Author: Joanna Jemielniak,Przemyslaw Miklaszewicz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Capturing the Change: Universalising Tendencies in Legal Interpretation Joanna Jemielniak and Przemys aw Mik aszewicz International and supranational integration on the European continent, as well as the harmonisation of the rules of international trade and the accompanying dev- opment and global popularity of the resolution of commercial disputes through arbitration, constantly exerts a considerable in uence on modern legal systems. The sources of each of these phenomena are different, and their action is dissimilar. Each can be described as reaching either from the top to the bottom, through the direct involvement of interested States and consequently affecting their internal legal s- tems (international and supranational integration; harmonisation of trade regulations through public international law instruments), or bottom-up, as a result of activity by private parties, leading to the achievement of uniform practices and standards (ar- tration, lex mercatoria). Nonetheless, they both enrich national legal cultures and contribute to transgressing the limits of national (local) particularisms in creating, interpreting and applying the law. The aim of this book is to demonstrate how these processes have in uenced the interpretation of law, how they have shaped the methods and techniques of the interpretation and with what consequences for the outcomes of the interpretative procedures. In assessing the extent of this in uence, due regard must be paid to the fact that the interpretation of law is not, in principle, directly determined by the provisions of law itself.
Author: Neil Walker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A strain of law reaching beyond any bounded international or transnational remit to assert a global jurisdiction has recently acquired a new prominence. Intimations of Global Law detects this strain in structures of international law claiming a planetary scope independent of state consent, in new threads of global constitutional law, administrative law and human rights, and in revived notions of ius gentium and the global rule of law. It is also visible in the legal pursuit of functionally differentiated global public goods, general conflict rules, norms of 'legal pluralism' and new legal hybrids such as the global law of peace and humanity law. The coming of global law affects how law manifests itself in a global age and alters the shape of our legal-ethical horizons. Global law presents a diverse, unsettled and sometimes conflicted legal category, and one which challenges our very understanding of the rudiments of legal authority.
Author: Dr Joanna Jemielniak
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
This book fills a gap in legal academic study and practice in International Commercial Arbitration (ICA) by offering an in-depth analysis on legal discourse and interpretation. Written by a specialist in international business law, arbitration and legal theory, it examines the discursive framework of arbitral proceedings, through an exploration of the unique status of arbitration as a legal and semiotic phenomenon. Historical and contemporary aspects of legal discourse and interpretation are considered, as well as developments in the field of discourse analysis in ICA. A section is devoted to institutional and structural determinants of legal discourse in ICA in which ad hoc and institutional forms are examined. The book also deals with functional aspects of legal interpretation in arbitral discourse, focusing on interpretative standards, methods and considerations in decision-making in ICA. The comparative examinations of existing legal framework and case law reflect the international nature of the subject and the book will be of value to both academic and professional readers.
Author: Simone Glanert
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
In an era marked by processes of economic, political and legal integration that are arguably unprecedented in their range and impact, the translation of law has assumed a significance which it would be hard to overstate. The following situations are typical. A French law school is teaching French law in the English language to foreign exchange students. Some US legal scholars are exploring the possibility of developing a generic or transnational constitutional law. German judges are referring to foreign law in a criminal case involving an honour killing committed in Germany with a view to ascertaining the relevance of religious prescriptions. European lawyers are actively working on the creation of a common private law to be translated into the 24 official languages of the European Union. Since 2004, the World Bank has been issuing reports ranking the attractiveness of different legal cultures for doing business. All these examples raise in one way or the other the matter of translation from a comparative legal perspective. However, in today’s globalised world where the need to communicate beyond borders arises constantly in different guises, many comparatists continue not to address the issue of translation. This edited collection of essays brings together leading scholars from various cultural and disciplinary backgrounds who draw on fields such as translation studies, linguistics, literary theory, history, philosophy or sociology with a view to promoting a heightened understanding of the complex translational implications pertaining to comparative law, understood both in its literal and metaphorical senses.
Author: Lauri Mälksoo
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This book addresses a simple question: how do Russians understand international law? Is it the same understanding as in the West or is it in some ways different and if so, why? It answers these questions by drawing on from three different yet closely interconnected perspectives: history, theory, and recent state practice. The work uses comparative international law as starting point and argues that in order to understand post-Soviet Russia's state and scholarly approaches to international law, one should take into account the history of ideas in Russia. To an extent, Russian understandings of international law differ from what is considered the mainstream in the West. One specific feature of this book is that it goes inside the language of international law as it is spoken and discussed in post-Soviet Russia, especially the scholarly literature in the Russian language, and relates this literature to the history of international law as discipline in Russia. Recent state practice such as the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia's record in the UN Security Council, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, prominent cases in investor-state arbitration, and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union are laid out and discussed in the context of increasingly popular 'civilizational' ideas, the claim that Russia is a unique civilization and therefore not part of the West. The implications of this claim for the future of international law, its universality, and regionalism are discussed.
From Jihadist to Institutional Islamism
Author: Bassam Tibi
Category: Political Science
The new and updated edition of Political Islam, World Politics and Europe focusses on the shift within political Islam, in light of 9/11 and the events of the Arab Spring, from a jihadist struggle, to institutional Islamism. Refuting what has often been referred to by commentators as the ‘moderation,’ of Islamism, the second edition of this book introduces the concept of ‘institutional,’ Islamism, a process which Tibi argues was accelerated in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. Both jihadist and institutional Islamism pursue the same goal of an Islamist state, but disagree fundamentally on the strategy for achieving it. Whilst jihadism is committed to the idea of a (violent) Islamic world revolution, institutional Islamism embraces political institutions as a means to an end. Turning to the events of the Arab Spring in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt this book attempts to determine whether an abandonment of violence is enough to underpin a shift to genuine democracy. Analysing the fall of Morsi in particular, Tibi questions what lessons can be learnt from his presidency, and argues that this event will not change the overall trend of development from jihadism to institutional Islamism A timely addition to existing literature, this book will be of interest to students and scholars studying Middle Eastern and European Politics, Political Islam and International Relations.
Author: Philip Alston,Mara R. Bustelo,James Heenan
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
For all its achievements in integrating Europe, the EU lacks a human rights policy which is coherent, balanced and professionally administered. This volume provides an insightful critique of current policies and detailed recommendations for the future by leading experts in the field including individuals from every EU country.
Jürgen Habermas und die Theorie der internationalen Politik
Author: Peter Niesen,Benjamin Herborth
Unter den Bedingungen der Globalisierung können wir uns internationale Politik nicht länger nur als Machtspiel von Nationalstaaten vorstellen. Neue Mechanismen der Koordination bilden sich in vielfältigen Bereichen interund transnationaler Politik heraus
Proceeding of the 14th IVR World Congress in Edinburgh, August 1989
Author: Werner Maihofer,Gerhard Sprenger
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Category: Social Science
Content: I. Revolution and Law: H.P. Glenn: Law, Revolution and Rights u M.A. Simon: Must a Revolution Preserve Rights? u C. Wellman: Locke's Right to Revolution Reexamined u W.E. Murnion: Aquinas on Revolution u Shing-I Liu: Menschenrecht, Widerstandsrecht u. Revolution u II. Human Rights and Democracy: A. Mineau: L'origine des droits de l'homme u H. Kochler: Menschenrechtskonformitat demokrat. Systeme u M. Scheinin: Legal Protection of Human Rights and Different Conceptions of Democracy u J.F. Doyle: Fulfilling Revolutionary Promises u N. Lopez-Calera: Naturaleza dialectica de los derechos humanos u J. Wetlesen: Inherent Dignity as a Ground of Human Rights u M.-R. Ollila: Virtue Ethics and Violations of Human Rights u P. Duran y Lalaguna: Human Rights in Democratic Society u C.B. Gray: Fraternity and Nonobstante u III. Human Rights and International Law: A. Bragyova: Is it Possible to Base Human Rights on Internaional Law? u L. Lukaszuk: The Concept of Protection of Human and Civic Rights According to the Principles and Rules of Both the International and Constitutional Law u A.N. Georgiadou: Les droits fondamentaux en droit communautaire u IV. Human Rights and Socialism: K.A. Mollnau: Entwicklungsdenken in der Rechtswissenschaft u W. Sokolewicz: Constitutionality as a Precondition of the Rule of Law u R. Wieruszewski: The Principle of Interrelation Between Human Rights and Duties u P.D. Swan: The Contributions of J. Habermas and C. Lefort u A. Lopatka: Revolution and Socialist Renewal in Poland u M. Samu: The Connection Between Human Rights and Democracy u D.J. Galligan: The Foundations of Due Process in Socialism u R. Bellamy: Liberal Rights and Socialist Goals .
Author: Peri Roberts
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
This textbook, now in itsa second edition, is designed to equip students with a basic 'conceptual toolkit' for the study of political thought: (i) a basic political vocabulary, (ii) a conceptual vocabulary and (iii) an historical vocabulary.
Towards an Ethics of Radical Responsibility
Author: Anna Strhan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Levinas, Subjectivity, Education explores how thephilosophical writings of Emmanuel Levinas lead us to reassesseducation and reveals the possibilities of a radical newunderstanding of ethical and political responsibility. Presents an original theoretical interpretation of EmmanuelLevinas that outlines the political significance of his work forcontemporary debates on education Offers a clear analysis of Levinas’s centralphilosophical concepts, including the place of religion in hiswork, demonstrating their relevance for educational theorists Examines Alain Badiou’s critique of Levinas’swork Considers the practical implications of Levinas’ theoriesfor concrete educational practices and frameworks
Author: Frantz Fanon,Jean-Paul Sartre
Category: Afrika - Entkolonialisierung
Author: Rhonda L. Callaway,Julie Harrelson-Stephens
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
Category: Political Science
Bringing together key selections that represent the full range of philosophical debates, policy analyses, and first-hand accounts, the editors offer a comprehensive and accessible set of readings on the major themes and issues in the field of international human rights. The reader has been carefully designed to enhance students understanding not only of human rights, but also of differing perspectives on the topic.Rhonda L. Callaway is assistant professor of political science at Sam Houston State University. Julie Harrelson-Stephens is assistant professor of political science at Stephen F. Austin University.Contents: What Are Human Rights? Introductionthe Editors. What Are Human Rights?: Definitions and Typologies of Todays Human Rights Discoursethe Editors. What Future for Economic and Social Rights?D. Beetham. Basic RightsH. Shue. The Philosophical Foundations of Human RightsJ.J. Shestack. Measuring Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. The Limitations of Using Quantitative Data in Studying Human Rights AbusesR.J. Goldstein. Measuring Human Rights: Some Issues and OptionsD.L. Richards. The Political Terror ScaleM. Gibney and M. Dalton. How are These Pictures Different?: A Quantitative Comparison of the US State Department and Amnesty International Human Rights Reports, 1976-1995S.C. Poe, S.C. Carey, and T.C. Vazquez. Using the Physical Quality of Life Index to Explore the Level of Subsistence RightsW.T. Milner and R.L. Callaway. International Law and Organizations in the Fight for Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. The Normative and Institutional Evolution of International Human RightsT. Buergenthal. The International Criminal Court ControversyR.W. Tucker. Refugee Flows as Grounds for International ActionA. Dowty and G. Loescher. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks In International PoliticsM.E. Keck and K. Sikkink. Are Human Rights Universal? Introductionthe Editors. The Rhetoric of Asian ValuesR.L. Callaway. Relativism and Universalism in Human Rights: The Case of the Islamic Middle EastF. Halliday. American Muslims and a Meaningful Human Rights Discourse in the Aftermath of September 11, 2001I.Z. Shakir. Restraining Universalism: Africanist Perspectives on Cultural Relativism in the Human Rights DiscourseB. Ibhawoh. Witness to Torture. Introductionthe Editors. Auschwitz: A Doctors Eyewitness AccountM. Nyiszli. A Cambodian OdysseyH. Ngor. One Day in My LifeB. Sands. The Tenth Circle of HellR. Hukanović. Machete SeasonJ. Hatzfeld. Gender Based Repression. Introductionthe Editors. Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global EconomyK. Bales. Trafficking in Womens Bodies, Then and Now: The Issue of Military Comfort WomenK. Wantanabe. Rights of Women with Islamic CommunitiesR. Hassan. Female Circumcision Comes to AmericaL. Burstyn. Children as Targets. Introductionthe Editors. Child Labor as a Human Rights Issue: Efforts, Mistakes, and SolutionsZ.F.K. Arat. Child Marriage in Afghanistan and PakistanA. Bushnell. Child Slaves in Modern India: The Bonded Labor ProblemL. Tucker. The Sex Trade Industrys Worldwide Exploitation of ChildrenR.B. Flowers. The Political Economy of War-Affected ChildrenS. Hick. Globalization and Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. Achieving Human Rights: The Globalization DebateJ. Harrelson-Stephens. Globalization and Human RightsR. McCorquodale and R. Fairbrother. The Tragedy of Tauccamarca: A Human Rights Perspective on the Pesticide Poisoning of 24 Children in the Peruvian AndesE. Rosenthal. Strategic Violations: The Outsourcing of Human Rights AbusesN. Gordon. The Singer Solution to PovertyP. Singer. Human Rights in the War on Terror. Introductionthe Editors. Human Rights Violations as a Catalyst for Terrorist Activitythe Editors. Leading by Example?: US Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on TerrorE. Massimino. Human Rights PostSeptember 11thJ. Mertus and T. Sajjad.
New Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Social Ecology
Author: K. Bruckmeier
Category: Political Science
Building on recent developments in social ecology, this book advances a new critical theory of society and nature, exploring social metabolism and global resource flows in contemporary society. Barriers to global sustainability are identified and conditions for transforming industrial economies towards new sustainable resource use are described.
Author: Hein Kötz
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
English summary: This volume deals with the contract law of the European legal systems. What are the essential rules of these systems on the formation and validity of contracts? What rules apply to a party's right to bring a claim for performance, to terminate the contract or to claim damages for breach? While the discussion is based on the national rules, they are taken into account only as local variations on a European theme. To what extent is it therefore possible to speak of a common European law of contract? What contributions do the "Principles of European Contract Law" and the proposal of the "Draft Common Frame of Reference" make? This book is not only aimed at helping to teach young Europeans lawyers, but also strives to assist those engaged in the reform of national contract law or the drafting of uniform European legislation. The first 1996 edition of the volume has now been updated and completed. German description: Unter "Europaischem Vertragsrecht" versteht dieses Buch die Regeln, die den Rechtsordnungen der europaischen Lander gemeinsam sind: Wie kommt ein gultiger Vertrag zustande? Nach welchen Regeln wird beurteilt, ob eine Vertragspartei die Erfullung des Vertrages verlangen, von dem Vertrag Abstand nehmen, ihn widerrufen oder kundigen oder den Kontrahenten auf Schadensersatz in Anspruch nehmen kann? Lassen sich auf dem Gebiet des Vertragsrechts gemeineuropaische Strukturen auffinden? Gibt es allgemein akzeptierte Regeln? Wie sind sie zu formulieren, wenn man die "Prinzipien des Europaischen Vertragsrechts" oder die Vorschlage des "Draft Common Frame of Reference" berucksichtigt? Dabei werden die Losungen der nationalen Rechtsordnungen ausfuhrlich - wenn auch stets nur als nationale Variationen eines europaischen Themas - behandelt. Das Buch kann deshalb bei der rechtsvergleichenden Ausbildung der jungen europaischen Juristen eine Rolle spielen, ferner auch dort, wo e s um die Vorbereitung europaischen Gesetzesrechts oder um die Reform der nationalen Vertragsrechte geht. Das Buch ist in einer ersten unvollstandigen Auflage schon 1996 erschienen. Die Neuauflage bringt den Text auf den neuen Stand und erganzt ihn um die damals noch fehlenden Abschnitte.
ein Plädoyer für Pluralität und Gleichheit
Author: Michael Walzer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Die wissenschaftliche Gerechtigkeitsdebatte, jahrelang dominiert von John Rawls'”Theorie der Gerechtigkeit“, erhielt 1983 durch Michael Walzer eine bedeutende Wendung. In Abgrenzung von Rawls und anderen Gerechtigkeitstheoretikern entwickelte Walzer in seinem inzwischen klassisch gewordenen Werk seine Vision einer”komplexen Gleichheit“. Er geht davon aus, dass wahre Gerechtigkeit nicht durch einen wörtlich verstandenen Gleichheitsbegriff verwirklicht werden kann: Vielmehr verlangen verschiedene wichtige Güter - Reichtum, Macht, Arbeit, Liebe - auch verschiedene Modi der Verteilung. Walzer setzt sich nachdrücklich für einen neuen pluralistischen Gleichheitsbegriff ein, der bis heute nichts an Aktualität verloren hat.
Category: Pan-Pacific relations