Innovating for the Global South

Towards an Inclusive Innovation Agenda

Author: Dilip Soman,Janice Gross Stein,Joseph Wong

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442614625

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 185

View: 6578

Innovating for the Global South offers fresh solutions for reducing poverty in the developing world.

Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources

Proceedings of the International Conference; April 10th to 12th, 2014; University of Berkeley

Author: Schäfer, Martina,Kammen, Daniel,Kebir, Noara,Philipp, Daniel

Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin

ISBN: 3798326932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 171

View: 8311

This volume centers on the idea that innovative approaches for energy access can work with previously underutilized or unrecognized resources, as this may lead to circumstances for the development of successful and sustainable energy programs. Such untapped resources may be seen in the discovering of synergies in areas such as pre-existing service infrastructures, supply chain and value chain management, natural resource availability, financing schemes, and leap frog technologies. Additionally, decentralized approaches can contribute to climate change adaptation measures and increase resiliency for vulnerable communities. Of course small-scale solutions have clear limitations in regard to global climate, and it is important to consider how far they can extend and aggregate impact. This book assembles a selection of articles, collected from the 2014 Energy Access Conference at UC Berkeley, aiming to consider technical, financial, human, institutional, and natural resource capital. Im Fokus der Konferenz “Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources”, die vom 10. bis zum 12. April 2014 an der University of California stattfand, war der Zugang zu moderner Energieversorgung in strukturschwachen Regionen. Dieser Tagungsband trägt eine Reihe von innovativen Ansätzen zusammen, die auf der Konferenz diskutiert wurden. In den Beiträgen spiegeln sich aktuelle Konzepte, Theorien, Methoden und Techniken im Bereich der dezentralen Energieversorgung. Im Mittelpunkt vieler Beiträge steht die Frage, wie sich vormals ungenutzte oder unbekannte lokale Ressourcen nutzbar machen lassen. Neue Potentiale ergeben sich aus Synergien zwischen supply and value innovation, neuen Finanzierungsansätzen und der Nutzung sogenannte „leapgfrog technologies“. Die Beiträge zeigen, wie dezentrale Ansätze und kleinteilige lokale Lösungen zur Bekämpfung des Klimawandels und die Anpassung an seine Folgen beitragen und die Resilienz gefährdeter Gemeinschaften stärken können.

The Global Brain

Your Roadmap for Innovating Faster and Smarter in a Networked World

Author: Satish Nambisan,Mohanbir Sawhney

Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0137064861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 9523

All the talk about "open innovation" and externally-focused innovation assumes that "one size fits all" in terms of what network-centric innovation is and how companies should harness external creativity. But the reality is that there is no one right way to master this tool. For instance, loosely governed community-based innovation projects are a very different animal from tightly-orchestrated development projects driven by a large firm. As the landscape of network-centric innovation becomes more diverse and more confusing, there is a desperate need to structure the landscape to better understand different models for network-centric innovation. This book brings clarity to the confusion. Further, it argues that managers cannot rely on anecdotal success stories they read about in the press to implement a network-centric innovation strategy. They need rigorous and analytical advice on what role their company should play in an innovation network, what capabilities they need to create, and how they need to prepare their organization for this significant shift in the innovation approach. This book offers a practical and detailed roadmap for planning and implementing an externally-focused innovation strategy.

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy

The Strategic Role of Platinum Group Metals

Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)

Publisher: Real African Publishers

ISBN: 1920655700

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 8192

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy is the publication of a MISTRA research project on the use of strategic minerals in the global putative hydrogen economy. The book highlights the global significance of platinum group metals (PGM) and explores the strategic opportunities that arise out of South Africa's endowment of these strategic resources. From their extraction to their applications in fuel cells, what options are available for the country, the region and the world to better leverage this endowment towards supporting growth and development objectives? In view of their expanding range of applications, do PGM need the hydrogen economy? Conversely, does the hydrogen economy need PGM? Addressed to all industry stakeholders, including those in the public and private sectors, the options explored in this book are based on a thorough analysis of the global dynamics that should inform policy and business models related to PGM.

Reducing Poverty on a Global Scale

Learning and Innovating for Development : Findings from the Shanghai Global Learning Initiative

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821363621

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 4765

Based on the findings from the Shanghai Global Learning Initiative (a working conference held in Shanghai in May 2004 organised by the World Bank in partnership with the Chinese Government) this publication explores issues relating to global sustainable development, poverty reduction strategies and the effectiveness of international aid. The aim of the case studies presented is to explore ways of 'scaling-up' successful initiatives in order to address the global imbalances in poverty and development identified in the UN Millennium Development Goals.

Innovation for Sustainable Development

Author: Jean-Yves Grosclaude,Rajendra K. Pachauri,Laurence Tubiana

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 8179935566

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7139

Innovation has become the new buzzword across the globe. International organisations, governments, corporates, academia and society see it as the answer to the major economic, social and environmental transformations challenging the models of the 20th century. Innovations are occurring worldwide and alternative solutions to the existing problems are emerging in all sectors: electric cars, organic farming, renewable energy and e-learning are good examples. These alternatives can be ascribed with qualities such as decentralized frugal, flexible, smart and democratic, virtues that are lacking in conventional models. They are attributed with the potential to meet the overall global challenges such as climate change and the growing inequalities between and within countries. What is the real potential of innovation? Does the rapid deployment of innovations lead towards a more sustainable and inclusive society? Can innovations and the emerging alternatives replace conventional models? Beyond technologies, what institutional innovations are required to support sustainable development? A Planet for Life 2014 aims to answer these questions and explore innovation in all its aspects, through a series of texts written by international experts. The objective of this book is to analyse experiences from across the world and the role of innovation in a variety of areas of development such as urbanization, agriculture and food, the mobility of people and freight, education and the provision of water and energy to all.

UNESCO Science Report 2010

The Current Status of Science Around the World

Author: Unesco

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231041320

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 9975

Analyses the current state of science around the globe as well the trends that have emerged since the previous report published in 2005.

Working Partnerships in Higher Education, Industry and Innovation

Creating Knowledge Networks

Author: Glenda Kruss

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796921321

Category: Computers

Page: 155

View: 5105

Higher education institutions in South Africa are facing the challenge of creating research partnerships with industry and contributing to the growth of a national system of innovation. Through detailed case studies, this monograph maps the scale and form of research networks and collaborative practices in three high-technology fields namely: information and communication technology; biotechnology; and new materials development. The case studies show how knowledge networks are shaped by the competitive dynamics of the industrial sub-sector within which they operate, the scientific and managerial expertise within higher education partner institutions, and how they are facilitated by government policy and intermediary partners.

Innovating in Urban Economies

Economic Transformation in Canadian City-Regions

Author: David A. Wolfe

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666978

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 4864

In a globalizing, knowledge-based economy, innovation and creative capacity lead to economic prosperity. Starting in 2006, the Innovation Systems Research Network began a six year-long study on how city-regions in Canada were surviving and thriving in a globalized world. That study resulted in the “Innovation, Creativity, and Governance in Canadian City-Regions” series, which examines the impact of innovation, talent, and institutions on sixteen city-regions across Canada. This volume explores how the social dynamics that influence innovation and knowledge flows in Canadian city-regions contribute to transformation and long-term growth. With case studies examining cities of all sizes, from Toronto to Moncton, Innovating in Urban Economies analyzes the impact of size, location, and the regional economy on innovation and knowledge in Canada’s cities.

The End of Copycat China

The Rise of Creativity, Innovation, and Individualism in Asia

Author: Shaun Rein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118926722

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1772

China's changing course, and sustainable success requires ashift in strategy The End of Copycat China helps business executives andinvestors understand how China's economy is shifting from one basedon heavy investment to one on services and consumption by providinginsight that help shape effective strategy. Drawing from over50,000 interviews with entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, privateequity investors, private Chinese companies, and multinationals,this book describes how Chinese firms are increasingly focused oninnovation rather than copying what worked in America and howconsumers are evolving with their hopes, dreams and aspirations.China's growth model of the last three decades is becomingincreasingly ineffective, as relying on heavy investment andexports is becoming less and less feasible. Fifty percent ofChina's growth in 2013 stemmed from consumption, the government isestablishing a Free Trade zone in Shanghai and ending the dominanceof state-owned enterprises. This book provides a roadmap forcompanies and investors looking to navigate these changes andcapture emerging trends, with deep insight and practical guidanceon what innovation looks like in the new China. Survey the development of innovation taking place in China'seconomy, from an insider's perspective Consider the changes that must take place to shore up thebroken growth model Examine the consumer trends emerging in the midst of rapidmarket evolution Understand how China's rise will impact its neighbors likeJapan, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Cambodia China's dramatic shift toward consumption presents a tremendousopportunity for foreign business, but traditional tactics areoutdated at best, financially fatal at worst, as local competitorsfocus on innovation and move up the value chain and as consumerslook for new brands and categories to spend money on. Newstrategies are needed to keep pace with the changing regulatory andconsumer environments, and "business as usual" won't get very far.The End of Copycat China is the business guide to thisemerging market, with expert guidance from the inside.

Can East Asia Compete?

Innovation for Global Markets

Author: Simon J. Evenett,Shahid Yusuf

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821383426

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 1169

East Asian economies of the 1980s and much of the 1990s were among the most competitive exporters of manufactured products and were also able to sustain growth rates far higher than those of other countries, developing or industrial. However, the economic crisis of 1997-98 impacted the economies of these countries. Although recovery began fairly quickly in some countries, others have yet to regain their growth momentum. 'Can East Asia Compete?' looks at whether or not East Asia can restore its near magical performance, or is its competitive strength beginning to wane. This volume argues that East Asian countries have far from exhausted their growth potential. However, future competitiveness will depend on much greater innovative capability in manufacturing and services, innovativeness that is grounded in stronger institutions, improved macroeconomic policies, and closer regional coordination. 'Can East Asia Compete?' clearly summarizes the issues currently being debated and provides guidance to East Asian economies on how to deal with the policy concerns that lie ahead.

State of the World 2010

Transforming Cultures From Consumerism to Sustainability

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610916298

Category: Nature

Page: 266

View: 820

Like a tsunami, consumerism has engulfed human cultures and Earth’s ecosystems. Left unaddressed, we risk global disaster. But if we channel this wave, intentionally transforming our cultures to center on sustainability, we will not only prevent catastrophe, but may usher in an era of sustainability—one that allows all people to thrive while protecting, even restoring, Earth. In State of the World 2010, sixty renowned researchers and practitioners describe how we can harness the world’s leading institutions—education, the media, business, governments, traditions, and social movements—to reorient cultures toward sustainability.

Economic Geography and Public Policy

Author: Richard Baldwin,Rikard Forslid,Philippe Martin,Gianmarco Ottaviano,Frederic Robert-Nicoud

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841232

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

View: 2947

Research on the spatial aspects of economic activity has flourished over the past decade due to the emergence of new theory, new data, and an intense interest on the part of policymakers, especially in Europe but increasingly in North America and elsewhere as well. However, these efforts--collectively known as the "new economic geography"--have devoted little attention to the policy implications of the new theory. Economic Geography and Public Policy fills the gap by illustrating many new policy insights economic geography models can offer to the realm of theoretical policy analysis. Focusing primarily on trade policy, tax policy, and regional policy, Richard Baldwin and coauthors show how these models can be used to make sense of real-world situations. The book not only provides much fresh analysis but also synthesizes insights from the existing literature. The authors begin by presenting and analyzing the widest range of new economic geography models to date. From there they proceed to examine previously unaddressed welfare and policy issues including, in separate sections, trade policy (unilateral, reciprocal, and preferential), tax policy (agglomeration with taxes and public goods, tax competition and agglomeration), and regional policy (infrastructure policies and the political economy of regional subsidies). A well-organized, engaging narrative that progresses smoothly from fundamentals to more complex material, Economic Geography and Public Policy is essential reading for graduate students, researchers, and policymakers seeking new approaches to spatial policy issues.

SMEs and Open Innovation: Global Cases and Initiatives

Global Cases and Initiatives

Author: Rahman, Hakikur

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1613505205

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 949

Open innovation has been widely implemented in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with the aim of influencing business promotion, value gain, and economic empowerment. However, little is known about the processes used to implement open innovation in SMEs and the associated challenges and benefits. SMEs and Open Innovation: Global Cases and Initiatives unites knowledge on how SMEs can apply open innovation strategies to development by incorporating academic, entrepreneurial, institutional, research, and empirical cases. This book discusses diverse policy, economic, and cultural issues, including numerous opportunities and challenges surrounding open innovation strategies; studies relevant risks and risk management; analyzes SMEs evolution pattern on adopting open innovation strategies through available measurable criteria; and assists practitioners in designing action plans to empower SMEs.

Intellectual Property Rights

National Systems and Harmonisation in Europe

Author: Nikolaus Thumm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662121018

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 187

View: 8740

This book is the result of the PhD project I started four years ago at Europa-Kolleg Hamburg. I had the great opportunity to work on it for one year at the European University Institute in Florence and to finalise the oeuvre during my stay with the European Commission's Institute for Prospective Technological Studies in Seville. The subject matter of the book is intellectual property rights, patents in particular, and their process of harmonisation in Europe. At the beginning of the work, the intention was not to focus immediately on one narrow field in the huge realm of intellectual property rights but rather to open my mind in order to capture a broad variety of new ideas and concepts in the book. The work at three different institutes in three different European countries over the period of four years naturally exposed the work to diverging ideas and the exchange of views with many people. This is one reason for the wide spread of topics ordered around the given leitmotif, such as epistemological foundations, political background information,. the protection of biotechnological inventions and the building up process of intellectual property right systems in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In chapter two I take up Polanyi's differentiation of codifiable and tacit knowledge. Applying these concepts to my own work I realise that this book is only the visible and codified part of knowledge I was able to capture.

The European Union, East Asia and South Korea

Author: Christian Franck,Kwang Ho Chun

Publisher: Presses univ. de Louvain

ISBN: 9782930344850

Category:

Page: 164

View: 8038

This book is the first to make the point on the different aspects of the relations between Europe and East Asia, with a special focus on Korea. The approach favours multidisciplinarity by analyzing topics from different angles : history, economy...

Innovation and Creativity

Pillars of the Future Global Economy

Author: Filip De Beule,Ysabel Nauwelaerts

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781004331

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 4939

This book brings together different insights into the importance of innovation and creativity to build competitiveness in the European industry and society from different angles. The authors first look at how European countries and their policies have fared on innovation and creativity measures. They go on to examine multinational companies in particular, analyzing research and innovation at the headquarters and subsidiary level and the linkages between them. Looking at the management of innovation in firms and subsidiaries, they gain insights into how firms can innovate more effectively and efficiently. The study examines the role of management control and culture in stimulating creativity as well as an important driver of innovation. The chapters in the book are also complementary in the sense that they include qualitative as well as quantitative studies, from academic researchers to people working in the field. Researchers, professors, managers, students and policymakers interested in innovation, creativity, knowledge, multinational companies, competitiveness and Europe will be enlightened on how to be more creative and innovative.

Looking Beyond the Runway

Airlines Innovating with Best Practices while Facing Realities

Author: Professor Nawal K Taneja

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409486311

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 354

View: 3514

The global airline industry, facing significant changes and discontinuity is prompted and forced to deal with a "new normal." Who would have imagined a few years ago that: - a significant percentage of consumers in the US now prefer to fly low-cost airlines instead of full-service airlines because they perceive the product to be better, - airlines would generate up to a third of their total income from non-ticket revenue, - many low-cost airlines would add complexity to their original simple business models through the development of code-share agreements, the use of global distribution systems, and travel agents to distribute their seats, - Jetstar, a low-cost subsidiary of Qantas, would grow faster and be more profitable than its parent, - a survey carried out by Ryanair would show that 42 percent of passengers would be willing to stand on short (one hour) flights if they could pay 50 percent less than seated passengers, - passengers could pay as little as US$2,000 for a transatlantic Business Class ticket on top-brand airlines, - Lufthansa would have ownership in airlines based in Austria, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, Turkey, the UK, and the US, and that it would continue to pursue equity ownership in airlines based in Poland and Scandinavia, or - the Japanese and Canadian governments would struggle to find different ways to bail out their heretofore flag carriers? To deal with this upcoming "new normal", airlines have to go beyond their short-term circumstantial strategies - they need strategic renewal of their ageing business model. In this candidly-written book, Nawal Taneja explains what will separate the winners from the losers. He maintains the leaders will be the airlines that: (1) exploit this crisis-driven change to their best advantage, (2) learn to work around the airline-inherent constraints that prevent them from running their businesses just like other businesses, (3) learn from successes and failures of other global enterprises, (4) sharpen their business intelligence, analytics, and strategic agility, and (5) proactively explore the "pockets of growth" in this emerging-markets century. To help airline executives become informed of new competitive games, the author analyzes numerous business sectors such as auto, hospitality, retail, technology, and entertainment. For example, relevant lessons can be learned from the strategic mistakes made by the US automakers. Likewise, emergent and compelling insights can be gained in superior customer experience from Ritz Carlton and Zappos, and in value-creating innovation from Cirque du Soleil and Zipcar. The book also features a multitiude of forewords from airlines and related businesses to provide readers with multiple perspectives on the changing landscape in the global airline industry. Nawal Taneja is a career analyst of the global airline industry with wide-ranging experience in the aviation industry, academia, and public policy. Encouraged by industry executives, he has written five other books for practitioners in the global airline industry, including FASTEN YOUR SEATBELT: The Passenger is Flying the Plane and Flying Ahead of the Airplane.