectivity, as well as a more compact and cost-effect design of reactor system. Hence, membrane reactors are an effective route toward chemical process intensification. This book covers all types of porous membrane reactors, including ceramic, silica, carbon, zeolite, and dense metallic reactors such as Pd or Pd-alloy, oxygen ion-conducting, and proton-conducting ceramics. For each type of membrane reactor, the membrane transport principles, membrane fabrication, configuration and operation of membrane reactors, and their current and potential applications are described comprehensively. A summary of the critical issues and hurdles for each membrane reaction process is also provided, with the aim of encouraging successful commercial applications. The audience for Inorganic Membrane Reactors includes advanced students, industrial and academic researchers, and engineers with an interest in membrane reactors.

Book of Abstracts

7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering, 10-14 July 2005, SECC, Glasgow, Scotland

Author: Institution of Chemical Engineers, The

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Chemical engineering

Page: 600

View: 7047

CD-ROM contains conference manuscripts.

Chemical industry @ India: opportunities unlimited

comprehensive compendium on Indian chemicals, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, technologies, process plant machinery, and control & automation systems manufacturing sector

Author: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry,India. Dept. of Chemicals and Petro-Chemicals

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Chemical industry

Page: 484

View: 5418

Published on the occasion of India Chem 2002, organized at New Delhi, India; includes listings of chemical manufacturers and companies.

Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering

Volume 2B: Separation Processes

Author: Ajay Kumar Ray

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0081012225

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 8688

Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering: Volume 2B, Separation Processes, Sixth Edition, covers distillation and gas absorption, illustrating applications of the fundamental principles of mass transfer. Several techniques, including adsorption, ion exchange, chromatographic membrane separations and process intensification are comprehensively covered and explored. Presents content converted from textbooks into fully revised reference material Provides content that ranges from foundational to technical Includes new additions, such as emerging applications, numerical methods and computational tools