Berlin, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam
Author: Lawrence Freedman
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Focusing on the Cold War mindset of JFK, this unique portrait of his presidency introduces readers to the wars he inherited and started all over the world.
45 historische Porträts von George Washington bis Donald Trump
Author: Christof Mauch
Category: Political Science
Von George Washington bis Donald Trump bietet dieser Band eine kleine Geschichte der USA im Spiegel ihrer Präsidenten. Die Autorinnen und Autoren schildern in biographischen Porträts Leben und Amtszeit der 45 Präsidenten, skizzieren die wichtigsten Entwicklungen, Ereignisse und Entscheidungen und betrachten abschließend Leistungen und Versäumnisse der jeweiligen Präsidentschaft. So ist zugleich ein Panorama der US-amerikanischen Geschichte von der Unabhängigkeit am Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts bis zur globalen Supermacht unserer Tage entstanden.
Ein furchtbarer Irrtum
Author: Rolf Steininger
Der Vietnamkrieg - humane Katastrophe, politisches Desaster und lange nachhallendes Kapitel des Kalten Krieges. Kompakt und anschaulich analysiert vom bekannten Zeithistoriker Rolf Steininger. Robert McNamara, Verteidigungsminister unter den US-Präsidenten John F. Kennedy und Lyndon B. Johnson, nannte den Vietnamkrieg in seinen Erinnerungen 1995 einen "furchtbaren Irrtum". Das war er wohl - und das mit katastrophalen Konsequenzen: Für die USA bedeutete er über 58.000 tote Soldaten, für Südvietnam eine Million tote Soldaten und zwei Millionen tote Zivilisten, für Nordvietnam mindestens genauso viele. Bis heute leidet die vietnamesische Bevölkerung an den Folgen der Bombenabwürfe und des Einsatzes von hochgiftigem Agent Orange. Der Vietnamkrieg gilt als Albtraum der Amerikaner, der die Nation so spaltete wie nichts mehr seit dem Bürgerkrieg 100 Jahre zuvor und der bis heute nachwirkt. Wie konnte es dazu kommen? Welcher Weg führte aus dem Kriegsinferno? Welche Spuren hinterließ der Vietnamkrieg in der US-amerikanischen Gesellschaft? Der bekannte Zeithistoriker Rolf Steininger beschreibt und analysiert die Geschichte dieses Krieges - kompakt, anschaulich und kritisch.
A New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War II
Author: Andrew J. Bacevich
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.
The Essential Reference Guide
Author: Jim Willbanks
The Vietnam War was one of America's longest, bloodiest, and most controversial wars. This volume examines the complexities of this protracted conflict and explains why the lessons learned in Vietnam are still highly relevant today. • More than 45 contributors, including Robert K. Brigham, Cecil B. Currey, Arnold R. Isaacs, Lewis Sorley, Spencer C. Tucker, and David T. Zabecki • Introductory essays provide a broad overview of the Vietnam War and help readers understand the causes and consequences of the conflict • Maps depicting South Vietnam, infiltration routes, and key battles
die westliche Allianz in der Zerreissprobe 1961-1963
Author: Christof Münger
Category: Berlin Wall, Berlin, Germany, 1961-1989
Insurgency, Subversion and Public Order
Author: William Rosenau
This new study of American support to the regime of Ngo Dinh Diem in South Vietnam illuminates many contemporary events and foreign policies. During the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, the United States used foreign police and paramilitary assistance to combat the spread of communist revolution in the developing world. This became the single largest internal security programme during the neglected 1955-1963 period. Yet despite presidential attention and a sustained campaign to transform Diem’s police and paramilitary forces into modern, professional services, the United States failed to achieve its objectives. Given the scale of its efforts, and the Diem regime’s importance to the US leadership, this text identifies the three key factors that contributed to the failure of American policy. First, the competing conceptions of Diem’s civilian and military advisers. Second, the reforms advanced by US police training personnel were also at odds with the political agenda of the South Vietnamese leader. Finally, the flawed beliefs among US police advisers based on the universality of American democracy. This study also shows how notions borrowed from academic social science of the time became the basis for building Diem’s internal security forces. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of intelligence studies, Cold War studies, security studies, US foreign policy and the Vietnam War in general.
A History of Official Deception and Its Consequences
Author: Eric Alterman
Category: Political Science
“I’ve never read a better explanation of why presidents lie.”—John W. Dean, former counsel to President Nixon, The Washington Monthly By the end of the twentieth century, after decades of demoralizing revelations about the mendacity of their elected officials, most Americans had come to accept the fact that deception was not only an accepted practice in government but also pervasive. Whatever the reasons proposed to justify falsehoods—practicality, expediency, extraordinary conditions of wartime—the ability to lie convincingly had come to be regarded as almost being a qualification for holding public office. Although such behavior has come to be tolerated, little accounting has been taken of the effects of this institutionalized dishonesty in our political culture. When Presidents Lie: A History of Official Deception and Its Consequences addresses its subject not from a moral perspective, but from a pragmatic one, and discovers that in the end, honesty in government is, in fact, the best policy. Journalist and historian Eric Alterman’s meticulous research is drawn from primary-source materials, both government documents and the media reactions to the unfolding dramas, and demonstrates how these lies returned to haunt their tellers, or their successors, destroying the very policy the lie had been intended to support. Without exception, each of the presidents paid a high price for deception. So, too, did the nation. This is history at its most compelling, a balanced, eloquent, and revelatory chronicle of presidential dishonesty and its incalculable costs. In the fundamental questions it raises about leadership, accountability, and democracy, it is required reading for anyone who is concerned about America’s past—or her future.
Author: Joost Kleuters
Category: Political Science
Combining new thinking in International Relations theory with original historical research, Kleuters explores the struggle between Christian Democrats and Social Democrats on the subject of German reunification, from Westbindung to Ostpolitik. The result is a gripping narrative focussing on theoretical relevance in foreign policy decisions-making.
From World War I to the War on Terrorism
Author: Andrew Dorman
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
Examines the rapidly changing role of diplomacy.
Author: Jost Dülffer
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
Category: Cold War
Dieser Band ist eine studentengerechte Einfuhrung in die von Bruchen, Konflikten und Integrationsversuchen gepragte Zeit zwischen dem Zweiten Weltkrieg und der Auflosung desOstblocks. In bewahrter -Grundriss--Manier tritt neben die Darstellung der geschichtlichen Ereignisse eine umfassende Diskussion der Forschung sowie eine Bibliographie der wichtigsten Literatur."
Bolivia and the Alliance for Progress in the Kennedy Era
Author: Thomas C. Field, Jr.
Publisher: Cornell University Press
During the most idealistic years of John F. Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress development program, Bolivia was the highest per capita recipient of U.S. foreign aid in Latin America. Nonetheless, Washington’s modernization programs in early 1960s' Bolivia ended up on a collision course with important sectors of the country’s civil society, including radical workers, rebellious students, and a plethora of rightwing and leftwing political parties. In From Development to Dictatorship, Thomas C. Field Jr. reconstructs the untold story of USAID’s first years in Bolivia, including the country’s 1964 military coup d’état. Field draws heavily on local sources to demonstrate that Bolivia’s turn toward anticommunist, development-oriented dictatorship was the logical and practical culmination of the military-led modernization paradigm that provided the liberal underpinnings of Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress. In the process, he explores several underappreciated aspects of Cold War liberal internationalism: the tendency of “development” to encourage authoritarian solutions to political unrest, the connection between modernization theories and the rise of Third World armed forces, and the intimacy between USAID and CIA covert operations. Challenging the conventional dichotomy between ideology and strategy in international politics, From Development to Dictatorship engages with a growing literature on development as a key rubric for understanding the interconnected processes of decolonization and the Cold War.
Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics
Author: Paul Bracken
Category: Political Science
A leading international security strategist offers a compelling new way to "think about the unthinkable." The cold war ended more than two decades ago, and with its end came a reduction in the threat of nuclear weapons—a luxury that we can no longer indulge. It's not just the threat of Iran getting the bomb or North Korea doing something rash; the whole complexion of global power politics is changing because of the reemergence of nuclear weapons as a vital element of statecraft and power politics. In short, we have entered the second nuclear age. In this provocative and agenda-setting book, Paul Bracken of Yale University argues that we need to pay renewed attention to nuclear weapons and how their presence will transform the way crises develop and escalate. He draws on his years of experience analyzing defense strategy to make the case that the United States needs to start thinking seriously about these issues once again, especially as new countries acquire nuclear capabilities. He walks us through war-game scenarios that are all too realistic, to show how nuclear weapons are changing the calculus of power politics, and he offers an incisive tour of the Middle East, South Asia, and East Asia to underscore how the United States must not allow itself to be unprepared for managing such crises. Frank in its tone and farsighted in its analysis, The Second Nuclear Age is the essential guide to the new rules of international politics.
The United States at War
Author: Kenneth J. Hagan,Ian J. Bickerton
Publisher: Reaktion Books
“The United States does not do nation building,” claimed Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld three years ago. Yet what are we to make of the American military bases in Korea? Why do American warships patrol the Somali coastline? And perhaps most significantly, why are fourteen “enduring bases” being built in Iraq? In every major foreign war fought by United States in the last century, the repercussions of the American presence have been felt long after the last Marine has left. Kenneth J. Hagan and Ian J. Bickerton argue here that, despite adamant protests from the military and government alike, nation building and occupation are indeed hallmarks—and unintended consequences—of American warmaking. In this timely, groundbreaking study, the authors examine ten major wars fought by the United States, from the Revolutionary War to the ongoing Iraq War, and analyze the conflicts’ unintended consequences. These unexpected outcomes, Unintended Consequences persuasively demonstrates, stemmed from ill-informed decisions made at critical junctures and the surprisingly similar crises that emerged at the end of formal fighting. As a result, war did not end with treaties or withdrawn troops. Instead, time after time, the United States became inextricably involved in the issues of the defeated country, committing itself to the chaotic aftermath that often completely subverted the intended purposes of war. Stunningly, Unintended Consequences contends that the vast majority of wars launched by the United States were unnecessary, avoidable, and catastrophically unpredictable. In a stark challenge to accepted scholarship, the authors show that the wars’ unintended consequences far outweighed the initial calculated goals, and thus forced cataclysmic shifts in American domestic and foreign policy. A must-read for anyone concerned with the past, present, or future of American defense, Unintended Consequences offers a provocative perspective on the current predicament in Iraq and the conflicts sure to loom ahead of us.
Author: Erwin Stein,Helmut Ridder,Georg Strickrodt
Category: Social sciences
Category: Military history
Vierteljahreszeitschrift für Politik, Wirtschaft und Zeitgeschichte
New Perspectives on the Foreign and Domestic Policies of the Kennedy Administration
Author: Manfred Berg,Andreas Etges
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
Although it lasted only for a 'Thousand Days', the presidency of John F. Kennedy is considered a defining moment in recent American history. Despite countless attempts by historians, journalists and cultural critics, the Kennedy myth, carefully crafted during his lifetime and eagerly nurtured after his violent death, lives on. The enduring notion that America might have been spared many of the traumatic events of the 1960s and 1970s, if only John F. Kennedy had lived, poses a continuing challenge to historians to reassess his foreign and domestic policies. In this volume scholars from the United States, Germany and Great Britain, mostly representatives of a younger generation, take a fresh look at key topics such as Kennedy's policies toward Europe, the Third World, the civil rights struggle, and poverty. Contrary to his often grandiose rhetoric of vigorous leadership and "new frontiers" and despite his considerable skills at managing foreign and domestic crises, the essays emphasize that President John F. Kennedy acted largely within the consensus of Cold War liberalism.