Jordan's Point, Virginia

Archaeology in Perspective, Prehistoric to Modern Times

Author: Martha W. McCartney

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780615455402

Category: History

Page: 134

View: 1917

Jordan’s Point, a nearly triangular promontory in the James River, is situated in Prince George County, just east of the confluence of the James and Appomattox Rivers. A broad terrace overlooking the James, Jordan’s Point is bounded by small streams, tidal marshes, and protective uplands that rise to a height of 100 feet or more. In 1607, when the first European colonists saw Jordan’s Point, it was graced by the homes and cleared fields of natives they would call the Weyanoke. Virginia colonist Samuel Jordan established a community called Jordan’s Journey around 1621, giving his name to what became known as Jordan’s Point. In time, the settlement became a hub of social and political life. By 1660, Jordan’s Point had come into the possession of the Blands, one of England’s most important mercantile families. They leased their property to one or more of their agents, usually merchants and mariners involved in inter-colonial trade. Richard Bland I and his descendants developed Jordan’s Point into a family seat and working plantation they retained until after the Civil War. At Jordan’s Point enslaved men, women, and children toiled in the fields, enabling the Blands to prosper. Richard Bland IV went on to become a distinguished American patriot, and one of his sons became a physician. Featuring more than one hundred photos and illustrations, most in color, and intended for a general reader, Jordan’s Point, Virginia: Archaeology in Perspective, Prehistoric to Modern Times tells the story of Jordan’s Point, which spans thousands of years, through the cultural features that archaeologists have unearthed there. This is a book that will attract readers interested in Native American studies, Virginia and colonial history, and archaeology. Distributed for the Virginia Department of Historic Resources

The Colonial Caribbean

Landscapes of Power in Jamaica's Plantation System

Author: James A. Delle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139952110

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 8243

The Colonial Caribbean is an archaeological analysis of the Jamaican plantation system at the turn of the nineteenth century. Focused specifically on coffee plantation landscapes and framed by Marxist theory, the analysis considers plantation landscapes using a multiscalar approach to landscape archaeology. James A. Delle considers spatial phenomena ranging from the diachronic settlement pattern of the island as a whole to the organization of individual house and yard areas located within the villages of enslaved workers. Delle argues that a Marxist approach to landscape archaeology provides a powerful theoretical framework to understand how the built environment played a direct role in the negotiation of social relations in the colonial Caribbean.

Flowerdew Hundred

The Archaeology of a Virginia Plantation, 1619-1864

Author: James Deetz

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813916392

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 8942

Deetz’s Flowerdew Hundred is a synopsis of the result of twenty-five years of archaeological investigations at Flowerdew Hundred, a former plantation on the south side of the James River in Prince George County, Virginia. Throughout the work, Deetz conveys the importance of combining historiography and archaeology to a reach a better understanding of the past. This multidirectional approach is displayed as Deetz examines smoking-pipe stems, Colono-ware pottery, and post-in-ground buildings at Flowerdew. Through examining regional history of the Chesapeake, comparing the Flowerdew archaeological record with that along the eastern seaboard (particularly in regards to icehouses and pits), and looking at the architecture of Salem, South Africa, Deetz is able to construct a contextual history of Flowerdew in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. For archaeologists, amateurs, and the general public, the book simplistically relays the intertwining of history, archaeology and folk studies and, of course, reveals a glimpse into life on a Virginia plantation.

The Jamestown Brides

The untold story of England's 'maids for Virginia'

Author: Jennifer Potter

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 1782399151

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7203

In 1621, fifty-six English women crossed the Atlantic in response to the Virginia Company of London's call for maids 'young and uncorrupt' to make wives for the planters of its new colony in Virginia. The English had settled there just fourteen years previously and the company hoped to root its unruly menfolk to the land with ties of family and children. While the women travelled of their own accord, the company was in effect selling them at a profit for a bride price of 150 lbs of tobacco for each woman sold. The rewards would flow to investors in the near-bankrupt company. But what did the women want from the enterprise? Why did they agree to make the dangerous crossing to a wild and dangerous land, where six out of seven European settlers died within their first few years - from dysentery, typhoid, salt water poisoning and periodic skirmishes with the native population? And what happened to them in the end? Delving into company records and original sources on both sides of the Atlantic, Jennifer Potter tracks the women's footsteps from their homes in England to their new lives in Virginia. Giving voice to these forgotten women of America's early history, she triumphantly invites the reader to journey alongside the brides as they travel into a perilous and uncertain future.

PaleoAmerican Archaeology in Virginia

Author: Wm Jack Hranicky

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1627341102

Category:

Page: 256

View: 788

This book is a full-color study of over 500 pre-Clovis stone artifacts of Virginia. With the 22K-year date of the Cinmar bipoint in Virginia, there is ample evidence of artifact classes that are older than Clovis. Over 50 tool types are illustrated and discussed. Artifact single-site collections are documented. The book argues the differences between Holocene biface technology with the blade and core technology of the Pleistocene era. The requirements for identifying Pleistocene artifacts is presented, such as platforms, remaining cortex, and invasive retouch. They are presented in a tool model. Major stones, namely jasper, are discussed as a lithic determinism. The east coast distribution is presented for various tool types. Additionally, as a major focus, cross-Atlantic flake/blade identical tools from Europe are illustrated with Middle Atlantic artifacts. Artifact ergonomics, such as right-left handed tools, hypothetical tool center, are argued. Structural and functional axis are shown and described on how to identify them on tools. Overall, this book presents an initiating view of the archaeology needed to study Pleistocene era artifacts on the American east coast.

These Jordans Were Here

Author: Octavia Jordan Perry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 351

View: 4947

Thomas Jordan served with the Hillsborough, North Carolina Militia, during the Revolutionary War. He married Prudence Harguis (Hargis), daughter of Samuel and Ester Whiteside Hargis, at Hillsborough, North Carolina, in 1783. They had at least three sons. He died ca. 1816. His grandson, Samuel Hargis Jordan (1824-1891) married Martha Ann Nichols in 1845. They had five children who reached adulthood. Descendants listed lived in North Carolina and elsewhere.

Martin's Hundred

Author: Ivor Noël Hume

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813913230

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 1637

The author describes his archeological excavation of a seventeenth-century English settlement in Virginia and his discovery of evidence of the early colonial way of life.

Lithic Technology in the Middle Potomac River Valley of Maryland and Virginia

Author: Wm. Jack Hranicky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461506158

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 9700

The archaeological focus on a single geographical area offers an opportunity to present projectile point typology as a microtechnology even though some of the types have widespread distributions. The area of the Middle Potomac River Valley presents a physical artefact collection for a view of prehistory. This volume, which includes several hundred images of the investigation, artefacts and archaeological research compiled and recorded from over 30 years of work in the area, includes: -an overview of the Middle Potomac River Valley archaeology including the peoples and sites; -new data and interpretations for the lithic technology of the area; and -classification and typology of artefacts including the usage of projectile point, axe, celt, drill, and knife implements. This work will be of great interest to prehistory archaeologists, especially those working in the Middle Atlantic region of the United States.

Powhatan Indian Place Names in Tidewater Virginia

Author: Martha W. McCartney,Helen C. Rountree

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780806320625

Category: History

Page: 148

View: 4693

Gives variations of historic Indian place names under their most common spelling or modern equivalent. The information was drawn from land patents, government records, public and private archives, and collections of historical maps, enabling researchers to see how Indian place names changed over time and how they correspond to the modern landscape.

Virginia Indians at Werowocomoco

A National Park Handbook, Lara Lutz, Martin D. Gallivan, E. Randolph Turner III, David A. Brown, Thane Harpole, Danielle Moretti-Langholtz

Author: Lara L. Lutz,Virginia,Thane Harpole

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780692422199

Category: History

Page: 136

View: 5576

An established Native American settlement as early as 1200 CE, Werowocomoco—located in Gloucester County, Virginia, along the York River—was a secular and sacred seat of power of the present-day Virginia’s Algonquian people, whom the English would call the "Powhatan." The site was rediscovered in 2003. Only about 1 percent of the 50-acre site has been investigated; however, based on archaeological research conducted so far, it appears to be an unprecedented archaeological find for the eastern coastal region of the nation, and its significance to Virginia Indians today and our shared history is without parallel. Generously illustrated and informed by recent scholarship, this latest addition to the National Park Service Handbook series is an engaging and concise history of the site, its rediscovery, and what recent archaeology tells us about Werowocomoco. Distributed for the National Park Service in association with the Virginia Department of Historic Resources

Theory in Archaeology

A World Perspective

Author: Peter J. Ucko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134843461

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 2526

Theory in Archaeology tackles important questions about the diversity in archaeological theory and practice which face the discipline in the 1990s. What is the relationship between theory and practice? How does `World' archaeological theory differ from `European'? Can one be a good practitioner without theory? This unique book brings together contributors from many different countries and continents to provide the first truly global perspective on archaeological theory. They examine the nature of material culture studies and look at problems of ethnicity, regionalism, and nationality. They consider, too, another fundamental of archaeological inquiry: can our research be objective, or must `the past' always be a relativistic construction? Theory in Archaeology is an important book whose authors bring together very different perceptions of the past. Its wide scope and interest will attract an international readership among students and academics alike.

In Pursuit of Ancient Pasts

A History of Classical Archaeology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Author: Stephen L. Dyson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300134971

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4769

divThe stories behind the acquisition of ancient antiquities are often as important as those that tell of their creation. This fascinating book provides a comprehensive account of the history and development of classical archaeology, explaining how and why artifacts have moved from foreign soil to collections around the world. As archaeologist Stephen Dyson shows, Greek and Roman archaeological study was closely intertwined with ideas about class and social structure; the rise of nationalism and later political ideologies such as fascism; and the physical and cultural development of most of the important art museums in Europe and the United States, whose prestige depended on their creation of collections of classical art. Accompanied by a discussion of the history of each of the major national traditions and their significant figures, this lively book shows how classical archaeology has influenced attitudes about areas as wide-ranging as tourism, nationalism, the role of the museum, and historicism in nineteenth- and twentieth-century art./DIV

Jerusalem

An Archaeological Biography

Author: Hershel Shanks

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9243

A lavishly illustrated volume traces three thousand years of Jerusalem history from an archaeological perspective, describing the events that surrounded such objects as the bones of a crucified man and Babylonian arrows. 25,000 first printing.

Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers, 1607-1635

A Biographical Dictionary

Author: Martha W. McCartney

Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com

ISBN: 9780806317748

Category: History

Page: 833

View: 6428

Uses primary and secondary sources to present biographies of the residents of pre-revolutionary Virginia in the first half of the seventeenth century, along with historical background on plantations and early settlements.

The Gospel According to Mark

Author: Nick Cave

Publisher: Canongate Books

ISBN: 0857860976

Category: Bibles

Page: 64

View: 6699

The earliest of the four Gospels, the book portrays Jesus as an enigmatic figure, struggling with enemies, his inner and external demons, and with his devoted but disconcerted disciples. Unlike other gospels, his parables are obscure, to be explained secretly to his followers. With an introduction by Nick Cave

Making Archaeology Happen

Design versus Dogma

Author: Martin Oswald Hugh Carver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315425033

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 4944

‘Archaeology is for people’ is the theme of this book. Split between the academic and commercial sectors, archaeological investigation is also deeply embedded in the needs of local communities, making it simultaneously an art, science and social science. Such a multi-disciplinary discipline needs special methods and creative freedom, not repetitive responses. Carver argues that commercial procedures and academic theory are both suffocating creativity in fieldwork. He’d like to see us bring much more diversity and technical ingenuity to every opportunity, and maintains this is more a matter of getting ourselves free of dogma than needing more time and money. This has many implications for the way archaeology is designed and procured – moving archaeologists up the professional ladder from builder to architect, with contracts based on quality of design, not the price.

John Smith's Chesapeake Voyages, 1607-1609

Author: Helen C. Rountree,Wayne E. Clark,Kent Mountford

Publisher: Univ of Virginia Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 402

View: 8992

Captain John Smith's voyages throughout the new world did not end--or, for that matter, begin--with the trip on which he was captured and brought to the great chief Powhatan. Partly in an effort to map the region, Smith covered countless leagues of the Chesapeake Bay and its many tributary rivers, and documented his experiences. In this ambitious and extensively illustrated book, scholars from multiple disciplines take the reader on Smith's exploratory voyages and reconstruct the Chesapeake environment and its people as Smith encountered them. Beginning with a description of the land and waterways as they were then, the book also provides a portrait of the native peoples who lived and worked on them--as well as the motives, and the means, the recently arrived English had at their disposal for learning about a world only they thought of as "new." Readers are then taken along on John Smith's two expeditions to map the bay, an account drawn largely from Smith's own journals and told by the coauthor, an avid sailor, with a complete reconstruction of the winds, tides, and local currents Smith would have faced. The authors then examine the region in more detail: the major river valleys, the various parts of the Eastern Shore, and the head of the Bay. Each area is mapped and described, with added sections on how the Native Americans used the specific natural resources available, how English settlements spread, and what has happened to the native people since the English arrived. The book concludes with a discussion on the changes in the region's waters and its plant and animal life since John Smith's time--some of which reflect the natural shifts over time in this dynamic ecosystem, others the result of the increased human population and the demands that come with it. Published by the University of Virginia Press in association with Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network, and the U.S. National Park Service, Virginia Department of Historic Resources, and Maryland Historical Trust.

Jamestown

An American Legacy

Author: Martha W. McCartney

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781888213775

Category: Jamestown (Va.)

Page: 145

View: 4797

Places in Mind

Public Archaeology as Applied Anthropology

Author: Paul A. Shackel,Erve Chambers

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041594645X

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 9173

This edited volume provides a cross-section of the cutting-edge ways in which archaeologists are developing new approaches to their work with communities and other stakeholder groups who have special interest in the uses in the past.