Longitudinal Research

Author: Scott Menard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761922094

Category: Reference

Page: 93

View: 4864

"Since ... writing the first edition of this monograph in 1990, ... the 1990s have seen an increasing focus on more sophisticated approaches to dealing with missing data in both cross-sectional and longitudinal research. Software applicable to longitudinal research has also improved, and more evidence for the rapid pace of change in longitudinal analysis can be found in the dozen or so books written and edited about longitudinal research design and data analysis published in the 1990s and early in the present millennium. The organization of this monograph remains the same as in the first edition. ... There is much less said about the application of traditional methods of analysis to longitudinal data, and more focus on analytical methods specifically designed for longitudinal data, including time series analysis, linear panel analyis, multilevel and latent growth curve modeling, and event history analysis."--Preface.

Educational Research

Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches

Author: Burke Johnson,Larry Christensen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412978289

Category: Education

Page: 621

View: 5251

Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches, Fourth Edition is a graduated text that introduces readers to the fundamental logic of empirical research and the sources of research ideas. Detailed descriptions guide students through the design and implementation of actual research studies with a balanced examination of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research. Definitions of key terms are provided in the margins for easy reference and to help students understand the multiple research methods and strategies used in education and related fields. New Features: - Student study site materials are integrated within the text, with the use of marginal icons depicting interactive concept maps, journal articles, and tools and tips. - New "Action Research" activity for each chapter is included. - A chapter on Writing the Research report incorporates changes in new edition of the Publication Manual of the APA, and includes a sample manuscript using APA style. - New exhibits on Egon G. Guba and Donald T. Campbell, and a new table on applying qualitative research validity strategies are incorporated. - New material on research paradigms, types of plagiarism, using free software for random sampling and assignment, nomological vs. ideographic causation are integrated. - Several chapters are slightly shortened and made simpler, without sacrificing any of the book's rigor.

Handbook of Longitudinal Research Methods in Organisation and Business Studies

Author: Melanie E. Hassett,Eriikka Paavilainen-Mäntymäki

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936794

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 7054

This Handbook is a very timely contribution to organization and business studies. Most calls for longitudinal research are made in sections of published work that deal with limitations of the study or suggestions for further research. This book places longitudinal research methods at center stage. With its practical, hands-on approach it guides us how to design a longitudinal study in and around organizations whether qualitative or quantitative and how to implement it. I warmly recommend this Handbook to ambitious senior and junior researchers. It makes the commonly presented excuses for not undertaking longitudinal research completely redundant. Rebecca Piekkari, Aalto University, School of Business in Helsinki, Finland This is a very timely book that fills an important gap in the field of research methods. So far very little attention has been paid to longitudinal research methods, while the usefulness of this type of research has often been discussed in many papers and conferences. Insights provided by scholars who have been doing this type of research provide useful guidelines for anyone interested in research methods from senior scholars to young researchers and PhD candidates. This volume will serve as an excellent complement to the existing range of books on research methods. Pervez Ghauri, Kings College London, UK This innovative Handbook demonstrates that there is no single best approach to conducting longitudinal studies. At their best, longitudinal research designs yield rich, contextualised, multilevel and deep understanding of the studied phenomenon. The lack of resources in terms of time, funding and people can pose a serious challenge to conducting longitudinal research. This book tackles many of these challenges and discusses the role of longitudinal research programmes in overcoming such obstacles. This book shows how longitudinal research methods enable the understanding of dynamics, mechanisms, causalities and interrelationships of organizational and business concepts in context and in relation to time. It discusses the richness and versatility of longitudinal research and offers, to students and experienced scholars alike, numerous viewpoints, reflections and personal accounts about conducting longitudinal research, from planning and fieldwork to reporting and managing of research projects.

The Reviewer’s Guide to Quantitative Methods in the Social Sciences

Author: Gregory R. Hancock,Ralph O. Mueller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135172994

Category: Education

Page: 448

View: 9531

The Reviewer’s Guide is designed for reviewers of research manuscripts and proposals in the social and behavioral sciences, and beyond. Its uniquely structured chapters address traditional and emerging quantitative methods of data analysis.

The Structure of Political Competition in Western Europe

Author: Zsolt Enyedi,Kevin Deegan-Krause

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317990471

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8949

Is European party politics hovering above society? Why do voters pick one party over others? Is it a question of class? Of religion? Of attitudes about taxes or immigration or global warming? Or is it something else entirely? The Structure of Political Competition in Western Europe takes a detailed look at the ways in which Western Europe’s party systems are anchored in social and ideological structures. The book’s first section focuses on the role of social structures - particularly education, class and religion - and analyzes the complex interplay among these factors. The second section addresses the ways that the sociological structures such as class and religion interact with voters’ values. The third section examines the way that these structures and values shape the space of political competition among parties. The conclusion integrates the findings of the empirical articles, putting them into broader comparative perspective, discussing whether relatively predictable structures have been overwhelmed by media-driven spectacles, political personalities and focus on short-term economic performance. This volume will appeal to scholars and graduate students in Europe and those from North America, Asia and other regions who study European politics, political parties, cleavages and political behaviour. This book was published as a special issue of West European Politics.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

Author: Michael Lewis-Beck,Alan E Bryman,Tim Futing Liao

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923633

Category: Social Science

Page: 1305

View: 1602

"The first encyclopedia to cover inclusively both quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this set provides clear explanations of 1,000 methodologies, avoiding mathematical equations when possible with liberal cross-referencing and bibliographies. Each volume includes a list of works cited, and the third contains a comprehensive index and lists of person names, organizations, books, tests, software, major concepts, surveys, and methodologies."--"Reference that rocks," American Libraries, May 2005.

Applied Logistic Regression Analysis

Author: Scott Menard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761922087

Category: Mathematics

Page: 111

View: 8492

The focus in this Second Edition is on logistic regression models for individual level (but aggregate or grouped) data. Multiple cases for each possible combination of values of the predictors are considered in detail and examples using SAS and SPSS included. New to this edition: · More detailed consideration of grouped as opposed to casewise data throughout the book · Updated discussion of the properties and appropriate use of goodness of fit measures, R2 analogues, and indices of predictive efficiency · Discussion of the misuse of odds ratios to represent risk ratios, and of overdispersion and underdispersion for grouped data · Updated coverage of unordered and ordered polytomous logistic regression models.

Research Methods in Education

Author: Louis Cohen,Lawrence Manion,Keith Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134204302

Category: Education

Page: 656

View: 8278

This fully updated sixth edition of the international bestseller Research Methods in Education covers the whole range of methods currently employed by educational research at all stages. It is divided into five main parts: the context of educational research; planning educational research; styles of educational research; strategies for data collection and researching; and data analysis. The book also contains references to a comprehensive dedicated website of accompanying materials. The sixth edition includes new material on: complexity theory, ethics, sampling and sensitive educational research experimental research, questionnaire design and administration with practical guidance qualitative and quantitative data analysis, with practical examples internet based research. Research Methods in Education is essential reading for the professional researcher and continues to be the standard text for students and lecturers in educational research. To access the dedicated website of accompanying materials, please visit: www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415368780.

Advances in Biographical Methods

Creative Applications

Author: Maggie O’Neill,Brian Roberts,Andrew Sparkes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317915496

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 7412

Rooted in a long and diverse genealogy, biographical approaches have developed from a focus upon a single story, a ‘life story’ and personal documents (e.g. diaries), to encompass (more routinely) autobiographical secondary and archival research and analysis - as well as multi-media, arts based creative multi-sensory methods. Biographical Research and practices as part of human understanding helps people to make sense of what has been and what is happening in their lives, cultures, communities and societies. Advances in Biographical Methods: Creative Applications takes up these themes: theorising, doing and applying current advances in biographical methods. It demonstrates the momentum with which they areas are developing as a field of scholarship, especially in relation to creative innovations and applications, such as in new forms of interview and other practices, and debates on its interlinking with art, performance and digital methods.

Diversity in Family Formation

The 2nd Demographic Transition in Belgium and The Netherlands

Author: Joop de Beer,F. Deven

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401595127

Category: Social Science

Page: 141

View: 6673

The aim of Diversity in Family Formation is to examine changes in the start of the family formation process. Rather than giving a rough overview of demographic changes in many countries, a comparison of differences in changes in family formation and fertility behaviour between Belgium and The Netherlands is interesting for various reasons. First, even though the economic and cultural differences between these countries are relatively small there is one important difference: Belgium is predominantly Catholic, whereas The Netherlands has about equal proportions of Catholics and Protestants. Second, if the Second Demographic Transition implies that there is one common pattern of change in different European countries and that differences across countries are due to the fact that countries are in a different stage of the transition process, and if it is assumed that the transition process started earlier in Protestant countries than in Catholic countries, one would expect The Netherlands to be in a further stage of the transition process than Belgium. Thus an in-depth comparison of changes in family formation and fertility behaviour between both countries may give us more insight in the question of whether there is one common transition process. The comparison of fertility and family survey-data in both countries brings us to the core question of whether there is one common explanation for differences between countries in various types of fertility and family behaviour under consideration, namely fertility regulation, the choice of living arrangement after leaving the parental home, and the labour force participation of mothers.

Working With Archival Data

Studying Lives

Author: Glen H. Elder,Eliza K. Pavalko,Elizabeth Colerick Clipp

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803942622

Category: Social Science

Page: 88

View: 2414

Although the growth of longitudinal data archives is one of the most dramatic developments in the behavioural sciences, there has been a barrier to the effective use of these files due to a lack of understanding of the relation between research questions and archival data - until now. The authors of this volume illustrate how to use the model-fitting process to select and fit the right data set to a particular research problem. Beginning with an introduction to the general issues in working with archival data, the book takes the reader through steps in the recasting of data and question, using substantive examples from the life course, such as temporal patterns of physical and emotional health as well as pathways to retirement.

Handbook of Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology

Author: Irving B. Weiner,Howard A. Tennen,Jerry M. Suls

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118281926

Category: Psychology

Page: 608

View: 3501

Psychology is of interest to academics from many fields, as well as to the thousands of academic and clinical psychologists and general public who can't help but be interested in learning more about why humans think and behave as they do. This award-winning twelve-volume reference covers every aspect of the ever-fascinating discipline of psychology and represents the most current knowledge in the field. This ten-year revision now covers discoveries based in neuroscience, clinical psychology's new interest in evidence-based practice and mindfulness, and new findings in social, developmental, and forensic psychology.

The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models

Author: Harry J. Khamis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452238952

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 6795

The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.

Handbook of Developmental Research Methods

Author: Brett Paul Laursen,Todd D. Little,Noel A. Card

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606236091

Category: Psychology

Page: 788

View: 8133

This is the first methods handbook specifically designed to meet the needs of those studying development. Leading developmental methodologists present cutting-edge analytic tools and describe how and when to use them in accessible, nontechnical language. They also provide valuable guidance for strengthening developmental research with designs that anticipate potential sources of bias. Sections typically begin with an overview chapter on foundational issues. Subsequent chapters delve into specific techniques, following a consistent format that encompasses basic issues, conceptual principles and statistical assumptions, recent technical advances, developmental applications, and future directions. Research examples demonstrate the procedures in action and give readers a better understanding of how to match research questions to developmental methods. The companion website supplies data and program syntax files for many of the chapter examples.

Fractal Analysis

Author: Clifford Brown,Larry Liebovitch

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412971659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 90

View: 1841

As one of the only texts introducing fractal analysis and the social processes involved to social science readers, this is a must-have book for those looking to gain an understanding of this area of analysis.

Assessing Inequality

Author: Lingxin Hao,Daniel Q. Naiman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342638

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 2454

Providing basic foundations for measuring inequality from the perspective of distributional properties This monograpg reviews a set of widely used summary inequality measures, and the lesser known relative distribution method provides the basic rationale behind each measure and discusses their interconnections. It also introduces model-based decomposition of inequality over time using quantile regression. This approach enables researchers to estimate two different contributions to changes in inequality between two time points. Key Features Clear statistical explanations provide fundamental statistical basis for understanding the new modeling framework Straightforward empirical examples reinforce statistical knowledge and ready-to-use procedures Multiple approaches to assessing inequality are introduced by starting with the basic distributional property and providing connections among approaches This supplementary text is appropriate for any graduate-level, intermediate, or advanced statistics course across the social and behavioral sciences, as well as individual researchers. Learn more about "The Little Green Book" - QASS Series! Click Here

Longitudinal Research

Methods and Uses in Behavioral Science

Author: F. Schulsinger,Sarnoff A. Mednick,J. Knop

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400981473

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 9460

This volume is the product of a course on longitudinal prospective re search arranged by the three editors in Arhus, Denmark, in 1978. The course was supported by the Nordisk Kulturfond for young researchers from the Nordic countries, who had planned or had simply involved themselves in longitudinal prospective research projects of various kinds. The twenty-six participants represented a wide range of professions: statisticians, psychologists, psychiatrists, nutritionists, and public health researchers. The teachers came from many countries and represented many disciplines. The course was very successful, especially from the point of view of the quality and investment of the teachers. We felt also that the course met a strong need in this relatively new field of research. Therefore, we asked the teachers to prepare written versions of their lectures so that they could have wider dissemination; they agreed to do so. The present book is composed of these contributions. The first chap ter, after outlining some of the problems with traditional strategies in mental health research, goes on to suggest some of the possible preven tive applications of longitudinal research methods. Included in Parts II and III are papers on design problems and on the tools of long-term research, such as genetics and classification, biological measurements, epidemiological guidelines, statistical models, disease registers, and de velopmental psychology.

The Analysis of Change

Author: John Mordechai Gottman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134778058

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 306

Continuity and change have been major concerns of the social and behavioral sciences -- in the study of human development and in the study of processes that unfold in various ways across time. There has been a veritable explosion of techniques for studying change over time which have fundamentally changed how we need to think of and study change. Unfortunately, many of the old precepts and beliefs are still among us. The field of methodology for the study of change is itself ready to change. Recently, there have been many analytic and conceptual developments questioning our cherished beliefs about the study of change. As such, how are individuals to think about issues and correctly analyze change? The chapters in this volume address these issues. Divided into two sections, this book deals with designs that analyze change in multiple subjects, and with change in single subjects and an interacting system. Papers presented in this volume are accessible to scientists who are not methodologists. The character of the papers are more like primers than basic treatises on methodology, written for other methodologists. It is time that people stop thinking in rigid ways about how to study change and be introduced to a range of many possibilities. Change, stability, order and chaos are elusive concepts. The pursuit of the laws of change must be approached in as flexible and creative a fashion as possible. This book should help to lead the way.

Multivariate General Linear Models

Author: Richard F. Haase

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342115

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 3293

Multivariate General Linear Models is an integrated introduction to multivariate multiple regression analysis (MMR) and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). Beginning with an overview of the univariate general linear model, this volume defines the key steps in analyzing linear model data, and introduces multivariate linear model analysis as a generalization of the univariate model. The author focuses on multivariate measures of association for four common multivariate test statistics, presents a flexible method for testing hypotheses on models, and emphasizes the multivariate procedures attributable to Wilks, Pillai, Hotelling, and Roy. The volume concludes with a discussion of canonical correlation analysis that is shown to subsume all the multivariate procedures discussed in previous chapters. The analyses are illustrated throughout the text with three running examples drawing from several disciples, including personnel psychology, anthropology, environmental epidemiology, and neuropsychology.

Nonrecursive Models

Endogeneity, Reciprocal Relationships, and Feedback Loops

Author: Pamela Paxton,John R. Hipp,Sandra Marquart-Pyatt,Sandra T. Marquart-Pyatt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412974445

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 3391

Nonrecursive Models provides explicit guidance to researchers on the estimation and assessment of nonrecursive simultaneous equation models in a clear, condensed and precise form. It guides readers through the specification and identification of simultaneous equation models, how to assess the quality of the estimates, and how to correctly interpret results.