Innovating for the Global South

Towards an Inclusive Innovation Agenda

Author: Dilip Soman,Janice Gross Stein,Joseph Wong

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442614625

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 185

View: 7983

Innovating for the Global South offers fresh solutions for reducing poverty in the developing world.

Managing Global Innovation

Frameworks for Integrating Capabilities around the World

Author: Yves L. Doz,Keeley Wilson

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 1422187551

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 7125

The key to bridging your global innovation gap In today’s global economy, it would be short-sighted to rely solely on local resources for new-product innovations. Instead, knowledge and activity critical to innovation most likely lie outside your company’s home territories—sometimes far outside. And this distance makes it harder than ever to obtain and integrate these resources, eating away at your competitive edge. How to tackle this challenge? In Managing Global Innovation, INSEAD’s Yves L. Doz and Keeley Wilson show you how to build and leverage a global innovation network. Drawing on extensive research and real-life company examples, they walk you through a set of practical frameworks for acquiring and integrating innovation-critical knowledge from multiple sources. You’ll learn to optimize your innovation footprint, improve communication and receptivity, and enhance collaboration in order to succeed on a global scale. Based on in-depth research within more than three dozen corporations—including Citibank, Essilor, GE, GlaxoSmithKline, HP Labs, HP Singapore, Nokia, Novartis, Shiseido, Siemens, Snecma, Synopsys, and Xerox—this book bridges theory and practice. Managing Global Innovation gives you the tools to harness critical expertise from around the globe—and channel it into your innovation programs.

Reconceptualizing International Investment Law from the Global South

Author: Fabio Morosini,Michelle Ratton Sanchez Badin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107190037

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 326

View: 9405

This book shows how the reform in investment regulation contributes to a broader attempt to transform the international economic order.

Alternatives to Privatization

Public Options for Essential Services in the Global South

Author: David A. McDonald,Greg Ruiters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113650947X

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 4464

There is a vast literature for and against privatizing public services. Those who are against privatization are often confronted with the objection that they present no alternative. This book takes up that challenge by establishing theoretical models for what does (and does not) constitute an alternative to privatization, and what might make them ‘successful’, backed up by a comprehensive set of empirical data on public services initiatives in over 40 countries. This is the first such global survey of its kind, providing a rigorous and robust platform for evaluating different alternatives and allowing for comparisons across regions and sectors. The book helps to conceptualize and evaluate what has become an important and widespread movement for better public services in the global South. The contributors explore historical, existing and proposed non-commercialized alternatives for primary health, water/sanitation and electricity. The objectives of the research have been to develop conceptual and methodological frameworks for identifying and analyzing alternatives to privatization, and testing these models against actually existing alternatives on the ground in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Information of this type is urgently required for practitioners and analysts, both of whom are seeking reliable knowledge on what kind of public models work, how transferable they are from one place to another and what their main strengths and weaknesses are.

Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources

Proceedings of the International Conference; April 10th to 12th, 2014; University of Berkeley

Author: Schäfer, Martina,Kammen, Daniel,Kebir, Noara,Philipp, Daniel

Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin

ISBN: 3798326932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 171

View: 2297

This volume centers on the idea that innovative approaches for energy access can work with previously underutilized or unrecognized resources, as this may lead to circumstances for the development of successful and sustainable energy programs. Such untapped resources may be seen in the discovering of synergies in areas such as pre-existing service infrastructures, supply chain and value chain management, natural resource availability, financing schemes, and leap frog technologies. Additionally, decentralized approaches can contribute to climate change adaptation measures and increase resiliency for vulnerable communities. Of course small-scale solutions have clear limitations in regard to global climate, and it is important to consider how far they can extend and aggregate impact. This book assembles a selection of articles, collected from the 2014 Energy Access Conference at UC Berkeley, aiming to consider technical, financial, human, institutional, and natural resource capital. Im Fokus der Konferenz “Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources”, die vom 10. bis zum 12. April 2014 an der University of California stattfand, war der Zugang zu moderner Energieversorgung in strukturschwachen Regionen. Dieser Tagungsband trägt eine Reihe von innovativen Ansätzen zusammen, die auf der Konferenz diskutiert wurden. In den Beiträgen spiegeln sich aktuelle Konzepte, Theorien, Methoden und Techniken im Bereich der dezentralen Energieversorgung. Im Mittelpunkt vieler Beiträge steht die Frage, wie sich vormals ungenutzte oder unbekannte lokale Ressourcen nutzbar machen lassen. Neue Potentiale ergeben sich aus Synergien zwischen supply and value innovation, neuen Finanzierungsansätzen und der Nutzung sogenannte „leapgfrog technologies“. Die Beiträge zeigen, wie dezentrale Ansätze und kleinteilige lokale Lösungen zur Bekämpfung des Klimawandels und die Anpassung an seine Folgen beitragen und die Resilienz gefährdeter Gemeinschaften stärken können.

The Politics of Innovation

Why Some Countries Are Better Than Others at Science and Technology

Author: Associate Professor of Political Science Mark Zachary Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190464135

Category: Science and state

Page: 444

View: 642

Why are some countries better than others at science and technology (S&T)? Written in an approachable style, The Politics of Innovation provides readers from all backgrounds and levels of expertise a comprehensive introduction to the debates over national S&T competitiveness. It synthesizes over fifty years of theory and research on national innovation rates, bringing together the current political and economic wisdom, and latest findings, about how nations become S&T leaders. Many experts mistakenly believe that domestic institutions and policies determine national innovation rates. However, after decades of research, there is still no agreement on precisely how this happens, exactly which institutions matter, and little aggregate evidence has been produced to support any particular explanation. Yet, despite these problems, a core faith in a relationship between domestic institutions and national innovation rates remains widely held and little challenged. The Politics of Innovation confronts head-on this contradiction between theory, evidence, and the popularity of the institutions-innovation hypothesis. It presents extensive evidence to show that domestic institutions and policies do not determine innovation rates. Instead, it argues that social networks are as important as institutions in determining national innovation rates. The Politics of Innovation also introduces a new theory of "creative insecurity" which explains how institutions, policies, and networks are all subservient to politics. It argues that, ultimately, each country's balance of domestic rivalries vs. external threats, and the ensuing political fights, are what drive S&T competitiveness. In making its case, The Politics of Innovation draws upon statistical analysis and comparative case studies of the United States, Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Thailand, the Philippines, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Turkey, Israel, Russia and a dozen countries across Western Europe.

SMEs and Open Innovation: Global Cases and Initiatives

Global Cases and Initiatives

Author: Rahman, Hakikur

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1613505205

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 6036

Open innovation has been widely implemented in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with the aim of influencing business promotion, value gain, and economic empowerment. However, little is known about the processes used to implement open innovation in SMEs and the associated challenges and benefits. SMEs and Open Innovation: Global Cases and Initiatives unites knowledge on how SMEs can apply open innovation strategies to development by incorporating academic, entrepreneurial, institutional, research, and empirical cases. This book discusses diverse policy, economic, and cultural issues, including numerous opportunities and challenges surrounding open innovation strategies; studies relevant risks and risk management; analyzes SMEs evolution pattern on adopting open innovation strategies through available measurable criteria; and assists practitioners in designing action plans to empower SMEs.

Developing National Systems of Innovation

University_Industry Interactions in the Global South

Author: Eduardo Albuquerque,Wilson Suzigan,Glenda Kruss,Keun Lee

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784711101

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5014

Interactions between firms and universities are key building blocks of innovation systems. This book focuses on those interactions in developing countries, presenting studies based on fresh empirical material prepared by research teams in 12 countries

Global Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Challenges and Experiences from East and West

Author: Stephen E. Little,Frank M. Go,Teresa Shuk-Ching Poon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331943859X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 334

View: 3720

Addressing the wide-ranging challenges of global entrepreneurship and innovation faced by both East and West, this edited volume provides a multi-faceted overview of the complexity facing entrepreneurial firms within global value chains. Viewed from the context of an emerging multi-polar world in which Europe and Asia are seen as major actors, the book explores their relations which are becoming increasingly crucial for the understanding of global politics, trade, technology, culture and travel. Global Innovation and Entrepreneurship includes case studies and discussions from a range of sectors and takes a unique cross-disciplinary perspective from European as well as East and South Asian authors.

Networks of Knowledge

Collaborative Innovation in International Learning

Author: Janice Gross Stein

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802083715

Category: Political Science

Page: 175

View: 3020

Examines the 'knowledge network' whose primary mandate is to create and disseminate knowledge based on multidisciplinary research that is informed by problem-solving as well as theoretical agendas.

The Global Brain

Your Roadmap for Innovating Faster and Smarter in a Networked World

Author: Satish Nambisan,Mohanbir Sawhney

Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0137064861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 7081

All the talk about "open innovation" and externally-focused innovation assumes that "one size fits all" in terms of what network-centric innovation is and how companies should harness external creativity. But the reality is that there is no one right way to master this tool. For instance, loosely governed community-based innovation projects are a very different animal from tightly-orchestrated development projects driven by a large firm. As the landscape of network-centric innovation becomes more diverse and more confusing, there is a desperate need to structure the landscape to better understand different models for network-centric innovation. This book brings clarity to the confusion. Further, it argues that managers cannot rely on anecdotal success stories they read about in the press to implement a network-centric innovation strategy. They need rigorous and analytical advice on what role their company should play in an innovation network, what capabilities they need to create, and how they need to prepare their organization for this significant shift in the innovation approach. This book offers a practical and detailed roadmap for planning and implementing an externally-focused innovation strategy.

Innovation for inclusive value-chain development

Successes and challenges

Author: Devaux, André,Torero, Maximo,Donovan, Jason,Horton, Douglas E.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896292134

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 6664

Governments, nongovernmental organizations, donors, and the private sector have increasingly embraced value-chain development (VCD) for stimulating economic growth and combating rural poverty. Innovation for Inclusive Value-Chain Development: Successes and Challenges helps to fill the current gap in systematic knowledge about how well VCD has performed, related trade-offs or undesired effects, and which combinations of VCD elements are most likely to reduce poverty and deliver on overall development goals. This book uses case studies to examine a range of VCD experiences. Approaching the subject from various angles, it looks at new linkages to markets and the role of farmer organizations and contract farming in raising productivity and access to markets, the minimum assets requirement to participate in VCD, the role of multi-stakeholder platforms in VCD, and how to measure and identify successful VCD interventions. The book also explores the challenges livestock-dependent people face; how urbanization and advancing technologies affect linkages; ways to increase gender inclusion and economic growth; and the different roles various types of platforms play in VCD.

Grassroots Innovation Movements

Author: Adrian Smith,Mariano Fressoli,Dinesh Abrol,Elisa Arond,Adrian Ely

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317451198

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 8800

Innovation is increasingly invoked by policy elites and business leaders as vital for tackling global challenges like sustainable development. Often overlooked, however, is the fact that networks of community groups, activists, and researchers have been innovating grassroots solutions for social justice and environmental sustainability for decades. Unencumbered by disciplinary boundaries, policy silos, or institutional logics, these ‘grassroots innovation movements’ identify issues and questions neglected by formal science, technology and innovation organizations. Grassroots solutions arise in unconventional settings through unusual combinations of people, ideas and tools. This book examines six diverse grassroots innovation movements in India, South America and Europe, situating them in their particular dynamic historical contexts. Analysis explains why each movement frames innovation and development differently, resulting in a variety of strategies. The book explores the spaces where each of these movements have grown, or attempted to do so. It critically examines the pathways they have developed for grassroots innovation and the challenges and limitations confronting their approaches. With mounting pressure for social justice in an increasingly unequal world, policy makers are exploring how to foster more inclusive innovation. In this context grassroots experiences take on added significance. This book provides timely and relevant ideas, analysis and recommendations for activists, policy-makers, students and scholars interested in encounters between innovation, development and social movements.

Making a Global City

How One Toronto School Embraced Diversity

Author: Robert Vipond

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442624434

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 9317

Half of Toronto’s population is born outside of Canada and over 140 languages are spoken on the city's streets and in its homes. How to build community amidst such diversity is one of the global challenges that Canada – and many other western nations – has to face head on. Making a Global City critically examines the themes of diversity and community in a single primary school, the Clinton Street Public School in Toronto, between 1920 and 1990. From the swift and seismic shift from a Jewish to southern European demographic in the 1950s to the gradual globalized community starting in the 1970s, Vipond eloquently and clearly highlights the challenges posed by multicultural citizenship in a city that was dominated by Anglo-Protestants. Contrary to recent well-documented anti-immigrant rhetoric in the media, Making a Global City celebrates one of the world’s most multicultural cities while stressing the fact that public schools are a vital tool in integrating and accepting immigrants and children in liberal democracies.

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy

The Strategic Role of Platinum Group Metals

Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)

Publisher: Real African Publishers

ISBN: 1920655700

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5440

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy is the publication of a MISTRA research project on the use of strategic minerals in the global putative hydrogen economy. The book highlights the global significance of platinum group metals (PGM) and explores the strategic opportunities that arise out of South Africa's endowment of these strategic resources. From their extraction to their applications in fuel cells, what options are available for the country, the region and the world to better leverage this endowment towards supporting growth and development objectives? In view of their expanding range of applications, do PGM need the hydrogen economy? Conversely, does the hydrogen economy need PGM? Addressed to all industry stakeholders, including those in the public and private sectors, the options explored in this book are based on a thorough analysis of the global dynamics that should inform policy and business models related to PGM.

Reverse Innovation

Create Far From Home, Win Everywhere

Author: Vijay Govindarajan,Chris Trimble

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 142218398X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 960

The gap between rich nations and emerging economies is closing. As a result, the global dynamics of innovation are changing. No longer will innovations traverse the globe in only one direction, from developed nations to developing ones. They will also flow in reverse. Authors Vijay Govindarajan and Chris Trimble of the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth explain where, when, and why reverse innovation is on the rise, and why the implications are so profound—for nations, for companies, and for individuals. The authors focus in particular on a traditional pillar of rich-world economic vitality: successful and long-established multinational corporations. All are now seeking explosive growth in emerging economies, and all must learn new tricks in order to succeed. Reverse Innovation shows leaders and senior managers how to make innovation in emerging markets happen, and how such innovations can unlock opportunities throughout the world. The book highlights the tribulations and triumphs of some of the world’s leading companies (including GE, Deere & Company, P&G, and PepsiCo), illustrating exactly what works and what does not. The new reality is that the future lies far from home. Whether you are a CEO, financier, strategist, marketer, scientist, engineer, national policymaker, or even a student forming your career aspirations, reverse innovation is a phenomenon you need to understand. This book will help you do that.

Innovation for Sustainable Development

Author: Jean-Yves Grosclaude,Rajendra K. Pachauri,Laurence Tubiana

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 8179935566

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 9718

Innovation has become the new buzzword across the globe. International organisations, governments, corporates, academia and society see it as the answer to the major economic, social and environmental transformations challenging the models of the 20th century. Innovations are occurring worldwide and alternative solutions to the existing problems are emerging in all sectors: electric cars, organic farming, renewable energy and e-learning are good examples. These alternatives can be ascribed with qualities such as decentralized frugal, flexible, smart and democratic, virtues that are lacking in conventional models. They are attributed with the potential to meet the overall global challenges such as climate change and the growing inequalities between and within countries. What is the real potential of innovation? Does the rapid deployment of innovations lead towards a more sustainable and inclusive society? Can innovations and the emerging alternatives replace conventional models? Beyond technologies, what institutional innovations are required to support sustainable development? A Planet for Life 2014 aims to answer these questions and explore innovation in all its aspects, through a series of texts written by international experts. The objective of this book is to analyse experiences from across the world and the role of innovation in a variety of areas of development such as urbanization, agriculture and food, the mobility of people and freight, education and the provision of water and energy to all.

Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2015

15th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Bamberg, Germany, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings

Author: Julio Abascal,Simone Barbosa,Mirko Fetter,Tom Gross,Philippe Palanque,Marco Winckler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319226983

Category: Computers

Page: 638

View: 8761

The four-volume set LNCS 9296-9299 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th IFIP TC13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, INTERACT 2015, held in Bamberg, Germany, in September 2015. The 43 papers included in the third volume are organized in topical sections on HCI for global software development; HCI in healthcare; HCI studies; human-robot interaction; interactive tabletops; mobile and ubiquitous interaction; multi-screen visualization and large screens; participatory design; pointing and gesture interaction; and social interaction.

Minimizing Energy Consumption, Energy Poverty and Global and Local Climate Change in the Built Environment: Innovating to Zero

Casualties and Impacts in a Zero Concept World

Author: Mattheos Santamouris

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128114179

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 9820

Minimizing Energy Consumption, Energy Poverty and Global and Local Climate Change in the Built Environment: Innovating to Zero analyzes three major issues of the built environment, including the political, economic and technical contexts, the impacts of global and local climate change, and the technical and social characteristics of energy poverty. In addition, the book addresses the causes and reasons for the magnitude and characteristics of the built environment's energy consumption. Users will find a fresh view of energy consumption in the built environment, especially in relation to energy poverty and climate change from the ZERO energy world perspective. Presents and analyzes over twenty specific linkages and causalities between energy consumption, climate change and energy poverty Describes the state-of-the-art regarding the energy consumption of buildings in Europe and recent trends and characteristics Explores how can we transform problems into opportunities Examines how we can increase the added value of technological, economic and social interventions to generate wealth and offer employment opportunities

Working Partnerships in Higher Education, Industry and Innovation

Creating Knowledge Networks

Author: Glenda Kruss

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796921321

Category: Computers

Page: 155

View: 8193

Higher education institutions in South Africa are facing the challenge of creating research partnerships with industry and contributing to the growth of a national system of innovation. Through detailed case studies, this monograph maps the scale and form of research networks and collaborative practices in three high-technology fields namely: information and communication technology; biotechnology; and new materials development. The case studies show how knowledge networks are shaped by the competitive dynamics of the industrial sub-sector within which they operate, the scientific and managerial expertise within higher education partner institutions, and how they are facilitated by government policy and intermediary partners.