International Law and Politics

Key Documents

Author: Shirley V. Scott

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588264428

Category: Law

Page: 841

View: 6170

Unique in its breadth of coverage, this carefully designed collection presents the key documents of international law at the global level.The collection encompasses the full spectrum of central issues, with the documents grouped in eight subject areas: foundations, the use of force, arms control, international crime, human rights, humanitarian law, the environment, and the global commons. A short introduction to each document provides context and also points to supplementary documents. With only a few exceptions, each document is presented in its entirety.Other useful features include a glossary of terms; a chronological list of the treaties in the book, indicating the date the treaty was signed, the date it entered into force, the number of parties to the treaty, and other data; and a complete index.Shirley V. Scott is senior lecturer in international relations at the University of New South Wales. She is author of International Law in World Politics: An Introduction.Contents: Introduction. The Foundations of International Law. 1945, Charter of the United Nations. 1945, Statute of the International Court of Justice. 1961, Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. 1969, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. International Law and the Use of Force. 1842, The Caroline Case (excerpt). 1990, Authorizing the Gulf War: Security Council Resolution 678. 1991, The ?Cease-Fire Resolution?: Security Council Resolution 687. 1996, ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Legality of Nuclear Weapons (excerpt). 2001, Self-Defence and Afghanistan: Security Council Resolution 1368. 2002, US National Security Strategy (Excerpt). 2002, Resolution Preceding the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: Security Council Resolution 1441. 2002, UK Explanation of Its vote on Security Council Resolution 1441. Arms Control. 1968, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. 1972, Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty). 1972, Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention). 1993, Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling, and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention). 1996, Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty. 1997, Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and Their Destruction (Land Mines, or Ottawa, Convention). 2002, Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions. 2004, The Non-Transfer of WMD to Non-State Actors: Security Council Resolution 1540. International Criminal Law. 1948, Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. 1984, Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. 1997, International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings. 1998, The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. 1999, International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. 2001, Establishing the Counter-Terrorism Committee: Security Council Resolution 1373. International Human Rights Law. 1948, Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1951, Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. 1967, Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. 1965, International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination. 1966, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1966, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1990, Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1966, International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. 1979, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. 1989, Convention on the Rights of the Child. International Humanitarian Law. 1949, Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (Third Geneva Convention). 1949, Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Fourth Geneva Convention). 1977, Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts. 1977, Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts. International Law and the Environment. 1989, Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. 1991, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 1997, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 1992, Convention on Biological Diversity. 2002, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. 2001, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. The Global Commons. 1959, The Antarctic Treaty. 1967, Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. 1982, Third United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. 1994, Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. Appendixes. Glossary. Chronology of Treaties, with Status. Index.

Law and Practice of the United Nations

Author: Simon Chesterman,Ian Johnstone,David M. Malone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190493259

Category: Political Science

Page: 680

View: 2262

Law and Practice of the United Nations: Documents and Commentary combines primary materials with expert commentary demonstrating the interaction between law and practice in the UN organization, as well as the possibilities and limitations of multilateral institutions in general. Each chapter begins with a short introductory essay describing how the documents that ensue illustrate a set of legal, institutional, and political issues relevant to the practice of diplomacy and the development of public international law through the United Nations. Each chapter also includes questions to guide discussion of the primary materials, and a brief bibliography to facilitate further research on the subject. This second edition addresses the most challenging issues confronting the United Nations and the global community today, from terrorism to climate change, from poverty to nuclear proliferation. New features include hypothetical fact scenarios to test the understanding of concepts in each chapter. This edition contains expanded author commentary, while maintaining the focus on primary materials. Such materials enable a realistic presentation of the work of international diplomacy: the negotiation, interpretation and application of such texts are an important part of what actually takes place at the United Nations and other international organizations. This work is ideal for courses on the United Nations or International Organizations, taught in both law and international relations programs.

Understanding International Law

Author: Conway W. Henderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444318258

Category: Law

Page: 488

View: 5969

Understanding International Law presents a comprehensive, accessible introduction to the various aspects of international law while addressing its interrelationship with world politics. Presents well-organized, balanced coverage of all aspects of international law Features an accompanying website with direct access to court cases and study and discussion questions. Visit the site at: www.wiley.com/go/internationallaw Includes discussion of the efficacy of international law, a topic unique among international law texts Offers discussion of other topics that most texts do not address, such as complete chapters on making the world safer, human rights, the environment, and the world economy

Rule of Law in War

International Law and United States Counterinsurgency in Iraq and Afghanistan

Author: Travers McLeod

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191025720

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 1967

Rule of Law in War places international law at the centre of the transformation of United States counterinsurgency (COIN) that occurred during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. It claims international law matters more than is often assumed and more than we have previously been able to claim, contradicting existing theoretical assumptions. In particular, the book contends international law matters in a case that may be regarded as particularly tough for international law, that is, the development of a key military doctrine, the execution of that doctrine on the battlefield, and the ultimate conduct of armed conflict. To do so, the book traces international law's influence in the construction of modern U.S. COIN doctrine, specifically, Field Manual 3-24, Counterinsurgency, released by the U.S. Army and Marine Corps in December 2006. It then assesses how international law's doctrinal interaction held up in Iraq and Afghanistan. The account of this doctrinal change is based on extensive access to the primary actors and materials, including FM 3-24's drafting history, field documents, and interviews with military officers of various ranks who have served multiple deployments in Iraq and Afghanistan.

International Law and the Use of Force: A Documentary and Reference Guide

A Documentary and Reference Guide

Author: Shirley V. Scott,Anthony John Billingsley,Christopher Michaelsen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313362602

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 9811

This book is a discussion of key documents that explain the development, current status, and relevance of the international law governing the initiation of military hostilities. • Includes 40 excerpts of original documents on the use of force, including the International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons; statements by the presidents of Tanzania and Uganda outlining their policies towards their dispute over domestic repression in Uganda and Ugandan incursions into Tanzanian territory; and the presidential address to the nation on the commencement of military operations in Afghanistan • Presents 83 photographs, cartoons, and portraits illustrating the characters, events, and developments pertaining to the legality of the use of force • Offers a select bibliography of books, journal articles, and electronic sources of information on the international law concerning the use of force, its evolution and contemporary relevance • Includes 57 enlivening sidebars, including factoids, short snippets from related documents, `In History' and `Did You Know?'

Documents on the Laws of War

Author: Adam Roberts,Richard Guelff

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 765

View: 8113

This new edition has been revised and updated to take account of the many diplomatic, legal and military developments of the last ten years. Conflicts in the Persian Gulf, the Balkans and Rwanda have ensured that the laws of war remain relevant.

The New Terrain of International Law

Courts, Politics, Rights

Author: Karen J. Alter

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400848687

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 1480

In 1989, when the Cold War ended, there were six permanent international courts. Today there are more than two dozen that have collectively issued over thirty-seven thousand binding legal rulings. The New Terrain of International Law charts the developments and trends in the creation and role of international courts, and explains how the delegation of authority to international judicial institutions influences global and domestic politics. The New Terrain of International Law presents an in-depth look at the scope and powers of international courts operating around the world. Focusing on dispute resolution, enforcement, administrative review, and constitutional review, Karen Alter argues that international courts alter politics by providing legal, symbolic, and leverage resources that shift the political balance in favor of domestic and international actors who prefer policies more consistent with international law objectives. International courts name violations of the law and perhaps specify remedies. Alter explains how this limited power--the power to speak the law--translates into political influence, and she considers eighteen case studies, showing how international courts change state behavior. The case studies, spanning issue areas and regions of the world, collectively elucidate the political factors that often intervene to limit whether or not international courts are invoked and whether international judges dare to demand significant changes in state practices.

International Law and the Use of Force

A Documentary and Reference Guide

Author: Shirley V. Scott,Anthony Billingsley,Christopher Michaelsen

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 7764

This book is a discussion of key documents that explain the development, current status, and relevance of the international law governing the initiation of military hostilities.

Human Rights Standards

Hegemony, Law, and Politics

Author: Makau Mutua

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438459394

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3609

A bracing critique of human rights law and activism from the perspective of the Global South. How are human rights norms made, who makes them, and why? In Human Rights Standards, Makau Mutua traces the history of the human rights project and critically explores how the norms of the human rights movement have been created. Examining key texts and documents published since the inception of the human rights movement at the end of World War II, he crafts a bracing critique of these works from the hitherto underutilized perspective of the Global South. Attention is focused on the deficits of the international order and how that order, which is defined by multiple asymmetries, defines human rights in a manner that exhibits normative gaps and cultural biases. Mutua identifies areas of further norm development and concludes that norm-creating processes must be inclusive and participatory to garner legitimacy across various cleavages and divides. The result is the first truly comprehensive critical look at the making of human rights norms and standards and, as such, will be an invaluable resource for students, scholars, activists, and policymakers interested in this important topic.

International Law for International Relations

Author: Basak Cali

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199558426

Category: Law

Page: 431

View: 3354

The breadth of international law and institutions in contemporary global politics means it is no longer possible to make sense of international politics without understanding international law. This is the ideal text for students of international relations who have not previously studied law.

International Relations, International Security, and Comparative Politics

A Guide to Reference and Information Sources

Author: Chad M. Kahl

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781591585190

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 423

View: 2097

Presents approximately nine hundred annotated entries on English language reference sources including directories, indexes, statistical sources, yearbooks, and chronologies.

Human Rights

Politics and Practice

Author: Michael Goodhart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198708769

Category: Human rights

Page: 499

View: 2124

Human Rights: Politics and Practice is the most complete, most topical, and most student-friendly introduction to human rights. Bringing together a range of international experts including political scientists, philosophers, lawyers, and policy-makers, the book provides students with a broad range of perspectives on the theoretical and practical issues in this constantly evolving field.In addition to in-depth theoretical content, the book also features unrivalled coverage of human rights issues in practice,with a wide range of case studies to explore concrete examples from around the world.The third edition has been brought fully up-to-date with the most recent events and latest research developments in the area. Two new chapters have been added: one on religion and human rights, and one on sexual orientation and gender issues and human rights, introducing students to these important topics and expanding the theoretical and practical discussion of issues of universalism and relativism.The new edition also features a range of carefully developed pedagogical features to aid student learning, encourage critical analysis, and challenge students toquestion their own assumptions. New to this editionA new chapter on religion and human rights highlights the significance of this contested topicA new chapter on sexual orientation and gender identity reflects the growing prominence of the topic in the most up-to-date research in this area'Challenging assumptions' boxes ask students to become aware of and question their own attitudes and assumptions about the topics being explored'Critical thinking' features invite students to reflect on critical questions throughout each chapter'Alternative points of view' boxes highlight differing perspectives on key issues, and direct students to readings that take positions on controversial terms and concepts to encourage them to weigh up the evidence for themselves'Deconstructing' features unpack controversial terms and concepts for students

The Cambridge Companion to International Law

Author: James Crawford,Martti Koskenniemi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107493439

Category: Law

Page: 484

View: 9127

This intellectually rigorous introduction to international law encourages readers to engage with multiple aspects of the topic: as 'law' directing and shaping its subjects; as a technique for governing the world of states and beyond statehood; and as a framework within which several critical and constructivist projects are articulated. The articles situate international law in its historical and ideological context and examine core concepts such as sovereignty, jurisdiction and the state. Attention is also given to its operation within international institutions and in dispute settlement, and a separate section is devoted to international law's 'projects': protecting human rights, eradicating poverty, the conservation of resources, the regulation of international trade and investment and the establishment of international order. The diverse group of contributors draws from disciplinary orientations ranging from positivism to postmodernism to ensure that this book is informed theoretically and politically, as well as grounded in practice.

The Law of Nations

Or, Principles of the Law of Nature Applied to the Conduct and Affairs of Nations and Sovereigns. A Work Tending to Display the True Interest of Powers

Author: Emer de Vattel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International law

Page: 563

View: 5405

Politics of International Law and International Justice

Author: Edwin Egede

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748684522

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 1050

A textbook introduction to international law and justice is specially written for students studying law in other departments, such as politics and IR. Students will engage with debates surrounding sovereignty and global governance, sovereign and diplomati

Civil Resistance and Power Politics

The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present

Author: Sir Adam Roberts,Timothy Garton Ash

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191619175

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 1054

This widely-praised book identified peaceful struggle as a key phenomenon in international politics a year before the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt confirmed its central argument. Civil resistance - non-violent action against such challenges as dictatorial rule, racial discrimination and foreign military occupation - is a significant but inadequately understood feature of world politics. Especially through the peaceful revolutions of 1989, and the developments in the Arab world since December 2010, it has helped to shape the world we live in. Civil Resistance and Power Politics covers most of the leading cases, including the actions master-minded by Gandhi, the US civil rights struggle in the 1960s, the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, the 'people power' revolt in the Philippines in the 1980s, the campaigns against apartheid in South Africa, the various movements contributing to the collapse of the Soviet Bloc in 1989-91, and, in this century, the 'colour revolutions' in Georgia and Ukraine. The chapters, written by leading experts, are richly descriptive and analytically rigorous. This book addresses the complex interrelationship between civil resistance and other dimensions of power. It explores the question of whether civil resistance should be seen as potentially replacing violence completely, or as a phenomenon that operates in conjunction with, and modification of, power politics. It looks at cases where campaigns were repressed, including China in 1989 and Burma in 2007. It notes that in several instances, including Northern Ireland, Kosovo and, Georgia, civil resistance movements were followed by the outbreak of armed conflict. It also includes a chapter with new material from Russian archives showing how the Soviet leadership responded to civil resistance, and a comprehensive bibliographical essay. Illustrated throughout with a remarkable selection of photographs, this uniquely wide-ranging and path-breaking study is written in an accessible style and is intended for the general reader as well as for students of Modern History, Politics, Sociology, and International Relations.

International Law in World Politics

An Introduction

Author: Shirley V. Scott

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781626376045

Category: LAW

Page: 324

View: 2160

The rules-based international order -- States -- Nonstate actors -- Intergovernmental organizations -- International courts and tribunals -- The autonomy of international law -- Legal argument as political maneuvering -- Reading a multilateral treaty -- The evolution of a multilateral treaty regime -- The initiation of international armed conflict -- The conduct of armed conflict -- Arms control -- Human rights -- The environment -- International law and the shifting distribution of power

Documents on the Law of UN Peace Operations

Author: Bruce Oswald,Helen Durham,Adrian Bates

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019102452X

Category: Law

Page: 624

View: 4900

United Nations peacekeepers currently play a crucial role in international responses to threats to peace and security across the globe. Since 1948 the UN has been involved in over 60 peacekeeping operations. However in the current environment of complex and rapidly changing threats to peace, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of UN peacekeepers to deal with situations of instability. In 2009 alone over 100,000 individuals are deployed on such missions. This situation has resulted in a range of new and pressing challenges to the legal framework applicable during such collective international action. This book provides, for the first time, a comprehensive account of the legal framework regulating this area of collective international action. The book contains key documents in the areas of privileges and immunities, human rights law, international humanitarian law, and international criminal law. Types of documents featured include foundational treaties, international rules and regulations, memoranda, judgments of the International Court of Justice, and some mission specific documents. Before each document a prefatory note is included, outlining the historical development of the document as well as its relevance to UN peace operations. To further assist scholars and practitioners in their work, the work concludes with a guide on undertaking further legal research on the laws relevant to peace operations, a list of all UN peace operations and relevant enabling resolutions, and a suggested approach to interpreting Security Council mandates. From scholars and students to policy makers, representatives in the military, police and humanitarian organisations - this book will be an invaluable resource in the development of a better understanding of the legal framework surrounding the establishment, management, and conduct of peace operations that are mandated and controlled by the UN.

Strategically Created Treaty Conflicts and the Politics of International Law

Author: Surabhi Ranganathan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316194736

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2512

Treaty conflicts are not merely the contingent or inadvertent by-products of the increasing juridification of international relations. In several instances, states have deliberately created treaty conflicts in order to catalyse changes in multilateral regimes. Surabhi Ranganathan uses such conflicts as context to explore the role of international law, in legal thought and practice. Her examinations of the International Law Commission's work on treaties and of various scholars' proposals on institutional action, offer a fresh view of 'mainstream' legal thought. They locate, in a variety of writings, a common faith in international legal discourse, built on liberal and constructivist assumptions. Ranganathan's three rich studies of treaty conflict, relating to the areas of seabed mining, the International Criminal Court, and nuclear governance, furnish a textured account of the specific forms and practices that constitute such a legal discourse and permit a grounded understanding of the interactions that shape international law.