Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences

Author: Ashok N. Srivastava,Ramakrishna Nemani,Karsten Steinhaeuser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315354462

Category: Computers

Page: 208

View: 4494

From the Foreword: "While large-scale machine learning and data mining have greatly impacted a range of commercial applications, their use in the field of Earth sciences is still in the early stages. This book, edited by Ashok Srivastava, Ramakrishna Nemani, and Karsten Steinhaeuser, serves as an outstanding resource for anyone interested in the opportunities and challenges for the machine learning community in analyzing these data sets to answer questions of urgent societal interest...I hope that this book will inspire more computer scientists to focus on environmental applications, and Earth scientists to seek collaborations with researchers in machine learning and data mining to advance the frontiers in Earth sciences." --Vipin Kumar, University of Minnesota Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences provides researchers and practitioners with a broad overview of some of the key challenges in the intersection of Earth science, computer science, statistics, and related fields. It explores a wide range of topics and provides a compilation of recent research in the application of machine learning in the field of Earth Science. Making predictions based on observational data is a theme of the book, and the book includes chapters on the use of network science to understand and discover teleconnections in extreme climate and weather events, as well as using structured estimation in high dimensions. The use of ensemble machine learning models to combine predictions of global climate models using information from spatial and temporal patterns is also explored. The second part of the book features a discussion on statistical downscaling in climate with state-of-the-art scalable machine learning, as well as an overview of methods to understand and predict the proliferation of biological species due to changes in environmental conditions. The problem of using large-scale machine learning to study the formation of tornadoes is also explored in depth. The last part of the book covers the use of deep learning algorithms to classify images that have very high resolution, as well as the unmixing of spectral signals in remote sensing images of land cover. The authors also apply long-tail distributions to geoscience resources, in the final chapter of the book.

Feature Engineering for Machine Learning and Data Analytics

Author: Guozhu Dong,Huan Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351721275

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 6834

Feature engineering plays a vital role in big data analytics. Machine learning and data mining algorithms cannot work without data. Little can be achieved if there are few features to represent the underlying data objects, and the quality of results of those algorithms largely depends on the quality of the available features. Feature Engineering for Machine Learning and Data Analytics provides a comprehensive introduction to feature engineering, including feature generation, feature extraction, feature transformation, feature selection, and feature analysis and evaluation. The book presents key concepts, methods, examples, and applications, as well as chapters on feature engineering for major data types such as texts, images, sequences, time series, graphs, streaming data, software engineering data, Twitter data, and social media data. It also contains generic feature generation approaches, as well as methods for generating tried-and-tested, hand-crafted, domain-specific features. The first chapter defines the concepts of features and feature engineering, offers an overview of the book, and provides pointers to topics not covered in this book. The next six chapters are devoted to feature engineering, including feature generation for specific data types. The subsequent four chapters cover generic approaches for feature engineering, namely feature selection, feature transformation based feature engineering, deep learning based feature engineering, and pattern based feature generation and engineering. The last three chapters discuss feature engineering for social bot detection, software management, and Twitter-based applications respectively. This book can be used as a reference for data analysts, big data scientists, data preprocessing workers, project managers, project developers, prediction modelers, professors, researchers, graduate students, and upper level undergraduate students. It can also be used as the primary text for courses on feature engineering, or as a supplement for courses on machine learning, data mining, and big data analytics.

Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery for Engineering Systems Health Management

Author: Ashok N. Srivastava,Jiawei Han

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439841799

Category: Computers

Page: 502

View: 1978

Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery for Engineering Systems Health Management presents state-of-the-art tools and techniques for automatically detecting, diagnosing, and predicting the effects of adverse events in an engineered system. With contributions from many top authorities on the subject, this volume is the first to bring together the two areas of machine learning and systems health management. Divided into three parts, the book explains how the fundamental algorithms and methods of both physics-based and data-driven approaches effectively address systems health management. The first part of the text describes data-driven methods for anomaly detection, diagnosis, and prognosis of massive data streams and associated performance metrics. It also illustrates the analysis of text reports using novel machine learning approaches that help detect and discriminate between failure modes. The second part focuses on physics-based methods for diagnostics and prognostics, exploring how these methods adapt to observed data. It covers physics-based, data-driven, and hybrid approaches to studying damage propagation and prognostics in composite materials and solid rocket motors. The third part discusses the use of machine learning and physics-based approaches in distributed data centers, aircraft engines, and embedded real-time software systems. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the field, this book shows how various machine learning and knowledge discovery techniques are used in the analysis of complex engineering systems. It emphasizes the importance of these techniques in managing the intricate interactions within and between the systems to maintain a high degree of reliability.

Large-Scale Simulation

Models, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Dan Chen,Lizhe Wang,Jingying Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439868964

Category: Computers

Page: 259

View: 7009

Large-Scale Simulation: Models, Algorithms, and Applications gives you firsthand insight on the latest advances in large-scale simulation techniques. Most of the research results are drawn from the authors’ papers in top-tier, peer-reviewed, scientific conference proceedings and journals. The first part of the book presents the fundamentals of large-scale simulation, including high-level architecture and runtime infrastructure. The second part covers middleware and software architecture for large-scale simulations, such as decoupled federate architecture, fault tolerant mechanisms, grid-enabled simulation, and federation communities. In the third part, the authors explore mechanisms—such as simulation cloning methods and algorithms—that support quick evaluation of alternative scenarios. The final part describes how distributed computing technologies and many-core architecture are used to study social phenomena. Reflecting the latest research in the field, this book guides you in using and further researching advanced models and algorithms for large-scale distributed simulation. These simulation tools will help you gain insight into large-scale systems across many disciplines.

Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science

Concepts and Principles

Author: Jordi Vallverdú

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1616920149

Category: Computers

Page: 435

View: 6872

"This book offers a high interdisciplinary exchange of ideas pertaining to the philosophy of computer science, from philosophical and mathematical logic to epistemology, engineering, ethics or neuroscience experts and outlines new problems that arise with new tools"--Provided by publisher.

Immigrants in the Lands of Promise

Italians in Buenos Aires and New York City, 1870 - 1914

Author: Michael Adas

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455251

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 2792

Over the past five centuries, advances in Western understanding of and control over the material world have strongly influenced European responses to non-Western peoples and cultures. In Machines as the Measure of Men, Michael Adas explores the ways in which European perceptions of their scientific and technological superiority shaped their interactions with people overseas. Adopting a broad, comparative perspective, he analyzes European responses to the cultures of sub-Saharan Africa, India, and China, cultures that they judged to represent lower levels of material mastery and social organization. Beginning with the early decades of overseas expansion in the sixteenth century, Adas traces the impact of scientific and technological advances on European attitudes toward Asians and Africans and on their policies for dealing with colonized societies. He concentrates on British and French thinking in the nineteenth century, when, he maintains, scientific and technological measures of human worth played a critical role in shaping arguments for the notion of racial supremacy and the "civilizing mission" ideology which were used to justify Europe's domination of the globe. Finally, he examines the reasons why many Europeans grew dissatisfied with and even rejected this gauge of human worth after World War I, and explains why it has remained important to Americans. Showing how the scientific and industrial revolutions contributed to the development of European imperialist ideologies, Machines as the Measure of Men highlights the cultural factors that have nurtured disdain for non-Western accomplishments and value systems. It also indicates how these attitudes, in shaping policies that restricted the diffusion of scientific knowledge, have perpetuated themselves, and contributed significantly to chronic underdevelopment throughout the developing world. Adas's far-reaching and provocative book will be compelling reading for all who are concerned about the history of Western imperialism and its legacies. First published to wide acclaim in 1989, Machines as the Measure of Men is now available in a new edition that features a preface by the author that discusses how subsequent developments in gender and race studies, as well as global technology and politics, enter into conversation with his original arguments.

High Performance Computing for Computational Science - VECPAR 2002

5th International Conference, Porto, Portugal, June 26-28, 2002. Selected Papers and Invited Talks

Author: VECPAR 2002

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540008527

Category: Computers

Page: 732

View: 8249

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 5th International Conference on High Performance Computing for Computational Science, VECPAR 2002, held in Porto, Portugal in June 2002. The 45 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited papers were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are organized in topical sections on fluids and structures, data mining, computing in chemistry and biology, problem solving environments, computational linear and non-linear algebra, cluster computing, imaging, and software tools and environments.

The Moon

Resources, Future Development and Settlement

Author: David Schrunk,Burton Sharpe,Bonnie L. Cooper,Madhu Thangavelu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387739823

Category: Science

Page: 261

View: 9109

This extraordinary book details how the Moon could be used as a springboard for Solar System exploration. It presents a realistic plan for placing and servicing telescopes on the Moon, and highlights the use of the Moon as a base for an early warning system from which to combat threats of near-Earth objects. A realistic vision of human development and settlement of the Moon over the next one hundred years is presented, and the author explains how global living standards for the Earth can be enhanced through the use of lunar-based generated solar power. From that beginning, the people of the Earth would evolve into a spacefaring civilisation.

Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface

9th European PVM/MPI User's Group Meeting Linz, Austria, September 29 - October 2, 2002, Proceedings

Author: Dieter Kranzlmüller,Peter Kacsuk,Jack Dongarra,Jens Volkert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540442960

Category: Computers

Page: 462

View: 3577

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th European PVM/MPI Users'Group Meeting held in Linz, Austria in September/October 2002. The 50 revised full papers presented together with abstracts of 11 invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected. The papers are organized in topical sections on Corss Grid, Par Sim, application using MPI and PVM, parallel algorithms using message passing, programming tools for MPI and PVM, implementations of MPI and PVM, extensions of MPI and PVM, and performance analysis and optimization.

Das Ende der Arbeit und ihre Zukunft

Neue Konzepte für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593400855

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9108

Die Arbeit hat sich im letzten Jahrzehnt weiter verändert. Bereits in 50 Jahren werden weniger als 10 Prozent der Bevölkerung ausreichen, um alle Güter und Dienstleistungen bereitzustellen. Die Konsequenzen für die sozialen Sicherungssysteme sind dramatisch, soziale Konlikte scheinen unvermeidlich. Dass "es nicht mehr genug Arbeit für alle geben wird" erkannte Jeremy Rifkin bereits in seinem Weltbesteller Das Ende der Arbeit - und seine Thesen sind heute aktueller denn je. In der Neuausgabe des in 16 Sprachen übersetzten Bestsellers entwickelt Rifkin seine radikalen Vorschläge weiter und zeigt mit gewohntem wirtschaftlichen und politischen Sachverstand, wie wir verhindern können, dass uns die Arbeit ausgeht. "Rifkins Buch wird uns noch lange beschäftigen." Süddeutsche Zeitung

Science and Sustainability

Learning from Indigenous Wisdom

Author: J. Hendry

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137430184

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 7054

Indigenous peoples have passed down vital knowledge for generations from which local plants help cure common ailments, to which parts of the land are unsuitable for buildings because of earthquakes. Here, Hendry examines science through these indigenous roots, problematizing the idea that Western science is the only type that deserves that name.

Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming - CP 2009

15th International Conference, CP 2009 Lisbon, Portugal, September 20-24, 2009 Proceedings

Author: Ian P. Gent

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642042430

Category: Computers

Page: 844

View: 7179

This volume contains the papers presented at CP 2009: The 15th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming. It was held from September 20–24, 2009 at the Rectory of the New University of Lisbon, Portugal. Everyone involved with the conference thanks our sponsors for their support. There were 128 submissions to the research track, of which 53 were accepted for a rate of 41.4%. Each submission was reviewed by three reviewers, with a small number of additional reviews obtained in exceptional cases. Each review waseitherbyaProgrammeCommitteemember,orbyacolleagueinvitedtohelp by a committee member thanks to their particular expertise. Papers submitted as long papers were accepted at full length or not at all. It is important to note that papers submitted as short papers were held to the same high standards of qualityas long papers. There is thus no distinction in these proceedings between long and short papers, except of course the number of pages they occupy. As it happens, the acceptancerates of short and long papers wereverysimilar indeed. Therewere13submissionstotheapplicationtrack,ofwhich8wereaccepted, fora rateof61.5%.Papersunderwentthe samereviewprocessasregularpapers, and there was not a separate committee for reviewing application track papers. However, papers in the application track were not required to be original or novel research, but to be original and novel as an application of constraints.

SIGKDD Explorations

Newsletter of the Special Interest Group (SIG) on Knowledge Discovery & Data Mining

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Data mining

Page: N.A

View: 3121

Big Data for Remote Sensing: Visualization, Analysis and Interpretation

Digital Earth and Smart Earth

Author: Nilanjan Dey,Chintan Bhatt,Amira S. Ashour

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319899236

Category: Science

Page: 154

View: 9748

This book thoroughly covers the remote sensing visualization and analysis techniques based on computational imaging and vision in Earth science. Remote sensing is considered a significant information source for monitoring and mapping natural and man-made land through the development of sensor resolutions that committed different Earth observation platforms. The book includes related topics for the different systems, models, and approaches used in the visualization of remote sensing images. It offers flexible and sophisticated solutions for removing uncertainty from the satellite data. It introduces real time big data analytics to derive intelligence systems in enterprise earth science applications. Furthermore, the book integrates statistical concepts with computer-based geographic information systems (GIS). It focuses on image processing techniques for observing data together with uncertainty information raised by spectral, spatial, and positional accuracy of GPS data. The book addresses several advanced improvement models to guide the engineers in developing different remote sensing visualization and analysis schemes. Highlights on the advanced improvement models of the supervised/unsupervised classification algorithms, support vector machines, artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic, decision-making algorithms, and Time Series Model and Forecasting are addressed. This book guides engineers, designers, and researchers to exploit the intrinsic design remote sensing systems. The book gathers remarkable material from an international experts' panel to guide the readers during the development of earth big data analytics and their challenges.

Digital Libraries - Current Issues

Digital Libraries Workshop, DL '94, Newark, NJ, USA, May 19- 20, 1994. Selected Papers

Author: Nabil R. Adam,Bharat K. Bhargava,Yelena Yesha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540592822

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 321

View: 5836

This volume is the first book coherently summarizing the current issues in digital libraries research, design and management. It presents, in a homogeneous way, thoroughly revised versions of 15 papers accepted for the First International Workshop on Digital Libraries, DL '94, held at Rutgers University in May 1994; in addition there are two introductory chapters provided by the volume editors, as well as a comprehensive bibliography listing 262 entries. Besides introductory aspects, the topics addressed are administration and management, information retrieval and hypertext, classification and indexing, and prototypes and applications. The volume is intended for researchers and design professionals in the field, as well as for experts from libraries administration and scientific publishing.

The Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences

In which the Whole Circle of Human Learning is Explained, and the Difficulties Attending the Acquisition of Every Art, Whether Liberal Or Mechanical, are Removed ... The Theological, Philological, and Critical Branches

Author: Temple Henry Croker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4556

Oceanography: An Invitation to Marine Science

Author: Tom S. Garrison

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305480570

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 423

Developed in partnership with the National Geographic Society, market-leading OCEANOGRAPHY: AN INVITATION TO MARINE SCIENCE, 9e equips students with a basic understanding of the scientific questions, complexities, and uncertainties involved in ocean use-as well as the role and importance of the ocean in nurturing and sustaining life on Earth. The Ninth Edition features the work of seasoned author and educator Tom Garrison along with new co-author Robert Ellis, an assistant professor in the Marine Science Department at Orange Coast College who has managed research projects and educational programs throughout the world. Offering an even stronger emphasis on the science process, the new edition includes more How Do We Know? boxes detailing the science behind how oceanographers know what they know. Coverage of climate change has been updated to reflect the latest findings. In addition, Chapter 14 has been renamed Primary Producers and now includes expanded coverage of photosynthetic and chemosynthetic producers to help students understand the big picture in marine biology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.