Introduction to Genomics

Author: Arthur Lesk

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199564353

Category: Medical

Page: 397

View: 8429

Introduction to Genomics is a fascinating insight into what can be revealed from the study of genomes: how organisms differ or match; how different organisms evolved; how the genome is constructed and how it operates; and what our understanding of genome structure and function means in terms of our future health and wellbeing.

Introduction to Genomics

Author: Arthur M. Lesk

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199296958

Category: Medical

Page: 419

View: 9071

Our genome is the blueprint to our existence: it encodes all the information we need to develop from a single cell into a hugely complicated functional organism. But it is more than a static information store: our genome is a dynamic, tightly-regulated collection of genes, which switch on and off in many combinations to give the variety of cells from which our bodies are formed. But how do we identify the genes that make up our genome? How we determine their function? And how do different genes form the regulatory networks that direct the process of life? Introduction to Genomics is a fascinating insight into what can be revealed from the study of genomes: how organisms differ or match; how different organisms evolved; how the genome is constructed and how it operates; and what our understanding of genomics means in terms of our future health and wellbeing. Covering the latest techniques that enable us to study the genome in ever-increasing detail, the book explores what the genome tells us about life at the level of the molecule, the cell, the organism, the ecosystem and the biosphere. Learning features throughout make this book the ideal teaching and learning tool: extensive end of chapter exercises and problems help the student to grasp fully the concepts being presented, while end of chapter WebLems (web-based problems) and lab assignments give the student the opportunity to engage with the subject in a hands-on manner. The field of genomics is enabling us to analyze life in more detail than ever before; Introduction to Genomics is the perfect guide to this enthralling subject. Online Resource Centre: - Figures from the book available to download, to facilitate lecture preparation - Answers to odd-numbered end of chapter exercises, and hints for solving end of chapter problems, to support self-directed learning - Library of web links, for rapid access to a wider pool of additional resources

Introduction to Genomics

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467255254

Category: Education

Page: 85

View: 576

Facts101 is your complete guide to Introduction to Genomics. In this book, you will learn topics such as Evolution and Genomic Change, Mapping, Sequencing, Annotation, and Databases, Microarrays, and Proteomics plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Introduction to Genomic Signal Processing with Control

Author: Aniruddha Datta,Edward R. Dougherty

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420006674

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 3527

Studying large sets of genes and their collective function requires tools that can easily handle huge amounts of information. Recent research indicates that engineering approaches for prediction, signal processing, and control are well suited for studying multivariate interactions. A tutorial guide to the current engineering research in genomics, Introduction to Genomic Signal Processing with Control provides a state-of-the-art account of the use of control theory to obtain intervention strategies for gene regulatory networks. The book builds up the necessary molecular biology background with a basic review of organic chemistry and an introduction of DNA, RNA, and proteins, followed by a description of the processes of transcription and translation and the genetic code that is used to carry out the latter. It discusses control of gene expression, introduces genetic engineering tools such as microarrays and PCR, and covers cell cycle control and tissue renewal in multi-cellular organisms. The authors then delineate how the engineering approaches of classification and clustering are appropriate for carrying out gene-based disease classification. This leads naturally to expression prediction, which in turn leads to genetic regulatory networks. The book concludes with a discussion of control approaches that can be used to alter the behavior of such networks in the hope that this alteration will move the network from a diseased state to a disease-free state. Written by recognized leaders in this emerging field, the book provides the exact amount of molecular biology required to understand the engineering applications. It is a self-contained resource that spans the diverse disciplines of molecular biology and electrical engineering.

Introduction to Protein Science

Architecture, Function, and Genomics

Author: Arthur Lesk

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199541302

Category: Education

Page: 455

View: 4811

Introduction to Protein Science provides a broad introduction to the contemporary study of proteins in health and disease, suitable for students on biological, biochemical, and biomedical degrees internationally. The book relates the study of proteins to the context of modern high-throughput data streams of genomics and proteomics.

Handbook of Genomics and the Family

Psychosocial Context for Children and Adolescents

Author: Kenneth P. Tercyak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441958006

Category: Medical

Page: 615

View: 1408

This book introduces readers to the study of how genes, singly and in combination with each other and the environment, affect health and behavior. It provides family-focused perspectives relating to genetic counseling and education.

An Introduction to Ecological Genomics

Author: Nico M. van Straalen,Dick Roelofs

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199594686

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 970

The genomics revolution has expanded from its origins in molecular biology to impact upon every discipline in the life sciences, including ecology. This new edition incorporates a balance of plant, animal, and microbial examples, and continues to define the new and exciting field of ecological genomics.

Introduction to Marine Genomics

Author: J. Mark Cock,Kristin Tessmar-Raible,Catherine Boyen,Frédérique Viard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048186396

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 5091

Marine biology has always played an important role in biological research, being at the origin of many key advances. To a certain extent, the influence of marine biology on the biological sciences was overshadowed over a period of several years by the remarkable advances that were made using powerful model organisms from terrestrial environments. This situation is now changing again, however, due primarily to spectacular developments in genomic methodologies that have significantly accelerated research in a broad spectrum of marine biology disciplines ranging from biodiversity to developmental biology to biotechnology. The data generated by marine genomics projects have had an impact on questions as diverse as understanding planetary geochemical cycles, the impact of climate change on marine fauna and flora, the functioning of marine ecosystems, the discovery of new organisms and novel biomolecules, and investigation of the evolution of animal developmental complexity. This book represents the first attempt to document how genomic technologies are revolutionising these diverse domains of marine biology. Each chapter of this book looks at how these technologies are being employed in a specific domain of marine research and provides a summary of the major results obtained to date. The book as a whole provides an overview of marine genomics as a discipline and represents an ideal starting point for exploring this rapidly developing domain.

Genomics

Author: John M. Archibald

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198786204

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 4312

Genomics has transformed the biological sciences. From epidemiology and medicine to evolution and forensics, the ability to determine an organism's complete genetic makeup has changed the way science is done and the questions that can be asked of it. Its most celebrated achievement was theHuman Genome Project, a technologically challenging endeavor that took thousands of scientists around the world 13 years and over 3 billion US dollars to complete. In this Very Short Introduction John Archibald explores the science of genomics and its rapidly expanding toolbox. Sequencing a human genome now takes only a few days and costs as little as $1,000. The genomes of simple bacteria and viruses can be sequenced in a matter of hours on a device that fitsin the palm of your hand. The resulting sequences can be used to better understand our biology in health and disease and to 'personalize' medicine. Archibald shows how the field of genomics is on the cusp of another quantum leap; the implications for science and society are profound.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Dimitri Semizarov,Eric Blomme

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470409762

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 6751

Early characterization of toxicity and efficacy would significantly impact the overall productivity of pharmaceutical R&D and reduce drug candidate attrition and failure. By describing the available platforms and weighing their relative advantages and disadvantages, including microarray data analysis, Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development introduces readers to the biomarker, pharmacogenomic, and toxicogenomics toolbox. The authors provide a valuable resource for pharmaceutical discovery scientists, preclinical drug safety department personnel, regulatory personnel, discovery toxicologists, and safety scientists, drug development professionals, and pharmaceutical scientists.

Computational and Statistical Approaches to Genomics

Author: Wei Zhang,Ilya Shmulevich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387262888

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 6580

The second edition of this book adds eight new contributors to reflect a modern cutting edge approach to genomics. It contains the newest research results on genomic analysis and modeling using state-of-the-art methods from engineering, statistics, and genomics. These tools and models are then applied to real biological and clinical problems. The book’s original seventeen chapters are also updated to provide new initiatives and directions.

Gentechnologie für Einsteiger

Author: Terence A. Brown

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783827413024

Category:

Page: 409

View: 7014

T. A. Browns "Gentechnologie fA1/4r Einsteiger" hat sich in mehreren Auflagen international als StandardeinfA1/4hrung in die Genklonierung und DNA-Analyse etabliert. Das Grundlagenlehrbuch setzt nur wenig Kenntnisse in Molekularbiologie und Genetik voraus und erlAutert in klarer Sprache sowohl die fundamentalen Prinzipien der wichtigsten gentechnologischen Methoden als auch die immer breiter werdende Palette ihrer Anwendungen. Die groAe Bedeutung der Gentechnologie fA1/4r die Grundlagenforschung und fA1/4r neue Entwicklungen in Biotechnologie und Medizin wird klar herausgearbeitet. Aoeber 250 zweifarbige Illustrationen erleichtern das VerstAndnis des Stoffes und machen die Konzepte und Arbeitstechniken der Gentechnologen anschaulich. Die neue Auflage ist vollstAndig A1/4berarbeitet und enthAlt zwei neue Kapitel. Eines prAsentiert die Methoden, mit denen man ganze Genome sequenziert, und beschreibt, was man aus den gewonnenen Sequenzinformationen ablesen kann. Das zweite widmet sich den Anwendungen der Gentechnologie in der Gerichtsmedizin - ein spannendes und aufschlussreiches Beispiel des Einsatzpotenzials der DNA-Analyse. Der groAen Bedeutung der Polymerasekettenreaktion (PCR) entsprechend wird diese Technik jetzt in einem frA1/4hen Abschnitt des Buches behandelt und durchgehend stArker berA1/4cksichtigt.

Introduction to Protein Science

Architecture, Function, and Genomics

Author: Arthur Lesk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780198716846

Category: Genomics

Page: 488

View: 9844

Not only are proteins the fundamental building blocks of all life forms, but they also have a wide range of functions - from forming enzymes acting as catalysts for specific reactions, to crucial molecules such as antibodies in the immune system, and as signalling molecules between cells. Introduction to Protein Science, 3rd edition provides a rich and broad introduction to this fascinating field by covering not only the structureand function of proteins, but also the methods and experimental techniques used to study them. The practical applications of our knowledge to diverse fields such as biotechnology and medicine are emphasizedthroughout, to help students appreciate the relevance of the subject to the real world.

Fungal Genomics

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080527468

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 9896

Research in the genomics of a handful of fungi has matured at an unprecedented rate allowing comprehensive review. Developments in fungal genomics should be of great significance to new strategies in fields where disciplinary crossovers of fungal genomics, genes and their regulation, expression, and engineering will have a strong impact in dealing with agriculture, foods, natural resources, life sciences, biotechnology, informatics, metabolomics, pharmaceuticals and bioactive compounds. This volume analyzes the commonly used molecular markers systems, and elaborates the development of biochemical genetics, which provides a model system that established the relationship between genes and enzymes. Current knowledge about the genomic and genetic variability of Candida albicans, the polymorphic fungus that is an opportunistic human pathogen of increasing medical importance, has been covered in detail. Current understanding of the genetics and functional genomic analysis of the most important fungal pathogens of staple food crops, rice and wheat among others is covered including chapters dealing with the genomics of economically important fungi such asMagnaporthe grisea, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Trichoderma, Rhizoctonia, Mycosphaerella graminicola, and entomopathogenic fungi. With several thousand recent citations, it is hoped that volume four will serve as a useful reference for knowledgeable veterans and beginners as well as those crossing disciplinary boundaries into the exciting field of biotechnology, genomics and bioinformatics of fungi.

Exploring Personal Genomics

Author: Joel T. Dudley,Konrad J. Karczewski

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019166376X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 2317

Rapid advances in high-throughput genome sequencing technologies foreshadow a near-future in which millions of individuals will gain affordable access to their complete genome sequence. This promises to offer unprecedented insights into the fundamental biological nature of ourselves and our species: where we came from, how we begin our lives, how we develop and grow, how we interact with our environment, how we get sick, how we get well, and how we age. Personal genomics is an essential component of the inevitable transition towards personalized health and medicine. As the medical establishment begins to explore and evaluate the role of personal genomics in health and medicine, both clinicians and patients alike will gain from becoming well versed in both the power and the pitfalls of personal genomic information. Furthermore, it is likely that all students of the biomedical sciences will soon be required to gain crucial understanding in the emerging field of personal genomics. Exploring Personal Genomics provides a novel, inquiry-based approach to the understanding and interpretation of the practical, medical, physiological, and societal aspects of personal genomic information. The material is presented in two parts: the first provides readers of all backgrounds with a fundamental understanding of the biology of human genomes, information on how to obtain and understand digital representations of personal genomic data, tools and techniques for exploring the personal genomics of ancestry and genealogy, discovery and interpretation of genetic trait associations, and the role of personal genomics in drug response. The second part offers more advanced readers an understanding of the science, tools, and techniques for investigating interactions between a personal genome and the environment, connecting DNA to physiology, and assessing rare variants and structural variation. This book aims to support undergraduate and graduate studies in medicine, genetics, molecular biology, and bioinformatics. Additionally, the design of the content is such that medical practitioners, professionals working in the biomedical sciences or related fields, and motivated lay individuals interested in exploring their personal genetic data should find it relevant and approachable.

Fundamentals of Data Mining in Genomics and Proteomics

Author: Werner Dubitzky,Martin Granzow,Daniel P. Berrar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387475095

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 9203

This book presents state-of-the-art analytical methods from statistics and data mining for the analysis of high-throughput data from genomics and proteomics. It adopts an approach focusing on concepts and applications and presents key analytical techniques for the analysis of genomics and proteomics data by detailing their underlying principles, merits and limitations.

Introduction to Plant Biotechnology

Author: H. S. Chawla

Publisher: Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781578082285

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 538

View: 790

Plant biotechnology has created unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems of plants. To understand biotechnology, it is essential to know the basic aspects of genes and their organization in the genome of plant cells. This text on the subject is aimed at students.

Statistical Genomics

Linkage, Mapping, and QTL Analysis

Author: Ben Hui Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849331664

Category: Mathematics

Page: 648

View: 6171

Genomics, the mapping of the entire genetic complement of an organism, is the new frontier in biology. This handbook on the statistical issues of genomics covers current methods and the tried-and-true classical approaches.

Omics in Clinical Practice

Genomics, Pharmacogenomics, Proteomics, and Transcriptomics in Clinical Research

Author: Yu Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482262436

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 6746

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. This book serves as an introduction to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics, putting these fields in relation to human disease and ailments. The various chapters consider the role of translation and personalized medicine, as well as pathogen detection, evolution, and infection, in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics. The topic of companion diagnostics is also covered. The book is broken into five sections. Part I examines the connection between omics and human disease. Part II looks at the applications for the fields of translational and personalized medicine. Part III focuses on molecular and genetic markers. Part IV describes the use of omics while studying pathogens, and Part V examines the applications for companion diagnostics. The book: • Introduces genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics in relation to human disease and ailments • Considers the role of translation and personalized medicine in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics • Covers molecular and genetic markers • Considers the role of genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics in relation to pathogen detection, evolution, and infection • Covers companion diagnostics in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics clinical applications and research

Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Eucalypts

Author: Robert J. Henry

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482254131

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 7240

Eucalypts are used for the production of paper products, firewood, charcoal, potential feedstocks for bioenergy and biomaterials, as ornamentals and landscape trees, and in land rehabilitation. Eucalypt breeding is at an early stage with many plantings being only at the first stages of domestication. The relatively small genomes of these species make the application of molecular genetics approaches attractive. The application of modern genomics will accelerate the development of improved eucalypts for a wide range of uses. This book brings together diverse information on the genetics, genomics, and breeding of these important forest species.