Innovating for the Global South

Towards an Inclusive Innovation Agenda

Author: Dilip Soman,Janice Gross Stein,Joseph Wong

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442614625

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 185

View: 5847

Innovating for the Global South offers fresh solutions for reducing poverty in the developing world.

Managing Global Innovation

Frameworks for Integrating Capabilities around the World

Author: Yves L. Doz,Keeley Wilson

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 1422187551

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 4248

The key to bridging your global innovation gap In today’s global economy, it would be short-sighted to rely solely on local resources for new-product innovations. Instead, knowledge and activity critical to innovation most likely lie outside your company’s home territories—sometimes far outside. And this distance makes it harder than ever to obtain and integrate these resources, eating away at your competitive edge. How to tackle this challenge? In Managing Global Innovation, INSEAD’s Yves L. Doz and Keeley Wilson show you how to build and leverage a global innovation network. Drawing on extensive research and real-life company examples, they walk you through a set of practical frameworks for acquiring and integrating innovation-critical knowledge from multiple sources. You’ll learn to optimize your innovation footprint, improve communication and receptivity, and enhance collaboration in order to succeed on a global scale. Based on in-depth research within more than three dozen corporations—including Citibank, Essilor, GE, GlaxoSmithKline, HP Labs, HP Singapore, Nokia, Novartis, Shiseido, Siemens, Snecma, Synopsys, and Xerox—this book bridges theory and practice. Managing Global Innovation gives you the tools to harness critical expertise from around the globe—and channel it into your innovation programs.

Developing National Systems of Innovation

University_Industry Interactions in the Global South

Author: Eduardo Albuquerque,Wilson Suzigan,Glenda Kruss,Keun Lee

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784711101

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 3881

Interactions between firms and universities are key building blocks of innovation systems. This book focuses on those interactions in developing countries, presenting studies based on fresh empirical material prepared by research teams in 12 countries

Alternatives to Privatization

Public Options for Essential Services in the Global South

Author: David A. McDonald,Greg Ruiters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113650947X

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 2393

There is a vast literature for and against privatizing public services. Those who are against privatization are often confronted with the objection that they present no alternative. This book takes up that challenge by establishing theoretical models for what does (and does not) constitute an alternative to privatization, and what might make them ‘successful’, backed up by a comprehensive set of empirical data on public services initiatives in over 40 countries. This is the first such global survey of its kind, providing a rigorous and robust platform for evaluating different alternatives and allowing for comparisons across regions and sectors. The book helps to conceptualize and evaluate what has become an important and widespread movement for better public services in the global South. The contributors explore historical, existing and proposed non-commercialized alternatives for primary health, water/sanitation and electricity. The objectives of the research have been to develop conceptual and methodological frameworks for identifying and analyzing alternatives to privatization, and testing these models against actually existing alternatives on the ground in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Information of this type is urgently required for practitioners and analysts, both of whom are seeking reliable knowledge on what kind of public models work, how transferable they are from one place to another and what their main strengths and weaknesses are.

Global Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Challenges and Experiences from East and West

Author: Stephen E. Little,Frank M. Go,Teresa Shuk-Ching Poon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331943859X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 334

View: 1451

Addressing the wide-ranging challenges of global entrepreneurship and innovation faced by both East and West, this edited volume provides a multi-faceted overview of the complexity facing entrepreneurial firms within global value chains. Viewed from the context of an emerging multi-polar world in which Europe and Asia are seen as major actors, the book explores their relations which are becoming increasingly crucial for the understanding of global politics, trade, technology, culture and travel. Global Innovation and Entrepreneurship includes case studies and discussions from a range of sectors and takes a unique cross-disciplinary perspective from European as well as East and South Asian authors.

Innovation Policy

A Guide for Developing Countries

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821383018

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 2064

This volume offers a detailed conceptual framework for understanding and learning about technology innovation policies and programs, and their implementation in the context of different countries.

Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources

Proceedings of the International Conference; April 10th to 12th, 2014; University of Berkeley

Author: Schäfer, Martina,Kammen, Daniel,Kebir, Noara,Philipp, Daniel

Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin

ISBN: 3798326932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 171

View: 5019

This volume centers on the idea that innovative approaches for energy access can work with previously underutilized or unrecognized resources, as this may lead to circumstances for the development of successful and sustainable energy programs. Such untapped resources may be seen in the discovering of synergies in areas such as pre-existing service infrastructures, supply chain and value chain management, natural resource availability, financing schemes, and leap frog technologies. Additionally, decentralized approaches can contribute to climate change adaptation measures and increase resiliency for vulnerable communities. Of course small-scale solutions have clear limitations in regard to global climate, and it is important to consider how far they can extend and aggregate impact. This book assembles a selection of articles, collected from the 2014 Energy Access Conference at UC Berkeley, aiming to consider technical, financial, human, institutional, and natural resource capital. Im Fokus der Konferenz “Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources”, die vom 10. bis zum 12. April 2014 an der University of California stattfand, war der Zugang zu moderner Energieversorgung in strukturschwachen Regionen. Dieser Tagungsband trägt eine Reihe von innovativen Ansätzen zusammen, die auf der Konferenz diskutiert wurden. In den Beiträgen spiegeln sich aktuelle Konzepte, Theorien, Methoden und Techniken im Bereich der dezentralen Energieversorgung. Im Mittelpunkt vieler Beiträge steht die Frage, wie sich vormals ungenutzte oder unbekannte lokale Ressourcen nutzbar machen lassen. Neue Potentiale ergeben sich aus Synergien zwischen supply and value innovation, neuen Finanzierungsansätzen und der Nutzung sogenannte „leapgfrog technologies“. Die Beiträge zeigen, wie dezentrale Ansätze und kleinteilige lokale Lösungen zur Bekämpfung des Klimawandels und die Anpassung an seine Folgen beitragen und die Resilienz gefährdeter Gemeinschaften stärken können.

SMEs and Open Innovation: Global Cases and Initiatives

Global Cases and Initiatives

Author: Rahman, Hakikur

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1613505205

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 6386

Open innovation has been widely implemented in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with the aim of influencing business promotion, value gain, and economic empowerment. However, little is known about the processes used to implement open innovation in SMEs and the associated challenges and benefits. SMEs and Open Innovation: Global Cases and Initiatives unites knowledge on how SMEs can apply open innovation strategies to development by incorporating academic, entrepreneurial, institutional, research, and empirical cases. This book discusses diverse policy, economic, and cultural issues, including numerous opportunities and challenges surrounding open innovation strategies; studies relevant risks and risk management; analyzes SMEs evolution pattern on adopting open innovation strategies through available measurable criteria; and assists practitioners in designing action plans to empower SMEs.

The Politics of Innovation

Why Some Countries Are Better Than Others at Science and Technology

Author: Mark Zachary Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190464151

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9503

Why are some countries better than others at science and technology (S&T)? Written in an approachable style, The Politics of Innovation provides readers from all backgrounds and levels of expertise a comprehensive introduction to the debates over national S&T competitiveness. It synthesizes over fifty years of theory and research on national innovation rates, bringing together the current political and economic wisdom, and latest findings, about how nations become S&T leaders. Many experts mistakenly believe that domestic institutions and policies determine national innovation rates. However, after decades of research, there is still no agreement on precisely how this happens, exactly which institutions matter, and little aggregate evidence has been produced to support any particular explanation. Yet, despite these problems, a core faith in a relationship between domestic institutions and national innovation rates remains widely held and little challenged. The Politics of Innovation confronts head-on this contradiction between theory, evidence, and the popularity of the institutions-innovation hypothesis. It presents extensive evidence to show that domestic institutions and policies do not determine innovation rates. Instead, it argues that social networks are as important as institutions in determining national innovation rates. The Politics of Innovation also introduces a new theory of "creative insecurity" which explains how institutions, policies, and networks are all subservient to politics. It argues that, ultimately, each country's balance of domestic rivalries vs. external threats, and the ensuing political fights, are what drive S&T competitiveness. In making its case, The Politics of Innovation draws upon statistical analysis and comparative case studies of the United States, Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Thailand, the Philippines, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Turkey, Israel, Russia and a dozen countries across Western Europe.

Innovation for inclusive value-chain development

Successes and challenges

Author: Devaux, André,Torero, Maximo,Donovan, Jason,Horton, Douglas E.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896292134

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 7898

Governments, nongovernmental organizations, donors, and the private sector have increasingly embraced value-chain development (VCD) for stimulating economic growth and combating rural poverty. Innovation for Inclusive Value-Chain Development: Successes and Challenges helps to fill the current gap in systematic knowledge about how well VCD has performed, related trade-offs or undesired effects, and which combinations of VCD elements are most likely to reduce poverty and deliver on overall development goals. This book uses case studies to examine a range of VCD experiences. Approaching the subject from various angles, it looks at new linkages to markets and the role of farmer organizations and contract farming in raising productivity and access to markets, the minimum assets requirement to participate in VCD, the role of multi-stakeholder platforms in VCD, and how to measure and identify successful VCD interventions. The book also explores the challenges livestock-dependent people face; how urbanization and advancing technologies affect linkages; ways to increase gender inclusion and economic growth; and the different roles various types of platforms play in VCD.

3D Printing for Development in the Global South

The 3D4D Challenge

Author: T. Birtchnell,William Hoyle

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137365668

Category: Social Science

Page: 133

View: 8185

Birtchnell and Hoyle explore how printers, designs, materials and infrastructures all need to be 'just right' in order for meaningful social change to happen with appropriate scale. The 3D4D Challenge suggests 3D printing could reach scale in the Global South, even perhaps having the same impact as the mobile phone or microfinance in development.

How Transformative Innovations Shaped the Rise of Nations

From Ancient Rome to Modern America

Author: Gerard Tellis,Stav Rosenzweig

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783087951

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 332

View: 3353

Over the last 2,000 years, critical innovations have transformed small regions into global powers. But these powers have faded when they did not embrace the next big innovation. Gerard J. Tellis and Stav Rosenzweig argue that openness to new ideas and people, empowerment of individuals and competition are key drivers in the development and adoption of transformative innovations. These innovations, in turn, fuel economic growth, national dominance and global leadership. In How Transformative Innovations Shaped the Rise of Nations, Tellis and Rosenzweig examine the transformative qualities of concrete in Rome; swift equine warfare in Mongolia; critical navigational innovations in the golden ages of Chinese, Venetian, Portuguese and Dutch empires; the patent system and steam engine in Britain; and mass production in the United States of America.

Grassroots Innovation Movements

Author: Adrian Smith,Mariano Fressoli,Dinesh Abrol,Elisa Arond,Adrian Ely

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131745118X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 4993

Innovation is increasingly invoked by policy elites and business leaders as vital for tackling global challenges like sustainable development. Often overlooked, however, is the fact that networks of community groups, activists, and researchers have been innovating grassroots solutions for social justice and environmental sustainability for decades. Unencumbered by disciplinary boundaries, policy silos, or institutional logics, these ‘grassroots innovation movements’ identify issues and questions neglected by formal science, technology and innovation organizations. Grassroots solutions arise in unconventional settings through unusual combinations of people, ideas and tools. This book examines six diverse grassroots innovation movements in India, South America and Europe, situating them in their particular dynamic historical contexts. Analysis explains why each movement frames innovation and development differently, resulting in a variety of strategies. The book explores the spaces where each of these movements have grown, or attempted to do so. It critically examines the pathways they have developed for grassroots innovation and the challenges and limitations confronting their approaches. With mounting pressure for social justice in an increasingly unequal world, policy makers are exploring how to foster more inclusive innovation. In this context grassroots experiences take on added significance. This book provides timely and relevant ideas, analysis and recommendations for activists, policy-makers, students and scholars interested in encounters between innovation, development and social movements.

The Global Brain

Your Roadmap for Innovating Faster and Smarter in a Networked World

Author: Satish Nambisan,Mohanbir Sawhney

Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0137064861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 4035

All the talk about "open innovation" and externally-focused innovation assumes that "one size fits all" in terms of what network-centric innovation is and how companies should harness external creativity. But the reality is that there is no one right way to master this tool. For instance, loosely governed community-based innovation projects are a very different animal from tightly-orchestrated development projects driven by a large firm. As the landscape of network-centric innovation becomes more diverse and more confusing, there is a desperate need to structure the landscape to better understand different models for network-centric innovation. This book brings clarity to the confusion. Further, it argues that managers cannot rely on anecdotal success stories they read about in the press to implement a network-centric innovation strategy. They need rigorous and analytical advice on what role their company should play in an innovation network, what capabilities they need to create, and how they need to prepare their organization for this significant shift in the innovation approach. This book offers a practical and detailed roadmap for planning and implementing an externally-focused innovation strategy.

Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2015

15th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Bamberg, Germany, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings

Author: Julio Abascal,Simone Barbosa,Mirko Fetter,Tom Gross,Philippe Palanque,Marco Winckler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319226983

Category: Computers

Page: 638

View: 7228

The four-volume set LNCS 9296-9299 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th IFIP TC13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, INTERACT 2015, held in Bamberg, Germany, in September 2015. The 43 papers included in the third volume are organized in topical sections on HCI for global software development; HCI in healthcare; HCI studies; human-robot interaction; interactive tabletops; mobile and ubiquitous interaction; multi-screen visualization and large screens; participatory design; pointing and gesture interaction; and social interaction.

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy

The Strategic Role of Platinum Group Metals

Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)

Publisher: Real African Publishers

ISBN: 1920655700

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4594

South Africa and the Global Hydrogen Economy is the publication of a MISTRA research project on the use of strategic minerals in the global putative hydrogen economy. The book highlights the global significance of platinum group metals (PGM) and explores the strategic opportunities that arise out of South Africa's endowment of these strategic resources. From their extraction to their applications in fuel cells, what options are available for the country, the region and the world to better leverage this endowment towards supporting growth and development objectives? In view of their expanding range of applications, do PGM need the hydrogen economy? Conversely, does the hydrogen economy need PGM? Addressed to all industry stakeholders, including those in the public and private sectors, the options explored in this book are based on a thorough analysis of the global dynamics that should inform policy and business models related to PGM.

The End of Copycat China

The Rise of Creativity, Innovation, and Individualism in Asia

Author: Shaun Rein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118926722

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 8059

China's changing course, and sustainable success requires a shift in strategy The End of Copycat China helps business executives and investors understand how China's economy is shifting from one based on heavy investment to one on services and consumption by providing insight that help shape effective strategy. Drawing from over 50,000 interviews with entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, private equity investors, private Chinese companies, and multinationals, this book describes how Chinese firms are increasingly focused on innovation rather than copying what worked in America and how consumers are evolving with their hopes, dreams and aspirations. China's growth model of the last three decades is becoming increasingly ineffective, as relying on heavy investment and exports is becoming less and less feasible. Fifty percent of China's growth in 2013 stemmed from consumption, the government is establishing a Free Trade zone in Shanghai and ending the dominance of state-owned enterprises. This book provides a roadmap for companies and investors looking to navigate these changes and capture emerging trends, with deep insight and practical guidance on what innovation looks like in the new China. Survey the development of innovation taking place in China's economy, from an insider's perspective Consider the changes that must take place to shore up the broken growth model Examine the consumer trends emerging in the midst of rapid market evolution Understand how China's rise will impact its neighbors like Japan, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Cambodia China's dramatic shift toward consumption presents a tremendous opportunity for foreign business, but traditional tactics are outdated at best, financially fatal at worst, as local competitors focus on innovation and move up the value chain and as consumers look for new brands and categories to spend money on. New strategies are needed to keep pace with the changing regulatory and consumer environments, and "business as usual" won't get very far. The End of Copycat China is the business guide to this emerging market, with expert guidance from the inside.

Innovation for Sustainable Development

Author: Jean-Yves Grosclaude,Rajendra K. Pachauri,Laurence Tubiana

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 8179935566

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7777

Innovation has become the new buzzword across the globe. International organisations, governments, corporates, academia and society see it as the answer to the major economic, social and environmental transformations challenging the models of the 20th century. Innovations are occurring worldwide and alternative solutions to the existing problems are emerging in all sectors: electric cars, organic farming, renewable energy and e-learning are good examples. These alternatives can be ascribed with qualities such as decentralized frugal, flexible, smart and democratic, virtues that are lacking in conventional models. They are attributed with the potential to meet the overall global challenges such as climate change and the growing inequalities between and within countries. What is the real potential of innovation? Does the rapid deployment of innovations lead towards a more sustainable and inclusive society? Can innovations and the emerging alternatives replace conventional models? Beyond technologies, what institutional innovations are required to support sustainable development? A Planet for Life 2014 aims to answer these questions and explore innovation in all its aspects, through a series of texts written by international experts. The objective of this book is to analyse experiences from across the world and the role of innovation in a variety of areas of development such as urbanization, agriculture and food, the mobility of people and freight, education and the provision of water and energy to all.

Innovation Strategies in the Food Industry

Tools for Implementation

Author: Charis Michel Galanakis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128037938

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 334

View: 2828

Innovation Strategies in the Food Industry: Tools for Implementation is an indispensable resource for the food industry to introduce innovations in the market, stand out from the competition and satisfy consumer demands. This reference reports the most trend advances of the food science, while providing insights and ideas to overcome limitations for their actual implementation in the industry. Innovation Strategies in the Food Industry: Tools for Implementation fills the gap between strategy developers and technical R&D associates by interpreting the technological adequacy of innovative techniques with the reaction of related consumers. It deals with the interaction of academia and industry, describing innovation and long term R&D strategies to overcome bottlenecks during know-how transfer between these two sectors. Reports the development of cooperative networks for the commercialization of new food products Includes the concept of open innovation, denoting the particular issues that SMEs are facing during their innovation efforts and suggest respective innovation policies in the agrifood sector Discusses the challenges of introducing innovations in traditional food products Describes the sustainability problems and restrictions (safety and energy issues) of innovations in food processing and emerging technologies Exploits the cutting-edge innovation cases of food science and their applications in the food industry Addresses the observed problems and provides solutions to meet market and consumers' needs

The New Harvest

Agricultural Innovation in Africa

Author: Calestous Juma

Publisher: OUP Us

ISBN: 0190237236

Category: Agricultural innovations

Page: 360

View: 5052

African agriculture is currently at a crossroads, at which persistent food shortages are compounded by threats from climate change. But, as this book argues, Africa can feed itself in a generation and can help contribute to global food security. To achieve this Africa has to define agriculture as a force in economic growth by advancing scientific and technological research, investing in infrastructure, fostering higher technical training, and creating regional markets.