Language Myths

Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141939109

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 5348

A unique collection of original essays by 21 of the world's leading linguists. The topics discussed focus on some of the most popular myths about language: The Media Are Ruining English; Children Can't Speak or Write Properly Anymore; America is Ruining the English Language. The tone is lively and entertaining throughout and there are cartoons from Doonesbury andThe Wizard of Id to illustrate some of the points. The book should have a wide readership not only amongst students who want to read leading linguists writing about popular misconceptions but also amongst the large number of people who enjoy reading about language in general.

Language Myths and the History of English

Author: Richard J. Watts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195327608

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 338

View: 5051

Language Myths and the History of English deconstructs common myths about the historical development of English and looks at the ideological reasons for their existence.

The Language Myth in Western Culture

Author: Roy Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136751459

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 9837

The basic claim of this book is that for 2000 years and more the western tradition has relied on two very dubious assumptions about human communication: that each national language is a unique code and that linguistic communication consists in the utilization of such codes to transfer messages from mind to mind.

Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic

Author: K. Stollznow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137404868

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 1161

Can a bump on the head cause someone to speak with a different accent? Can animals, aliens, and objects talk? Can we communicate with gods, demons, and the dead? Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic is a curio shop full of colourful superstitions, folklore, and legends about language.

Port out, starboard home

and other language myths

Author: Michael Quinion

Publisher: Penguin Books Ltd


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 282

View: 2976

What is the true origin of the phrase 'one fell swoop'? Does the word 'honeymoon' really derive from an old Persian custom of giving the happy couple mead, a honey wine, for the first month after the wedding? The rapid growth of the internet and the use of email has increased the circulation of (usually) false tales about the evolution of language. In this entertaining and fascinating new book on the origins of words and expressions, Michael Quinion retells the mythic tales that have become popular currency - the word 'posh' deriving from 'port out, starboard home' - and also tries to find and explain the true stories behind the origins of phrases. Quinion offers explanations of why and how stories about words are created, and how misunderstanding word origins - while usually harmless - can have serious consequences.

Language and Myth

Author: Ernst Cassirer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486122271

Category: Philosophy

Page: 103

View: 5249

In this important study, Cassirer analyzes the non-rational thought processes that go to make up culture. Includes studies of the metaphysics of the Bhagavat Gita, Ancient Egyptian religion, symbolic logic, and more.

English Language Myths

Thirty Beliefs that Aren't Really True

Author: Adam Brown

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Europe

ISBN: 9780071205344

Category: English language

Page: 130

View: 1763

The aim of the book is to dispel beliefs aboutEnglish which are held by English teachers in Singapore, Southeast Asia andbeyond. These beliefs are either wide of the mark or stated too strongly.However, they are widely held, and thus are taught in schools and in exercisebooks, and appear in tests and examinations. The 30 chapters (corresponding to30 myths examined) cover the nature and status of English, grammar, morphology,pragmatics, spelling and pronunciation. The approach adopted shows that many ofthe beliefs held by teachers are not substantiated by what speakers of Englishactually do. Quotations from literature, reference books and from corpus dataare given to support the analysis. The author is an authoritative figure in hisfield, and has many years of experience in training English language teachers inSoutheast Asian countries. The discussions that focus on Southeast Asia andSingapore in particular make this book very relevant to both English languageteachers and students in the region.

Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands

The Politics of National Identities

Author: Graham Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599689

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 4286

The emergence in 1991 of the fourteen borderland post-Soviet states has been accompanied by the reforging of their national identities. Such attempts to rethink or reimagine the nation have had a major impact in reshaping the political, cultural and social lives of both national and ethnic minority groups alike. This book analyzes these national identities and explores their consequences for the borderland states, with substantive studies drawn from the Baltic states, Ukraine and Belarus, Transcaucasia and Central Asia.

Rethinking English in Puerto Rico

exploring language myths and realities

Author: Lowell Fiet,Alicia Pousada,Ada Haiman

Publisher: N.A


Category: English language

Page: 104

View: 1616

Das Charisma-Geheimnis

Wie jeder die Kunst erlernen kann, andere Menschen in seinen Bann zu ziehen

Author: Olivia Fox Cabane

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864155150

Category: Self-Help

Page: 300

View: 2523

Charisma kann man erlernen Es gibt sie, diese Ausstrahlung, die Menschen zu etwas ganz Besonderem macht, und die ihnen eine magnetische Aura verleiht, der sich niemand entziehen kann. Aber: Charisma ist keine naturgegebene Eigenschaft, über die nur ein paar Auserwählte verfügen. Man kann es sich aneignen wie andere Fähigkeiten auch und damit sein Leben von Grund auf verändern. Olivia Fox Cabane erläutert im Detail, wie man sich mit Worten, Gesten und Mimik präsentiert, um seine Wirkung auf andere Menschen zu optimieren und nachhaltig Eindruck zu hinterlassen. Seit vielen Jahren analysiert sie Methoden aus der Verhaltensforschung und testet sie für ihr Coaching. Das Resultat ist ihr effektives Training, in dem sie unter anderem erklärt: -wie man im Gespräch Selbstsicherheit signalisiert, - wie man besonders intelligent und aufmerksam wirkt, - wie man souverän in ein konfliktbeladenes Gespräch geht. Charisma verleiht einem Menschen das gewisse Etwas, durch das er aus der Masse heraussticht. Seien Sie mehr als einer von Vielen – seien Sie etwas ganz Besonderes!

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy,Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111825726X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 6565

Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

How Myths about Language Affect Education

What Every Teacher Should Know

Author: David Johnson

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472032879

Category: Education

Page: 113

View: 1828

How Myths about Language Affect Education: What Every Teacher Should Know clarifies some of the most common misconceptions about language, particularly those that affect teachers and the decisions they make when they teach English language learners. The chapters in this book address myths about language in general, about first and second language acquisition, about language and society, and about language and thinking. Each chapter concludes with activities for teachers that give examples, exercises, or simple questions that relate directly to teachers' everyday dealings with ELLs and language. How Myths about Language Affect Education is not intended to be a complete introduction to linguistics; it does not contain information on phonetics or complex syntactic explanations, and technical jargon is kept to a minimum. The aim of this book is not to settle language issues but rather to highlight popular misconceptions and the ways that they influence debates regarding language and affect language policies in and out of the classroom.

The Language of Empire

Myths and Metaphors of Popular Imperialism, 1880-1918

Author: Robert H. MacDonald

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719037498

Category: English literature

Page: 268

View: 4012

"During the last thirty years of the nineteenth century the British Empire increased enormously and by 1900 the Empire covered a fifth of the world's land surface. In Britain itself, the growth of Empire came to the centre of the political debate and was applauded by a large sympathetic press. Two sides of imperialism had emerged - the acquisition of territory and a campaign of propaganda to make imperialism 'popular'. Both are the subject of this book." "The Language of Empire describes how the Empire was constructed, given shape and meaning, for its contemporaries. The author explores how the imperial 'story' was imagined and how the day-to-day activities of its participants were understood. He focuses on both the face of Empire as it was presented to the public, and at the lives of individual imperial soldiers or adventurers, exploring how the idea of Empire gave meaning to the actions of its participants. The author defines the role of discourse in determining this perception of reality - looking at the construction of Empire through the huge body of popular texts ranging from fiction, poetry and children's stories to history and biography." "This study will appeal to readers interested in British imperialism, those engaging in literature and cultural studies as well as to specialists in colonial history."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Australian Sign Language (Auslan)

An introduction to sign language linguistics

Author: Trevor Johnston,Adam Schembri

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139459631

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 736

This is first comprehensive introduction to the linguistics of Auslan, the sign language of Australia. Assuming no prior background in language study, it explores each key aspect of the structure of Auslan, providing an accessible overview of its grammar (how sentences are structured), phonology (the building blocks of signs), morphology (the structure of signs), lexicon (vocabulary), semantics (how meaning is created), and discourse (how Auslan is used in context). The authors also discuss a range of myths and misunderstandings about sign languages, provide an insight into the history and development of Auslan, and show how Auslan is related to other sign languages, such as those used in Britain, the USA and New Zealand. Complete with clear illustrations of the signs in use and useful further reading lists, this is an ideal resource for anyone interested in Auslan, as well as those seeking a clear, general introduction to sign language linguistics.

Origins of the Specious

Myths and Misconceptions of the English Language

Author: Patricia T. O'Conner,Stewart Kellerman

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1588368564

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 2967

Do you cringe when a talking head pronounces “niche” as NITCH? Do you get bent out of shape when your teenager begins a sentence with “and”? Do you think British spellings are more “civilised” than the American versions? If you answered yes to any of those questions, you’re myth-informed. In Origins of the Specious, word mavens Patricia T. O’Conner and Stewart Kellerman reveal why some of grammar’s best-known “rules” aren’t—and never were—rules at all. This playfully witty, rigorously researched book sets the record straight about bogus word origins, politically correct fictions, phony français, fake acronyms, and more. Here are some shockers: “They” was once commonly used for both singular and plural, much the way “you” is today. And an eighteenth-century female grammarian, of all people, is largely responsible for the all-purpose “he.” From the Queen’s English to street slang, this eye-opening romp will be the toast of grammarphiles and the salvation of grammarphobes. Take our word for it.

Language and History

Integrationist Perspectives

Author: Nigel Love

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134370202

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6227

When linguistics was first established as an academic discipline in the nineteenth century, it was envisaged as an essentially historical study. Languages were to be treated as historical objects, evolving through gradual but constant processes of change over long periods of time. In recent years, however, there has been much discussion by historians of a 'linguistic turn' in their own discipline, and, in linguistics, integrationist theory has mounted a radical challenge to the traditional notion of 'languages' as possible objects of inquiry. Language and History develops the integrationist critique of orthodox linguistics, while at the same time extending its implications to the field of history. By doing so, it throws light on what is now recognized by many historians to be a 'crisis' in their own discipline. Underlying the post-modernist scepticism about traditional forms of historiography, the integrationist approach reveals a more deep-seated problem concerning the interface between philosophy of history and philosophy of language. With chapters from a range of leading international contributors, Language and History represents a significant contribution to the developing work of the integrationists.

Women Talk More Than Men

... And Other Myths about Language Explained

Author: Abby Kaplan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316546187

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 1779

Do women talk more than men? Does text messaging make you stupid? Can chimpanzees really talk to us? This fascinating textbook addresses a wide range of language myths, focusing on important big-picture issues such as the rule-governed nature of language or the influence of social factors on how we speak. Case studies and analysis of relevant experiments teach readers the skills to become informed consumers of social science research, while suggested open-ended exercises invite students to reflect further on what they've learned. With coverage of a broad range of topics (cognitive, social, historical), this textbook is ideal for non-technical survey courses in linguistics. Important points are illustrated with specific, memorable examples: invariant 'be' shows the rule-governed nature of African-American English; vulgar female speech in Papua New Guinea shows how beliefs about language and gender are culture-specific. Engaging and accessibly written, Kaplan's lively discussion challenges what we think we know about language.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6088

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Language, Feeling, and the Brain

The Evocative Vector

Author: Daniel Shanahan

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412809344

Category: Psychology

Page: 259

View: 8157

Linguistic theory since the Cognitive Revolution has fol- lowed one of the premises of that revolution by largely sidelining the issue of emotions and concentrating on those aspects of language that are more strictly cognitive. However, during the last ten years research in cognitive science, especially in neuropsychology, has begun to fill in the gaps left by the exclusion of emotions from cognitive research. The work of those like Oatley, Zajonc, Damasio, and LeDoux, to name a few, has demonstrated both that it is possible to construct models of how emotions play into the workings of the psyche and that they are necessary in giving us a balanced view of the human mind. Language, Feeling, and the Brain attempts to apply the fruits of this new research in emotion to our understanding of language itself. Building on Karl Pribram's integrated model of emotions and motivations, the book takes an eclectic approach to explaining how emotions contribute to the nature of language, drawing on research done in neuropsychology, philosophy, cognitive linguistics, anthropology, and related fields. Its aim is to construct a propositional model for how the emotions may have contributed to the emergence of symbolic formation, most especially in the forms of gesture and speech, and how identifying that emotional influence sheds new light on everything we have had to say about language itself, from lexis and grammar to culture and literature.