International Political Sociology

Transversal Lines

Author: Tugba Basaran,Didier Bigo,Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet,R. B. J. Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317435893

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 1661

This book presents an overview and evaluation of contemporary research in international political sociology (IPS). Bringing together leading scholars from many disciplines and diverse geographical backgrounds, it provides unprecedented coverage of the key concepts and research through which IPS has opened up new ways of thinking about international relations. It also considers some of the consequences of such innovations for established forms of social and political analysis. It thus takes the reader on an intellectual journey engaging with questions about boundaries and limits among the many interrelated worlds in which we now live, the ways we conceptualise them, and how we continually reshape boundaries of identities, spaces, authorities and disciplinary knowledge. The volume is organized three sections: Lines, Intersections and Directions. The first section examines some influences that led to the formation of the project of IPS and how it has opened up avenues of research beyond the limits of an international relations discipline shaped within political science. The second section explores some key concepts as well as a series of heated discussions about power and authority, practices and governmentality, performativity and reflexivity. The third section explores some of the transversal topics of research that have been pursued within IPS, including inequality, migration, citizenship, the effect of technology on practices of security, the role of experts and expertise, date-driven surveillance, and the relation between mobility, power and inequality. This book will be an essential source of reference for students and across the social sciences.

Data Politics

Worlds, Subjects, Rights

Author: Didier Bigo,Engin Isin,Evelyn Ruppert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351682571

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 9287

Didier Bigo is Professor of War Studies at King’s College London and Research Professor at Sciences-Po, CERI Paris. He is editor of the quarterly journal, Cultures & Conflicts, and was the founder and co-editor of International Political Sociology, published by International Studies Association. His work concerns sociology of surveillance, policing, and borders. He co-edited Transversal Lines (with Tugba Basaran, Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet and R. B. J. Walker, 2016) as part of the Routledge Studies in International Political Sociology. Engin Isin is Professor in International Politics at Queen Mary University of London and University of London Institute in Paris (ULIP). Isin’s work concerns politics of the changing figure of the citizen as a political subject. He has authored Cities Without Citizens (1992), Citizenship and Identity (with Patricia Wood, 1999), Being Political (2002), Citizens Without Frontiers (2012), and Being Digital Citizens (with Evelyn Ruppert, 2015). He has edited Acts of Citizenship (2008) with Greg Nielsen, Enacting European Citizenship (2013) with Michael Saward, and Routledge Handbook of Global Citizenship Studies (2014) with Peter Nyers. His latest book is Citizenship after Orientalism: Transforming Political Theory (2015). Evelyn Ruppert is Professor of Sociology at Goldsmiths, University of London. She studies how digital technologies and the data they generate can powerfully shape and have consequences for how people are known and governed and how they understand themselves as political subjects, that is, citizens with rights to data. Evelyn is PI of an ERC funded project, Peopling Europe: How data make a people (ARITHMUS; 2014–19). She is Founding and Editor-in-Chief of the SAGE open access journal, Big Data & Society. Recent books are Being Digital Citizens (with Engin Isin, 2015) and Modes of Knowing (with John Law, 2016).

Routledge Handbook of International Political Sociology

Author: Xavier Guillaume,P?nar Bilgin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315446472

Category: Political Science

Page: 414

View: 1435

This handbook presents in a comprehensive, concise and accessible overview, the emerging field of international political sociology. It summarizes and synthesizes existing knowledge in the field while presenting central themes and methodologies that have been at the centre of its development, providing the reader with a sense of the diversity and research dynamics that are at the heart of international political sociology as a field of study. A wide range of topics covered include: International political sociology and its cognate disciplines and fields of study; Key themes including security, mobility, finance, development, gender, religion, health, global elites and the environment; Methodologies on how to engage with international political sociology including fieldwork, archives, discourse, ethnography, assemblage, materiality, social spaces and visuality; Current and future challenges of international political sociology addressed by three key scholars. Providing a synthetic reference point, summarizing key achievements and engagements while putting forward future developments and potential fruitful lines of inquiry, it is an invaluable resource for students, academics and researchers from a range of disciplines, particularly international relations, political science, sociology, political geography, international law, international political economy, security studies and gender studies.

Global Labour and the Migrant Premium

The Cost of Working Abroad

Author: Tugba Basaran,Elspeth Guild

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 042988446X

Category: Political Science

Page: 132

View: 3449

This book provides the first systematic account of the premium costs that migrants pay to live and work abroad. Reducing the costs of international labour migration, specifically worker-paid costs for low-skilled employment, has become an important item on the global agenda over the last years and is particularly pertinent for the UN’s Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. Recruitment costs alone amount in most migration corridors to anywhere between one and ten months of foreign earnings and many migrants may well lose between one and two years of foreign earnings, if all costs are considered. This book is intended as a primer for evidence-based policy for reducing the costs of international labour mobility. The contributors include academics from law, economics and politics, but also authors from international organizations, non-governmental organizations, as well as the voices of migrants. The hope of the editors is that this small collection sets the basis for evidence-based policies that seek to reduce the costs of international migration. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of migration, globalization, law, sociology and international relations, as well as practitioners and policy makers.

Die Gesellschaft der Daten

Über die digitale Transformation der sozialen Ordnung

Author: Florian Süssenguth

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839427649

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 3762

Big Data, Social Media, Computational Journalism, Industrie 4.0 - hinter all diesen Chiffren blitzen die Anzeichen des Beginns einer umgreifenden Veränderung der Gesellschaft durch die Möglichkeiten digitaler Datenverarbeitung auf. Welchen Stellenwert hat das zukunftsoffene Experimentieren mit diesen neuen Daten, in deren Gesellschaft wir uns in jedem Moment befinden und die alle unsere Praktiken durchdringen? Und wie ist dies angemessen wissenschaftlich zu beschreiben? Perspektivenreich zeigen die Autorinnen und Autoren des Bandes, darunter Bruno Latour, Karin Knorr Cetina, Christoph Bieber, Christoph Neuberger und Karl-Heinz Ladeur, die Möglichkeiten auf, das theoretische und empirische Inventar der Gesellschaftswissenschaften am Gegenstand der Digitalisierung zu schärfen.

Max Webers Theorie des modernen Staates

Herkunft, Struktur und Bedeutung

Author: Andreas Anter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428143665

Category: State, The

Page: 270

View: 3681

Diese vielbeachtete Studie unternimmt eine umfassende Darstellung und Interpretation der Weberschen Staatstheorie. Sie rekonstruiert die über das Werk verstreuten Fragmente, zeigt die Herkunft der einzelnen Konzepte und ihre Bedeutung für die heutige Staatslehre. Andreas Anter weist nach, wie eng Weber sich an zeitgenössische Denker anlehnt - insbesondere an Georg Jellinek und Friedrich Nietzsche - und ihre Konzepte zuspitzt und modifiziert. Zugleich wird Max Webers Ambivalenz deutlich: das Schwanken zwischen einer etatistischen Haltung, die sich an der Staatsräson orientiert, und einer individualistischen Position, die nach der Freiheit des Einzelnen fragt. ”Anter hat eine von souveränem Überblick über das Umfeld getragene, auch stilistisch ansprechende Studie geschrieben, die für jede Beschäftigung mit dem Thema unumgänglich ist.“

Questions de méthodes

Savoir-faire des études critiques de sécurité

Author: Emmanuel-P. Guittet,Alex MACLEOD,Julien JEANDESBOZ,Stephan DAVIDSHOFER,Amal TAWFIK,Jonas HAGMANN,Benoît DUPONT,Frédéric LEBARON,Julien POMAREDE,Pinar SELEK

Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan

ISBN: 2140018109

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 2021

Les études critiques de sécurité n'ont pas échappé au regain d'intérêt pour la méthodologie qui a déferlé ces dernières années sur les Relations Internationales en particulier et les sciences sociales en général. Existe-t-il une approche méthodologique spécifique répondant aux impératifs critiques de ces études ? Ce numéro de Cultures & Conflits vise à ouvrir un espace de dialogue sur les pratiques méthodologiques à l'épreuve du réel et les « bricolages méthodologiques » comme source, obstacle et espace pour le développement d'une critique affinée, assurée et engagée au sein des études de sécurité.

Koloniale Herrschaft

zur soziologischen Theorie der Staatsentstehung am Beispiel des "Schutzgebietes Togo"

Author: Trutz von Trotha

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161462016

Category: Political Science

Page: 516

View: 3424

The New Humanitarians in International Practice

Emerging actors and contested principles

Author: Zeynep Sezgin,Dennis Dijkzeul

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317570618

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 8597

As humanitarian needs continue to grow rapidly, humanitarian action has become more contested, with new actors entering the field to address unmet needs, but also challenging long-held principles and precepts. This volume provides detailed empirical comparisons between emerging and traditional humanitarian actors. It sheds light on why and how the emerging actors engage in humanitarian crises and how their activities are carried out and perceived in their transnational organizational environment. It develops and applies a conceptual framework that fosters research on humanitarian actors and the humanitarian principles. In particular, it simultaneously refers to theories of organizational sociology and international relations to identify both the structural and the situational factors that influence the motivations, aims and activities of these actors, and their different levels of commitment to the traditional humanitarian principles. It thus elucidates the role of the humanitarian principles in promoting coherence and coordination in the crowded and diverse world of humanitarian action, and discusses whether alternative principles and parallel humanitarian systems are in the making. This volume will be of great interest to postgraduate students and scholars in humanitarian studies, globalization and transnationalism research, organizational sociology, international relations, development studies, and migration and diaspora studies, as well as policy makers and practitioners engaged in humanitarian action, development cooperation and migration issues.

Der gespaltene Westen

Author: Jürgen Habermas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518123836

Category: Constitutional law

Page: 192

View: 9371

Der einig geglaubte Westen ist gespalten. Jedoch nicht die Gefahr des internationalen Terrorismus hat diese Entwicklung verursacht, sondern eine Politik der US-Regierung, die das Völkerrecht ignoriert, die Vereinten Nationen an den Rand drängt und den Bruch mit Europa in Kauf nimmt. Die Spaltung zieht sich auch durch Europa und Amerika selbst hindurch. In Deutschland wirkt die Abkehr der amerikanischen Administration und der Eliten von ihren eigenen Traditionen wie ein Lackmustest. Heute zerfällt die chemische Verbindung, aus der die Westorientierung der Bundesrepublik seit Adenauer bestanden hat, in ihre beiden Elemente; opportunistische Anpassung an die hegemoniale Macht trennt sich von intellektueller und moralischer Bindung an die Prinzipien einer westlichen Kultur. Auch im Jahr seines 75. Geburtstages erweist sich der politische Denker Habermas wieder als brillanter Analytiker und Stichwortgeber der Republik und des europäischen Geistes. Der gespaltene Westen versammelt Beiträge, die infolge der Ereignisse vom 11. September 2001 entstanden, darunter der neue, weitausgreifende Essay über die Zukunft des Kantischen Projekts einer weltbürgerlichen Ordnung.

Global Orders and Civilizations

Perspectives from History, Philosophy and International Relations

Author: Sadik Ünay,Muzaffer Şenel

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781606923757

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 367

View: 4063

The explosion of new themes and working areas in social sciences in the aftermath of the Cold-War stimulated the 'cultural turn' of the previous decades and strengthened the position of the notion of 'civilisation' as a unit of analysis and locus of academic debate in the fields of history, philosophy, sociology, political science, and international relations. Given the fabricated and standardised nature of recent literature on political, economic and socio-cultural aspects of globalisation, it is crystal clear that historically and philosophically enlightened works written from the perspective of civilisational transformation will provide the much needed sophistication to conventional social science analyses trying to elucidate the organising principles of the global order. This novel collection represents a path-breaking work in the field of global/civilisational studies by constituting an interdisciplinary and theoretically-informed platform on which complex debates on the political, economic, socio-cultural, philosophical and ecological aspects of the global order could be conducted. The editors, Sadýk Ünay and Muzaffer þenel, managed to gather a truly original collection of articles from some of the leading authorities and promising academics on the theme of global orders with special reference to a civilisation transformation covering a wide spectrum in time and space from Antique Greece to the Islamic World, from Europe to the US and from East Asian history to current globalisations. Contributions rooted in the disciplines of history, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, political science and global political economy are craftsmanly combined to give the reader a holistic vision towards the possibility of multiple civilisational experiments and global orders. This book which boldly endeavours to transcend narrow boundaries of conventional academic approaches and Western-centric prejudices in various branches of social sciences will be a must-read for students of globalisation, cultural studies and macro-history.

Negotiating Boundaries

Gender, Violence and Transformation in Brazil

Author: P. Wilding

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137295929

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 4742

The favelas (slums) of Rio de Janeiro provide an ideal case study since they are renowned for high levels of police and gang violence resulting in high death rates among young black men, causing both outrage and fear. This book foregrounds women's experiences and how different forms of violence overlap and reinforce one another.

One Size Does Not Fit All

Traditional and Innovative Models of Student Affairs Practice

Author: Kathleen Manning,Jillian Kinzie,John H Schuh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134635699

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 4175

In the day-to-day work of higher education administration, student affairs professionals know that different institutional types—whether a small liberal arts college, a doctoral intensive institution, or a large private university—require different practical approaches. Despite this, most student affairs literature emphasizes a "one size fits all" approach to practice, giving little attention to the differing models of student affairs practice and their diversity across institutions. In the second edition of this influential book, leading scholars Kathleen Manning, Jillian Kinzie, and John H. Schuh advocate an original approach by presenting 11 models of student affairs practice, including both traditional and innovative programs. Based on a qualitative, multi-institutional research project, One Size Does Not Fit All explores a variety of policies, practices, and programs that contribute to increased student engagement, success, and learning. New to this Revised Edition: Refinement of models in light of recent NSSE data and current developments in higher education, including budget cuts and the economic crisis, Updated information throughout about model assessment and techniques to renew divisions of student affairs, A deeper analysis of how models of student affairs practice relate to institutional mission and purposes, End-of-chapter discussion questions to guide thinking about ways to incorporate models in one’s own context, An entirely new Part IV, including chapters on "Catalysts and Tools for Change" and "Redesigning Your Student Affairs Division."

Politik in Mehrebenensystemen

Author: Arthur Benz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531145303

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 400

Ausgehend von der Tatsache, dass Politik in zunehmendem Maße die Grenzen von lokalen, regionalen oder nationalen Gebietskörperschaften überschreitet und zwischen Ebenen koordiniert werden muss, behandelt das Buch Möglichkeiten und Grenzen einer demokratischen Politik in Mehrebenensystemen. Vorgestellt werden relevante Theorien und Begriffe der Politikwissenschaft, aus denen ein differenzierter Analyseansatz abgeleitet wird. Grundlegend ist dabei die Überlegung, dass die komplexen Strukturen der Mehrebenenpolitik die Akteure häufig vor widersprüchliche Anforderungen zwischen unterschiedlichen Regelsystemen stellen, die Entscheidungen erschweren oder Demokratiedefizite verursachen. Die Akteure entwickeln aber Strategien, um diese Schwierigkeiten zu bewältigen. Erst bei Berücksichtigung strategischer Interaktionen lässt sich bewerten, ob die Praxis des Regierens im Mehrebenensystem Anforderungen an eine demokratische Politik genügt. Am Beispiel der Mehrebenenpolitik im deutschen Bundesstaat sowie in der Europäischen Union werden diese theoretischen Überlegungen und die Anwendung der Analysekategorien für unterschiedliche Formen von Mehrebenensystemen illustriert.

Business and Global Governance

Author: Morten Ougaard,Anna Leander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136961135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 6989

Over the past two decades, the role of business in global governance has become increasingly topical. Transnational business associations are progressively more visible in international policy debates and in intergovernmental institutions, and there is a heightened attention given to global policy-making in national and international business communities. This text examines and explains the multiple modes of engagement between business and global governance; it presents a variety of theoretical approaches which can be used to analyse them, along with empirical illustrations. Featuring a range of leading US and European scholars, it is divided into three parts that summarize different modes of engagement. Each section is illustrated by two or three studies that represent a distinct theoretical take on the issue with empirical illustrations. The book examines: Business as master and purpose of global governance Business as subject and opponent to global governance Business as partner and facilitator of global governance This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Business Studies, International Relations, International Politics and International Political Economy, as well as for practitioners – in the public and private sector.

Kinder und Politik

Politische Einstellungen von jungen Kindern im ersten Grundschuljahr

Author: Jan W. van Deth,Simone Abendschön,Julia Rathke,Meike Vollmar

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531905872

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1975

Wichtigstes Ziel der Publikation ist die Präsentation empirischer Ergebnisse bezüglich der politischen Orientierungen sowie der Entwicklung dieser Orientierungen in der ersten Klasse der Grundschule. Dabei wird zunächst nachgewiesen, wie Kinder Politik verstehen und auf welche Weise dieses Verständnis für die empirische Politikforschung zugänglich gemacht werden kann. Hauptthema des Bandes liegt auf der Beschreibung politischer Orientierungen junger Kinder auf der Basis der beiden Wellen der Kinderbefragung des Forschungsprojekts 'Demokratie Leben Lernen' (etwa 800 Kinder). Die Analysen sind auf drei Hauptbereiche (Themen, Wissen, Werte) fokussiert. Die hierbei aufgedeckten Unterschiede in Niveau und Persistenz der politischen Orientierungen werden auch auf ihren Zusammenhang mit einigen wichtigen Einflussfaktoren wie Geschlecht, Alter, Nationalität usw. untersucht.

Leben in Metaphern

Konstruktion und Gebrauch von Sprachbildern

Author: George Lakoff,Mark Johnson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896704870

Category: Concepts

Page: 272

View: 3378

Metaphern sind integraler Bestandteil unserer alltäglichen Sprache, nicht bloß praktische oder rhethorische Mittel. Sie bestimmen unsere Wahrnehmung, unser Denken und Handeln und somit unsere Wirklichkeit. Die Lektüre dieses fesselnden und unterhaltsamen Buches führt dazu, dass man ganz neu über die Sprache und darüber, wie wir sie benutzen, denkt.

Beobachtungen der Moderne

Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322936171

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 8015

Die Proklamation der "Postmoderne" hatte mindestens ein Verdienst. Sie hat bekannt gemacht, daß die moderne Gesellschaft das Vertrauen in die Richtigkeit ihrer eigenen Selbstbeschreibungen verloren hat. Vielleicht hatte das Stichwort der Postmoderne nur eine andere, variantenreichere Beschreibung der Moderne versprechen wollen, die ihre eigene Einheit nur noch negativ vorstellen kann als Unmöglichkeit eines métarécit. Wir mögen gern konzedieren, daß es keine verbindliche Repräsentation der Gesellschaft in der Gesellschaft gibt. Aber das wäre dann nicht das Ende, sondern der Beginn einer Reflexion der Form von Selbstbeobachtungen und Selbstbeschreibungen eines Systems, die im System selbst vorgeschlagen und durchgesetzt werden müssen in einem Prozeß, der seinerseits wieder beobachtet und beschrieben wird.Die hier publizierten Texte gehen von der Überzeugung aus, daß darüber etwas ausgesagt werden kann, ja, daß Theoriematerialien schon verfügbar sind, die nur auf dieses Thema der Beobachtungen der Moderne hingeführt werden müssen.