Knights of Spain, Warriors of the Sun

Hernando de Soto and the South's Ancient Chiefdoms

Author: Charles Hudson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820351601

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 7228

Between 1539 and 1542 Hernando de Soto led a small army on a desperate journey of exploration of almost four thousand miles across the U. S. Southeast. Until the 1998 publication of Charles M. Hudson's foundational Knights of Spain, Warriors of the Sun, De Soto's path had been one of history's most intriguing mysteries. With this book, anthropologist Charles Hudson offers a solution to the question, ?Where did de Soto go? Using a new route reconstruction, for the first time the story of the de Soto expedition can be laid on a map, and in many instances it can be tied to specific archaeological sites. Arguably the most important event in the history of the Southeast in the sixteenth century, De Soto's journey cut a bloody and indelible swath across both the landscape and native cultures in a quest for gold and personal glory. The desperate Spanish army followed the sunset from Florida to Texas before abandoning its mission. De Soto's one triumph was that he was the first European to explore the vast region that would be the American South, but he died on the banks of the Mississippi River a broken man in 1542. With a new foreword by Robbie Ethridge reflecting on the continuing influence of this now classic text, the twentieth-anniversary edition of Knights is a clearly written narrative that unfolds against the exotic backdrop of a now extinct social and geographic landscape. Hudson masterfully chronicles both De Soto's expedition and the native societies he visited. A blending of archaeology, history, and historical geography, this is a monumental study of the sixteenth-century Southeast.

The Transformation of the Southeastern Indians, 1540-1760

Author: Marvin T. Smith

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781604739558

Category: Indians of North America

Page: 369

View: 9031

With essays by Stephen Davis, Penelope Drooker, Patricia K. Galloway, Steven Hahn, Charles Hudson, Marvin Jeter, Paul Kelton, Timothy Pertulla, Christopher Rodning, Helen Rountree, Marvin T. Smith, and John Worth The first two-hundred years of Western civilization in the Americas was a time when fundamental and sometimes catastrophic changes occurred in Native American communities in the South. In The Transformation of the Southeastern Indians, historians, anthropologists, and archaeologists provide perspectives on how this era shaped American Indian society for later generations and how it even affects these communities today. This collection of essays presents the most current scholarship on the social history of the South, identifying and examining the historical forces, trends, and events that were attendant to the formation of the Indians of the colonial South. The essayists discuss how Southeastern Indian culture and society evolved. They focus on such aspects as the introduction of European diseases to the New World, long-distance migration and relocation, the influences of the Spanish mission system, the effects of the English plantation system, the northern fur trade of the English, and the French, Dutch, and English trade of Indian slaves and deerskins in the South. This book covers the full geographic and social scope of the Southeast, including the indigenous peoples of Florida, Virginia, Maryland, the Appalachian Mountains, the Carolina Piedmont, the Ohio Valley, and the Central and Lower Mississippi Valleys. Robbie Ethridge is an assistant professor of anthropology and southern studies at the University of Mississippi. Charles Hudson is Franklin Professor of Anthropology and History at the University of Georgia.

Mound Sites of the Ancient South

A Guide to the Mississippian Chiefdoms

Author: Eric E. Bowne

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820344982

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3147

From approximately AD 900 to 1600, ancient Mississippian culture dominated today’s southeastern United States. These Native American societies, known more popularly as moundbuilders, had populations that numbered in the thousands, produced vast surpluses of food, engaged in longdistance trading, and were ruled by powerful leaders who raised large armies. Mississippian chiefdoms built fortified towns with massive earthen structures used as astrological monuments and burial grounds. The remnants of these cities—scattered throughout the Southeast from Florida north to Wisconsin and as far west as Texas—are still visible and awe-inspiring today. This heavily illustrated guide brings these settlements to life with maps, artists’ reconstructions, photos of artifacts, and historic and modern photos of sites, connecting our archaeological knowledge with what is visible when visiting the sites today. Anthropologist Eric E. Bowne discusses specific structures at each location and highlights noteworthy museums, artifacts, and cultural features. He also provides an introduction to Mississippian culture, offering background on subsistence and settlement practices, political and social organization, warfare, and belief systems that will help readers better understand these complex and remarkable places. Sites include Cahokia, Moundville, Etowah, and many more.

Blue Ridge Commons

Environmental Activism and Forest History in Western North Carolina

Author: Kathryn Newfont

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 082034124X

Category: Nature

Page: 369

View: 1310

"In the late twentieth century, residents of the Blue Ridge mountains in western North Carolina fiercely resisted certain environmental efforts, even while launching aggressive initiatives of their own. Kathryn Newfont provides context for those events by examining the environmental history of this region over the course of three hundred years, identifying what she calls commons environmentalism--a cultural strain of conservation in American history that has gone largely unexplored. Efforts in the 1970s to expand federal wilderness areas in the Pisgah and Nantahala national forests generated strong opposition. For many mountain residents the idea of unspoiled wilderness seemed economically unsound, historically dishonest, and elitist. Newfont shows that local people's sense of commons environmentalism required access to the forests that they viewed as semipublic places for hunting, fishing, and working. Policies that removed large tracts from use were perceived as 'enclosure' and resisted. Incorporating deep archival work and years of interviews and conversations with Appalachian residents, Blue Ridge Commons reveals a tradition of people building robust forest protection movements on their own terms."--p. [4] of cover.

Battles That Changed American History: 100 of the Greatest Victories and Defeats

Author: Spencer C. Tucker

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440828628

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 8072

A fascinating and informative analysis by a distinguished military historian of the 100 most influential battles in American history, presented in an accessible, ready-reference format. • Introductory overview essay helps create a conceptual framework for readers • A list of "further reading" selections with each entry and a full bibliography identify avenues to further study • Fact boxes throughout the text provide quick, essential information for each battle

The World Book Encyclopedia

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: 398

View: 5279

An encyclopedia designed especially to meet the needs of elementary, junior high, and senior high school students.

Yuchi Indian Histories Before the Removal Era

Author: Jason Baird Jackson

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803245416

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 437

In Yuchi Indian Histories Before the Removal Era, folklorist and anthropologist Jason Baird Jackson and nine scholars of Yuchi (Euchee) Indian culture and history offer a revisionist and in-depth portrait of Yuchi community and society. This first interdisciplinary history of the Yuchi people corrects the historical record, which often submerges the Yuchi within the Creek Confederacy instead of acknowledging the Yuchi as a separate tribe. By looking at the oral, historical, ethnographic, linguistic, and archaeological record, contributors illuminate Yuchi political circumstances and cultural identity. Focusing on the pre-Removal era, the volume shows that from the entrada of Hernando de Soto into the American South in 1541 to the Yuchis’ internal migrations throughout the hinterlands of the South and their entanglement with the Creeks to the maintenance of community and identity today, the Yuchis have persisted as a distinct people. This volume provides a voice to an indigenous nation that previous generations of scholars have misidentified or erroneously assumed to be a simple constituent of the Creek Nation. In doing so, it offers a fuller picture of Yuchi social realities since the arrival of Europeans and other non-natives in their Southern homelands.

Mount Mitchell and the Black Mountains

An Environmental History of the Highest Peaks in Eastern America

Author: Timothy Silver

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807863149

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 3457

Each year, thousands of tourists visit Mount Mitchell, the most prominent feature of North Carolina's Black Mountain range and the highest peak in the eastern United States. From Native Americans and early explorers to land speculators and conservationists, people have long been drawn to this rugged region. Timothy Silver explores the long and complicated history of the Black Mountains, drawing on both the historical record and his experience as a backpacker and fly fisherman. He chronicles the geological and environmental forces that created this intriguing landscape, then traces its history of environmental change and human intervention from the days of Indian-European contact to today. Among the many tales Silver recounts is that of Elisha Mitchell, the renowned geologist and University of North Carolina professor for whom Mount Mitchell is named, who fell to his death there in 1857. But nature's stories--of forest fires, chestnut blight, competition among plants and animals, insect invasions, and, most recently, airborne toxins and acid rain--are also part of Silver's narrative, making it the first history of the Appalachians in which the natural world gets equal time with human history. It is only by understanding the dynamic between these two forces, Silver says, that we can begin to protect the Black Mountains for future generations.

Between Contacts and Colonies

Archaeological Perspectives on the Protohistoric Southeast

Author: Cameron B. Wesson,Mark A. Rees

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 8170

"Between Contacts and Colonies" reveals how the knowledgeable use of historical documents, innovative archaeological research, and emerging theory in anthropology can be integrated to arrive at a better understanding of this crucial period. It will be valuable for scholars and students of archaeology and anthropology, cultural historians, and academic librarians.

Light on the Path

The Anthropology and History of the Southeastern Indians

Author: Charles M. I. Hudson,Thomas J. Pluckhahn,Robbie Ethridge

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 283

View: 6649

A seamless social history of the native peoples of the American South, bridging prehistory and history. This book addressed the changes in scholarship and methods that have occurred over the last twenty years in the field.

Discovering the Chesapeake

The History of an Ecosystem

Author: Philip D. Curtin,Grace S. Brush,George W. Fisher

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801864682

Category: History

Page: 385

View: 4643

Discovering the Chesapeake explores all of the long-term changes the Chesapeake has undergone and uncovers the inextricable connections among land, water, and humans in this unusually delicate ecosystem.

The Georgia Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 7912

Documents of the Coronado Expedition, 1539-1542

"they Were Not Familiar with His Majesty, Nor Did They Wish to be His Subjects"

Author: Richard Flint,Shirley Cushing Flint

Publisher: Southern Methodist University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 746

View: 3814

This volume is the first annotated, dual-language edition of thirty-four original documents from the Coronado expedition. The documents provide a window into the actions and attitudes of members of the expedition and its unwilling hosts in the American Southwest and northwest Mexico. Using the latest historical, archaeological, geographical, and linguistic research, this volume makes available accurate transcriptions and modern English translations of the documents, including seven never before published and seven others never before available in English. It includes a general introduction and explanatory notes at the beginning of each document.

Jackson's Way

Author: John Buchanan

Publisher: Castle Books

ISBN: 9780785820604

Category: History

Page: 434

View: 3768

Separating fact from myth, the author resurrects the remarkable Andrew Jackson and his rise to American hero., bringing to life the thrilling details of frontier warfare and of Jackson’s exploits as an Indian fighter.

Making an Indian People

Creek Formation in the Colonial Southeast, 1590-1735

Author: Joseph M. Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Creek Indians

Page: 335

View: 5895

A Searing Wind

Book Three of Contact: The Battle for America

Author: W. Michael and Kathleen O'Neal Gear

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439167087

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 1436

Set against the tragic war sparked by Hernando de Soto’s brutal invasion of the American South, A Searing Wind brings to an electrifying climax the intense historical action in the series hailed as “exciting, skillfully crafted, and fast-paced” (Publishers Weekly). Once exiled by the Chicaza for cowardice in battle, Black Shell nevertheless dedicates his soul to stemming the onslaught of the Kristiano invaders and protecting his people. He and his beautiful wife, Pearl Hand, have fought the enemy from the Florida peninsula through the very heart of native America. They have seen the shackled slaves, heard the broken promises—and they have learned of de Soto’s plans to target the Chicaza. Obsessed with setting the perfect trap, Black Shell gambles everything to preserve his people’s fragile existence— their pride, traditions, even their winter stockpiles of food and supplies. But the stakes are raised to their greatest heights when he and Pearl Hand must walk boldly into de Soto’s camp and engage the cunning monster in a desperate game of wits in order to decide the fate of a continent.

Historic Indian towns in Alabama, 1540-1838

Author: Amos J. Wright

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817312527

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 4427

An encyclopedic work that identifies town site locations and clarifies entries from the documents and maps of early explorers in Alabama.