Lineages of the Absolutist State (Verso World History Series)

Author: Perry Anderson

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1781680108

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 6081

The political nature of Absolutism has long been a subject of controversy within historical materialism. Developing considerations advanced in Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism, this book situates the Absolutist states of the early modern epoch against the prior background of European feudalism. It is divided into two parts. The first discusses the overall structures of Absolutism as a state-system in Western Europe, from the Renaissance onwards. It then looks in turn at the trajectory of each of the specific Absolutist states in the dominant countries of the West—Spain, France, England and Sweden, set off against the case of Italy, where no major indigenous Absolutism developed. The second part of the work sketches a comparative prospect of Absolutism in Eastern Europe. The peculiarities, as well as affinities, of Eastern Absolutism as a distinct type of royal state, are examined. The variegated monarchies of Prussia, Austria and Russia are surveyed, and the lessons asked of the counter-example of Poland. Finally, the structureof the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans is taken as an external gauge by which the singularity of Absolutism as a European phenomenon is assessed. The work ends with some observations on the special position occupied by European development within universal history, which draws themes from both Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism andLineages of the Absolutist State together into a single argument—within their common limits—as materials for debate.

Lineages of the Absolutist State

Author: Perry Anderson

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 178168054X

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 5220

The political nature of Absolutism has long been a subject of controversy within historical materialism. Developing considerations advanced in Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism, this book situates the Absolutist states of the early modern epoch against the prior background of European feudalism. It is divided into two parts. The first discusses the overall structures of Absolutism as a state-system in Western Europe, from the Renaissance onwards. It then looks in turn at the trajectory of each of the specific Absolutist states in the dominant countries of the West—Spain, France, England and Sweden, set off against the case of Italy, where no major indigenous Absolutism developed. The second part of the work sketches a comparative prospect of Absolutism in Eastern Europe. The peculiarities, as well as affinities, of Eastern Absolutism as a distinct type of royal state, are examined. The variegated monarchies of Prussia, Austria and Russia are surveyed, and the lessons asked of the counter-example of Poland. Finally, the structureof the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans is taken as an external gauge by which the singularity of Absolutism as a European phenomenon is assessed. The work ends with some observations on the special position occupied by European development within universal history, which draws themes from both Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism andLineages of the Absolutist State together into a single argument—within their common limits—as materials for debate.

Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism

Author: Perry Anderson

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1781680531

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9035

The rise of the modern absolutist monarchies in Europe constitutes in many ways the birth of the modern historical epoch. Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism, the companion volume to Perry Anderson’s Lineages of the Absolutist State, is a sustained exercise in historical sociology to root the development of absolutism in the diverse routes taken from the slave-based societies of Ancient Greece and Rome to fully-fledged feudalism. In the course of this study Anderson vindicates and the refines the explanatory power of a Marxist conception of history, whilst casting a fascinating light on Greece, Rome, the Germanic invasions, nomadic society, and the different patterns of the evolution of feudalism in Northern, Mediterranean, Eastern and Western Europe.

Die indische Ideologie

Author: Perry Anderson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783937834702

Category:

Page: 192

View: 4427

Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten

Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518761528

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 9247

Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihrer Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.

Bushidô-shoshinshû

Author: Yūzan Daidōji

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936018509

Category:

Page: 86

View: 2423

Geschichte der Commune von 1871

Unveränderter Nachdruck der deutschen Übersetzung aus dem Jahre 1877

Author: Prosper Lissagaray

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518005774

Category:

Page: 441

View: 1004

Die Rolle der Gewalt in der Geschichte

Author: Friedrich Engels

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843026289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 56

View: 2511

Friedrich Engels: Die Rolle der Gewalt in der Geschichte Fragment. Entstanden Dezember 1887 bis März 1888. Die Schrift knüpft an die drei Kapitel zur Gewaltstheorie im »Anti-Dühring« an und sollte zusammen mit diesen Abschnitten als Separatdruck erscheinen. Erstdruck in der Redaktion von Eduard Bernstein unter dem Titel »Gewalt und Ökonomie bei der Herstellung der neuen Deutschen Reichs« in: Die Neue Zeit (Berlin), Nr. 22-26, 14. Jg. 1. Band, 1895-96. Der Text folgt der Handschrift. Dort fehlende Passagen sind nach dem Erstdruck wiedergegeben. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels: Werke. Herausgegeben vom Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus beim ZK der SED, 43 Bände, Band 21, Berlin: Dietz-Verlag, 1962. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Staat und Verfassung

gesammelte Abhandlungen zur allgemeinen Verfassungsgeschichte

Author: Otto Hintze

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525361122

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 587

View: 8033

Ökologie der Angst

das Leben mit der Katastrophe

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238199

Category:

Page: 541

View: 8129

Kristallwelt

Author: James G. Ballard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783937897066

Category:

Page: 159

View: 9704

Eine geheimnisvolle Krankheit verseucht alles Leben auf einer fernen Insel. Sie ruft Veränderungen der Zellstruktur hervor und läßt aus dem tropischen Regenwald eine phantastische Kristallwelt entstehen, in der alles zu kristallisieren beginnt. Während die Menschen fliehen, übt der glitzernde Dschungel einen unwiderstehlichen Zauber auf Dr. Sanders und seine Begleiter aus, die schließlich in das Zentrum des verbotenen Gebietes vordringen. J. G. Ballard ist in England einer der maßgeblichen Schriftsteller. Seit den sechziger Jahren ist er immer wieder als Neuerer der Science Fiction und Literatur aufgetreten. Sein Werk wird kontrovers diskutiert. Sein autobiographischer Roman Das Reich der Sonne wurde von Steven Spielberg verfilmt, sein pornographischer Auto-Roman Crash von David Cronenberg. Kristallwelt, 1966 erschienen, ist ein früher Höhepunkt seines schriftstellerischen Schaffens.

Urban and Regional Development Trajectories in Contemporary Capitalism

Author: Flavia Martinelli,Frank Moulaert,Andreas Novy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415608945

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 330

View: 1810

This book re-evaluates a rich scientific heritage of space- and history-sensitive development theories and produces an integrated methodology for the comparative analysis of urban and regional trajectories within a globalized world. The main argument put forward is that current mainstream analyses of urban and regional development have forgotten this rich heritage and fail to address the connections between different dimensions of development, the role of history and the importance of place and scale relations. The proposed methodology integrates elements from different theories – radical economic geography, regulation approach, cultural political economy, old and new institutionalism – that all share a strong concern with time and space dynamics. They are recombined into an interdisciplinary (meta)theoretical framework, capable of articulating the overall problem of socio-economic development and providing methodological anchors for comparative case-study analysis, while recognizing context specificities. The analytical methodology focuses on key dynamics and relations, such as strategic agency and collective action, institutions and structures, culture and discourse, as well as the tension between path-dependency and path-shaping. The methodology is then applied to eight urban and regional cases, mostly from Western Europe, but also from the United States and China. The case studies confirm the relevance of time- and space-sensitive analysis, not only for understanding development trajectories, but also for policy making. They ultimately highlight that, while post-war institutions were able to address systemic contradictions and foster a relatively inclusive development model, the neoliberal turn has led to reductionist policies that not only have resulted in an increase in social and spatial inequalities, but have also undermined growth and democracy.

Mapping the West European Left

Author: Perry Anderson,Patrick Camiller

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9780860912132

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 4118

Organized as a series of tightly linked, comparative assessments, Mapping the West European Left provides a guide to the state of the left in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Spain. While all the essays are detailed historical compositions--setting recent crises and dilemmas in a longer perspective reaching back into the postwar settlement--they articulate original insights into the contemporary political conjuncture. Why did Swedish social democracy lose hegemony and direction while its Norwegian counterpart showed unexpected resilience? What was the background to the Danish rebellion against Maastricht? What are the prospects for the SPD and the Greens in post-unification Germany? Should the British Labour Party embrace electoral reform? What propelled the French Socialist Party from triumph to disaster? And why did the Italian left fail to fill the vacuum created by the collapse of the Christian Democrats? Behind the questions explored by the contributors to Mapping the West European Left lie deeper issues concerning the future of radical politics in Europe after the repudiation of Keynsianism and the end of communism. With the individual country analyses synthesized by the editors in a concise and comprehensive introductory essay, this book provides key pointers to the social forces and ideological platforms that offer lines of advance to the left today. Contributors: Tobias Abse (Italy), Patrick Camiller (Spain), Adne Cappelen (Norway), Niels Finn Christiansen (Denmark), Jan Fagerberg (Norway), Jane Jenson (France), Peter Mair (Britain), Lars Mjoset (Norway), Stephen Padgett (Germany), William Paterson (Germany), Jonas Pontusson (Sweden), George Ross (France), Bent Sofus Tranoy (Norway).

The Spell of Power

A History of Balinese Politics, 1650-1940

Author: H.G.C. Schulte Nordholt

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004253750

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 8487

The first comprehensive history of Balinese politics from the middle of the 17th century till the end of Dutch colonial rule in 1942. Based on extensive research in colonial archives in the Netherlands and Indonesia, a variety of Balinese historical narratives, interviews with former colonial officials as well as many Balinese, and fieldwork data concerning temples, rituals, and oral histories.

The Myth of Absolutism

Change & Continuity in Early Modern European Monarchy

Author: Nicholas Henshall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317899539

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 703

Conventionally, ``absolutism'' in early-modern Europe has suggested unfettered autocracy and despotism -- the erosion of rights, the centralisation of decision-making, the loss of liberty. Everything, in a word, that was un-British but characteristic of ancien-regime France. Recently historians have questioned such comfortably simplistic views. This lively investigation of ``absolutism'' in action -- continent-wide but centred on a detailed comparison of France and England -- dissolves the traditional picture to reveal a much more complex reality; and in so doing illuminates the varied ways in which early-modern Europe was governed.

Historiography, Empire and the Rule of Law

Imagined Constitutions, Remembered Legalities

Author: Ian Duncanson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136626816

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 3581

Historiography, Empire and the Rule of Law considers the intersection of these terms in the historical development of what has come to be known as the ‘rule of law’. The separation of governmental powers, checks and balances, and judicial independence signified something entirely new in the way in which politics was imagined and practiced. This ‘rule of law’ cannot, as it often is, be traced to the justification and practice of government as originating in a social contract among the governed; but rather, by analogy with a popular conveyancing innovation of the era, to the trust – a device by which the power of ownership of land could be restrained. But how could the restraint of power remain consistent with the avoidance of anarchic disagreement among those granted the task of supervision and restraint? In response, it is argued here, the central legal and political task became one of managing disagreement and change peacefully and constructively – by drawing on a colonial tradition that emphasised civility, negotiation and compromise. And the study of all of these qualities as they evolved, Ian Duncanson contends, is vital to understanding the emergence of the ‘rule of law’. Historiography, Empire and the Rule of Law will be invaluable for all those engaged in research and the postgraduate study of socio-legal and constitutional studies, and early modern and modern history.