Industrial Network Security

Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems

Author: Eric D. Knapp,Joel Thomas Langill

Publisher: Syngress

ISBN: 0124201849

Category: Computers

Page: 460

View: 9771

As the sophistication of cyber-attacks increases, understanding how to defend critical infrastructure systems—energy production, water, gas, and other vital systems—becomes more important, and heavily mandated. Industrial Network Security, Second Edition arms you with the knowledge you need to understand the vulnerabilities of these distributed supervisory and control systems. The book examines the unique protocols and applications that are the foundation of industrial control systems, and provides clear guidelines for their protection. This how-to guide gives you thorough understanding of the unique challenges facing critical infrastructures, new guidelines and security measures for critical infrastructure protection, knowledge of new and evolving security tools, and pointers on SCADA protocols and security implementation. All-new real-world examples of attacks against control systems, and more diagrams of systems Expanded coverage of protocols such as 61850, Ethernet/IP, CIP, ISA-99, and the evolution to IEC62443 Expanded coverage of Smart Grid security New coverage of signature-based detection, exploit-based vs. vulnerability-based detection, and signature reverse engineering

Applied Cyber Security and the Smart Grid

Implementing Security Controls into the Modern Power Infrastructure

Author: Eric D. Knapp,Raj Samani

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 012404638X

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 2253

Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system. The "Smart Grid" requires new technologies throughout energy generation, transmission and distribution, and even the homes and businesses being served by the grid. This also represents new information paths between these new systems and services, all of which represents risk, requiring a more thorough approach to where and how cyber security controls are implemented. This insight provides a detailed architecture of the entire Smart Grid, with recommended cyber security measures for everything from the supply chain to the consumer. Discover the potential of the Smart Grid Learn in depth about its systems See its vulnerabilities and how best to protect it

Cybersecurity for Industrial Control Systems

SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS

Author: Tyson Macaulay,Bryan L. Singer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439801983

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 3666

As industrial control systems (ICS), including SCADA, DCS, and other process control networks, become Internet-facing, they expose crucial services to attack. Threats like Duqu, a sophisticated worm found in the wild that appeared to share portions of its code with the Stuxnet worm, emerge with increasing frequency. Explaining how to develop and implement an effective cybersecurity program for ICS, Cybersecurity for Industrial Control Systems: SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS provides you with the tools to ensure network security without sacrificing the efficiency and functionality of ICS. Highlighting the key issues that need to be addressed, the book begins with a thorough introduction to ICS. It discusses business, cost, competitive, and regulatory drivers and the conflicting priorities of convergence. Next, it explains why security requirements differ from IT to ICS. It differentiates when standard IT security solutions can be used and where SCADA-specific practices are required. The book examines the plethora of potential threats to ICS, including hi-jacking malware, botnets, spam engines, and porn dialers. It outlines the range of vulnerabilities inherent in the ICS quest for efficiency and functionality that necessitates risk behavior such as remote access and control of critical equipment. Reviewing risk assessment techniques and the evolving risk assessment process, the text concludes by examining what is on the horizon for ICS security, including IPv6, ICSv6 test lab designs, and IPv6 and ICS sensors.

Protecting Industrial Control Systems from Electronic Threats

Author: Joseph Weiss

Publisher: Momentum Press

ISBN: 1606501976

Category: Computers

Page: 327

View: 6386

Aimed at both the novice and expert in IT security and industrial control systems (ICS), this book will help readers gain a better understanding of protecting ICSs from electronic threats. Cyber security is getting much more attention and SCADA security (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) is a particularly important part of this field, as are Distributed Control Systems (DCS), Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs)-and all the other, field controllers, sensors, and drives, emission controls, and that make up the intelligence of modern industrial buildings and facilities. This book will help the reader better understand what is industrial control system cyber security, why is it different than IT security, what has really happened to date, and what needs to be done. Loads of practical advice is offered on everything from clarity on current cyber-security systems and how they can be integrated into general IT systems, to how to conduct risk assessments and how to obtain certifications, to future trends in legislative and regulatory issues affecting industrial security.

Robust Control System Networks

How to Achieve Reliable Control After Stuxnet

Author: Ralph Langner

Publisher: Momentum Press

ISBN: 1606503022

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 3047

From the researcher who was one of the first to identify and analyze the infamous industrial control system malware "Stuxnet," comes a book that takes a new, radical approach to making Industrial control systems safe from such cyber attacks: design the controls systems themselves to be "robust." Other security experts advocate risk management, implementing more firewalls and carefully managing passwords and access. Not so this book: those measures, while necessary, can still be circumvented. Instead, this book shows in clear, concise detail how a system that has been set up with an eye toward quality design in the first place is much more likely to remain secure and less vulnerable to hacking, sabotage or malicious control. It blends several well-established concepts and methods from control theory, systems theory, cybernetics and quality engineering to create the ideal protected system. The book's maxim is taken from the famous quality engineer William Edwards Deming, "If I had to reduce my message to management to just a few words, I'd say it all has to do with reducing variation." Highlights include: - An overview of the problem of "cyber fragility" in industrial control systems - How to make an industrial control system "robust," including principal design objectives and overall strategic planning - Why using the methods of quality engineering like the Taguchi method, SOP and UML will help to design more "armored" industrial control systems.

Securing the Smart Grid

Next Generation Power Grid Security

Author: Tony Flick,Justin Morehouse

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781597495714

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 2646

Securing the Smart Grid discusses the features of the smart grid, particularly its strengths and weaknesses, to better understand threats and attacks, and to prevent insecure deployments of smart grid technologies. A smart grid is a modernized electric grid that uses information and communications technology to be able to process information, such as the behaviors of suppliers and consumers. The book discusses different infrastructures in a smart grid, such as the automatic metering infrastructure (AMI). It also discusses the controls that consumers, device manufacturers, and utility companies can use to minimize the risk associated with the smart grid. It explains the smart grid components in detail so readers can understand how the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of these components can be secured or compromised. This book will be a valuable reference for readers who secure the networks of smart grid deployments, as well as consumers who use smart grid devices. Details how old and new hacking techniques can be used against the grid and how to defend against them Discusses current security initiatives and how they fall short of what is needed Find out how hackers can use the new infrastructure against itself

Securing Critical Infrastructures and Critical Control Systems: Approaches for Threat Protection

Approaches for Threat Protection

Author: Laing, Christopher

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466626909

Category: Computers

Page: 450

View: 6009

The increased use of technology is necessary in order for industrial control systems to maintain and monitor industrial, infrastructural, or environmental processes. The need to secure and identify threats to the system is equally critical. Securing Critical Infrastructures and Critical Control Systems: Approaches for Threat Protection provides a full and detailed understanding of the vulnerabilities and security threats that exist within an industrial control system. This collection of research defines and analyzes the technical, procedural, and managerial responses to securing these systems.

Cyber-security of SCADA and Other Industrial Control Systems

Author: Edward J. M. Colbert,Alexander Kott

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319321250

Category: Computers

Page: 355

View: 2827

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamental security of Industrial Control Systems (ICSs), including Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems and touching on cyber-physical systems in general. Careful attention is given to providing the reader with clear and comprehensive background and reference material for each topic pertinent to ICS security. This book offers answers to such questions as: Which specific operating and security issues may lead to a loss of efficiency and operation? What methods can be used to monitor and protect my system? How can I design my system to reduce threats?This book offers chapters on ICS cyber threats, attacks, metrics, risk, situational awareness, intrusion detection, and security testing, providing an advantageous reference set for current system owners who wish to securely configure and operate their ICSs. This book is appropriate for non-specialists as well. Tutorial information is provided in two initial chapters and in the beginnings of other chapters as needed. The book concludes with advanced topics on ICS governance, responses to attacks on ICS, and future security of the Internet of Things.

Hacking Exposed Industrial Control Systems: ICS and SCADA Security Secrets & Solutions

Author: Clint Bodungen,Bryan Singer,Aaron Shbeeb,Kyle Wilhoit,Stephen Hilt

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 1259589722

Category: Computers

Page: 544

View: 2965

Learn to defend crucial ICS/SCADA infrastructure from devastating attacks the tried-and-true Hacking Exposed way This practical guide reveals the powerful weapons and devious methods cyber-terrorists use to compromise the devices, applications, and systems vital to oil and gas pipelines, electrical grids, and nuclear refineries. Written in the battle-tested Hacking Exposed style, the book arms you with the skills and tools necessary to defend against attacks that are debilitating—and potentially deadly. Hacking Exposed Industrial Control Systems: ICS and SCADA Security Secrets & Solutions explains vulnerabilities and attack vectors specific to ICS/SCADA protocols, applications, hardware, servers, and workstations. You will learn how hackers and malware, such as the infamous Stuxnet worm, can exploit them and disrupt critical processes, compromise safety, and bring production to a halt. The authors fully explain defense strategies and offer ready-to-deploy countermeasures. Each chapter features a real-world case study as well as notes, tips, and cautions. Features examples, code samples, and screenshots of ICS/SCADA-specific attacks Offers step-by-step vulnerability assessment and penetration test instruction Written by a team of ICS/SCADA security experts and edited by Hacking Exposed veteran Joel Scambray

Handbook of SCADA/Control Systems Security

Author: Robert Radvanovsky,Jacob Brodsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466502274

Category: Computers

Page: 383

View: 3985

The availability and security of many services we rely upon—including water treatment, electricity, healthcare, transportation, and financial transactions—are routinely put at risk by cyber threats. The Handbook of SCADA/Control Systems Security is a fundamental outline of security concepts, methodologies, and relevant information pertaining to the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems and technology that quietly operate in the background of critical utility and industrial facilities worldwide. Divided into five sections, the book examines topics comprising functions within and throughout industrial control systems (ICS) environments. Topics include: Emerging trends and threat factors that plague the ICS security community Risk methodologies and principles that can be applied to safeguard and secure an automated operation Methods for determining events leading to a cyber incident, and methods for restoring and mitigating issues—including the importance of critical communications The necessity and reasoning behind implementing a governance or compliance program A strategic roadmap for the development of a secured SCADA/control systems environment, with examples Relevant issues concerning the maintenance, patching, and physical localities of ICS equipment How to conduct training exercises for SCADA/control systems The final chapters outline the data relied upon for accurate processing, discusses emerging issues with data overload, and provides insight into the possible future direction of ISC security. The book supplies crucial information for securing industrial automation/process control systems as part of a critical infrastructure protection program. The content has global applications for securing essential governmental and economic systems that have evolved into present-day security nightmares. The authors present a "best practices" approach to securing business management environments at the strategic, tactical, and operational levels.

Power System SCADA and Smart Grids

Author: Mini S. Thomas,John Douglas McDonald

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351831267

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 9347

Power System SCADA and Smart Grids brings together in one concise volume the fundamentals and possible application functions of power system supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA). The text begins by providing an overview of SCADA systems, evolution, and use in power systems and the data acquisition process. It then describes the components of SCADA systems, from the legacy remote terminal units (RTUs) to the latest intelligent electronic devices (IEDs), data concentrators, and master stations, as well as: Examines the building and practical implementation of different SCADA systems Offers a comprehensive discussion of the data communication, protocols, and media usage Covers substation automation (SA), which forms the basis for transmission, distribution, and customer automation Addresses distribution automation and distribution management systems (DA/DMS) and energy management systems (EMS) for transmission control centers Discusses smart distribution, smart transmission, and smart grid solutions such as smart homes with home energy management systems (HEMs), plugged hybrid electric vehicles, and more Power System SCADA and Smart Grids is designed to assist electrical engineering students, researchers, and practitioners alike in acquiring a solid understanding of SCADA systems and application functions in generation, transmission, and distribution systems, which are evolving day by day, to help them adapt to new challenges effortlessly. The book reveals the inner secrets of SCADA systems, unveils the potential of the smart grid, and inspires more minds to get involved in the development process.

Industrial Cybersecurity

Efficiently secure critical infrastructure systems

Author: Pascal Ackerman

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1788395980

Category: Computers

Page: 456

View: 1463

Your one-step guide to understanding industrial cyber security, its control systems, and its operations. About This Book Learn about endpoint protection such as anti-malware implementation, updating, monitoring, and sanitizing user workloads and mobile devices Filled with practical examples to help you secure critical infrastructure systems efficiently A step-by-step guide that will teach you the techniques and methodologies of building robust infrastructure systems Who This Book Is For If you are a security professional and want to ensure a robust environment for critical infrastructure systems, this book is for you. IT professionals interested in getting into the cyber security domain or who are looking at gaining industrial cyber security certifications will also find this book useful. What You Will Learn Understand industrial cybersecurity, its control systems and operations Design security-oriented architectures, network segmentation, and security support services Configure event monitoring systems, anti-malware applications, and endpoint security Gain knowledge of ICS risks, threat detection, and access management Learn about patch management and life cycle management Secure your industrial control systems from design through retirement In Detail With industries expanding, cyber attacks have increased significantly. Understanding your control system's vulnerabilities and learning techniques to defend critical infrastructure systems from cyber threats is increasingly important. With the help of real-world use cases, this book will teach you the methodologies and security measures necessary to protect critical infrastructure systems and will get you up to speed with identifying unique challenges.Industrial cybersecurity begins by introducing Industrial Control System (ICS) technology, including ICS architectures, communication media, and protocols. This is followed by a presentation on ICS (in) security. After presenting an ICS-related attack scenario, securing of the ICS is discussed, including topics such as network segmentation, defense-in-depth strategies, and protective solutions. Along with practical examples for protecting industrial control systems, this book details security assessments, risk management, and security program development. It also covers essential cybersecurity aspects, such as threat detection and access management. Topics related to endpoint hardening such as monitoring, updating, and anti-malware implementations are also discussed. Style and approach A step-by-step guide to implement Industrial Cyber Security effectively.

Smart Energy Grid Engineering

Author: Hossam Gabbar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128092327

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 4488

Smart Energy Grid Engineering provides in-depth detail on the various important engineering challenges of smart energy grid design and operation by focusing on advanced methods and practices for designing different components and their integration within the grid. Governments around the world are investing heavily in smart energy grids to ensure optimum energy use and supply, enable better planning for outage responses and recovery, and facilitate the integration of heterogeneous technologies such as renewable energy systems, electrical vehicle networks, and smart homes around the grid. By looking at case studies and best practices that illustrate how to implement smart energy grid infrastructures and analyze the technical details involved in tackling emerging challenges, this valuable reference considers the important engineering aspects of design and implementation, energy generation, utilization and energy conservation, intelligent control and monitoring data analysis security, and asset integrity. Includes detailed support to integrate systems for smart grid infrastructures Features global case studies outlining design components and their integration within the grid Provides examples and best practices from industry that will assist in the migration to smart grids

Guide to Industrial Control Systems (ICS) Security

Author: U. S. Department Commerce,National Institute of Standards and Technology

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781548557782

Category:

Page: 248

View: 9369

The Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) promotes the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the Nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, test methods, reference data, proof of concept implementations, and technical analyses to advance the development and productive use of information technology. ITL's responsibilities include the development of management, administrative, technical, and physical standards and guidelines for the cost-effective security and privacy of other than national security-related information in federal information systems. The Special Publication 800-series reports on ITL's research, guidelines, and outreach efforts in information system security, and its collaborative activities with industry, government, and academic organizations. This publication provides guidance on how to secure Industrial Control Systems (ICS), including Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, Distributed Control Systems (DCS), and other control system configurations such as Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC), while addressing their unique performance, reliability, and safety requirements. The publication provides an overview of ICS and typical system topologies, identifies typical threats and vulnerabilities to these systems, and provides recommended security countermeasures to mitigate the associated risks.

Smart Grid Security

Innovative Solutions for a Modernized Grid

Author: Florian Skopik,Paul Dr. Smith

Publisher: Syngress

ISBN: 0128023546

Category: Computers

Page: 324

View: 1518

The Smart Grid security ecosystem is complex and multi-disciplinary, and relatively under-researched compared to the traditional information and network security disciplines. While the Smart Grid has provided increased efficiencies in monitoring power usage, directing power supplies to serve peak power needs and improving efficiency of power delivery, the Smart Grid has also opened the way for information security breaches and other types of security breaches. Potential threats range from meter manipulation to directed, high-impact attacks on critical infrastructure that could bring down regional or national power grids. It is essential that security measures are put in place to ensure that the Smart Grid does not succumb to these threats and to safeguard this critical infrastructure at all times. Dr. Florian Skopik is one of the leading researchers in Smart Grid security, having organized and led research consortia and panel discussions in this field. Smart Grid Security will provide the first truly holistic view of leading edge Smart Grid security research. This book does not focus on vendor-specific solutions, instead providing a complete presentation of forward-looking research in all areas of Smart Grid security. The book will enable practitioners to learn about upcoming trends, scientists to share new directions in research, and government and industry decision-makers to prepare for major strategic decisions regarding implementation of Smart Grid technology. Presents the most current and leading edge research on Smart Grid security from a holistic standpoint, featuring a panel of top experts in the field. Includes coverage of risk management, operational security, and secure development of the Smart Grid. Covers key technical topics, including threat types and attack vectors, threat case studies, smart metering, smart home, e- mobility, smart buildings, DERs, demand response management, distribution grid operators, transmission grid operators, virtual power plants, resilient architectures, communications protocols and encryption, as well as physical security.

Scada Security

What's Broken and How to Fix It

Author: Andrew Ginter

Publisher: Scada Security - What's Broken and How to Fix It

ISBN: 9780995298408

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3062

Modern attacks routinely breach SCADA networks that are defended to IT standards. This is unacceptable. Defense in depth has failed us. In "SCADA Security" Ginter describes this failure and describes an alternative. Strong SCADA security is possible, practical, and cheaper than failed, IT-centric, defense-in-depth. While nothing can be completely secure, we decide how high to set the bar for our attackers. For important SCADA systems, effective attacks should always be ruinously expensive and difficult. We can and should defend our SCADA systems so thoroughly that even our most resourceful enemies tear their hair out and curse the names of our SCADA systems' designers.

Defensive Security Handbook

Best Practices for Securing Infrastructure

Author: Lee Brotherston,Amanda Berlin

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491960337

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 1728

Despite the increase of high-profile hacks, record-breaking data leaks, and ransomware attacks, many organizations don’t have the budget to establish or outsource an information security (InfoSec) program, forcing them to learn on the job. For companies obliged to improvise, this pragmatic guide provides a security-101 handbook with steps, tools, processes, and ideas to help you drive maximum-security improvement at little or no cost. Each chapter in this book provides step-by-step instructions for dealing with a specific issue, including breaches and disasters, compliance, network infrastructure and password management, vulnerability scanning, and penetration testing, among others. Network engineers, system administrators, and security professionals will learn tools and techniques to help improve security in sensible, manageable chunks. Learn fundamentals of starting or redesigning an InfoSec program Create a base set of policies, standards, and procedures Plan and design incident response, disaster recovery, compliance, and physical security Bolster Microsoft and Unix systems, network infrastructure, and password management Use segmentation practices and designs to compartmentalize your network Explore automated process and tools for vulnerability management Securely develop code to reduce exploitable errors Understand basic penetration testing concepts through purple teaming Delve into IDS, IPS, SOC, logging, and monitoring

Critical Infrastructure Protection VIII

8th IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference, ICCIP 2014, Arlington, VA, USA, March 17-19, 2014, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Jonathan Butts,Sujeet Shenoi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 366245355X

Category: Computers

Page: 276

View: 8500

The information infrastructure - comprising computers, embedded devices, networks and software systems - is vital to day-to-day operations in every sector: information and telecommunications, banking and finance, energy, chemicals and hazardous materials, agriculture, food, water, public health, emergency services, transportation, postal and shipping, government and defense. Global business and industry, governments, indeed society itself, cannot function effectively if major components of the critical information infrastructure are degraded, disabled or destroyed. Critical Infrastructure Protection VIII describes original research results and innovative applications in the interdisciplinary field of critical infrastructure protection. Also, it highlights the importance of weaving science, technology and policy in crafting sophisticated, yet practical, solutions that will help secure information, computer and network assets in the various critical infrastructure sectors. Areas of coverage include: control systems security, infrastructure security, infrastructure modeling and simulation, risk and impact assessment, and advanced techniques. This book is the eighth volume in the annual series produced by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) Working Group 11.10 on Critical Infrastructure Protection, an international community of scientists, engineers, practitioners and policy makers dedicated to advancing research, development and implementation efforts focused on infrastructure protection. The book contains a selection of seventeen edited papers from the 8th Annual IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, held at SRI International, Arlington, Virginia, DC, USA in the spring of 2014. Critical Infrastructure Protection VIII is an important resource for researchers, faculty members and graduate students, as well as for policy makers, practitioners and other individuals with interests in homeland security.

Security Solutions and Applied Cryptography in Smart Grid Communications

Author: Ferrag, Mohamed Amine,Ahmim, Ahmed

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522518304

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 5993

Electrical energy usage is increasing every year due to population growth and new forms of consumption. As such, it is increasingly imperative to research methods of energy control and safe use. Security Solutions and Applied Cryptography in Smart Grid Communications is a pivotal reference source for the latest research on the development of smart grid technology and best practices of utilization. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as threat detection, authentication, and intrusion detection, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, engineers and students seeking current research on ways in which to implement smart grid platforms all over the globe.