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An Ethnographer Looks to the Future

Author: David Hakken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135964130

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7554

Arguing that humans have always been technological as well as cultural beings, David Hakken calls for a fundamental rethinking of the traditional separation of anthropology and technical studies. Drawing on three decades of research on contemporary technological societies, this book outlines a fresh way of thinking about technology and offers an ethical and political response to the challenge of truly living as "cyborgs" in the age of cyberspace.

Constructivism and the Technology of Instruction

A Conversation

Author: Thomas M. Duffy,David H. Jonassen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136612270

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 5531

This book is about the implications of constructivism for instructional design practices, and more importantly, it is about a dialogue between instructional developers and learning theorists. Working with colleagues in each discipline, the editors were amazed to find a general lack of familiarity with each others' work. From an instructional design perspective, it seems that the practice of instructional design must be based on some conception of how people learn and what it means to learn. From a learning theory perspective, it seems obvious that the value of learning theory rests in the ability to predict the impact of alternative learning environments or instructional practices on what is learned. Thus the interchange of ideas between these disciplines is essential. As a consequence of both the information rich environment and the technological capability, business is seen moving away from a fixed curriculum and toward providing information and instruction when it is needed. These changes bring about a window of opportunity establishing a dialogue that will provide for a richer understanding of learning and the instructional environment required to achieve that learning. The editors hope that this book is the beginning of the conversation and that it will serve to spur continued conversation between those involved in learning theory and those involved in the design of instruction.

Controlling Technology

Ethics and the Responsible Engineer

Author: Stephen H. Unger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471591818

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 353

View: 5052

Controlling Technology Ethics and the Responsible Engineer Second Edition This valuable guide provides an in-depth treatment of what constitutes ethical behavior on the part of engineers. It carefully examines the various conflicts faced by engineers and offers practical, proven advice on what to do in such situations. This revised and considerably expanded Second Edition examines the causes and consequences of technological disasters such as Bhopal, Chernobyl, Challenger, and the precursor of them all, the Titanic. It also describes such highly successful projects as the Panama Canal and the Shinkansen. All the major areas of engineering are covered with interesting case histories describing exemplary behavior of engineers placed in difficult situations. The way in which such ethical engineers can be supported by their professional societies and by the law is explored in depth. Controlling Technology: Ethics and the Responsible Engineer, Second Edition presents a practical and fascinating examination of the moral obligations, responsibilities, and challenges faced by engineers as they perform their professional duties. This invaluable guide is must reading for all engineers, graduate engineering students, and others interested in technology and society issues.

Philosophy of responsibility

Author: Edgar Bodenheimer

Publisher: Fred B. Rothman & Company


Category: Law

Page: 147

View: 8892

This book was written by a lawyer using an interdisciplinary approach in a broad, nontechnical manner.

Discrimination American Style

Institutional Racism and Sexism

Author: Joe R. Feagin,Clairece Booher Feagin

Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780898749151

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 8434

Why, and how, are some people -- women, blacks, and other minorities -- discriminated against? The answers to these questions are important because an understanding of the causes and operation of discrimination is essential to finding effective ways to counteract and eradicate discrimination from our society. While the popular view holds that prejudice and bigotry lie behind racist and sexist discrimination, this book goes beyond that view to expose other roots of the problem that are more subtle and difficult to combat. The authors describe in detail the mechanics and effects of institutionalized discrimination in employment, housing, health and social services, education, politics, and the courts.

Situated Cognition

Social, Semiotic, and Psychological Perspectives

Author: David Kirshner,James Anthony Whitson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780805820379

Category: Education

Page: 323

View: 9428

This volume contributes to discourse about repositioning situated cognition theory within the broader supporting disciplines and to resolving the problematics addressed within the book. There is a cumulative vision to this work - its theme that the notion of the individual in situated cognition theory needs to be fundamentally reformulated. No theoretical reconfiguration of the social world or social practices can overcome an individual cast in the dualist tradition. This reformulation probes the physiological, psychoanalytic, and semiotic constitution of persons. Chapter authors cover a wide range of topics related to the central themes of the book.

Olympic Education

Author: Roland Naul

Publisher: Meyer & Meyer Verlag

ISBN: 1841262544

Category: Education

Page: 189

View: 7261

Aimed at both teachers and students in schools and colleges, as well as instructors, coaches, and managers in youth sports, this book examines the 'Olympic ideal' in modern sports education.

Educating for Intelligent Belief or Unbelief

Author: Nel Noddings

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807775983

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 5332

One of the most enduring and controversial issues in American education concerns the place of individual beliefs and moral standards in the classroom. Noddings argues that public schools should address the fundamental questions that teenagers inevitably rasie about the nature, value and meaning of life (and death), and to do so across the curriculum without limiting such existential and metaphysical discussions to separate religion, philosophy or even history classes. Explorations of the existence of a God or gods, and the value and validity of religious belief for societies or individuals, she writes “whether they are initiated by students or teachers, should be part of the free exchange of human concerns—a way in which people share their awe, doubts, fears, hopes, knowledge and ignorance.” Such basic human concerns, Noddings maintains, are relevant to nearly every subject and should be both non-coercive and free from academic evalution. “Nel Noddings probes the many ways in which children’s questions about God and gods, existence, and the meaning of life can and should be integrated into life in classrooms and the real world of the public schools.” —From the Foreword “This is a rich and sensitive book that will give teachers, administrators, parents, philosophers of education—any concerned citizen—the basis for more substantial discussion and concrete proposals.” —Free Inquiry “Impressive in its sweep of possibilities for exploration in the school curriculum and teacher education.” —Educational Theory

The Struggle for Recognition

The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts

Author: Axel Honneth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745692427

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 1207

In this book Axel Honneth re-examines arguments put forward by Hegel and claims that the 'struggle for recognition' should be at the centre of social conflicts.

Sustainability Economics

An Introduction

Author: Peter Bartelmus

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113630956X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 2521

The book is a concise introduction to an emerging field within economics. Drawing on numerous disciplines, including environmental science, environmental and ecological economics and optimal growth theory, sustainability remains a hazy and complex subject. The author set out with two objectives: one, to bring some order into the proliferating measures, models and management of sustainability; and two, to facilitate access to a complex inter-disciplinary subject area. The book points to practical ways of assessing and enhancing the long-term environmental and economic sustainability of our economies. The result is a fully international study that should bridge the gap between disciplines and prove to be an essential guide to anyone interested in one of the most important concepts in the social sciences.

Work Process Knowledge

Author: Nicholas Boreham,Martin Fischer,Renan Samurçay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134467281

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 8392

Work Process Knowledge brings together the findings of twenty-four leading researchers on new forms of work and the demands these place on workers' knowledge and skill. Their findings, based on a new set of investigations in a wide range of manufacturing and service industries, identify the kinds of knowledge required to work effectively in the post-Taylorist industrial organization. Raising fundamental issues for current industrial policy, science and technology policy, and ways of managing the post-Taylorist organization and developing human resources, this book will be of essential interest to academics and professionals working in the fields of management, human resource development, and workplace learning.

Global Corporate Citizenship

Author: Anuradha Dayal-Gulati

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810123835

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 283

View: 9114

Looks at issues of corporate responsibility globally, at companies in developing countries facing important challenges within their own countries.

Towards a Knowledge Society

New Identities in Emerging India

Author: Debal K. SinghaRoy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107065453

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 2351

"Examines the commodification of knowledge and its mass production, the proliferation of knowledge workers, and the importance of information and communication technologies"--

Spiral of Violence

Author: Hélder Câmara

Publisher: Burns & Oates


Category: Justice

Page: 83

View: 8743

The title is the author's symbol for the central problem of today's world: the violence of poverty which keeps over two-thirds of the world's people in a sub-human condition, the violence of revolt when peaceful demands have no effect and the violence of repression with which the powerful try to crush the demands of the poor. The only escape from this spiral is to bring about justice, and this book is an appeal to all men of good will to exercise 'liberating moral pressure' to redress the balance between the developed and underdeveloped countries and between the privileged and underprivileged in the rich countries.

Social Innovation, Participation and the Development of Society

Soziale Innovation, Partizipation und die Entwicklung der Gesellschaft

Author: Susanne Elsen,Walter Lorenz

Publisher: University Press Bozen

ISBN: 8860460700

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 2964

Klimawandel, Wachstumswende, demographische Veränderungen, die weltweite Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise sowie die Erfordernisse der Nachhaltigkeit machen neuartige Lösungsansätze für bisher unbekannte Problemkonstellationen erforderlich. In diesem Band beschäftigen sich AutorInnen aus Dänemark, Norwegen, Polen, Deutschland, der Schweiz, Österreich und Italien mit Ansätzen der Demokratisierung, sozialen Innovation und Partizipation, insbesondere von benachteiligten Gruppen. Der internationale Blick wird über den europäischen Raum hinaus um Analysen und Handlungsansätze in zwei geopolitisch brisanten Regionen erweitert, dem islamischen Raum sowie Kasachstan und Georgien.

Western Society in Transition

Author: Volker Bornschier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351293109

Category: History

Page: 451

View: 8214

An enormous acceleration of history has occurred in the current decade, thereby radically changing world society in many respects. The core countries - grouped around the triad formed by the United States, Japan, and the European Union - have experienced successive waves of change marked by phases of ascent, unfolding, and decay of societal models. What seemed stable and predictable in past decades came close to collapse or broke down entirely. As a result, we are now living through a crisis of legitimation characterized by acute contradictions. A new order, with a fresh, basic consensus around an overarching set of norms that allows problems to be solved efficiently, has not yet crystallized.Western Society in Transition examines the succession of societal models of the Western world and indications of its probable shape in the future. Bornschier characterizes the 1985-1995 period as a decade of Third World debt and depression; continued economic decline in the United States; a steady ascent of Japan; Western Europe's move toward political union, and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Against this background, he sketches various elements of a theoretical perspective he calls evolutionary conflict theory. The primary focus of interest of this theory is not on single societies, but on measures of social transformation at the core of world society. Western Society in Transition deals with fundamental questions: How does social order arise and why does it dissolve? What provides social cohesion? What makes society progress? Institutional spheres of Western society such as technology, firms, the market, state building, education, power, conflict, and social movements are analyzed in detail.Peter Lengyel, editor emeritus of the International Social Science Journal says of Western Society in Transition, "I have never seen such a succinct, clear, and persuasive treatment which adroitly draws together elements from economics, history, sociology, and technology into a strictly contemporary kind of political economy." This timely assessment of the Western world will be of interest to social scientists, historians, economists, and international relations scholars.

Hermeneutics and the Humanities

Dialogues with Hans-Georg Gadamer

Author: Madeleine Kasten,Herman Paul,Rico Sneller

Publisher: LUP Academic


Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9430

Hans-Georg Gadamer's "Wahrheit und Methode" (1960) is one of the most influential books on interpretation to have appeared in the past half century. Scholars across the humanties have applied, discussed, and criticized its hermeneutical insights. This volume aims to continue this conversation between hermeneutics and the humanities, but also tries to map Gadamer's influence on the humanties so far. In which domains of study has "Wahrheit und Methode" made its greatest impact? Where and for which reasons have other disciplines hardly engaged with Gadamer's work? In a more pragmatic sense, the volume also suggests possibilities for further interaction between Gadamer and the humanities.

Sufficiency as Policy

Necessity, Possibilities and Limitations

Author: Laura Spengler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783848742059

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 327

View: 5283

Can technology solve all our environmental problems, or do we also have to reduce our consumption? This question has been debated for a long time within environmental science circles and can, with regard to at least some environmental problems, be answered in the affirmative today. However, it is not enough if only some individuals reduce their use of environmentally relevant goods voluntarily (which is known as "sufficiency") to achieve overall sustainable consumption patterns. Sufficiency has to become an issue on a political level, too. There are, however, doubts about the possibility of reducing consumption by means of politics in a liberal state because of the potential restrictions to freedom involved. This book shows the necessity and ways of legitimating a sufficiency policy within liberal-democratic, wealthy states from a political and philosophical perspective. Furthermore, it discusses ways of implementing such a policy as well as their limitations. Finally, the author proposes a concept for a sufficiency policy.