Linguophilosophic Parameters of English Innovations in Technosphere

Author: Rusudan Makhachashvili

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443822035

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 95

View: 4095

The monograph researches the aspects of the English vocabulary development processes in the sphere of new computer technologies. The primary supposition of cyber word-stock terminological nature leads into the study of both linguistic (morphological and semantic) and ontological paradigmatic parameters of innovative cyber-vocabulary of the English language. Linguistically, the development of English cyber-vocabulary acquires an ambivalent character. Primarily, the sources of English computer vocabulary root in the conventional word-formation types. However, the enrichment process of the computer terminology of English incorporates the emergence of the word-formation ways and means, authentic for the given lexical sub-system. Moreover, the evolutionary progress of cybervocabulary determines the new conceptual approach to the “word-formation element” notion. The ontological paradigmatic parameters of English cyber-vocabulary are featured from the following perspectives: lexico-semantic perception of basic metaphysic dimensions of the technosphere (that being “space” and “time”) and the anthropologic terminological categorization of technosphere, thus both the anthropocentric and the sociocentric paradigmatics of English innovative cyber-vocabulary being reflected.

Sex, Culture, and Justice

The Limits of Choice

Author: Clare Chambers

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271045949

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 319

Autonomy is fundamental to liberalism. But autonomous individuals often choose to do things that harm themselves or undermine their equality. In particular, women often choose to participate in practices of sexual inequality&—cosmetic surgery, gendered patterns of work and childcare, makeup, restrictive clothing, or the sexual subordination required by membership in certain religious groups. In this book, Clare Chambers argues that this predicament poses a fundamental challenge to many existing liberal and multicultural theories that dominate contemporary political philosophy. Chambers argues that a theory of justice cannot ignore the influence of culture and the role it plays in shaping choices. If cultures shape choices, it is problematic to use those choices as the measure of the justice of the culture. Drawing upon feminist critiques of gender inequality and poststructuralist theories of social construction, she argues that we should accept some of the multicultural claims about the importance of culture in shaping our actions and identities, but that we should reach the opposite normative conclusion to that of multiculturalists and many liberals. Rather than using the idea of social construction to justify cultural respect or protection, we should use it to ground a critical stance toward cultural norms. The book presents radical proposals for state action to promote sexual and cultural justice.

On Shifting Ground

Muslim Women in the Global Era

Author: Fereshteh Nouraie-Simone

Publisher: The Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 1558618562

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9751

"This book contains many thoughtful, highly relevant, and frequently brilliant essays on the contemporary ideas, organization, activities, and agency of Muslim women in several countries."—Nikki Keddie, author of Women in the Middle East: Past and Present Has Arab Spring made life better for Muslim women? Has new media brought feminists together, or has it become a tool to organize the opposition? This essential collection is updated with a new introduction and two new essays, offering insider views on how Muslim women are navigating technology, social media, public space, secularism/fundamentalism, and citizenship. Fereshteh Nouraie-Simone is a historian at the American University School of International Service.

Unconventional Anthroponyms

Formation Patterns and Discursive Function

Author: Oliviu Felecan,Daiana Felecan

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443868620

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 550

View: 1627

Unconventional Anthroponyms: Formation Patterns and Discursive Function continues a series of collective volumes comprising studies on onomastics, edited by Oliviu Felecan with Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Previous titles in this series include Name and Naming: Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives (2012) and Onomastics in Contemporary Public Space (2013, co-edited with Alina Bugheşiu). In contemporary naming practice, one can distinguish two verbal (linguistic) means of nominal referential identification: a “natural” one, which occurs in the process of conventional, official, canonical, standard naming and results in conventional/official/canonical/standard anthroponyms; a “motivated” one, which occurs in the process of unconventional, unofficial, uncanonical, non-standard naming and results in unconventional/unofficial/uncanonical/non-standard anthroponyms. The significance of an official name is arbitrary, conventional, unmotivated, occasional and circumstantial, as names are not likely to carry any intrinsic meaning; names are given by third parties (parents, godparents, other relatives and so on) with the intention to individualise (to differentiate from other individuals). Any meaning with which a name might be endowed should be credited to the name giver: s/he assigns several potential interpretations to the phonetic form of choice, based on his/her aesthetic and cultural options and other kinds of tastes, which are manifested at a certain time. Unconventional anthroponyms (nicknames, bynames, user names, pseudonyms, hypocoristics, individual and group appellatives that undergo anthroponymisation) are nominal “derivatives” that result from a name giver’s wish to attach a specifying/defining verbal (linguistic) tag to a certain individual. An unconventional anthroponym is a person’s singular signum, which may convey a practical necessity (to avoid anthroponymic homonymy: the existence of several bearers for a particular name) or the intention to qualify a certain human type (to underline specific difference – in this case, the unconventional anthroponym has an over-individualising role – or, on the contrary, to mark an individual’s belonging to a class, his/her association with other individuals with whom s/he is typologically related – see the case of generic unconventional anthroponyms).

Onomastics in Contemporary Public Space

Author: Oliviu Felecan,Alina Bughesiu

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443852171

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 645

View: 4425

Onomastics in Contemporary Public Space aims at analysing names and name-giving from an intercultural perspective, within the context of contemporary public space. As was the case of Name and Naming: Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012), the geographical areas investigated in the studies included in this volume are very diverse, referring not only to European cultural space, but also to American, Asian, African and Australian contexts. Being a collective work, the book brings together 49 specialists from 18 countries; namely Australia, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, the United Kingdom and the USA. Thematically, the volume is organised so that it may cover all the dimensions of public space, as far as onomastics is concerned. The specific areas studied are: the theory of names; names of public places (linguistic landscapes); names of public, economic, cultural, religious and sports institutions (names of business establishments, religious institutions – places of worship – and cultural associations, as well as names in journals and magazines); names of objects/entities resulting from various processes in public space (names of foods, drinks and food brands, code names of collaborators in secret service organisations, names in literature, nicknames/bynames/pseudonyms in the world of politics, high life, art and sport, names in virtual space, and zoonyms); and miscellanea. The originality and topicality of the subject lie in the multidisciplinary viewpoint adopted in the research, in which onomastics merges with adjacent linguistic disciplines, such as sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics and pragmatics, as well as other sciences, such as history, literature, anthropology, politics, economy and religion.

The Internet Imaginaire

Author: Patrice Flichy

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262062615

Category: Computers

Page: 255

View: 3139

A sociological interpretation of the collective vision that shaped the origins and evolution of the Internet from the 1990s to the present day analyzes the founding myths of cyberculture, the visions of a technical utopia that informed a technological program, design experiments, virtual reality, and other related topics.

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Creating New Cultures in Cyberspace

Author: Wendy Harcourt

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781856495721

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 9824

This is the first major analysis of the emerging cultural characteristics of women’s activities on the internet across the globe. It brings together anthropologists, communications experts, development workers and media analysts and women’s movement activists to ask: are women caught in the net or weaving it themselves? The book maps both the social, economic and political biases in which the culture of cyberspace is embedded as well its revolutionary potential explores women’s knowledge of and access to the Internet across the world and puts forward concrete proposals for increasing women’s engagement with the new communication technologies shows how the Internet can create new spaces for women working within radically different cultural environments to access knowledge - and transform it rethinks the very idea of culture by looking at the links and discontinuities between the local and the global that cyberculture has highlighted.

Languages of the Mind

Essays on Mental Representation

Author: Ray Jackendoff,Ray S. Jackendoff

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262600248

Category: Psychology

Page: 200

View: 2259

Over the past two decades, Ray Jackendoff has persistently tackled difficult issues in the theory of mind and related theories of cognitive processing. Chief among his contributions is a formal theory that elaborates the nature of language and its relationship to a broad set of other domains. Languages of the Mind provides convenient access to Jackendoff's work over the past five years on the nature of mental representations in a variety of cognitive domains, in the context of a detailed theory of the level of conceptual structure developed in his earlier books Semantics and Cognition and Consciousness and the Computational Mind. The first two chapters summarize the theory of levels of mental representation ("languages of the mind") and their relationships to each other and show how conceptual structure can be approached along lines familiar from syntactic and phonological theory. From this background, subsequent chapters develop issues in word learning (and its pertinence to the Piaget-Chomsky debate) and the relation of conceptual structure to the understanding of physical space. Further chapters apply the theory to domains outside of traditional cognitive science. They include an approach to social and cultural cognition modeled on first principles of linguistic theory, the beginnings of a formal description of psychodynamic phenomena, and a discussion of musical parsing and its relation to musical affect that bears on current disputes in linguistic parsing. The final chapter takes up a long-standing conflict between philosophical and psychological approaches to the study of mind, arguing that mental representations should be regarded purely in terms of the combinatorial organization of brain states, and that the philosophical insistence on the intentionality of mental states should be abandoned. Ray Jackendoff is Professor of Linguistics at Brandeis University.

He, She and It

Author: Marge Piercy

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1473529727

Category: Fiction

Page: 576

View: 3835

In the middle of the twenty-first century, life as we know it has changed for all time. Shira Shipman's marriage has broken up, and her young son has been taken from her by the corporation that runs her zone, so she has returned to Tikva, the Jewish town where she grew up. There, she is welcomed by Malkah, the brilliant grandmother who raised her, and meets an extraordinary man who is not a man at all, but a unique cyborg implanted with intelligence, emotions - and the ability to kill... From the critically acclaimed author of Woman on the Edge of Time, comes another stunning novel of morality and courage. A Pygmallion tale for the modern age, this classic feminist speculative novel won the Arthur C Clark Award.

English Historical Linguistics

Author: Alexander Bergs

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110251590

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1196

View: 9295

The series Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction.

Using blogs to enhance literacy

the next powerful step in 21st-century learning

Author: Diane Penrod

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc

ISBN: 9781578865659

Category: Education

Page: 175

View: 5779

Beyond the mainstream media hype about the dangers of adolescents and blogs, we find that young people are developing 21st century literaciesespecially in information and visual literacy. In this book, Diane Penrod addresses the social, developmental, and pedagogical issues surrounding the use of blogs and the implications that blogging has for current and future students.

Nattering on the Net

Women, Power and Cyberspace

Author: Dale Spender

Publisher: University of Toronto PressHigher education

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 1035

Dale Spender promises to change the way we think about computers.

Feminism, Femininity and Popular Culture

Author: Joanne Hollows

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719043956

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 7102

This introductory guide introduces the central ideas of both second-wave feminism and feminist cultural studies and demonstrates how they inform feminist debates about a range of popular forms and practices through a series of case studies including the woman's film, romantic fiction, soap opera, consumption and material culture.

Science, Culture, and Free Spirits

A Study of Nietzsche's Human, All-too-human

Author: Jonathan Cohen

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 9781591026808

Category: Philosophy

Page: 305

View: 2575

In this insightful study, a Nietzsche specialist argues that Human, All Too Human represents the crucial watershed for Nietzsches philosophical development, the moment at which he becomes who he is.

Care Or Control of the Self?

Norbert Elias, Michel Foucault, and the Subject in the 21st Century

Author: Andrea Dorothea Bührmann,Stefanie Ernst

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 262

View: 5904

The implications of these developments are also reflected in the challenge To The traditional, hegemonic and rational understanding of subjectivity. Against the background of these great social changes, several factors indicate that the forms of self-regulation or self-governance are also being transformed. A one-sided consideration of the homo economicus and its varieties would underestimate, For example, certain non-rational forms of self-perception and self-reflection, As well as non-rational practices of self-management and subjectivation.

The Quiet Violence of Dreams

Author: K. Sello Duiker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780795705946

Category: Cape Town (South Africa)

Page: 609

View: 1802

Tshepo, a young student at Rhodes, has a difficult time keeping up with his own strange mind. He is absorbed in making sense of a traumatic past in a violent country and so when he finds himself at the Valkenberg mental facility, it is perhaps not entirely due to cannabis-induced psychosis.

Meaning and Mental Representations

Author: Umberto Eco,Marco Santambrogio,Patrizia Violi

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253337245

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 237

View: 3610

..". an excellent collection... " -- Journal of Language Social Psychology An important collection of original essays by well-known scholars debating the questions of logical versus psychologically-based interpretations of language.

Event and Decision

Ontology and Politics in Badiou, Deleuze, and Whitehead

Author: Roland Faber,Henry Krips,Daniel Pettus

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub

ISBN: 9781443819268

Category: Philosophy

Page: 351

View: 4546

This book addresses the philosophies of Alain Badiou, Gilles Deleuze, and Alfred North Whitehead in relation to the concepts of event, ontology and politics. For Whitehead, the event is the realization of becoming, the actualization of the "groundless ontological ground" of creativity, the process of self-decision on possibilities yet undecided, the aesthetic and ethical impulse of existence. For Deleuze it is the expression of life without possession, bodies without organs, the virtual or actual reality of singularity and novelty. For Badiou, the event breaks from the situation, in which we always count (reality) as one and multiplicity as united. For all three thinkers, the event necessitates a radical politics that critiques traditional ontologies of social bodies, cultures, and art. The perspective that emerges from the book is of humanity constituted by, but also constituting a multiplicious event cycle: each person and thing bringing their own personal event into their experience of an event outside of themselves. The convergence of this multiplicity creates our complex world a complexity not defined as aporia or impossibility, but rather infinity that is always already still creating. Event and Decision offers the reader a live experience of this evental theory, an experience that mirrors the event of three philosophers themselves. And if the mirror you peer into shows you something foreign, something different than what you know as yourself, then this difference makes reading the book easy. The only impossibility is to lose your way.

Blogging America

Political Discourse in a Digital Nation

Author: Barbara O'Brien

Publisher: Franklin, Beedle & Associates, Inc.

ISBN: 9781590280409

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 4351

The book celebrates political blogging in America. It is also a beginner's guide to the blogosphere and provides samples of blogging across the political spectrum.

An Introduction to Cybercultures

Author: David Bell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113454099X

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7616

An Introduction to Cybercultures provides an accessible guide to the major forms, practices and meanings of this rapidly-growing field. From the evolution of hardware and software to the emergence of cyberpunk film and fiction, David Bell introduces readers to the key aspects of cyberculture, including email, the internet, digital imaging technologies, computer games and digital special effects. Each chapter contains `hot links' to key articles in its companion volume, The Cybercultures Reader, suggestions for further reading, and details of relevant websites. Individual chapters examine: · Cybercultures: an introduction · Storying cyberspace · Cultural Studies in cyberspace · Community and cyberculture · Identities in cyberculture · Bodies in cyberculture · Cybersubcultures · Researching cybercultures