Introduction to Probability Simulation and Gibbs Sampling with R

Author: Eric A. Suess,Bruce E. Trumbo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038740273X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 3343

The first seven chapters use R for probability simulation and computation, including random number generation, numerical and Monte Carlo integration, and finding limiting distributions of Markov Chains with both discrete and continuous states. Applications include coverage probabilities of binomial confidence intervals, estimation of disease prevalence from screening tests, parallel redundancy for improved reliability of systems, and various kinds of genetic modeling. These initial chapters can be used for a non-Bayesian course in the simulation of applied probability models and Markov Chains. Chapters 8 through 10 give a brief introduction to Bayesian estimation and illustrate the use of Gibbs samplers to find posterior distributions and interval estimates, including some examples in which traditional methods do not give satisfactory results. WinBUGS software is introduced with a detailed explanation of its interface and examples of its use for Gibbs sampling for Bayesian estimation. No previous experience using R is required. An appendix introduces R, and complete R code is included for almost all computational examples and problems (along with comments and explanations). Noteworthy features of the book are its intuitive approach, presenting ideas with examples from biostatistics, reliability, and other fields; its large number of figures; and its extraordinarily large number of problems (about a third of the pages), ranging from simple drill to presentation of additional topics. Hints and answers are provided for many of the problems. These features make the book ideal for students of statistics at the senior undergraduate and at the beginning graduate levels.

Probability and Statistics with R, Second Edition

Author: Maria Dolores Ugarte,Ana F. Militino,Alan T. Arnholt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466504404

Category: Mathematics

Page: 983

View: 3050

Cohesively Incorporates Statistical Theory with R Implementation Since the publication of the popular first edition of this comprehensive textbook, the contributed R packages on CRAN have increased from around 1,000 to over 6,000. Designed for an intermediate undergraduate course, Probability and Statistics with R, Second Edition explores how some of these new packages make analysis easier and more intuitive as well as create more visually pleasing graphs. New to the Second Edition Improvements to existing examples, problems, concepts, data, and functions New examples and exercises that use the most modern functions Coverage probability of a confidence interval and model validation Highlighted R code for calculations and graph creation Gets Students Up to Date on Practical Statistical Topics Keeping pace with today’s statistical landscape, this textbook expands your students’ knowledge of the practice of statistics. It effectively links statistical concepts with R procedures, empowering students to solve a vast array of real statistical problems with R. Web Resources A supplementary website offers solutions to odd exercises and templates for homework assignments while the data sets and R functions are available on CRAN.

Bayesian Computation with R

Author: Jim Albert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387922989

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 757

There has been dramatic growth in the development and application of Bayesian inference in statistics. Berger (2000) documents the increase in Bayesian activity by the number of published research articles, the number of books,andtheextensivenumberofapplicationsofBayesianarticlesinapplied disciplines such as science and engineering. One reason for the dramatic growth in Bayesian modeling is the availab- ity of computational algorithms to compute the range of integrals that are necessary in a Bayesian posterior analysis. Due to the speed of modern c- puters, it is now possible to use the Bayesian paradigm to ?t very complex models that cannot be ?t by alternative frequentist methods. To ?t Bayesian models, one needs a statistical computing environment. This environment should be such that one can: write short scripts to de?ne a Bayesian model use or write functions to summarize a posterior distribution use functions to simulate from the posterior distribution construct graphs to illustrate the posterior inference An environment that meets these requirements is the R system. R provides a wide range of functions for data manipulation, calculation, and graphical d- plays. Moreover, it includes a well-developed, simple programming language that users can extend by adding new functions. Many such extensions of the language in the form of packages are easily downloadable from the Comp- hensive R Archive Network (CRAN).

Bayesian Models for Astrophysical Data

Using R, JAGS, Python, and Stan

Author: Joseph M. Hilbe,Rafael S. de Souza,Emille E. O. Ishida

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108210740

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8277

This comprehensive guide to Bayesian methods in astronomy enables hands-on work by supplying complete R, JAGS, Python, and Stan code, to use directly or to adapt. It begins by examining the normal model from both frequentist and Bayesian perspectives and then progresses to a full range of Bayesian generalized linear and mixed or hierarchical models, as well as additional types of models such as ABC and INLA. The book provides code that is largely unavailable elsewhere and includes details on interpreting and evaluating Bayesian models. Initial discussions offer models in synthetic form so that readers can easily adapt them to their own data; later the models are applied to real astronomical data. The consistent focus is on hands-on modeling, analysis of data, and interpretations that address scientific questions. A must-have for astronomers, its concrete approach will also be attractive to researchers in the sciences more generally.

Modeling Techniques in Predictive Analytics with Python and R

A Guide to Data Science

Author: Thomas W. Miller

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 013389214X

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 7025

Master predictive analytics, from start to finish Start with strategy and management Master methods and build models Transform your models into highly-effective code—in both Python and R This one-of-a-kind book will help you use predictive analytics, Python, and R to solve real business problems and drive real competitive advantage. You’ll master predictive analytics through realistic case studies, intuitive data visualizations, and up-to-date code for both Python and R—not complex math. Step by step, you’ll walk through defining problems, identifying data, crafting and optimizing models, writing effective Python and R code, interpreting results, and more. Each chapter focuses on one of today’s key applications for predictive analytics, delivering skills and knowledge to put models to work—and maximize their value. Thomas W. Miller, leader of Northwestern University’s pioneering program in predictive analytics, addresses everything you need to succeed: strategy and management, methods and models, and technology and code. If you’re new to predictive analytics, you’ll gain a strong foundation for achieving accurate, actionable results. If you’re already working in the field, you’ll master powerful new skills. If you’re familiar with either Python or R, you’ll discover how these languages complement each other, enabling you to do even more. All data sets, extensive Python and R code, and additional examples available for download at http://www.ftpress.com/miller/ Python and R offer immense power in predictive analytics, data science, and big data. This book will help you leverage that power to solve real business problems, and drive real competitive advantage. Thomas W. Miller’s unique balanced approach combines business context and quantitative tools, illuminating each technique with carefully explained code for the latest versions of Python and R. If you’re new to predictive analytics, Miller gives you a strong foundation for achieving accurate, actionable results. If you’re already a modeler, programmer, or manager, you’ll learn crucial skills you don’t already have. Using Python and R, Miller addresses multiple business challenges, including segmentation, brand positioning, product choice modeling, pricing research, finance, sports, text analytics, sentiment analysis, and social network analysis. He illuminates the use of cross-sectional data, time series, spatial, and spatio-temporal data. You’ll learn why each problem matters, what data are relevant, and how to explore the data you’ve identified. Miller guides you through conceptually modeling each data set with words and figures; and then modeling it again with realistic code that delivers actionable insights. You’ll walk through model construction, explanatory variable subset selection, and validation, mastering best practices for improving out-of-sample predictive performance. Miller employs data visualization and statistical graphics to help you explore data, present models, and evaluate performance. Appendices include five complete case studies, and a detailed primer on modern data science methods. Use Python and R to gain powerful, actionable, profitable insights about: Advertising and promotion Consumer preference and choice Market baskets and related purchases Economic forecasting Operations management Unstructured text and language Customer sentiment Brand and price Sports team performance And much more

Introducing Monte Carlo Methods with R

Author: Christian Robert,George Casella

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441915753

Category: Computers

Page: 283

View: 401

This book covers the main tools used in statistical simulation from a programmer’s point of view, explaining the R implementation of each simulation technique and providing the output for better understanding and comparison.

Statistical Computing with R

Author: Maria L. Rizzo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420010719

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 5967

Computational statistics and statistical computing are two areas that employ computational, graphical, and numerical approaches to solve statistical problems, making the versatile R language an ideal computing environment for these fields. One of the first books on these topics to feature R, Statistical Computing with R covers the traditional core material of computational statistics, with an emphasis on using the R language via an examples-based approach. Suitable for an introductory course in computational statistics or for self-study, it includes R code for all examples and R notes to help explain the R programming concepts. After an overview of computational statistics and an introduction to the R computing environment, the book reviews some basic concepts in probability and classical statistical inference. Each subsequent chapter explores a specific topic in computational statistics. These chapters cover the simulation of random variables from probability distributions, the visualization of multivariate data, Monte Carlo integration and variance reduction methods, Monte Carlo methods in inference, bootstrap and jackknife, permutation tests, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods, and density estimation. The final chapter presents a selection of examples that illustrate the application of numerical methods using R functions. Focusing on implementation rather than theory, this text serves as a balanced, accessible introduction to computational statistics and statistical computing.

Mathematical Statistics with Applications in R

Author: Kandethody M. Ramachandran,Chris P. Tsokos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012417132X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 826

View: 6358

Mathematical Statistics with Applications in R, Second Edition, offers a modern calculus-based theoretical introduction to mathematical statistics and applications. The book covers many modern statistical computational and simulation concepts that are not covered in other texts, such as the Jackknife, bootstrap methods, the EM algorithms, and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods such as the Metropolis algorithm, Metropolis-Hastings algorithm and the Gibbs sampler. By combining the discussion on the theory of statistics with a wealth of real-world applications, the book helps students to approach statistical problem solving in a logical manner. This book provides a step-by-step procedure to solve real problems, making the topic more accessible. It includes goodness of fit methods to identify the probability distribution that characterizes the probabilistic behavior or a given set of data. Exercises as well as practical, real-world chapter projects are included, and each chapter has an optional section on using Minitab, SPSS and SAS commands. The text also boasts a wide array of coverage of ANOVA, nonparametric, MCMC, Bayesian and empirical methods; solutions to selected problems; data sets; and an image bank for students. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking a one or two semester mathematical statistics course will find this book extremely useful in their studies. Step-by-step procedure to solve real problems, making the topic more accessible Exercises blend theory and modern applications Practical, real-world chapter projects Provides an optional section in each chapter on using Minitab, SPSS and SAS commands Wide array of coverage of ANOVA, Nonparametric, MCMC, Bayesian and empirical methods

Introduction to Bayesian Statistics

Author: William M. Bolstad

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471270201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 354

View: 3593

Traditionally, introductory statistics courses have been taught from a frequentist perspective. The recent upsurge in the use of Bayesian methods in applied statistical analysis highlights the need to expose students early on to the Bayes theorem, its advantages, and its applications. Based on the author's successful courses, Introduction to Bayesian Statistics introduces statistics from a Bayesian perspective in a way that is understandable to readers with a reasonable mathematics background. Covering most of the same ground found in a typical statistics book-but from a Bayesian perspective-Introduction to Bayesian Statistics offers thorough, clearly-explained discussions of: Scientific data gathering, including the use of random sampling methods and randomized experiments to make inferences on cause-effect relationships The rules of probability, including joint, marginal, and conditional probability Discrete and continuous random variables Bayesian inferences for means and proportions compared with the corresponding frequentist ones The simple linear regression model analyzed in a Bayesian manner To assist in the understanding of Bayesian statistics, this introduction provides readers with exercises (with selected answers); summaries of main points from each chapter; a calculus refresher, and a summary on the use of statistical tables; and R functions and Minitab macros for Bayesian analysis and Monte Carlo simulations (downloadable from the associated Web site)

Dynamic Linear Models with R

Author: Giovanni Petris,Sonia Petrone,Patrizia Campagnoli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387772383

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 8619

State space models have gained tremendous popularity in recent years in as disparate fields as engineering, economics, genetics and ecology. After a detailed introduction to general state space models, this book focuses on dynamic linear models, emphasizing their Bayesian analysis. Whenever possible it is shown how to compute estimates and forecasts in closed form; for more complex models, simulation techniques are used. A final chapter covers modern sequential Monte Carlo algorithms. The book illustrates all the fundamental steps needed to use dynamic linear models in practice, using R. Many detailed examples based on real data sets are provided to show how to set up a specific model, estimate its parameters, and use it for forecasting. All the code used in the book is available online. No prior knowledge of Bayesian statistics or time series analysis is required, although familiarity with basic statistics and R is assumed.

An Introduction to Statistical Computing

A Simulation-based Approach

Author: Jochen Voss

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118728025

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 1577

A comprehensive introduction to sampling-based methods in statistical computing The use of computers in mathematics and statistics has opened up a wide range of techniques for studying otherwise intractable problems. Sampling-based simulation techniques are now an invaluable tool for exploring statistical models. This book gives a comprehensive introduction to the exciting area of sampling-based methods. An Introduction to Statistical Computing introduces the classical topics of random number generation and Monte Carlo methods. It also includes some advanced methods such as the reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm and modern methods such as approximate Bayesian computation and multilevel Monte Carlo techniques An Introduction to Statistical Computing: Fully covers the traditional topics of statistical computing. Discusses both practical aspects and the theoretical background. Includes a chapter about continuous-time models. Illustrates all methods using examples and exercises. Provides answers to the exercises (using the statistical computing environment R); the corresponding source code is available online. Includes an introduction to programming in R. This book is mostly self-contained; the only prerequisites are basic knowledge of probability up to the law of large numbers. Careful presentation and examples make this book accessible to a wide range of students and suitable for self-study or as the basis of a taught course

Econometric inference using simulation techniques

Author: Herman K. van Dijk,Alain Monfort

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471956235

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 265

View: 2579

Noted international researchers present the very latest knowledge in the field. This essential work covers the three main areas of econometric inference where the use of simulation methods has been successful--Bayesian inference, classical inference, the solution and stochastic simulation of dynamic econometric models, especially general equilibrium models.

Markov Chain Monte Carlo

Stochastic Simulation for Bayesian Inference, Second Edition

Author: Dani Gamerman,Hedibert F. Lopes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584885870

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 9115

While there have been few theoretical contributions on the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods in the past decade, current understanding and application of MCMC to the solution of inference problems has increased by leaps and bounds. Incorporating changes in theory and highlighting new applications, Markov Chain Monte Carlo: Stochastic Simulation for Bayesian Inference, Second Edition presents a concise, accessible, and comprehensive introduction to the methods of this valuable simulation technique. The second edition includes access to an internet site that provides the code, written in R and WinBUGS, used in many of the previously existing and new examples and exercises. More importantly, the self-explanatory nature of the codes will enable modification of the inputs to the codes and variation on many directions will be available for further exploration. Major changes from the previous edition: · More examples with discussion of computational details in chapters on Gibbs sampling and Metropolis-Hastings algorithms · Recent developments in MCMC, including reversible jump, slice sampling, bridge sampling, path sampling, multiple-try, and delayed rejection · Discussion of computation using both R and WinBUGS · Additional exercises and selected solutions within the text, with all data sets and software available for download from the Web · Sections on spatial models and model adequacy The self-contained text units make MCMC accessible to scientists in other disciplines as well as statisticians. The book will appeal to everyone working with MCMC techniques, especially research and graduate statisticians and biostatisticians, and scientists handling data and formulating models. The book has been substantially reinforced as a first reading of material on MCMC and, consequently, as a textbook for modern Bayesian computation and Bayesian inference courses.

Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und Stochastische Prozesse

Author: Michael Mürmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364238160X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 428

View: 5215

Dieses Lehrbuch beschäftigt sich mit den zentralen Gebieten einer maßtheoretisch orientierten Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie im Umfang einer zweisemestrigen Vorlesung. Nach den Grundlagen werden Grenzwertsätze und schwache Konvergenz behandelt. Es folgt die Darstellung und Betrachtung der stochastischen Abhängigkeit durch die bedingte Erwartung, die mit der Radon-Nikodym-Ableitung realisiert wird. Sie wird angewandt auf die Theorie der stochastischen Prozesse, die nach der allgemeinen Konstruktion aus der Untersuchung von Martingalen und Markov-Prozessen besteht. Neu in einem Lehrbuch über allgemeine Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie ist eine Einführung in die stochastische Analysis von Semimartingalen auf der Grundlage einer geeigneten Stetigkeitsbedingung mit Anwendungen auf die Theorie der Finanzmärkte. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungen, teilweise mit Lösungen. Neben der Theorie vertiefen Anmerkungen, besonders zu mathematischen Modellen für Phänomene der Realität, das Verständnis.​

R by Example

Author: Jim Albert,Maria Rizzo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461413656

Category: Mathematics

Page: 359

View: 8299

R by Example is an example-based introduction to the statistical computing environment that does not assume any previous familiarity with R or other software packages. R functions are presented in the context of interesting applications with real data. The purpose of this book is to illustrate a range of statistical and probability computations using R for people who are learning, teaching, or using statistics. Specifically, this book is written for users who have covered at least the equivalent of (or are currently studying) undergraduate level calculus-based courses in statistics. These users are learning or applying exploratory and inferential methods for analyzing data and this book is intended to be a useful resource for learning how to implement these procedures in R.

Wahrscheinlichkeit

Author: Alʹbert Nikolaevich Shiri︠a︡ev,Hans Jürgen Engelbert

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Probabilities

Page: 592

View: 5390

Spatial and Spatio-temporal Bayesian Models with R - INLA

Author: Marta Blangiardo,Michela Cameletti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118326555

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 4090

Spatial and Spatio–Temporal Bayesian Models with R–INLA provides a much needed, practically oriented & innovative presentation of the combination of Bayesian methodology and spatial statistics. The authors combine an introduction to Bayesian theory and methodology with a focus on the spatial and spatio­–temporal models used within the Bayesian framework and a series of practical examples which allow the reader to link the statistical theory presented to real data problems. The numerous examples from the fields of epidemiology, biostatistics and social science all are coded in the R package R–INLA, which has proven to be a valid alternative to the commonly used Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulations

JASA

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Statistics

Page: N.A

View: 2845

Maximum Simulated Likelihood Methods and Applications

Author: William Greene,R. Carter Hill

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857241494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 363

View: 6591

This collection of methodological developments and applications of simulation-based methods were presented at a workshop at Louisiana State University in November, 2009. Topics include: extensions of the GHK simulator; maximum-simulated likelihood; composite marginal likelihood; and modelling and forecasting volatility in a bayesian approach.

Computing science and statistics

graphics and visualization : proceedings of the 24th Symposium on the Interface

Author: H. Joseph Newton,Interface Foundation of North America

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computer graphics

Page: 626

View: 4366