Author: Rāḥēl Ḥak̲lîlî
This publication outlines the material preserved in the ancient Jewish cemeteries in the Land of Israel and provides a comprehensive and instructive study of Jewish funerary customs, practices, and rituals relating to death, burial and mourning, as well as addressing the meaning of Jewish funerary art and tradition.
Author: Vasile Babota
In The Institution of the Hasmonean High Priesthood, Vasile Babota offers an interdisciplinary study of the historical process (167–140 B.C.E.), which led to the establishment of the Hasmonean rebellious priests as high priests of the Hellenistic Judea.
Studies in Archaeology and Bioarchaeology
Author: J. Rasmus Brandt,Erika Hagelberg,Gro Bjørnstad,Sven Ahrens
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
Life and Death in Asia Minor combines contributions in both archaeology and bioarchaeology in Asia Minor in the period ca. 200 BC – AD 1300 for the first time. The archaeology topics are wide-ranging including death and territory, death and landscape perception, death and urban transformations from pagan to Christian topography, changing tomb typologies, funerary costs, family organization, funerary rights, rituals and practices among pagans, Jews, and Christians, inhumation and Early Byzantine cremations and use and reuse of tombs. The bioarchaeology chapters use DNA, isotope and osteological analyses to discuss, both among children and adults, questions such as demography and death rates, pathology and nutrition, body actions, genetics, osteobiography, and mobility patterns and diet. The areas covered in Asia Minor include the sites of Hierapolis, Laodikeia, Aphrodisias, Tlos, Ephesos, Priene, Kyme, Pergamon, Amorion, Gordion, Boğazkale, and Arslantepe. The theoretical and methodological approaches used make it highly relevant for people working in other geographical areas and time periods. Many of the articles could be used as case studies in teaching at schools and universities. An important objective of the publication has been to see how the different types of results emerging from archaeological and natural science studies respectively could be integrated with each other and pose new questions on ancient societies, which were far more complex than historical and social studies of the past often manage to transmit.
Author: Eliezer Segal
Publisher: JBE Online Books
Imagined Rituals of Sex, Death, and Madness in a Biblical Forgery
Author: Peter Jeffery
Publisher: Yale University Press
In 1958, Bible scholar Morton Smith announced the discovery of a sensational manuscript-a second-century letter written by St. Clement of Alexandria, who quotes an unknown, longer version of the Gospel of Mark. When Smith published the letter in 1973, he set off a firestorm of controversy that has raged ever since. Is the text authentic, or a hoax? Is Smith’s interpretation correct? Did Jesus really practice magic, or homosexuality? And if the letter is a forgery . . . why? Through close examination of the "discovered” manuscript’s text, Peter Jeffery unravels the answers to the mystery and tells the tragic tale of an estranged Episcopalian priest who forged an ancient gospel and fooled many of the best biblical scholars of his time. Jeffery shows convincingly that Smith’s Secret Gospel is steeped in anachronisms and that its construction was influenced by Oscar Wilde’s Salomé, twentieth-century misunderstandings of early Christian liturgy, and Smith’s personal struggles with Christian sexual morality.
Author: Hanna K. Tervanotko
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Hanna Tervanotko first analyzes the treatment and development of Miriam as a literary character in ancient Jewish texts, taking into account all the references to this figure preserved in ancient Jewish literature from the exilic period to the early second century C.E.: Exodus 15:20-21; Deuteronomy 24:8-9; Numbers 12:1-15; 20:1; 26:59; 1 Chronicles 5:29; Micah 6:4, the Septuagint, the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q365 6 II, 1-7; 4Q377 2 I, 9; 4Q543 1 I, 6 = 4Q545 1 I, 5; 4Q546 12, 4; 4Q547 4 I, 10; 4Q549 2, 8), Jubilees 47:4; Ezekiel the Tragedian 18; Demetrius Chronographer frag. 3; texts by Philo of Alexandria: De vita contemplativa 87; Legum allegoriae 1.76; 2.66-67; 3.103; De agricultura 80-81; Liber antiquitatum biblicarum 9:10; 20:8, and finally texts by Josephus: Antiquitates judaicae 2.221; 3.54; 3.105; 4.78. These texts demonstrate that the picture of Miriam preserved in the ancient Jewish texts is richer than the Hebrew Bible suggests. The results provide a contradictory image of Miriam. On the one hand she becomes a tool of Levitical politics, whereas on the other she continues to enjoy a freer role. People continued to interpret earlier literary traditions in light of new situations, and interpretations varied in different contexts. Second, in light of poststructuralist literary studies that treat texts as reflections of specific social situations, Tervanotko argues that the treatment of Miriam in ancient Jewish literature reflects mostly a reality in which women had little space as active agents. Despite the general tendency to allow women only little room, the references to Miriam suggest that at least some prominent women may have enjoyed occasional freedom.
Category: Dead Sea scrolls
Author: Gideon Avni,Uzi Dahari,Amos Kloner
Category: Bet Guvrin (Israel)
Author: Jörg Rüpke,John Scheid
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
English summary: Funeral rituals, but also the ongoing cult of the dead, present socially highly relevant communication situations. These contributions of a colloquium at the College de France and of the focused program Imperial and Provincial Religion study whether practices of social differentiation, media, or religious innovation can be detected during the Roman Empire. These practices have been detected in other social sectors and are classified as Romanized or as a "training of provincial culture." German text. German description: Rituale bei der Bestattung, aber auch fortdauernder Totenkult stellen gesellschaftlich hochrelevante Kommunikationssituationen dar. Diese Beitrage eines Kolloquiums des College de France und des Schwerpunktprogramms aReichs- und Provinzialreligion untersuchen fuer die romische Kaiserzeit, ob sich hier Praktiken sozialer Differenzierung, medialer oder religioser Innovation aufspueren lassen - wie sie fuer andere gesellschaftliche Bereiche als aRomanisierung oder aAusbildung von Provinzialkulturen in der Forschung diskutiert werden.
The Rewriting of Genesis 11:26-25:10 in the Book of Jubilees 11:14-23:8
Author: J.T.A.G.M. van Ruiten,J. van (Jacques) Ruiten
In Abraham in the Book of Jubilees Jacques van Ruiten offers a systematic analysis of one of the most important and extensive Second Temple Jewish treatments of the figure of Abraham (Jub. 11:14-23:8).
Author: Clifford Geertz
Publisher: Basic Books
Category: Social Science
In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.
Author: Deutscher Verein zur Erforschung Palästinas
Author: American Muslim Mission. Historical Research Dept
Author: Shmuel Feiner
Publisher: Yale University Press
Jews and Judaism from an Embodied Perspective
Author: Howard Eilberg-Schwartz
Publisher: SUNY Press
By shifting attention from the image of Jews as a textual community to the ways Jews understand and manage their bodies — for example, to their concerns with reproduction and sexuality, menstruation and childbirth— this volume contributes to a revisioning of what Jews and Judaism are and have been. The project of re-membering the Jewish body has both historical and constructive motivations. As a constructive project, this book describes, renews, and participates in the complex and ongoing modern discussion about the nature of Jewish bodies and the place of bodies in Judaism.