Introduction to Radioactive Minerals

Author: R. J. Lauf

Publisher: Schiffer Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780764329128

Category: Nature

Page: 144

View: 1096

Collectors have long admired uranium and thorium minerals for their brilliant colors, intense ultraviolet fluorescence, and rich variety of habits and associates. Radioactive minerals are also critically important as our source of nuclear energy. Understanding them is crucial to the safe disposal of radioactive waste. This book provides a systematic overview of the mineralogy of uranium and thorium, generously illustrated with nearly 200 color photos and electron micrographs of representative specimens. Includes an historical discussion of the discovery of radioactive elements and the development of uranium and thorium ore deposits, a discussion of the geochemical conditions that produce significant deposits, and a description of important localities, their geological setting and history. Major occurrences of interest to mineral collectors are arranged geographically. The minerals are arranged systematically, to emphasize how they fit into chemical groups, and for each group a few minerals are selected to illustrate their formation and general characteristics. With the resurgence of interest in nuclear power, this book is an invaluable guide for mineral collectors as well as nuclear scientists and engineers interested in radioactive deposits.

Collecting Fluorescent Minerals

Author: Stuart Schneider

Publisher: Schiffer Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780764336195

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 9980

Revised and Expanded 2nd Edition. Seeing fluorescent minerals up close for the first time is an exciting experience. The colors are so pure and the glow is so seemingly unnatural, that it is hard to believe they are natural rocks. Hundreds of glowing minerals are shown, including Aragonite, Celestine, Feldspar, Microcline, Picropharmacolite, Quartz, Spinel, Smithsonite, plus many more. But dont let the hard-to-pronounce names keep you away. Over 870 beautiful color photographs illustrate how fluorescent minerals look under UV light and in daylight, making this an invaluable field guide.Here are minerals from the United States, including mines in New Jersey, New York, Arizona, and California, as well as beautiful and unusual minerals from Canada, Mexico, Greenland, Italy, Sweden, and other places. Included are values, a comprehensive resources section, plus helpful advice on caring for, collecting, and displaying minerals. The field of collecting fluorescent minerals is relatively new and this is one of the most complete references available.

Earth Materials

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107155401

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 8950

Designed specifically for one-semester courses, this beautifully illustrated textbook explains the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology.

The World of Fluorescent Minerals

Author: Stuart L. Schneider

Publisher: Schiffer Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780764325441

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 192

View: 965

The rich and diverse world of fluorescent minerals is explored in this sweeping survey. Breathtakingly pure colors, with their ethereal glow, immediately capture your attention. Did you know that color television is a result of the study of fluorescing minerals? Fresh finds of fluorescent minerals are showing up regularly around the globe, and their collection is an entertaining and popular pasttime. To help the collector, over 825 photos display the minerals both as they might be found in daylight and in under the effects of ultraviolet light. Written for the collector and the merely curious, this pictorial reference will enrich your collecting experience with its informative text. It is an essential source for enjoying and identifying fluorescent minerals.

Ultraviolet light and fluorescent minerals

understanding, collecting, and displaying fluorescent minerals

Author: Thomas S. Warren

Publisher: Gem Guides Book Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 209

View: 2607

This book provides information on the nature of ultraviolet light, how it causes fluorescence, and mineral fluorescence as a hobby. Also included are discussions of major fluorescent minerals and mineral groups and techniques for collecting them.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

Author: Michael I Ojovan,William E. Lee

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080993931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 5315

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

A Field Guide to Radiation

Author: Wayne Biddle

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101581158

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5630

A comprehensive and accessible guide to understanding how radiation affects our everyday lives Nuclear energy, X-rays, radon, cell phones . . . radiation is part of the way we live on a daily basis, and yet the sources and repercussions of our exposure to it remain mysterious. Now Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist Wayne Biddle offers a first-of-its-kind guide to understanding this fundamental aspect of the universe. From fallout to radiation poisoning, alpha particles to cosmic rays, Biddle illuminates the history, meaning, and health implications of one hundred scientific terms in succinct, witty essays. A Field Guide to Radiation is an essential, engaging handbook that offers wisdom and common sense for today's increasingly nuclear world.

Introduction to the Physics of Rocks

Author: Yves Guéguen,Victor Palciauskas

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691034522

Category: Nature

Page: 294

View: 3462

Finding viable solutions to many of the problems threatening our environment hinges on understanding the rocks below the earth's surface. For those evaluating the relative hazards of radioactive waste sites, investigating energy resources such as oil, gas, and hydrothermal energy, studying the behavior of natural hazards like earthquakes and volcanoes, or charting the flow of groundwater through the earth, this book will be indispensable. Until now, there has been no book that treats the subject of the nature and behavior of rocks in a comprehensive yet accessible manner. Yves Gu�guen and Victor Palciauskas first discuss the physical properties of rocks, proceeding by chapter through mechanical, fluid flow, acoustical, electrical, dielectric, thermal, and magnetic properties. Then they provide the theoretical framework for achieving reliable data and making reasonable inferences about the aggregate system within the earth. Introduction to the Physics of Rocks covers the important and most current theoretical approaches to the physics of inhomogeneous media, including theoretical bounds on properties, various effective medium theories, percolation, and fractals. This book will be of use to students and researchers in civil, petroleum, and environmental engineering and to geologists, geophysicists, hydrologists, and other earth scientists interested in the physics of the earth. Its clear presentation, with problems at the end of each chapter and selective references, will make it ideal for advanced undergraduate-or graduate-level courses.

Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Claudio Tuniz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199692424

Category: Science

Page: 154

View: 1283

Radioactivity - the breakdown of unstable atomic nuclei, releasing radiation - is a fundamental process in nature, and used to provide important applications in science, medicine, and energy production. But it remains misunderstood and feared. In this Very Short Introduction, Claudio Tuniz explains the nature and mechanisms of radioactivity.

Nuclear and Radiochemistry

Author: Jozsef Konya,Noémi M. Nagy

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123914876

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 1543

The field of nuclear and radiochemistry is wide-reaching, with results having functions and use across a variety of disciplines. Drawing on 40 years of experience in teaching and research, this concise book explains the basic principles and applications of the primary areas of nuclear and radiochemistry. Separate chapters cover each main area of recent radiochemistry. This includes nuclear medicine and chemical aspects of nuclear power plants, namely the problems of nuclear wastes and nuclear analysis (both bulk and surface analysis), with the analytical methods based on the interactions of radiation with matter. Furthermore, special attention is paid to thermodynamics of radioisotope tracer methods, the very diluted system (carrier-free radioactive isotopes) and the principles of chemical processes with unsealed radioactive sources. This book will be helpful to students and researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering, environmental sciences, and specialists working in all fields of radiochemistry. Basic concepts are introduced and practical applications explained, providing a full view of the subject. Laboratory work with unsealed radiochemicals is discussed in details that can be applied in research and authority in the lab environment.

Introduction to Nuclear Techniques in Agronomy and Plant Biology

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: Peter B. Vose

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483147487

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 4862

Introduction to Nuclear Techniques in Agronomy and Plant Biology is a 15-chapter book that begins with an explanation of the nature of isotopes and radiation, nuclear reactions, and radioisotopes. Subsequent chapters describe the radioassay, use of stable isotopes as tracers, and activation analysis for biological samples. Other chapters discuss X-ray fluorescence spectrography for plants and soils; autoradiography; isotopes in soils studies; isotopic tracers in field experimentation; and nuclear techniques in plant science and soil water. The last chapter centers on the radiation and other induced mutations in plant breeding.

Mineralogy of Uranium and Thorium

Author: Robert Lauf

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780764351136

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 9302

For students of geology, this book offers a systematic overview of uranium and thorium minerals, which are known for their intense ultraviolet fluorescence and are critically important as our source of nuclear energy. Learn about the geochemical conditions that produce significant ore deposits and view more than 600 maps, structure diagrams, color photos, and electron micrographs. A web link allows readers to view the more than 130 crystal structures in three dimensions for a richer appreciation of their details. The minerals are arranged to emphasize how they fit into chemical groups, and a thorough description is provided for each mineral. Major occurrences of interest to mineral collectors are arrangedgeographically, with maps showing the important deposits inuranium-producing countries. With the resurgence of interest in nuclear power, this book will be invaluable to mineral collectors and exploration geologists as well as to nuclear scientists and engineers interested in radioactive deposits.

Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes

Author: Laurence Robb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687574

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 7027

Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes is the first senior undergraduate – postgraduate textbook to focus specifically on the multiplicity of geological processes that result in the formation of mineral deposits. Opens with an overview of magmatic ore-forming processes Moves systematically through hydrothermal and sedimentary metallogenic environments, covering as it does the entire gamut of mineral deposit types, including the fossil fuels and supergene ores The final chapter relates metallogeny to global tectonics by examining the distribution of mineral deposits in space and time Boxed examples of world famous ore deposits are featured throughout providing context and relevance to the process-oriented descriptions of ore genesis Brings the discipline of economic geology back into the realm of conventional mainstream earth science by emphasizing the fact that mineral deposits are simply one of the many natural wonders of geological process and evolution. Artwork from the book is available to instructors at www.blackwellpublishing.com/robb.

Gems and Gemstones

Timeless Natural Beauty of the Mineral World

Author: Lance Grande,Allison Augustyn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226305112

Category: Nature

Page: 369

View: 9671

"Gems and Gemstones" features nearly 300 color images of cut gems, precious and semiprecious stones, gem-quality mineral specimens, and fine jewelry to be unveiled in the new Grainger Hall of Gems at the Field Museum in Chicago.

Introduction to Crystal Chemistry

Student Edition

Author: Howard W. Jaffe

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521369855

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 3359

Suitable for undergraduate and graduate student in advanced mineralogy courses.

An Introduction to Fossils and Minerals

Seeking Clues to the Earth's Past

Author: Jon Erickson,Donald Robert Coates,Erickson, Helen Phoebe

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 143810961X

Category: Fossils

Page: 288

View: 2466

"An Introduction to Fossils and Minerals" introduces the fascinating science of geology and how it reveals the history of the Earth as told by its rocks. The revised edition features: - A systematic treatment of Earth history

Applied Geophysics

Author: W. M. Telford,L. P. Geldart,R. E. Sheriff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642928

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4758

This is the completely revised and updated version of the popular and highly regarded textbook, Applied Geophysics. It describes the physical methods involved in exploration for hydrocarbons and minerals, which include gravity, magnetic, seismic, electrical, electromagnetic, radioactivity, and well-logging methods. All aspects of these methods are described, including basic theory, field equipment, techniques of data acquisition, data processing and interpretation, with the objective of locating commercial deposits of minerals, oil, and gas and determining their extent. In the fourteen years or so since the first edition of Applied Geophysics, many changes have taken place in this field, mainly as the result of new techniques, better instrumentation, and increased use of computers in the field and in the interpretation of data. The authors describe these changes in considerable detail, including improved methods of solving the inverse problem, specialized seismic methods, magnetotellurics as a practical exploration method, time-domain electromagnetic methods, increased use of gamma-ray spectrometers, and improved well-logging methods and interpretation.