Language Myths

Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141939109

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 5519

A unique collection of original essays by 21 of the world's leading linguists. The topics discussed focus on some of the most popular myths about language: The Media Are Ruining English; Children Can't Speak or Write Properly Anymore; America is Ruining the English Language. The tone is lively and entertaining throughout and there are cartoons from Doonesbury andThe Wizard of Id to illustrate some of the points. The book should have a wide readership not only amongst students who want to read leading linguists writing about popular misconceptions but also amongst the large number of people who enjoy reading about language in general.

Language Myths

Author: Laurie Bauer,Peter Trudgill

Publisher: ePenguin

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 188

View: 8309

A unique collection of original essays by 21 of the world's leading linguists. The topics discussed focus on some of the most popular myths about language: The Media Are Ruining English; Children Can't Speak or Write Properly Anymore; America is Ruining the English Language. The tone is lively and entertaining throughout and there are cartoons from Doonesbury andThe Wizard of Id to illustrate some of the points. The book should have a wide readership not only amongst students who want to read leading linguists writing about popular misconceptions but also amongst the large number of people who enjoy reading about language in general.

Language Myths

Author: Laurie Bauer,Peter Trudgill

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0140260234

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 188

View: 4041

The field of language is one full of misconceptions about the way in which language works, or is used. This collection of essays tackles beliefs, correcting a catalogue of errors such as: aborigines speak a primitive language, French people speak faster and German is ugly.

Language Myths and the History of English

Author: Richard J. Watts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195327608

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 338

View: 5842

Language Myths and the History of English deconstructs common myths about the historical development of English and looks at the ideological reasons for their existence.

Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic

Author: K. Stollznow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137404868

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 2950

Can a bump on the head cause someone to speak with a different accent? Can animals, aliens, and objects talk? Can we communicate with gods, demons, and the dead? Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic is a curio shop full of colourful superstitions, folklore, and legends about language.

The Language Myth

Why Language Is Not an Instinct

Author: Vyvyan Evans

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316123596

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 929

Language is central to our lives, the cultural tool that arguably sets us apart from other species. Some scientists have argued that language is innate, a type of unique human 'instinct' pre-programmed in us from birth. In this book, Vyvyan Evans argues that this received wisdom is, in fact, a myth. Debunking the notion of a language 'instinct', Evans demonstrates that language is related to other animal forms of communication; that languages exhibit staggering diversity; that we learn our mother tongue drawing on general properties and abilities of the human mind, rather than an inborn 'universal' grammar; that language is not autonomous but is closely related to other aspects of our mental lives; and that, ultimately, language and the mind reflect and draw upon the way we interact with others in the world. Compellingly written and drawing on cutting-edge research, The Language Myth sets out a forceful alternative to the received wisdom, showing how language and the mind really work.

Women Talk More Than Men

... And Other Myths about Language Explained

Author: Abby Kaplan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316546187

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 6951

Do women talk more than men? Does text messaging make you stupid? Can chimpanzees really talk to us? This fascinating textbook addresses a wide range of language myths, focusing on important big-picture issues such as the rule-governed nature of language or the influence of social factors on how we speak. Case studies and analysis of relevant experiments teach readers the skills to become informed consumers of social science research, while suggested open-ended exercises invite students to reflect further on what they've learned. With coverage of a broad range of topics (cognitive, social, historical), this textbook is ideal for non-technical survey courses in linguistics. Important points are illustrated with specific, memorable examples: invariant 'be' shows the rule-governed nature of African-American English; vulgar female speech in Papua New Guinea shows how beliefs about language and gender are culture-specific. Engaging and accessibly written, Kaplan's lively discussion challenges what we think we know about language.

Port out, starboard home

and other language myths

Author: Michael Quinion

Publisher: Penguin Books Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 282

View: 2207

What is the true origin of the phrase 'one fell swoop'? Does the word 'honeymoon' really derive from an old Persian custom of giving the happy couple mead, a honey wine, for the first month after the wedding? The rapid growth of the internet and the use of email has increased the circulation of (usually) false tales about the evolution of language. In this entertaining and fascinating new book on the origins of words and expressions, Michael Quinion retells the mythic tales that have become popular currency - the word 'posh' deriving from 'port out, starboard home' - and also tries to find and explain the true stories behind the origins of phrases. Quinion offers explanations of why and how stories about words are created, and how misunderstanding word origins - while usually harmless - can have serious consequences.

Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic

Author: K. Stollznow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137404868

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 9565

Can a bump on the head cause someone to speak with a different accent? Can animals, aliens, and objects talk? Can we communicate with gods, demons, and the dead? Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic is a curio shop full of colourful superstitions, folklore, and legends about language.

Language and Myth

Author: Ernst Cassirer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486122271

Category: Philosophy

Page: 103

View: 4069

In this important study, Cassirer analyzes the non-rational thought processes that go to make up culture. Includes studies of the metaphysics of the Bhagavat Gita, Ancient Egyptian religion, symbolic logic, and more.

Proper English

Myths and Misunderstandings about Language

Author: Ronald Wardhaugh

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631212690

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 1833

This books explores why it is we believe what we believe about language, and why we persist in handing down from generation to generation a rag bag collection of fact and fantasy about language.

Origins of the Specious

Myths and Misconceptions of the English Language

Author: Patricia T. O'Conner,Stewart Kellerman

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 0812978102

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 266

View: 7216

Do you cringe when a talking head pronounces “niche” as NITCH? Do you get bent out of shape when your teenager begins a sentence with “and”? Do you think British spellings are more “civilised” than the American versions? If you answered yes to any of those questions, you're myth-informed. In Origins of the Specious, word mavens Patricia T. O'Conner and Stewart Kellerman reveal why some of grammar's best-known “rules” aren't—and never were—rules at all. This playfully witty, rigorously researched book sets the record straight about bogus word origins, politically correct fictions, phony français, fake acronyms, and more. Here are some shockers: “They” was once commonly used for both singular and plural, much the way “you” is today. And an eighteenth-century female grammarian, of all people, is largely responsible for the all-purpose “he.” From the Queen's English to street slang, this eye-opening romp will be the toast of grammarphiles and the salvation of grammarphobes. Take our word for it.

The Language Myth in Western Culture

Author: Roy Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136751459

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 8166

The basic claim of this book is that for 2000 years and more the western tradition has relied on two very dubious assumptions about human communication: that each national language is a unique code and that linguistic communication consists in the utilization of such codes to transfer messages from mind to mind.

Language, Vernacular Discourse and Nationalisms

Uncovering the Myths of Transnational Worlds

Author: Finex Ndhlovu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319761358

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 388

View: 5280

This book examines the linguistic and discursive elements of social and economic policies and national political leader statements to read new meanings into debates on border protection, national sovereignty, immigration, economic indigenisation, land reform and black economic empowerment. It adds a fresh angle to the debate on nationalisms and transnationalism by pushing forward a more applied agenda to establish a clear and empirically-based illustration of the contradictions in current policy frameworks around the world and the debates they invite. The author’s novel vernacular discourse approach contributes new points of method and interpretation that will advance scholarly conversations on nationalisms, transnationalism and other forms of identity imaginings in a transient world.

Word Myths

Debunking Linguistic Urban Legends

Author: David Wilton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199740836

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 5883

Do you "know" that posh comes from an acronym meaning "port out, starboard home"? That "the whole nine yards" comes from (pick one) the length of a WWII gunner's belt; the amount of fabric needed to make a kilt; a sarcastic football expression? That Chicago is called "The Windy City" because of the bloviating habits of its politicians, and not the breeze off the lake? If so, you need this book. David Wilton debunks the most persistently wrong word histories, and gives, to the best of our actual knowledge, the real stories behind these perennially mis-etymologized words. In addition, he explains why these wrong stories are created, disseminated, and persist, even after being corrected time and time again. What makes us cling to these stories, when the truth behind these words and phrases is available, for the most part, at any library or on the Internet? Arranged by chapters, this book avoids a dry A-Z format. Chapters separate misetymologies by kind, including The Perils of Political Correctness (picnics have nothing to do with lynchings), Posh, Phat Pommies (the problems of bacronyming--the desire to make every word into an acronym), and CANOE (which stands for the Conspiracy to Attribute Nautical Origins to Everything). Word Myths corrects long-held and far-flung examples of wrong etymologies, without taking the fun out of etymology itself. It's the best of both worlds: not only do you learn the many wrong stories behind these words, you also learn why and how they are created--and what the real story is.

Second Language Acquisition Myths

Applying Second Language Research to Classroom Teaching

Author: Steven Brown,Jenifer Larson-Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780472034987

Category: Education

Page: 199

View: 900

This volume was conceived as a first book in SLA for advanced undergraduate or introductory master’s courses that include education majors, foreign language education majors, and English majors. It’s also an excellent resource for practicing teachers. Both the research and pedagogy in this book are based on the newest research in the field of second language acquisition. It is not the goal of this book to address every SLA theory or teach research methodology. It does however address the myths and questions that non-specialist teacher candidates have about language learning. Steven Brown is the co-author of the introductory applied linguistics textbook Understanding Language Structure, Interaction, and Variation textbook (and workbook). The myths challenged in this book are: § Children learn languages quickly and easily while adults are ineffective in comparison. § A true bilingual is someone who speaks two languages perfectly. § You can acquire a language simply through listening or reading. § Practice makes perfect. § Language students learn (and retain) what they are taught. § Language learners always benefit from correction. § Individual differences are a major, perhaps the major, factor in SLA. § Language acquisition is the individual acquisition of grammar.

Listening Myths

Applying Second Language Research to Classroom Teaching

Author: Steven Brown

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472034596

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 1508

This volume was conceived as a "best practices" resource for teachers of ESL listening courses in the way that Vocabulary Myths by Keith S. Folse (and Writing Myths by Joy Reid) is one for reading and vocabulary teachers. It was written to help ensure that teachers of listening are not perpetuating the myths of teaching listening. Both the research and pedagogy in this book are based on the newest research in the field of second language acquisition. Steven Brown is the author of the Active Listening textbook series and is a teacher trainer. The myths debunked in this book are: § Listening is the same as reading. § Listening is passive. § Listening equals comprehension. § Because L1 language ability is effortlessly acquired, L2 listening ability is too. § Listening means listening to conversations. § Listening is an individual, inside-the-head process. § Students should only listen to authentic materials. § Listening can’t be taught.

English Language Myths

Thirty Beliefs that Aren't Really True

Author: Adam Brown

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Europe

ISBN: 9780071205344

Category: English language

Page: 130

View: 9195

The aim of the book is to dispel beliefs aboutEnglish which are held by English teachers in Singapore, Southeast Asia andbeyond. These beliefs are either wide of the mark or stated too strongly.However, they are widely held, and thus are taught in schools and in exercisebooks, and appear in tests and examinations. The 30 chapters (corresponding to30 myths examined) cover the nature and status of English, grammar, morphology,pragmatics, spelling and pronunciation. The approach adopted shows that many ofthe beliefs held by teachers are not substantiated by what speakers of Englishactually do. Quotations from literature, reference books and from corpus dataare given to support the analysis. The author is an authoritative figure in hisfield, and has many years of experience in training English language teachers inSoutheast Asian countries. The discussions that focus on Southeast Asia andSingapore in particular make this book very relevant to both English languageteachers and students in the region.

Constructing Languages

Norms, myths and emotions

Author: Francesc Feliu,Josep Maria Nadal

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027266638

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

View: 4530

As language historians we believe that the subject of our study is neither natural languages nor idiolects which speakers have always been able to develop individually (loosely what Chomsky calls L-i), but rather the social constructions of reference shared by all speakers (basically what Chomsky terms as L-e ). In this context the language historian essentially studies how a public L-e is built such that it can be understood as the language of all (i.e. hiding L-i variations) and also how L-e succeed in replacing the primary reality of idiolects, even if only in the imagination. Writing represents a crucial turning point in language construction, because it made it possible to materialize the abstraction that, until then, related speakers could only guess and besides it comes into competition with individual languages. In modern centuries, the provision of grammars, dictionaries and other such learning tools and systematizing instruments strengthens the idea that, because of their normative character, languages can be learned through study. Mythical stories encourage the achievement of prescriptive rules and lead speakers to link emotions to their language. Therefore, the topics of reflection that we want to discuss in this volume are: Norms, Myths and Emotions related to language construction.

Language and Politics in the United States and Canada

Myths and Realities

Author: Thomas K. Ricento,Barbara Burnaby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113568104X

Category: Education

Page: 374

View: 1579

This volume critically analyzes and explains the goals, processes, and effects of language policies in the United States and Canada from historical and contemporary perspectives. The focus of this book is to explore parallel and divergent developments in language policy and language rights in the two countries, especially in the past four decades, as a basis for reflection on what can be learned from one country's experience by the other. Effects of language policies and practices on majority and minority individuals and groups are evaluated. Differences in national and regional language situations in the U.S. and Canada are traced to historical and sociological, demographic, and legal factors which have sometimes been inappropriately generalized or ignored by ideologues. The point is to show that certain general principles of economics and sociology apply to the situations in both countries, but that differing notions of sovereignty, state and nation, ethnicity, pluralism, and multiculturalism have shaped attitudes and policies in significant ways. Understanding the bases for these varying attitudes and policies provides a clearer understanding of the idiosyncratic as well as more universal factors that contribute to tensions between groups and to outcomes, many of which are unintended. The volume makes clear that language matters always involve issues of culture, economics, politics, individual and group identities, and local and national histories. The chapters provide detailed analyses on a wide range of issues at the national, state/provincial, and local levels in both countries. The chapter authors come from a variety of academic disciplines (education, geography, journalism, law, linguistics, political science, and sociology), and the findings, taken together, contribute to an evolving, interdisciplinary theory of language policy.