Introduction to Radioactive Minerals

Author: R. J. Lauf

Publisher: Schiffer Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780764329128

Category: Nature

Page: 144

View: 607

Collectors have long admired uranium and thorium minerals for their brilliant colors, intense ultraviolet fluorescence, and rich variety of habits and associates. Radioactive minerals are also critically important as our source of nuclear energy. Understanding them is crucial to the safe disposal of radioactive waste. This book provides a systematic overview of the mineralogy of uranium and thorium, generously illustrated with nearly 200 color photos and electron micrographs of representative specimens. Includes an historical discussion of the discovery of radioactive elements and the development of uranium and thorium ore deposits, a discussion of the geochemical conditions that produce significant deposits, and a description of important localities, their geological setting and history. Major occurrences of interest to mineral collectors are arranged geographically. The minerals are arranged systematically, to emphasize how they fit into chemical groups, and for each group a few minerals are selected to illustrate their formation and general characteristics. With the resurgence of interest in nuclear power, this book is an invaluable guide for mineral collectors as well as nuclear scientists and engineers interested in radioactive deposits.

Introduction to Crystal Chemistry

Student Edition

Author: Howard W. Jaffe

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521369855

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 8195

Suitable for undergraduate and graduate student in advanced mineralogy courses.

An Introduction to Fossils and Minerals

Seeking Clues to the Earth's Past

Author: Jon Erickson,Donald Robert Coates,Erickson, Helen Phoebe

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 143810961X

Category: Fossils

Page: 288

View: 692

"An Introduction to Fossils and Minerals" introduces the fascinating science of geology and how it reveals the history of the Earth as told by its rocks. The revised edition features: - A systematic treatment of Earth history

Introduction to Clay Minerals

Chemistry, origins, uses and environmental significance

Author: Velde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401123683

Category: Science

Page: 198

View: 4201

Introduction to Clay Minerals is designed to give a detailed, concise and clear introduction to clay mineralogy. Using the information presented here, one should be able to understand clays and their mineralogy, their uses and importance in modern life.

An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics

Author: John M. Reynolds

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 9780470975442

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 9980

An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics, 2nd Edition, describes the rapidly developing field of near-surface geophysics. The book covers a range of applications including mineral, hydrocarbon and groundwater exploration, and emphasises the use of geophysics in civil engineering and in environmental investigations. Following on from the international popularity of the first edition, this new, revised, and much expanded edition contains additional case histories, and descriptions of geophysical techniques not previously included in such textbooks. The level of mathematics and physics is deliberately kept to a minimum but is described qualitatively within the text. Relevant mathematical expressions are separated into boxes to supplement the text. The book is profusely illustrated with many figures, photographs and line drawings, many never previously published. Key source literature is provided in an extensive reference section; a list of web addresses for key organisations is also given in an appendix as a valuable additional resource. Covers new techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Sounding, Controlled- Source EM, shear-wave seismic refraction, and airborne gravity and EM techniques Now includes radioactivity surveying and more discussions of down-hole geophysical methods; hydrographic and Sub-Bottom Profiling surveying; and UneXploded Ordnance detection Expanded to include more forensic, archaeological, glaciological, agricultural and bio-geophysical applications Includes more information on physio-chemical properties of geological, engineering and environmental materials Takes a fully global approach Companion website with additional resources available at Accessible core textbook for undergraduates as well as an ideal reference for industry professionals The second edition is ideal for students wanting a broad introduction to the subject and is also designed for practising civil and geotechnical engineers, geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists who need an overview of modern geophysical methods relevant to their discipline. While the first edition was the first textbook to provide such a comprehensive coverage of environmental geophysics, the second edition is even more far ranging in terms of techniques, applications and case histories.

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences

Author: Andrew Putnis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429474

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 1554

The subject of mineralogy has moved away from the systematic treatment of mineral groups toward the study of the behavior of minerals in response to geological processes. It is vital that we understand the physics and chemistry of minerals as this response generally involves structural and chemical changes within individual minerals as well as reactions between minerals. This is the first text to provide an introduction to modern mineralogy for undergraduate students. The main, and often complex, concepts required to understand minerals and the processes that take place within them are presented in an easy to follow manner without any complex mathematical treatment. The book deals with solid-state transformations in minerals, which take place in response to changes in temperature and pressure, as well as introducing the basic crystallography, physics and chemistry needed to understand these processes. No knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics beyond high-school level is assumed.

Geologie für Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 4636

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction

Author: David Vaughan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191505323

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 2710

Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Radioaktive Umwandlungen

Author: Ernest Rutherford

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3845725990

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 5647

Der Atomphysiker Ernest Rutherford, der für seine Forschungen im Bereich der Radioaktivität 1908 mit dem Nobelpreis für Chemie ausgezeichnet wurde und als „Vater der Kernphysik“ gilt, erläutert im vorliegenden Band die Prozesse der Transformationen der radioaktiven Elemente. Auf Basis einer Vorlesungsreihe, die er 1905 an der Yale University hielt, führt Rutherford den Leser in seine Erkenntnisse ein. Sorgfältig nachbearbeiteter Nachdruck der deutschsprachigen Ausgabe aus dem Jahr 1907.

Introduction to the Numerical Modeling of Groundwater and Geothermal Systems

Fundamentals of Mass, Energy and Solute Transport in Poroelastic Rocks

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,Mario César Suárez A.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203848101

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 8910

This book provides an introduction to the scientific fundamentals of groundwater and geothermal systems. In a simple and didactic manner the different water and energy problems existing in deformable porous rocks are explained as well as the corresponding theories and the mathematical and numerical tools that lead to modeling and solving them. This approach provides the reader with a thorough understanding of the basic physical laws of thermoporoelastic rocks, the partial differential equations representing these laws and the principal numerical methods, which allow finding approximate solutions of the corresponding mathematical models. The book also presents the form in which specific useful models can be generated and solved. The text is introductory in the sense that it explains basic themes of the systems mentioned in three areas: engineering, physics and mathematics. All the laws and equations introduced in this book are formulated carefully based on fundamental physical principles. This way, the reader will understand the key importance of mathematics applied to all the subjects. Simple models are emphasized and solved with numerous examples. For more sophisticated and advanced models the numerical techniques are described and developed carefully. This book will serve as a synoptic compendium of the fundamentals of fluid, solute and heat transport, applicable to all types of subsurface systems, ranging from shallow aquifers down to deep geothermal reservoirs. The book will prove to be a useful textbook to senior undergraduate and graduate students, postgraduates, professional geologists and geophysicists, engineers, mathematicians and others working in the vital areas of groundwater and geothermal resources.

An Introduction to Thermogeology

Ground Source Heating and Cooling

Author: David Banks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118447506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 6868

This authoritative guide provides a basis for understanding theemerging technology of ground source heating and cooling. It equipsengineers, geologists, architects, planners and regulators with thefundamental skills needed to manipulate the ground's huge capacityto store, supply and receive heat, and to implement technologies(such as heat pumps) to exploit that capacity for space heating andcooling. The author has geared the book towards understanding groundsource heating and cooling from the ground side (the geologicalaspects), rather than solely the building aspects. Heexplains the science behind thermogeology and offers practicalguidance on different design options. An Introduction to Thermogeology: ground source heating andcooling is aimed primarily at professionals whose skill areasimpinge on the emerging technology of ground source heating andcooling. They will be aware of the importance of the technology andwish to rapidly acquire fundamental theoretical understanding anddesign skills. This second edition has been thoroughly updated and expanded tocover new technical developments and now includes end-of-chapterstudy questions to test the reader's understanding.

An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model

Author: Robert Mann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420083007

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 1631

An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics familiarizes readers with what is considered tested and accepted and in so doing, gives them a grounding in particle physics in general. Whenever possible, Dr. Mann takes an historical approach showing how the model is linked to the physics that most of us have learned in less challenging areas. Dr. Mann reviews special relativity and classical mechanics, symmetries, conservation laws, and particle classification; then working from the tested paradigm of the model itself, he: Describes the Standard Model in terms of its electromagnetic, strong, and weak components Explores the experimental tools and methods of particle physics Introduces Feynman diagrams, wave equations, and gauge invariance, building up to the theory of Quantum Electrodynamics Describes the theories of the Strong and Electroweak interactions Uncovers frontier areas and explores what might lie beyond our current concepts of the subatomic world Those who work through the material will develop a solid command of the basics of particle physics. The book does require a knowledge of special relativity, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetism, but most importantly it requires a hunger to understand at the most fundamental level: why things exist and how it is that anything happens. This book will prepare students and others for further study, but most importantly it will prepare them to open their minds to the mysteries that lie ahead. Ultimately, the Large Hadron Collider may prove the model correct, helping so many realize their greatest dreams ... or it might poke holes in the model, leaving us to wonder an even more exciting possibility: that the answers lie in possibilities so unique that we have not even dreamt of them.

A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport

An Integrated Approach with Chemistry, Modeling, Risk Assessment, and Environmental Legislation

Author: Frank M. Dunnivant,Elliot Anders

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471758124

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 6334

A uniquely accessible text on environmental modeling designedfor both students and industry personnel Pollutant fate and modeling are becoming increasingly importantin both regulatory and scientific areas. However,the complexity ofthe software and models often act as an inhibitor to theadvancement of water quality science. A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transportfills the need for a basic instructional tool for students andenvironmental professionals who lack the rigorous mathematicalbackground necessary to derive the governing fate and transportequations. Taking a refreshingly simple approach to the subjectthat requires only a basic knowledge of algebra and first-yearcollege chemistry, the book presents and integrates all of theaspects of fate and transport, including chemistry, modeling, riskassessment, and relevant environmental legislation; approachingeach topic first conceptually before introducing the math necessaryto model it. The first half of the book is dedicated to the chemistry andphysics behind the fate and transport models, while the second halfteaches and reinforces the logical concepts underlying fate andtransport modeling. This better prepares students for support jobsin the environmental arena surrounding chemical industry andSuperfund sites. Contributing to the book's ease of use are: An extremely user-friendly software program, Fate, which usesbasic models to predict the fate and transport of pollutants inlakes, rivers, groundwater, and atmospheric systems The use of "canned" models to evaluate the importance of modelparameters and sensitivity analysis A wealth of easy-to-understand examples and problems A chapter on environmental legislation in the United States andEurope A set of lab exercises, as well as a downloadable set ofteaching aids A much-needed basic text for contemporary hydrology orenvironmental chemistry courses and support courses fortheenvironmental industry, this is a valuable desk reference foreducators and industry professionals.

Earth Materials 2nd Edition

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108108008

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2916

This concise, accessible, market-leading textbook brings together the wide-ranging fundamentals students need to understand rocks and minerals, and shows them how they relate to the broader Earth, materials and environmental sciences. Designed specifically for one-semester courses, it is beautifully illustrated to explain the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology. This edition has been fully updated based on classroom experience, and new features include a completely new chapter providing an elementary introduction to thermodynamics, kinetics, radioactive decay and absolute dating; new mineral descriptions and many new stunning color photographs; and a new section on hydraulic fracturing and discussion of some of its most serious potential environmental consequences. The book uses stunning photos of mineral specimens and rock thin sections to help students build a core understanding. It also creates a highly effective learning experience through close integration of clear illustrations with engaging text, and helps students to easily visualize crystal structures through the CrystalViewer's 3D software, available online.