Language Myths

Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141939109

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 3586

A unique collection of original essays by 21 of the world's leading linguists. The topics discussed focus on some of the most popular myths about language: The Media Are Ruining English; Children Can't Speak or Write Properly Anymore; America is Ruining the English Language. The tone is lively and entertaining throughout and there are cartoons from Doonesbury andThe Wizard of Id to illustrate some of the points. The book should have a wide readership not only amongst students who want to read leading linguists writing about popular misconceptions but also amongst the large number of people who enjoy reading about language in general.

Language Myths and the History of English

Author: Richard J. Watts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195327608

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 338

View: 1683

Language Myths and the History of English deconstructs common myths about the historical development of English and looks at the ideological reasons for their existence.

Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic

Author: K. Stollznow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137404868

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 8682

Can a bump on the head cause someone to speak with a different accent? Can animals, aliens, and objects talk? Can we communicate with gods, demons, and the dead? Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic is a curio shop full of colourful superstitions, folklore, and legends about language.

The Language Myth in Western Culture

Author: Roy Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136751459

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 3135

The basic claim of this book is that for 2000 years and more the western tradition has relied on two very dubious assumptions about human communication: that each national language is a unique code and that linguistic communication consists in the utilization of such codes to transfer messages from mind to mind.

Port out, starboard home

and other language myths

Author: Michael Quinion

Publisher: Penguin Books Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 282

View: 3683

What is the true origin of the phrase 'one fell swoop'? Does the word 'honeymoon' really derive from an old Persian custom of giving the happy couple mead, a honey wine, for the first month after the wedding? The rapid growth of the internet and the use of email has increased the circulation of (usually) false tales about the evolution of language. In this entertaining and fascinating new book on the origins of words and expressions, Michael Quinion retells the mythic tales that have become popular currency - the word 'posh' deriving from 'port out, starboard home' - and also tries to find and explain the true stories behind the origins of phrases. Quinion offers explanations of why and how stories about words are created, and how misunderstanding word origins - while usually harmless - can have serious consequences.

Language and Myth

Author: Ernst Cassirer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486122271

Category: Philosophy

Page: 103

View: 6584

In this important study, Cassirer analyzes the non-rational thought processes that go to make up culture. Includes studies of the metaphysics of the Bhagavat Gita, Ancient Egyptian religion, symbolic logic, and more.

Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands

The Politics of National Identities

Author: Graham Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599689

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 4157

The emergence in 1991 of the fourteen borderland post-Soviet states has been accompanied by the reforging of their national identities. Such attempts to rethink or reimagine the nation have had a major impact in reshaping the political, cultural and social lives of both national and ethnic minority groups alike. This book analyzes these national identities and explores their consequences for the borderland states, with substantive studies drawn from the Baltic states, Ukraine and Belarus, Transcaucasia and Central Asia.

English Language Myths

Thirty Beliefs that Aren't Really True

Author: Adam Brown

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Europe

ISBN: 9780071205344

Category: English language

Page: 130

View: 781

The aim of the book is to dispel beliefs aboutEnglish which are held by English teachers in Singapore, Southeast Asia andbeyond. These beliefs are either wide of the mark or stated too strongly.However, they are widely held, and thus are taught in schools and in exercisebooks, and appear in tests and examinations. The 30 chapters (corresponding to30 myths examined) cover the nature and status of English, grammar, morphology,pragmatics, spelling and pronunciation. The approach adopted shows that many ofthe beliefs held by teachers are not substantiated by what speakers of Englishactually do. Quotations from literature, reference books and from corpus dataare given to support the analysis. The author is an authoritative figure in hisfield, and has many years of experience in training English language teachers inSoutheast Asian countries. The discussions that focus on Southeast Asia andSingapore in particular make this book very relevant to both English languageteachers and students in the region.

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy,Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111825726X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 9067

Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

How Myths about Language Affect Education

What Every Teacher Should Know

Author: David Johnson

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472032879

Category: Education

Page: 113

View: 6099

How Myths about Language Affect Education: What Every Teacher Should Know clarifies some of the most common misconceptions about language, particularly those that affect teachers and the decisions they make when they teach English language learners. The chapters in this book address myths about language in general, about first and second language acquisition, about language and society, and about language and thinking. Each chapter concludes with activities for teachers that give examples, exercises, or simple questions that relate directly to teachers' everyday dealings with ELLs and language. How Myths about Language Affect Education is not intended to be a complete introduction to linguistics; it does not contain information on phonetics or complex syntactic explanations, and technical jargon is kept to a minimum. The aim of this book is not to settle language issues but rather to highlight popular misconceptions and the ways that they influence debates regarding language and affect language policies in and out of the classroom.

Women Talk More Than Men

... And Other Myths about Language Explained

Author: Abby Kaplan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316546187

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 4422

Do women talk more than men? Does text messaging make you stupid? Can chimpanzees really talk to us? This fascinating textbook addresses a wide range of language myths, focusing on important big-picture issues such as the rule-governed nature of language or the influence of social factors on how we speak. Case studies and analysis of relevant experiments teach readers the skills to become informed consumers of social science research, while suggested open-ended exercises invite students to reflect further on what they've learned. With coverage of a broad range of topics (cognitive, social, historical), this textbook is ideal for non-technical survey courses in linguistics. Important points are illustrated with specific, memorable examples: invariant 'be' shows the rule-governed nature of African-American English; vulgar female speech in Papua New Guinea shows how beliefs about language and gender are culture-specific. Engaging and accessibly written, Kaplan's lively discussion challenges what we think we know about language.

Australian Sign Language (Auslan)

An introduction to sign language linguistics

Author: Trevor Johnston,Adam Schembri

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139459631

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 9503

This is first comprehensive introduction to the linguistics of Auslan, the sign language of Australia. Assuming no prior background in language study, it explores each key aspect of the structure of Auslan, providing an accessible overview of its grammar (how sentences are structured), phonology (the building blocks of signs), morphology (the structure of signs), lexicon (vocabulary), semantics (how meaning is created), and discourse (how Auslan is used in context). The authors also discuss a range of myths and misunderstandings about sign languages, provide an insight into the history and development of Auslan, and show how Auslan is related to other sign languages, such as those used in Britain, the USA and New Zealand. Complete with clear illustrations of the signs in use and useful further reading lists, this is an ideal resource for anyone interested in Auslan, as well as those seeking a clear, general introduction to sign language linguistics.

Origins of the Specious

Myths and Misconceptions of the English Language

Author: Patricia T. O'Conner,Stewart Kellerman

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1588368564

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 9675

Do you cringe when a talking head pronounces “niche” as NITCH? Do you get bent out of shape when your teenager begins a sentence with “and”? Do you think British spellings are more “civilised” than the American versions? If you answered yes to any of those questions, you’re myth-informed. In Origins of the Specious, word mavens Patricia T. O’Conner and Stewart Kellerman reveal why some of grammar’s best-known “rules” aren’t—and never were—rules at all. This playfully witty, rigorously researched book sets the record straight about bogus word origins, politically correct fictions, phony français, fake acronyms, and more. Here are some shockers: “They” was once commonly used for both singular and plural, much the way “you” is today. And an eighteenth-century female grammarian, of all people, is largely responsible for the all-purpose “he.” From the Queen’s English to street slang, this eye-opening romp will be the toast of grammarphiles and the salvation of grammarphobes. Take our word for it.

Language and History

Integrationist Perspectives

Author: Nigel Love

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134370202

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 4664

When linguistics was first established as an academic discipline in the nineteenth century, it was envisaged as an essentially historical study. Languages were to be treated as historical objects, evolving through gradual but constant processes of change over long periods of time. In recent years, however, there has been much discussion by historians of a 'linguistic turn' in their own discipline, and, in linguistics, integrationist theory has mounted a radical challenge to the traditional notion of 'languages' as possible objects of inquiry. Language and History develops the integrationist critique of orthodox linguistics, while at the same time extending its implications to the field of history. By doing so, it throws light on what is now recognized by many historians to be a 'crisis' in their own discipline. Underlying the post-modernist scepticism about traditional forms of historiography, the integrationist approach reveals a more deep-seated problem concerning the interface between philosophy of history and philosophy of language. With chapters from a range of leading international contributors, Language and History represents a significant contribution to the developing work of the integrationists.

The Language of Empire

Myths and Metaphors of Popular Imperialism, 1880-1918

Author: Robert H. MacDonald

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719037498

Category: English literature

Page: 268

View: 8477

"During the last thirty years of the nineteenth century the British Empire increased enormously and by 1900 the Empire covered a fifth of the world's land surface. In Britain itself, the growth of Empire came to the centre of the political debate and was applauded by a large sympathetic press. Two sides of imperialism had emerged - the acquisition of territory and a campaign of propaganda to make imperialism 'popular'. Both are the subject of this book." "The Language of Empire describes how the Empire was constructed, given shape and meaning, for its contemporaries. The author explores how the imperial 'story' was imagined and how the day-to-day activities of its participants were understood. He focuses on both the face of Empire as it was presented to the public, and at the lives of individual imperial soldiers or adventurers, exploring how the idea of Empire gave meaning to the actions of its participants. The author defines the role of discourse in determining this perception of reality - looking at the construction of Empire through the huge body of popular texts ranging from fiction, poetry and children's stories to history and biography." "This study will appeal to readers interested in British imperialism, those engaging in literature and cultural studies as well as to specialists in colonial history."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Albanian Identities

Myth and History

Author: Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers,Bernd Jürgen Fischer

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253341891

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 2729

The contributors to this study critically de-construct Albanian myths and offer insights into Albanian history and politics. They conclude with contemporary Albanian critiques of the origins and functions of Albanian politics and ideologies.

Language, Feeling, and the Brain

The Evocative Vector

Author: Daniel Shanahan

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412809344

Category: Psychology

Page: 259

View: 9263

Linguistic theory since the Cognitive Revolution has fol- lowed one of the premises of that revolution by largely sidelining the issue of emotions and concentrating on those aspects of language that are more strictly cognitive. However, during the last ten years research in cognitive science, especially in neuropsychology, has begun to fill in the gaps left by the exclusion of emotions from cognitive research. The work of those like Oatley, Zajonc, Damasio, and LeDoux, to name a few, has demonstrated both that it is possible to construct models of how emotions play into the workings of the psyche and that they are necessary in giving us a balanced view of the human mind. Language, Feeling, and the Brain attempts to apply the fruits of this new research in emotion to our understanding of language itself. Building on Karl Pribram's integrated model of emotions and motivations, the book takes an eclectic approach to explaining how emotions contribute to the nature of language, drawing on research done in neuropsychology, philosophy, cognitive linguistics, anthropology, and related fields. Its aim is to construct a propositional model for how the emotions may have contributed to the emergence of symbolic formation, most especially in the forms of gesture and speech, and how identifying that emotional influence sheds new light on everything we have had to say about language itself, from lexis and grammar to culture and literature.

The German Language in British Higher Education

Problems, Challenges, Teaching and Learning Perspectives

Author: Sylvia Jaworska

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447060059

Category: Education

Page: 222

View: 4274

The discipline of German Studies in English-speaking countries is in crisis and the situation in British Higher Education can be seen as a paradigmatic example. Symptoms of the crisis are a dramatic decrease in the number of students, financial difficulties and the resulting closures of German Departments. Furthermore, the language skills which finally emerge from universities are not always satisfactory. The present book sheds light on key aspects of the institutionalised teaching and learning of German language in the UK. The first part - the macro-context - surveys the socio-political developments that have recently affected the sector of modern languages and specifically the discipline of German Studies. The second part - the micro-context -, zooms in to the teaching and learning as experienced from both students' and teachers' perspective. Ultimately, by linking the macro-analysis with the micro findings, the present book proposes a number of strategies which could contribute to the optimisation and enhancement of teaching and learning German in British Higher Education.

Word Myths

Debunking Linguistic Urban Legends

Author: David Wilton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195375572

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 2299

An examination of the most famous stories, tales, and histories of the world that are provably wrong provides a look at why certain myths are created and spread, the reasons they persist, and the actual truths that long have been obscured by misinformation.