Legal Capital in Europe

Author: Marcus Lutter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311092658X

Category: Law

Page: 711

View: 5229

Eine Gruppe von deutschen Kennern des Rechts der Kapitalgesellschaften aus Wissenschaft und Praxis hat sich zusammengefunden, um Sinn und Nutzen des festen Kapitals und seiner einzelnen Elemente zu untersuchen. Im vorliegenden Band finden sich, neben einer Zusammenfassung der Ergebnisse, insgesamt 16 Einzeluntersuchungen zu Aspekten des Kapitals in Deutschland und seiner Bezüge zu angrenzenden Rechtsbereichen (z.B. Rechnungslegung, Insolvenz) sowie 7 Berichte zum festen Kapital im Ausland (Frankreich, Großbritannien, Italien, Niederlande, Polen, Spanien und USA).

The Law of Corporate Finance: General Principles and EU Law

Volume III: Funding, Exit, Takeovers

Author: Petri Mäntysaari

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642030580

Category: Law

Page: 594

View: 4542

1.1 Cash Flow, Risk, Agency, Information, Investments The first volume dealt with the management of: cash flow (and the exchange of goods and services); risk; agency relationships; and information. The firm m- ages these aspects by legal tools and practices in the context of all commercial transactions. The second volume discussed investments. As voluntary contracts belong to the most important legal tools available to the firm, the second volume provided an - troduction to the general legal aspects of generic investment contracts and p- ment obligations. This volume discusses funding transactions, exit, and a particular category of decisions raising existential questions (business acquisitions). Transactions which can be regarded as funding transactions from the perspective of a firm raising the funding can be regarded as investment transactions from the perspective of an - vestor that provides the funding. Although the perspective chosen in this volume is that of a firm raising funding, this volume will simultaneously provide infor- tion about the legal aspects of many investment transactions. 1.2 Funding, Exit, Acquisitions Funding transactions are obviously an important way to manage cash flow. All - vestments will have to be funded in some way or another. The firm’s funding mix will also influence risk in many ways. Funding. The most important way to raise funding is through retained profits and by using existing assets more efficiently. The firm can also borrow money from a bank, or issue debt, equity, or mezzanine securities to a small group of - vestors.

Company Law in Context

Text and Materials

Author: David Kershaw

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 890

View: 8551

Company Law in Context is an ideal main text for company law courses. In this sophisticated book David Kershaw places company law in its economic, business, and social context, making the cases, statutes, and other forms of regulation more accessible and relevant. A running case study provides a practical perspective.

European Company and Financial Law

European Community Law-text Collection

Author: Klaus J. Hopt,E. Wymeersch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110142617

Category: Law

Page: 1048

View: 6123

Recoge: Enmiendas de legislación de la Asamblea Europea.

Modernization of European Company Law and Corporate Governance

Some Considerations on Its Legal Limits

Author: Gert-Jan Vossestein

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 9041125922

Category: Law

Page: 284

View: 3748

This new book offers a substantial framework for examining the competence or powers of the EC in the field of company law, and the requirements for the lawful exercise of these powers (the principle of subsidiarity and the observance of Article 43 EC in particular). In order to provide a clear understanding of the practical relevance of this framework, the author tests the provisions of specific EC company law instruments for compatibility with the EC Treaty. Although the substantial body of EC company law that has been built up over the years is covered, the focus is on EC company law instruments which have been adopted in implementation of the 2003 Action Plan. The book includes a survey of the various company law instruments (both pre-and post-Action Plan) which together make up EC company law, and discusses the objectives of EC company law policy. --

The Foundations and Future of Financial Regulation

Governance for Responsibility

Author: Mads Andenas,Iris H-Y Chiu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113504337X

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 1550

Financial regulation has entered into a new era, as many foundational economic theories and policies supporting the existing infrastructure have been and are being questioned following the financial crisis. Goodhart et al’s seminal monograph "Financial Regulation: Why, How and Where Now?" (Routledge:1998) took stock of the extent of financial innovation and the maturity of the financial services industry at that time, and mapped out a new regulatory roadmap. This book offers a timely exploration of the "Why, How and Where Now" of financial regulation in the aftermath of the crisis in order to map out the future trajectory of financial regulation in an age where financial stability is being emphasised as a key regulatory objective. The book is split into four sections: the objectives and regulatory landscape of financial regulation; the regulatory regime for investor protection; the regulatory regime for financial institutional safety and soundness; and macro-prudential regulation. The discussion ranges from theoretical and policy perspectives to comprehensive and critical consideration of financial regulation in the specifics. The focus of the book is on the substantive regulation of the UK and the EU, as critical examination is made of the unravelling and the future of financial regulation with comparative insights offered where relevant especially from the US. Running throughout the book is consideration of the relationship between financial regulation, financial stability and the responsibility of various actors in governance. This book offers an important contribution to continuing reflections on the role of financial regulation, market discipline and corporate responsibility in the financial sector, and upon the roles of regulatory authorities, markets and firms in ensuring the financial health and security of all in the future.

European Capital Markets Law

Author: Rüdiger Veil

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782256547

Category: Law

Page: 848

View: 8239

European capital markets law has developed rapidly in recent years. The former directives have been replaced by regulations and numerous implementing legal acts aimed at ensuring a level playing field across the EU. The financial crisis has given further impetus to the development of a European supervisory structure. This book systematises the European law and examines the underlying concepts from a broadly interdisciplinary perspective. National experiences in selected Member States – Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom – are also explored. The first chapter deals with the foundations of capital markets law in Europe, the second explains the basics, and the third examines the regime on market abuse. Chapter four explores the disclosure system and chapter five the roles of intermediaries, such as financial analysts, rating agencies and proxy advisers. Short selling and high frequency trading is described in chapter six. Chapter seven deals with financial services and chapter eight explains compliance and corporate governance in investment firms. Chapter nine illustrates the regulation of benchmarks. Finally, chapter ten deals with public takeovers. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on legal practice, and frequent reference is made to the key decisions of supervisory authorities and courts.

The European Company:

Author: N.A

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107320941

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8982

The European Company ('SE') is a legal entity offering a European perspective for businesses. Its purpose is to allow businesses that wish to extend their activities beyond their home Member State to operate throughout the EU on the basis of one set of rules and a unified management system. The book explains how to set up and organise a European Company, as well as setting out the text of the EC instruments (a Regulation and a Directive) serving as its legal basis, and a list of national implementing laws. This second volume reports on the countries which have legislated during 2005 and 2006. Divided into two sections, it first offers critical review of the usefulness of, and the opportunities presented by, this new vehicle; analyses the Regulation and the Directive; and examines the tax aspects of the SE. The second part reports on each of the Member States.

EU Law and the Harmonization of Takeovers in the Internal Market

Author: Thomas Papadopoulos

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 9041133402

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 7436

Analysing the Takeover Bid Directive in light of EU Law, this important monograph examines the extent to which the Directive facilitates the exercise of the fundamental freedom of establishment and the free movement of capital in the internal market. The analysis begins with a discussion of the fundamental freedom of establishment of companies, as well as of the legal bases for the harmonization of company law and capital markets law at the EU level. Additionally, the significance of corporate mobility and of the freedom of establishment case law of the European Court of Justice for the takeover process is analysed. The author shows that, far from achieving market integration in the field of EU company law, the Takeover Bid Directive is a compromise resulting from the very different legal and policy approaches of the Member States in the field of takeover regulation. Although some provisions of the Directive are obligatory for all Member States, two key provisions have been made optional: the non-frustration rule, which requires a board of directors to obtain the prior authorization of a general meeting of shareholders before taking any action that could result in the frustration of the bid; and the breakthrough rule, which restricts significant transfer and voting rights during the time allowed for acceptance of the bid.

The Evolution of Legal Business Forms in Europe and the United States

Venture Capital, Joint Venture and Partnership Structures

Author: Erik M. Vermeulen

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 9041120572

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 7975

The evolution of partnership forms is stimulated by powerful economic forces that can lead to widespread prosperity and wealth creation for a society. Given the importance of closely held firms in the United States and Europe, The Evolution of Legal Business Forms in Europe and the United States argues that partnership law should trouble itself less with historical and descriptive arguments about the legal rules and structure of the partnership form and focus much more on the new analytical apparatus of the economics of organizational form as well the fundamental economic learning that informs the debates on limited liability, partnership rules regarding management and control, conflict resolution and fiduciary duties. Introducing and extending the best available theories from law and economics, particularly those from the theory of the firm, This book¿s analysis demonstrates that the patterns of European partnership law and its recent history are best understood from an economic and comparative law perspective. By examining the economic theories of the firm and the economics of organization choice, The Evolution of Legal Business Forms in Europe and the United States conceives partnership-type business forms as contractual entities. The key feature of the modern partnership form is that partners have significant flexibility and power to limit their liability, transfer all of their rights, and to freely exit the firm. Another key feature of partnership law is the insight that lawmakers should provide the rules and enforcement mechanisms to regulate the important relationships within the partnership. This book applies an efficiency test to determine which sets of default rules are likely to resolve the main problems in partnerships. Having identified partnership law with the economic theory of organization, The Evolution of Legal Business Forms in Europe and the United States then goes to argue that most of partnership law is directed at offering bundles of legal rules for different types of firms. Lawmakers should promote partnership rules that attract investors and can be expected to be efficient if they allow entrepreneurs to freely select the bundle of rules that best match their priorities. In a modern vision of partnership law, lawmakers promote economic welfare through creating non-mandatory rules that allow multiple businesses to switch to a favourable business form without significant costs. Jurisdictions plagued by falling incorporations and low levels of small and medium business activity, should abandon the mandatory and standardized framework and the `lock in¿ effect that it promotes, and focus on the mechanisms of legal evolution and rules that tend to mimic the market. This innovation work will have ramifications felt across European jurisdictions, and will be debated by a large audience of policymakers and academic lawyers involved in law reform. Moreover, the book will receive serious attention from students of law and economics, as well as practising lawyers involved in resolving complex issues of organizational law. Review (s) ¿Vermeulen¿s work makes a significant contribution to the dialogue between legal scholars and policy makers from Europe and the United States on the matter of business entity law reform. The volume is ambitious in scope, thoughtful in approach, and accurate in result. It shows a well-read and nuanced view of the recent American partnership law reform debates. He moves with assurance between different systems of law and analysis, and has a confident sense of what his diverse readers need to know to come to the ultimate discussion with a common sense of the issues and alternatives at hand. Vermeulen¿s work should serve as a starting point for a robust discussion among scholars and policy makers.¿

European Banking and Financial Law

Author: Matthias Haentjens,Pierre de Gioia-Carabellese

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317483073

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 4011

In recent decades, the volume of EU legislation on financial law has increased exponentially. Banks, insurers, pension funds, investment firms and other financial institutions all are increasingly subject to European regulatory rules, as are day to day financial transactions. Serving as a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to European banking and financial law, the book is organized around the three economic themes that are central to the financial industry: (i) financial markets; (ii) financial institutions; and (iii) financial transactions. It covers not only regulatory law, but also commercial law that is relevant for the most important financial transactions. It also explains the most important international standard contracts such as LMA loan contracts and the GMRA repurchase agreements. Covering a broad range of aspects of financial law from a European perspective, it is essential reading for students of financial law and European regulation.

Information sources in finance and banking

Author: Ray Lester

Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Co

ISBN: 9781857390377

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 818

View: 9034

Guides your patrons to both traditional & computerized sources on all aspects of the financial system, & shows them how to evaluate the different sources. Coverage includes historical sources, money markets, central banks, laws & regulations, & more.

Shareholders' Duties

Author: Hanne Birkmose

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 9789041166708


Page: 420

View: 6152

European Company Law Series Volume 12 It is often assumed that shareholders have rights, not duties. In recent years, however, this assumption has come under intense scrutiny in all aspects of company law and capital market law - legislation, the courts, soft law, and scholarship - and, in Europe especially, major changes are under way across a diverse spectrum all the way from revised contractual arrangements to mandatory statutory provisions. Such a shift has important implications for the fundamentals of European company law, and there is a need to examine shareholders' duties and to consider where this trend is taking shareholders and their stance in law. This focused collection of essays by twenty notable scholars addresses this complex subject from a highly informative and useful variety of perspectives. Examining shareholders' duties along three axes - types of investee companies, types of shareholders, and types of business situations - the essays deal with such topics and issues as the following: shareholders' duties as reflections of the interests they are intended to safeguard; shareholders' duties to society; shareholders' disclosure obligations; duties of parent companies; institutional investor's fiduciary duty; how regulatory duties constrain value-reducing forms of opportunism; the state's continuing duties in the transformation of state-owned companies; significant shareholders' duties in transactions with the company; and powerful shareholders' duty not to abuse right. Examining the implications of this shift in discourse - how shareholders' duties are coming to the fore under the impetus of legislation, legal doctrine, case law, and enforcement strategies - as well as its ideological underpinnings, this book offers a comprehensive and in-depth consideration of this rapidly developing field. It will prove of inestimable value not only to policymakers and academics, but also to investors and practitioners committed to creating conditions favourable to sustainable economic growth and responsible business behaviour.

Europe's Untapped Capital Market

Rethinking Financial Integration After the Crisis

Author: Diego Valiante

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786600448


Page: 288

View: 4445

This book builds on a year-long discussion with a group of academics, policy-makers and industry experts to provide a long-term contribution to the Capital Markets Union project, launched by the European Commission in 2015. It identifies 36 cross-border barriers to capital markets integration and provides an organic plan, consisting of 33 policy recommendations, to relaunch EU financial integration. These aim to improve the key components of cross-border capital market transactions.

A Legal and Economic Assessment of European Takeover Regulation

Author: Christophe Clerc,Fabrice Demarigny,Diego Valiante,Mirzha de Manuel Aramendía

Publisher: Ctr for European Policy Studies

ISBN: 9789461382344

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 8722

"Takeovers are one-off events, altering control and strategy within an organisation. But the chances of becoming the target of a bid, even where remote, daily influence corporate decision-making. Takeover rules are therefore central to company law and the balance of power among managers, shareholders and stakeholders alike. This study analyses the corporate governance drivers underpinning takeover bid regulations and assesses the implementation of the EU Directive on takeover bids and compares it with the legal framework of nine other major jurisdictions, including the US. It finds that similar rules have different effects depending on company-level and country-level characteristics and considers the use of modular legislation and optional provisions to cater for them. This book is an abridged version, with additional policy suggestions, of the study prepared for the European Commission jointly by CEPS and the law firm Marccus Partners. The legal analysis in this book was conducted by Christophe Clerc, partner with the law firm Pinsent Masons and general manager of the Paris office and Fabrice Demarigny, Chairman of Marccus Partners and Head of Capital Market Activities within the Mazars group. The economic analysis was carried out by Diego Valiante, Research Fellow at CEPS and its in-house European Capital Markets Institute (ECMI) and by Mirzha de Manuel Aramendía, Researcher at ECMI and CEPS."--Publisher description.

Law and Governance in an Enlarged European Union

Author: George A. Bermann,Katharina Pistor

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841134260

Category: Law

Page: 501

View: 542

This book's principal aim is to critically address the institutional and substantive legal issues resulting from European enlargement, chiefly those relating to the legal foundations on which the enlarged Union is being built. The accession of new Member States creates the potential for a stronger and more powerful Europe. Realising this potential, however, will depend on the ability of the EU to develop functional and effective governance structures, both at the European level and at the level of the individual Member States. While the acquis communautaire will ensure that formal laws in the new Member States will be aligned with those of existing members, the question remains as to how effective institutions will be in implementing changes, and what effects the imposed changes will have on the legitimacy of the new legal framework.This book, containing the work of leading scholars in law and social sciences, examines the current and future legal framework for EU governance, and the role that new members will - or will not - play in the creation of that framework, paying particular attention to the specific challenges membership in the EU poses to the acceding states of Central and Eastern Europe. It is a book which will contribute to and influence debates over constitutionalism and legal harmonisation in the EU.

The Images of the Consumer in EU Law

Legislation, Free Movement and Competition Law

Author: Dorota Leczykiewicz,Stephen Weatherill

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509900365

Category: Law

Page: 488

View: 8387

This book consists of contributions exploring from different perspectives the 'images' of the consumer in EU law. The images of the consumer form the foundation for various EU policies, more or less directly oriented towards the goal of consumer protection. The purpose of the volume is to establish what visions of the consumer there are in different contexts of EU law, whether they are consistent, and whether EU law's engagement with consumer-related considerations is sincere or merely instrumental to the achievement of other goals. The chapters discuss how consumers should be protected in EU contract, competition, free movement and trade mark law. They reflect on the limits of the consumer empowerment rationale as the basis for EU consumer policy. The chapters look also at the variety of concerns consumers might have, including the cost of goods and services, access to credit, ethical questions of consumption, the challenges of excessive choice and the possibility to influence the content of regulatory measures, and explore the significance of these issues for the EU's legislative and judicial process.

Bicentenaire du Code de commerce 1807-2007

Les actes du colloque

Author: Cathérine Delplanque

Publisher: N.A


Category: Law

Page: 755

View: 7014

Cet ouvrage a été réalisé à l'initiative de l'Association du bicentenaire du Code de commerce suite au colloque organisé en Sorbonne les 1er et 2 février 2007 et à ceux en régions durant toute l'année 2007. Il est le fruit d'un travail de collaboration entre les praticiens et les théoriciens. Les intervenants ont exposé leur point de vue sur la codification commerciale. La partie historique, à travers plusieurs exemples précis, nous éclaire sur l'évolution du droit du commerce au droit économique. L'usage de la technique de codification en droit des affaires, sous toutes les latitudes et dans les systèmes de droit romano-germaniques et anglo-saxons est passé au crible de l'analyse. Au plan du droit substantiel, les rapports entre le Code de commerce et les sociétés commerciales, le droit des entreprises en difficulté, et le droit financier, ont été traités par les plus Hautes autorités juridiques et judiciaires. Est aussi analysé le rôle des juridictions spécialisées, ainsi que celui des modes alternatifs de résolution des conflits. Par des exemples précis issus à la fois du droit national et des expériences internationales, cet ouvrage auquel ont collaboré des personnalités des mondes politique, judiciaire et universitaire, tente d'apporter un éclairage à la fois historique et contemporain et permet de mieux appréhender le lien entre les entreprises et la justice.