Moving from Evidence to Practice
Author: Sharon Straus,Jacqueline Tetroe,Ian D. Graham
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Knowledge Translation in Health Care is a practicalintroduction to knowledge translation for everyone working andlearning within health policy and funding agencies, and asresearchers, clinicians and trainees. Using everyday examples, itexplains how to use research findings to improve health care inreal life. This new second edition defines the principles and practice ofknowledge translation and outlines strategies for successfulknowledge translation in practice and policy making. It includesrelevant real world examples and cases of knowledge translation inaction that are accessible and relevant for all stakeholdersincluding clinicians, health policy makers, administrators,managers, researchers, clinicians and trainees. From an international expert editor and contributor team, and fullyrevised to reflect current practice and latest developments withinthe field, Knowledge Translation in Health Care is thepractical guide for all health policy makers and researchers,clinicians, trainee clinicians, medical students and otherhealthcare professionals seeking to improve healthcarepractice.
Selected Papers from the 22nd Australian National Health Informatics Conference (HIC 2014)
Author: H. Grain,F. Martin-Sanchez,L.K. Schaper
Publisher: IOS Press
As healthcare organisations and governments look to information technology to capitalise and enhance healthcare, the need for effective investment to update existing technology and provide cost-effective infrastructure for the future becomes clear. The issues of defining success and understanding opportunities are crucial to planning optimum investment and the best use of scarce resources. This book presents papers from the Australian Health Informatics Conference (HIC 2014), held in Melbourne, Australia, in August 2014. With the theme of investing in e-health: people, knowledge and technology for a healthy future, the papers delivered at the conference and included here address the issues of building a future-focused, scalable and adaptable infrastructure and of training the healthcare workforce necessary to support it. Subjects covered include: user participation in ICT development for older adults; interactive patient websites; application areas of multi-user virtual environments in the healthcare context; as well as governance, training and assessing the quality of data in public health information systems. The book will be of interest to all those policy makers and practitioners involved in the planning and implementation of information technology projects as part of the healthcare system.
Principles and Practice
Author: Kendall Ho,Sandra Jarvis-Selinger,Helen Novak Lauscher,Jennifer Cordeiro,Richard Scott
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Rapid progress in health research has led to generation of new knowledge and innovative practices in management of illness. This has resulted in a significant challenge for health professionals: if today we discovered a new therapy through research, when will this discovery be regularly prescribed or utilized to treat all patients suffering from this condition? Knowledge translation is the non-linear and often complicated process of translating knowledge into routine health practices. Technology enabled knowledge translation (TEKT) is the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) to accelerate knowledge translation. With the ubiquity of the internet, the proliferation of different approaches in communication and social networking, and the continuously improving technologies from netbooks to smartphones, there are rich opportunities for TEKT in health education, service delivery, and research.
Author: John L. Oliffe,Lorraine Greaves
This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.
Author: Shoshana Zuboff
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Category: Political Science
Gegen den Big-Other-Kapitalismus ist Big Brother harmlos. Die Menschheit steht am Scheideweg, sagt die Harvard-Ökonomin Shoshana Zuboff. Bekommt die Politik die wachsende Macht der High-Tech-Giganten in den Griff? Oder überlassen wir uns der verborgenen Logik des Überwachungskapitalismus? Wie reagieren wir auf die neuen Methoden der Verhaltensauswertung und -manipulation, die unsere Autonomie bedrohen? Akzeptieren wir die neuen Formen sozialer Ungleichheit? Ist Widerstand ohnehin zwecklos? Zuboff bewertet die soziale, politische, ökonomische und technologische Bedeutung der großen Veränderung, die wir erleben. Sie zeichnet ein unmissverständliches Bild der neuen Märkte, auf denen Menschen nur noch Quelle eines kostenlosen Rohstoffs sind - Lieferanten von Verhaltensdaten. Noch haben wir es in der Hand, wie das nächste Kapitel des Kapitalismus aussehen wird. Meistern wir das Digitale oder sind wir seine Sklaven? Es ist unsere Entscheidung! Zuboffs Buch liefert eine neue Erzählung des Kapitalismus. An ihrer Deutung kommen kritische Geister nicht vorbei.
An International Reader
Author: Aron Shlonsky,Rami Benbenishty
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
The information age is upon us and, with it, a new era of human services has emerged. The terms 'Evidence-Based,' 'evidence-informed,' 'best practice', and 'effective' have become ubiquitous in scholarly and professional publications, government documents, funding applications, and training institutions across the world. Yet despite this avalanche of words, there is substantial disagreement with respect to the definition of evidence and how it should be used to improve the lives of children and youth. This book builds on the burgeoning evidence-informed practice movement in social welfare that evolved from evidence-based medicine some twenty years ago. Key insights from an internationally recognized group of scholars representing several child welfare systems promotes a nuanced understanding of evidence in all its forms; makes a strong case for understanding the role of context in generating, interpreting, and employing evidence; and provides guidance for integrating evidence and context in the provision of child welfare services. The book begins with an introduction to evidence-informed practice and a broad overview of the different types of evidence that can be useful in guiding difficult decisions under uncertain conditions. This is followed by a decision-making framework that incorporates the use of evidence within the context of a complex child protection system. Next, empirically supported programs and treatments are evaluated with respect to their transportability across contexts, with sometimes surprising results. Two revolutionary approaches to the delivery of effective services, common factors and common elements, are then introduced and followed by a treatise on the importance of implementation in child welfare settings. Embracing different types of evidence used for different questions, the role of randomized controlled trials, epidemiology, administrative and survey data are then explored. Finally, the context of service provision within an agency is explored through an overview of the structure, function, and culture of human services organizations; the role of universities in training staff and conducting relevant practice and policy research; and an applied example involving a partnership between a major university and a large child welfare agency.
Indigenous, Policy, and Community Settings
Author: Elizabeth M. Banister,Bonnie Leadbeater,Anne Marshall
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
The main goal of knowledge translation (KT) is to ensure that diverse communities benefit from academic research results through improved social and health outcomes. But despite growing interest in researcher-user collaborations, little is known about what makes or breaks these types of relationships. Knowledge Translation in Context is an essential tool for researchers to learn how to be effective partners in the KT process. Drawing on expertise and studies from across the globe, Elizabeth Banister, Bonnie Leadbeater, and Anne Marshall outline a variety of perspectives on KT processes. Case studies outline the uses of KT in many contexts, including community, policy, Indigenous, and non-profit organizations. While recognizing the specificity of each situation, Knowledge Translation in Context highlights the most important elements that have led KT to succeed (or fail) as a dynamic, multidirectional process.
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Review of NASA Human Research Program's Scientific Merit Assessment Processes
Publisher: National Academies Press
At the request of NASA, an IOM committee reviewed NASA Human Research Program's (HRP's) Scientific Merit Assessment Processes for directed research. Directed research is commissioned or noncompetitively awarded research that is not competitively solicited because of specific reasons, such as time limitations or highly focused or constrained research topics. The scientific merit assessment processes have been developed by NASA to evaluate individual directed research tasks in order to ensure the scientific integrity of the HRP's directed research portfolio. The committee examined the HRP's current scientific merit assessment processes and conducted a public workshop to identify best practices among other federal agencies that use various assessment processes for similar types of directed research. Review of NASA Human Research Program's Scientific Merit Processes: Letter Report finds that the scientific merit assessment process used by the HRP for directed research is scientifically rigorous and is similar to the processes and merit criteria used by many other federal agencies and organizations - including the Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, and the United States Department of Agriculture - for comparable types of research. This report also makes recommendations on ways to streamline and bolster the accountability and transparency of NASA's current processes.
Author: Louise Fitzgerald,Aoife McDermott
Category: Business & Economics
This volume provides theory and research on organizational change and predominantly features the application of these ideas to the health care domain, broadly defined. It addresses enduring issues in advancing to an effective health care system. The aim of this book is to offer an accessible and readable text aimed at provoking thought and questioning, and aiding creativity. It proffers arguments and ideas which are firmly based in empirical data and evidence, so that the reader may make informed personal evaluations. This book is designed to furnish a comprehensive theoretical basis for understanding organizational change in health care, as well as selected core issues of contemporary and future importance to the provision of effective care within sustainable systems. A series of coherent themes are addressed throughout the book from differing perspectives. However, every chapter has been written to standalone and be read independently. Each offers resources relevant to its’ focal topic, in the form of references, case studies and critique. Setting out a future research agenda, the book will be vital reading for organizational change researchers and practitioners in the healthcare industry.
Critical Reflections on the CHSRF/CIHR Chair Program
Author: Louise Potvin,Pat Armstrong
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
With increasing demands for evidence-based decision-making, the academic community must be ready to train researchers who can reduce the gap between health care research and practice. One program dedicated to promoting such training is the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (CHSRF, now the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement) and Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) Chair Program. Participants of these programs were selected to develop innovative research programs that bridge this divide, as well as to mentor the next generation on building partnerships with organizations outside the university through applied research. The CHSRF/CIHR Chairs have come together in Shaping Academia for the Public Good to draw out valuable lessons learned throughout its first decade. It includes chapters on funding, knowledge transfer, policy frameworks, working with multiple stakeholders, and managing organizational settings, among other topics. Shaping Academia for the Public Good will be a helpful resource for those interested in the potential of new research approaches to improve our healthcare system.
Author: Debra Mark
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
This issue begins with an overview that distinguishes evidence-based practice (EBP) and translation science, followed by a description of Hawaii’s statewide EBP program that uses active and multifaceted translation science strategies to facilitate the rate and extent of adoption of EBP changes. With one exception, the remaining articles describe individual EBP projects from five different health care facilities that used the Iowa Model to guide their work. Each article includes an evidence summary, a description of implementation strategies, an evaluation of the innovation, and lessons learned. These completed projects were initiated between 2009 and 2012, address a variety of topical nursing issues, and, for the most part, focus on preventing complications (ie, blood sugar elevations, increased lengths of stay, extubation failures, noise-related injury, pain, surgical site infections, pneumonia, restraint use, delirium, and fever). An additional article describes the use of evidence to inform simulation-based learning, a possible strategy for ensuring competencies in and compliance with EBP interventions. Nursing leaders will come away with solid information about utilizing EBP to improve patient outcomes. The Hawaii program demonstrates that health care quality can be realized by employing the best available evidence and empowering the nursing workforce. It also offers a glimpse of the care that the future nursing workforce could provide to create a health system that provides accessible, affordable and quality care to everyone in the United States.
Author: Kathleen M. White, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, FAAN,Sharon Dudley-Brown, PhD, RN, FNP-BC
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Named a 2013 Doody's Core Title! The first text of its kind, Translation of Evidence into Nursing and Health Care Practice helps graduate students in Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) courses meet the core competency requirements, content, and knowledge of the DNP curriculum. This revolutionary guide focuses particularly on the challenges of translating evidence into practice, one of the DNP course competencies. Written by nursing faculty who are currently involved in clinical practice and who translate evidence as part of their practice activities, this textbook presents an interdisciplinary application that provides readers with content for both clinical-based and non-clinical based DNP courses. Divided into three main sections, it discusses theoretical and practical challenges to translation of evidence into practice; methods and translation techniques to employ this translation across settings; and related evaluation strategies to demonstrate improvement in practice and clinical care outcomes. Key Topics: Integration and application of knowledge into practice Leading and evaluating change Leadership strategies for translation Interdisciplinary application across settings Outcomes management for improvement of direct and indirect care Other important features include case studies, suggested activities for application of the content for learning, and an extensive list of references, current web links, and other applicable resources for enhancing graduate student learning.
The View from Inside
Author: de Stricker, Ulla
Publisher: IGI Global
Category: Business & Economics
Knowledge management can be a powerful tool if successfully implemented into an organizational structure. Uncovering the latest methods, tools, trends, and strategies in organizational knowledge management should be a priority for individuals working in a variety of industries. Knowledge Management Practice in Organizations: The View from Inside brings together industry experts to discuss the realities of knowledge management work in organizations. Examining the challenges associated with operational knowledge management, this work provides insight into the day-to-day practice of knowledge management in real-life settings. Organizational leaders and professionals, librarians, students, and researchers will find this publication to be an essential tool in understanding knowledge management implementation.
Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice
Author: Dean Whitehead,Geri LoBiondo-Wood,Judith Haber
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
The new edition upholds the premise that knowledge about research process and design is mandatory in today's health care arena, and that all nurses and midwives need to understand research findings and their implication for changing practice. It is completely revised with many new chapters. The text has been restructured into three sections. Section 1 Research Awareness sets the scene for the importance of nursing and midwifery research and provides an overview of research theory and practice as processes. Chapters on searching for and reviewing the literature provide detailed advice for undergraduates and facilitate access to research articles online. One of the new chapters discusses ethical issues in Australia and New Zealand. Section 2 Appreciation and Application provides a detailed discussion of qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research approaches with many useful examples from the clinical area. Section 3 Conducting primary research is new and is designed to accommodate both undergraduate and postgraduate students in their research effort. Writing research proposals may be a requirement for undergraduates in their research program and postgraduates will find the information useful for undertaking a higher degree or applying for university or external funding. This final Section is also useful as a guide on disseminating and publishing conducted research findings. Combined Australian and New Zealand editorship ensures greater trans-Tasman coverage, awareness and relevance. Contributions from international luminaries are balanced by a heightened focus on research conducted within Australia and New Zealand. New edition conscientiously recognises midwifery research as related to but independent from nursing. The research process-driven approach is directed towards ‘consumers' of research, and the comprehensive coverage extends from undergraduate through to a postgraduate level of knowledge. Expanded pedagogy includes Key Terms and Learning Outcomes at the beginning of each chapter; Icons throughout that direct readers to web-based material; Evidence-based Tips, Research in Brief boxes and Points to Ponder for constant reinforcement that links evidence to practice. Integrated Tutorial Triggers with suggested answers provided and Multiple Choice Questions enable students to assess their understanding of key points. Evolve Website provides True/False questions and access to journal articles cited in the text, with additional reflective questions. Australian adaptation of Nursing Research: Lobiondo-Wood & Haber
Author: Kathleen M. White, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, FAAN,Sharon Dudley-Brown, PhD, RN, FNP-BC, FAAN, FAANP,Mary F. Terhaar, DNSc, RN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Designed as a textbook for the DNP curriculum and as a practical resource for more seasoned health professionals, this acclaimed text encompasses an interprofessional approach to translating evidence into nursing and health care practice that is useful for both clinical and nonclinical environments. The second edition presents new chapters, three of which feature additional approaches for translating evidence into practice, new methods of information technology for translation, and interprofessional collaboration and practice for translation and three that offer 19 exemplars that illustrate actual translation work within the areas of population health and specialty practice, and in the health care system. Consistently woven throughout are the themes of integration and application of knowledge into practice, leadership and evaluating change, leadership strategies for translation, and interprofessional applications across settings. Also included is new information about outcomes management for improvement of direct and indirect care. The second edition continues to deliver applicable theory and strategies to achieve improved outcomes, and meets the DNP core competency requirements. It features a variety of models for change as they relate to translation of research into practice. The text underscores the importance of translating evidence for use in practice to improve health care and health care delivery, and presents strategies to achieve this. It addresses the use of evidence to improve nursing education, discusses how to reduce the divide between researchers and policy makers, and presents expedients for overcoming resistance to change. Extensive lists of references, web links, and other resources enhance learning and support the development of the DNP core competencies. NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION: Addition of an esteemed co-editor Reorganized and revised for enhanced comprehension New chapters: Methods for Translation, Information Technology and Decision Support, Interprofessional Collaboration and Practice for Translation, and Data Management and Evaluation of Translation Three new exemplar chapters: Population Health Exemplars, Specialty Practice Exemplars, and Health Care System Exemplars Updated information on integration and application of knowledge into practice, leading and evaluating change, leadership strategies for translation, and interprofessional application across settings New coverage of outcomes management for improvement of direct and indirect care KEY FEATURES: Offers an in-depth guide for planning, implementing, and translating evidence Includes extensive references necessary for doctoral study Provides the perfect supplement for evidence-based practice materials that often have limited information or value for translation/implementation activities
Author: Kushniruk, Andre W.
Publisher: IGI Global
Human, Social, and Organizational Aspects of Health Information Systems offers an evidence-based management approach to issues associated with the human and social aspects of designing, developing, implementing, and maintaining health information systems across a healthcare organization—specific to an individual, team, organizational, system, and international perspective. Integrating knowledge from multiple levels, this book will benefit scholars and practitioners from the medical information, health service management, information technology arenas.
Author: Alan Pearson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Evidence synthesis is the evaluation or analysis of research evidence and opinion on a specific topic to aid in decision-making in health care. Although the science of evidence synthesis has developed most rapidly in relation to the meta-analysis of numerical data linked to theories of cause and effect, the further development of theoretical understandings and propositions of the nature of evidence, its role in health care delivery, and the facilitation of improved global health have increased rapidly since 2000. The articles appearing in this issue examine the role of evidence synthesis in nursing and health care and are written by expert translational scientists from across the world. Three introductory articles overview evidence synthesis and its role in evidence-based health care; methods, issues, and trends in the systematic review of health care evidence; and the development of a robust evidence base for nursing. Subsequent articles explore the impact of systematic reviews on policy and practice in a variety of settings, including perioperative care, pediatrics, rehabilitation and long-term/continuing care, mental health, and public health. The final articles discuss the impact of evidence on health policy and practice and the complexities of translating evidence into policy and practice. These articles show the importance of synthesizing evidence and translating policy and practice into action in our quest to improve health care and health outcomes.
A Facilitation Guide
Author: Gill Harvey,Alison Kitson
The successful implementation of evidence into practice is dependent on aligning the available evidence to the particular context through the active ingredient of facilitation. Designed to support the widely recognised PARIHS framework, which works as a guide to plan, action and evaluate the implementation of evidence into practice, this book provides a very practical ‘how-to’ guide for facilitating the whole process. This text discusses: undertaking an initial diagnosis of the context and reaching a consensus on the evidence to be implemented; how to link the research evidence with clinical and patients’ experience and local information in the form of audit data or patient and staff feedback; the range of diagnostic, consensus building and stakeholder consultation methods that can be helpful; a description of facilitator roles and facilitation methods, tools and techniques; some of theories that underpin the PARIHS framework and how these have been integrated to inform a revised version of PARIHS Including internationally-sourced case study examples to illustrate how the facilitation role and facilitation skills have been applied in a range of different health care settings, this is the ideal text for those interested in leading or facilitating evidence based implementation projects, from the planning stage through to evaluation.
Author: Ansgar Gerhardus
Darf die Teilnahme an der Krebsvorsorge zur Pflicht werden? Müssen wir Übergewichtige zum Abnehmen drängen? Gegen welche Grippeformen sollen wir uns impfen lassen? Public-Health-Maßnahmen haben zu vielen gesundheitlichen Verbesserungen geführt. Aber auch gut gemeinte Interventionen können gesundheitliche Schäden hervorrufen, Teile der Bevölkerung stigmatisieren oder Kosten verursachen, die in keinem Verhältnis zum Nutzen stehen. Probleme wie auch Lösungsansätze aus dem Bereich Public Health werfen gesundheitliche, ökonomische, ethische, soziokulturelle und rechtliche Fragen auf. Evidence-based Public Health hilft bei der Suche nach Antworten: Anhand von Fallbeispielen wird in diesem Buch gezeigt, wie von der Formulierung des Gesundheitsproblems bis zur Umsetzung der Maßnahmen alle Phasen systematisch geprüft werden können. Das Buch wendet sich an Studierende und Forscher im Bereich der Gesundheitswissenschaften sowie an Entscheidungsträger und Praktiker, die einen Ansatz suchen, um Public-Health-Probleme systematisch zu analysieren und geeignete Interventionen planen zu können.