Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry

Author: Susan Libes

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080916644

Category: Science

Page: 928

View: 6643

Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry focuses on the ocean's role in the biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impact of humans on the cycling of these elements. Among the topics covered are the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impacts of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; and seawater pollution. The book contains many examples as well as steady-state models to aid readers in understanding this growing and complex science.. The focus of Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry is the concept of the ocean as a system, linking land and atmospheric processes The text integrates the most current research, allowing students to learn concepts in context Includes detailed coverage of computational aspects

An Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry

Author: Susan M. Libes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 734

View: 2905

Focuses on the ocean's role in the global biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impact of humans on the transport of these elements. Among the topics covered are the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impact of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; seawater pollution. Contains many examples as well as steady-state models to aid readers in understanding this relatively young, growing and complex science.

Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467255858

Category: Education

Page: 39

View: 7594

Facts101 is your complete guide to Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry. In this book, you will learn topics such as PART III: Chapter 19 - Chapter 28, plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Marine Biogeochemical Cycles

Author: Rachael James

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0750667931

Category: Science

Page: 130

View: 1558

This Volume belongs to a series on Oceanography. It is designed so that it can be read on its own, or used as a supplement in oceanogrphy courses. After a brief introduction to sea-floor sediments, the book shows how the activities of marine organisms cycle nutrients and other dissolved constituents within the oceans, and influence the rates at which both solid and dissolved material is removed to sediments. It goes on to review the carbonate system and shows how sediments that come from continental areas may be transported to the deep sea, explores what sea-floor sediments have taught us about the history of the oceans, and describes the biological and chemical processes that continue long after sediments have been deposited on the deep sea-floor. * Covers the basics on the occurrence, distribution, and cycling of chemical elements in the ocean * Features full-color photographs and beautiful illustrations throughout * Reader-friendly layout, writing, and graphics * Pedagogy includes chapter summaries, chapter questions with answers and comments at the end of the book; highlighted key terms; and boxed topics and explanations * Can be used alone, as a supplement, or in combination with other Open University titles in oceanography

Faszination Meeresforschung

Ein ökologisches Lesebuch

Author: Gotthilf Hempel,Kai Bischof,Wilhelm Hagen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366249714X

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 9523

In diesem Buch berichten 95 Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler über ihre Forschung im Ozean und an den Küsten. Sie führen den Leser von den eisbedeckten Polarmeeren über die Nord- und Ostsee bis zu den Seegraswiesen, tropischen Mangroven und Korallenriffen. Die Beiträge veranschaulichen die Vielfalt der Lebensgemeinschaften zwischen Strand und Tiefsee. Das Größenspektrum der Organismen reicht von Walen und Fischen über Planktonkrebse und Muscheln bis zu Kieselalgen und Bakterien. Die globalen – vom Leben im Meer bestimmten – Stoffkreisläufe werden ebenso behandelt wie die molekularbiologischen Anpassungen der Mikroorganismen, und hier sind auch die größten methodischen Fortschritte zu verzeichnen. Zu den spannenden Themen der angewandten Meeresforschung gehören die Überfischung und die nachhaltige Nutzung der Meere, die Gefährdung durch Schad- und Nährstoffeinträge, die Einschleppen fremder Organismen und die Zerstörung von Lebensräumen. Vielfältig und bereits deutlich nachweisbar sind die Einflüsse des globalen Klimawandels auf das Leben im Meer. Forschungsschiffe, Unterwasser-Roboter, Gensonden und Datenbanken, aber auch mathematische Modelle und naturnahe Experimente sind wichtige Werkzeuge der Meeresbiologen. Exkurse über die Geschichte und Struktur der meeresbiologischen Forschung in Deutschland runden die Übersicht ab. In 48 selbständigen Beiträgen fügt sich die Vielfalt moderner, meeresökologischer Forschung zu einem faszinierenden Gesamtbild zusammen. Das Buch richtet sich an Lehrende und Lernende und an alle, die sich für das Meer und seine Bewohner, für modernes Ressourcenmanagement und marinen Naturschutz interessieren.

Environmental Sciences

A Student's Companion

Author: N.A

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412947049

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 2815

This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience

Author: Robin Gill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118957946

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 3308

Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, andgeoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basicchemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third editionof this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucidand accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition hasbeen strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience andincorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geologicalprocesses. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces thewave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types ofchemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse anddistinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey thegeologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain theirformation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. Thebook concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendicescover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list thechemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in thebook.

Biologie

gymnasiale Oberstufe

Author: Neil A. Campbell,Jane B. Reece

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783868949001

Category:

Page: 748

View: 742

Die 8. Auflage des Campbell (deutsche Ausgabe BA 11/09) wurde jetzt unter Beachtung der hiesigen Lehrpläne für die Oberstufe bearbeitet und erschien in einem wesentlich handlicheren, schultaschenfähigen Format. Der Campbell hatte sich bereits früher als Zusatzlehrbuch für Leistungskurse Biologie und berufliche Gymnasien mit entsprechend fachlicher Ausrichtung bewährt. Diese für Schulen optimierte Ausgabe ist im Rahmen des Imprints Pearson Schule eine folgerichtige Edition (vgl. auch M. Kölling: "Einführung in Java mit Greenfoot"; R. Hattenhauer: "Informatik für Schule und Ausbildung", beide BA 9/10). Ein Themenband zur Ökologie ist für November diesen Jahres angekündigt. - Vorrangig ist der Band für Bibliotheken mit den oben angesprochenen Schultypen im Einzugsbereich zu empfehlen. Als allgemeines Biologielehrbuch ohne bundeslandspezifische Varianten ist der auch preislich sehr akzeptable Titel aufgrund seines fachlichen Niveaus und seiner grafisch hervorragenden Gestaltung auch darüber hinaus einsetzbar. (2 S)

An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea

Author: Michael E. Q. Pilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521887070

Category: Science

Page: 533

View: 1946

Engagingly introduces marine chemistry and the ocean's geochemical interactions with the solid earth and atmosphere, for students of oceanography.

Geofernerkundung

Grundlagen und Anwendungen

Author: Friedrich Kühn,Bernhard Hörig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642578292

Category: Science

Page: 166

View: 5813

Chemistry of the Environment

Author: Ronald A. Bailey,Herbert M. Clark,James P. Ferris,Sonja Krause,Robert L. Strong

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080488471

Category: Science

Page: 835

View: 6735

Emphasizing new science essential to the practice of environmental chemistry at the beginning of the new millennium, Chemistry of the Environment describes the atmosphere as a distinct sphere of the environment and the practice of industrial ecology as it applies to chemical science. It includes extensive coverage of nuclear chemistry, covering both natural environmental sources and anthropogenic sources, their impacts on health, and their role in energy production, that goes well beyond the newspaper coverage to discuss nuclear chemistry and disposal in a balanced and scientifically rational way. This is the only environmental chemistry text to adequately discuss nuclear chemistry and disposal in a balanced and scientifically rational way. The overall format allows for particular topics to be omitted at the discretion of the instructor without loss of continuity. Contains a discussion of climate history to put current climate concerns in perspective, an approach that makes current controversy about climate change more understandable.

Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry: A Dual Perspective

Author: Patricia M. Glibert,Todd M. Kana

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319302590

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 7755

This book highlights perspectives, insights, and data in the coupled fields of aquatic microbial ecology and biogeochemistry when viewed through the lens of collaborative duos – dual career couples. Their synergy and collaborative interactions have contributed substantially to our contemporary understanding of pattern, process and dynamics. This is thus a book by dual career couples about dual scientific processes. The papers herein represent wide-ranging topics, from the processes that structure microbial diversity to nitrogen and photosynthesis metabolism, to dynamics of changing ecosystems and processes and dynamics in individual ecosystems. In all, these papers take us from the Arctic to Africa, from the Arabian Sea to Australia, from small lakes in Maine and Yellowstone hot vents to the Sargasso Sea, and in the process provide analyses that make us think about the structure and function of all of these systems in the aquatic realm. This book is useful not only for the depth and breadth of knowledge conveyed in its chapters, but serves to guide dual career couples faced with the great challenges only they face. Great teams do make great science.

Operational Oceanography in the 21st Century

Author: Andreas Schiller,Gary B. Brassington

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400703322

Category: Science

Page: 745

View: 2699

Over the past decade the significant advances in real-time ocean observing systems, ocean modelling, ocean data assimilation and super-computing has seen the development and implementation of operational ocean forecast systems of the global ocean. At the conclusion of the Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE) in 2008 ocean analysis and forecasting services were being supported by 12 international centres. This book is about ocean forecasting - a maturing field which remains an active area of research, and includes such topics as ocean predictability, observing system design, high resolution ocean modelling and ocean data assimilation. It presents the introduction to ocean forecasting which provides a foundation for new opportunities in areas of coupled bio-geochemical forecasting and coupled atmosphere-wave-ocean forecasting. The book describes an updated account of research and development to improve forecast systems, determining how best to service the marine user community with forecast information as well as demonstrating impact to their applications. It also discusses operational centres that are now supporting a range of real-time ocean services including online graphical and data products for their user communities and their feedback on the quality of information. The contents of this book are aimed at early career scientists and professionals with an interest in operational oceanography and related ocean science. There are excellent opportunities for exciting careers in the emerging field of operational oceanography in order to address current and future challenges as well as provide the supporting services to a rapidly growing user community.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems

Author: Kenneth D. Black,Graham B. Shimmield

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405147792

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 8680

Marine systems vary in their sensitivities to perturbation.Perturbation may be insidious – such as increasingeutrophication of coastal areas – or it may be dramatic– such as a response to an oil spillage or some otheraccident. Climate change may occur incrementally or it may beabrupt, and ecosystem resilience is likely to be a complex functionof the interactions of those assemblages or species mediating keybiogeochemical processes. Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems considers issues ofmarine system resilience, focusing on a range of marine systemsthat exemplify major global province types but are also interestingand topical in their own right, on account of their sensitivity tonatural or anthropogenic change or their importance as ecologicalservice providers. Authors concentrate on advances of the lastdecade.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Author: Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124071538

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 9440

Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM

Climate System Modeling

Author: Kevin E. Trenberth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521432316

Category: Computers

Page: 788

View: 3152

Climate Systems Modeling presents an interdisciplinary and comprehensive study of the dynamics of the whole global system. As a comprehensive text it will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climatology and the study of related topics in the broad earth and environmental sciences.

Sedimentgesteine im Gelände

Ein illustrierter Leitfaden

Author: D.A.V. Stow

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827420152

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 2000

Konzepte und Vorstellungen ändern sich in der Sedimentologie schnell, was bleibt ist die Geländearbeit und die Erhebung von Daten als Basis der Wissenschaft. Dieses Buch ist ein Bestimmungsatlas, der hilft, Sedimentgesteine im Gelände zu erkennen und zu beschreiben. Der Benutzer erfährt, was er im Gelände beobachten und aufzeichnen muss, und wie er die Daten richtig interpretiert. Alle wesentlichen Arten von Sedimentgesteinen werden in über 450 hervorragenden Fotos und erklärenden Zeichnungen dargestellt. Im Einführungskapitel werden die Klassifikationen und die Haupttypen der Sedimentgesteine sowie auch deren wirtschaftliche Bedeutung vorgestellt. Der Autor beschreibt dann die wichtigsten Geländemethoden und die grundsätzlichen Eigenschaften von Sedimentgesteinen. Jedem Haupttyp von Sedimentgesteinen entspricht ein Kapitel. Der Interpretation von Fazies und Ablagerungsbedingungen ist im letzten Kapitel breiter Raum gewidmet. Das Buch ist ein unentbehrliches Hilfsmittel für Studenten der Geowissenschaften, Geologen im Beruf sowie für Amateure.