Studies of Labor Market Intermediation

Author: David H. Autor

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226032906

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 1948

From the traditional craft hiring hall to the Web site Monster.com, a multitude of institutions exist to facilitate the matching of workers with firms. The diversity of such Labor Market Intermediaries (LMIs) encompasses criminal records providers, public employment offices, labor unions, temporary help agencies, and centralized medical residency matches. Studies of Labor Market Intermediation analyzes how these third-party actors intercede where workers and firms meet, thereby aiding, impeding, and, in some cases, exploiting the matching process. By building a conceptual foundation for analyzing the roles that these understudied economic actors serve in the labor market, this volume develops both a qualitative and quantitative sense of their significance to market operation and worker welfare. Cross-national in scope, Studies of Labor Market Intermediation is distinctive in coalescing research on a set of market institutions that are typically treated as isolated entities, thus setting a research agenda for analyzing the changing shape of employment in an era of rapid globalization and technological change.

American Universities in a Global Market

Author: Charles T. Clotfelter

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226110451

Category: Education

Page: 512

View: 2379

In higher education, the United States is the preeminent global leader, dominating the list of the world’s top research universities. But there are signs that America’s position of global leadership will face challenges in the future, as it has in other realms of international competition. American Universities in a Global Market addresses the variety of issues crucial to understanding this preeminence and this challenge. The book examines the various factors that contributed to America’s success in higher education, including openness to people and ideas, generous governmental support, and a tradition of decentralized friendly competition. It also explores the advantages of holding a dominant position in this marketplace and examines the current state of American higher education in a comparative context, placing particular emphasis on how market forces affect universities. By discussing the differences in quality among students and institutions around the world, this volume sheds light on the singular aspects of American higher education.

The Emerging Markets and Higher Education

Development and Sustainability

Author: Matthew S. McMullen,James E. Mauch,Bob Donnorummo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135578354

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 5485

Using an interdisciplinary approach, this book analyzes the relationship between higher education, the economy and government in the development of a democratic and market economy society in emerging market countries. (Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, China, Hong Kong, Korea, Mexico, Chile and Brazil).

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 3112

Microeconomics in Context

Author: Neva Goodwin,Jonathan M. Harris,Julie A. Nelson,Pratistha Joshi Rajkarnikar,Brian Roach,Mariano Torras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429853092

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 614

View: 3861

Microeconomics in Context lays out the principles of microeconomics in a manner that is thorough, up to date, and relevant to students. Like its counterpart, Macroeconomics in Context, the book is uniquely attuned to economic, social, and environmental realities. The "In Context" books offer affordability, accessible presentation, and engaging coverage of current policy issues from economic inequality and global climate change to taxes and globalization. Key features include: Clear explanations of basic concepts and analytical tools, with advanced models presented in optional chapter appendices; Presentation of policy issues in historical, environmental, institutional, social, political, and ethical contexts—an approach that fosters critical evaluation of the standard microeconomic models, such as welfare analysis, labor markets, and market competition; A powerful graphical presentation of various measures of well-being in the United States and other countries, including income inequality, taxes, educational attainment, and environmental quality; Broad definitions of well-being using both traditional economic metrics and factors such as environmental quality, health, equity, and political inclusion; Significantly revised chapters on globalization and trade, economic and social inequality, labor markets, and public goods; Expanded coverage of high-interest topics such as behavioral economics, labor markets, and economic discrimination; Full complement of instructor and student support materials online. This new edition also features more international data and analysis, and further material on the importance of economic power in shaping policy. The latest addition to the "In Context" series combines real-world relevance with a thorough grounding in multiple economic paradigms.

Encyclopedia of Health Economics

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123756790

Category: Medical

Page: 1664

View: 6945

The Encyclopedia of Health Economics offers students, researchers and policymakers objective and detailed empirical analysis and clear reviews of current theories and polices. It helps practitioners such as health care managers and planners by providing accessible overviews into the broad field of health economics, including the economics of designing health service finance and delivery and the economics of public and population health. This encyclopedia provides an organized overview of this diverse field, providing one trusted source for up-to-date research and analysis of this highly charged and fast-moving subject area. Features research-driven articles that are objective, better-crafted, and more detailed than is currently available in journals and handbooks Combines insights and scholarship across the breadth of health economics, where theory and empirical work increasingly come from non-economists Provides overviews of key policies, theories and programs in easy-to-understand language

The Role and Impact of Public-private Partnerships in Education

Author: Harry Anthony Patrinos,Felipe Barrera Osorio,Juliana Guáqueta

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821379038

Category: Education

Page: 97

View: 1410

The book offers an overview of international examples, studies, and guidelines on how to create successful partnerships in education. PPPs can facilitate service delivery and lead to additional financing for the education sector as well as expanding equitable access and improving learning outcomes.

Directory of Members

Author: American Economic Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Societies

Page: N.A

View: 5686

Landlessness

A Growing Problem

Author: Radha Sinha

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251013724

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 112

View: 1701

Major characteristics and causes of landlessness. Economic and social condition of the landless and other groups. Measures to tackle the problem of landlessness. Research priorities and action programmes.

Expanding Tertiary Education for Well-Paid Jobs

Competitiveness and Shared Prosperity in Kenya

Author: Andreas Blom,Reehana Raza,Crispus Kiamba,Himdat Bayusuf,Mariam Adil

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 146480849X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 92

View: 3451

Expanding Tertiary education with quality, relevance and equity is one of the most decisive challenges for Kenya’s future, including the achievement of the ideals of the 2010 Constitution and, especially, its 2030 vision, which aims at transforming Kenya into a “newly industrializing, middle income, globally competitive and prosperous country†?. That is because tertiary education can contribute in a critical manner to successfully overcome several of the country’s challenges. This book provide analysis and policy recommendations to Government of Kenya, tertiary education leaders and the many stakeholders on managing the massive tertiary education expansion facing the country. This book, first, discusses the motivation for the analysis and its choice of three critical topics: quality and relevance; governance, and student financing. Secondly, it reviews findings on each area, and, third, it ends with a set of policy recommendations.

Sri Lanka Education Sector Assessment

Achievements, Challenges, and Policy Options

Author: Halil Dundar,Benoit Millot,Michelle Riboud,Mari Shojo,Sangeeta Goyal,Dhushyanth Raju

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464810532

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 9493

A country’s education system plays a pivotal role in promoting economic growth and shared prosperity. Sri Lanka has enjoyed high school-attainment and enrollment rates for several decades. However, it still faces major challenges in the education sector, and these challenges undermine the country’s inclusivegrowth goal and its ambition to become a competitive upper-middle-income country. The authors of Sri Lanka Education Sector Assessment: Achievements, Challenges, and Policy Options offer a thorough review of Sri Lanka’s education sector—from early childhood education through higher education. With this book, they attempt to answer three questions: • How is Sri Lanka’s education system performing, especially with respect to participation rates, learning outcomes, and labor market outcomes? • How can the country address the challenges at each stage of the education process, taking into account both country and international experience and also best practices? • Which policy actions should Sri Lanka make a priority for the short and medium term? The authors identify the most critical constraints on performance and present strategic priorities and policy options to address them. To attain inclusive growth and become globally competitive, Sri Lanka needs to embark on integrated reforms across all levels of education. These reforms must address both short-term skill shortages and long-term productivity. As Sri Lanka moves up the development ladder, the priorities of primary, secondary, and postsecondary education must be aligned to meet the increasingly complex education and skill requirements.

The Third Industrial Revolution

How Lateral Power Is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 023034058X

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3938

The Industrial Revolution, powered by oil and other fossil fuels, is spiraling into a dangerous endgame. The price of gas and food are climbing, unemployment remains high, the housing market has tanked, consumer and government debt is soaring, and the recovery is slowing. Facing the prospect of a second collapse of the global economy, humanity is desperate for a sustainable economic game plan to take us into the future. Here, Jeremy Rifkin explores how Internet technology and renewable energy are merging to create a powerful "Third Industrial Revolution." He asks us to imagine hundreds of millions of people producing their own green energy in their homes, offices, and factories, and sharing it with each other in an "energy internet," just like we now create and share information online. Rifkin describes how the five-pillars of the Third Industrial Revolution will create thousands of businesses, millions of jobs, and usher in a fundamental reordering of human relationships, from hierarchical to lateral power, that will impact the way we conduct commerce, govern society, educate our children, and engage in civic life. Rifkin's vision is already gaining traction in the international community. The European Union Parliament has issued a formal declaration calling for its implementation, and other nations in Asia, Africa, and the Americas, are quickly preparing their own initiatives for transitioning into the new economic paradigm. The Third Industrial Revolution is an insider's account of the next great economic era, including a look into the personalities and players — heads of state, global CEOs, social entrepreneurs, and NGOs — who are pioneering its implementation around the world.

Ten Steps to a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System

A Handbook for Development Practitioners

Author: Jody Zall Kusek,Ray C. Rist

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821389076

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 2943

This Handbook provides a comprehensive ten-step model that will help guide development practitioners through the process of designing and building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system.

The Labor Market for Health Workers in Africa

A New Look at the Crisis

Author: Agnes Soucat,Richard Scheffler,Tedros Ghebreyesus

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395580

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 4503

Sub-Saharan Africa has only 12 percent of the global population, yet this region accounts for 50 percent of child deaths, more than 60 percent of maternal deaths, 85 percent of malaria cases, and close to 67 percent of people living with HIV. Sub-Saharan Africa, however, has the lowest number of health workers in the world-significantly fewer than in South Asia, which is at a comparable level of economic development. The Labor Market for Health Workers in Africa uses the analytical tools of labor markets to examine the human resource crisis in health from an economic perspective. Africa's labor markets are complex, with resources coming from governments, donors, the private sector, and households. Low numbers of health workers and poor understanding of labor market dynamics are major impediments to improving health service delivery. Yet some countries in the region have developed innovative solutions with new approaches to creating a robust health workforce that can respond to the continent's health challenges. As Africa grows economically, the invaluable lessons in this book can help build tomorrow's African health systems.