Machine Learning Methods for Planning

Author: Steven Minton

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 1483221172

Category: Social Science

Page: 554

View: 6167

Machine Learning Methods for Planning provides information pertinent to learning methods for planning and scheduling. This book covers a wide variety of learning methods and learning architectures, including analogical, case-based, decision-tree, explanation-based, and reinforcement learning. Organized into 15 chapters, this book begins with an overview of planning and scheduling and describes some representative learning systems that have been developed for these tasks. This text then describes a learning apprentice for calendar management. Other chapters consider the problem of temporal credit assignment and describe tractable classes of problems for which optimal plans can be derived. This book discusses as well how reactive, integrated systems give rise to new requirements and opportunities for machine learning. The final chapter deals with a method for learning problem decompositions, which is based on an idealized model of efficiency for problem-reduction search. This book is a valuable resource for production managers, planners, scientists, and research workers.

A Concise Introduction to Models and Methods for Automated Planning

Author: Hector Geffner,Blai Bonet

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608459705

Category: Computers

Page: 141

View: 7988

Planning is the model-based approach to autonomous behavior where the agent behavior is derived automatically from a model of the actions, sensors, and goals. The main challenges in planning are computational as all models, whether featuring uncertainty and feedback or not, are intractable in the worst case when represented in compact form. In this book, we look at a variety of models used in AI planning, and at the methods that have been developed for solving them. The goal is to provide a modern and coherent view of planning that is precise, concise, and mostly self-contained, without being shallow. For this, we make no attempt at covering the whole variety of planning approaches, ideas, and applications, and focus on the essentials. The target audience of the book are students and researchers interested in autonomous behavior and planning from an AI, engineering, or cognitive science perspective. Table of Contents: Preface / Planning and Autonomous Behavior / Classical Planning: Full Information and Deterministic Actions / Classical Planning: Variations and Extensions / Beyond Classical Planning: Transformations / Planning with Sensing: Logical Models / MDP Planning: Stochastic Actions and Full Feedback / POMDP Planning: Stochastic Actions and Partial Feedback / Discussion / Bibliography / Author's Biography

Intelligent Techniques for Planning

Author: Ioannis Vlahavas,Dimitris Vrakas

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591404514

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 3623

The Intelligent Techniques for Planning presents a number of modern approaches to the area of automated planning. These approaches combine methods from classical planning such as the construction of graphs and the use of domain-independent heuristics with techniques from other areas of artificial intelligence. This book discuses, in detail, a number of state-of-the-art planning systems that utilize constraint satisfaction techniques in order to deal with time and resources, machine learning in order to utilize experience drawn from past runs, methods from knowledge systems for more expressive representation of knowledge and ideas from other areas such as Intelligent Agents. Apart from the thorough analysis and implementation details, each chapter of the book also provides extensive background information about its subject and presents and comments on similar approaches done in the past.

Automated Planning and Acting

Author: Malik Ghallab,Dana Nau,Paolo Traverso

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107037271

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 9336

This book presents the most recent and advanced techniques for creating autonomous AI systems capable of planning and acting effectively.

Machine Learning

Hands-On for Developers and Technical Professionals

Author: Jason Bell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118889495

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 5199

Dig deep into the data with a hands-on guide to machine learning Machine Learning: Hands-On for Developers and Technical Professionals provides hands-on instruction and fully-coded working examples for the most common machine learning techniques used by developers and technical professionals. The book contains a breakdown of each ML variant, explaining how it works and how it is used within certain industries, allowing readers to incorporate the presented techniques into their own work as they follow along. A core tenant of machine learning is a strong focus on data preparation, and a full exploration of the various types of learning algorithms illustrates how the proper tools can help any developer extract information and insights from existing data. The book includes a full complement of Instructor's Materials to facilitate use in the classroom, making this resource useful for students and as a professional reference. At its core, machine learning is a mathematical, algorithm-based technology that forms the basis of historical data mining and modern big data science. Scientific analysis of big data requires a working knowledge of machine learning, which forms predictions based on known properties learned from training data. Machine Learning is an accessible, comprehensive guide for the non-mathematician, providing clear guidance that allows readers to: Learn the languages of machine learning including Hadoop, Mahout, and Weka Understand decision trees, Bayesian networks, and artificial neural networks Implement Association Rule, Real Time, and Batch learning Develop a strategic plan for safe, effective, and efficient machine learning By learning to construct a system that can learn from data, readers can increase their utility across industries. Machine learning sits at the core of deep dive data analysis and visualization, which is increasingly in demand as companies discover the goldmine hiding in their existing data. For the tech professional involved in data science, Machine Learning: Hands-On for Developers and Technical Professionals provides the skills and techniques required to dig deeper.

Planning Algorithms

Author: Steven M. LaValle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139455176

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 7444

Planning algorithms are impacting technical disciplines and industries around the world, including robotics, computer-aided design, manufacturing, computer graphics, aerospace applications, drug design, and protein folding. This coherent and comprehensive book unifies material from several sources, including robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, and algorithms. The treatment is centered on robot motion planning, but integrates material on planning in discrete spaces. A major part of the book is devoted to planning under uncertainty, including decision theory, Markov decision processes, and information spaces, which are the 'configuration spaces' of all sensor-based planning problems. The last part of the book delves into planning under differential constraints that arise when automating the motions of virtually any mechanical system. This text and reference is intended for students, engineers, and researchers in robotics, artificial intelligence, and control theory as well as computer graphics, algorithms, and computational biology.

Artificial Intelligence for Advanced Problem Solving Techniques

Author: Vlahavas, Ioannis

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599047072

Category: Education

Page: 388

View: 9027

One of the most important functions of artificial intelligence, automated problem solving, consists mainly of the development of software systems designed to find solutions to problems. These systems utilize a search space and algorithms in order to reach a solution. Artificial Intelligence for Advanced Problem Solving Techniques offers scholars and practitioners cutting-edge research on algorithms and techniques such as search, domain independent heuristics, scheduling, constraint satisfaction, optimization, configuration, and planning, and highlights the relationship between the search categories and the various ways a specific application can be modeled and solved using advanced problem solving techniques.

Algorithms for Reinforcement Learning

Author: Csaba Szepesvari

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608454924

Category: Computers

Page: 89

View: 6790

Reinforcement learning is a learning paradigm concerned with learning to control a system so as to maximize a numerical performance measure that expresses a long-term objective. What distinguishes reinforcement learning from supervised learning is that only partial feedback is given to the learner about the learner's predictions. Further, the predictions may have long term effects through influencing the future state of the controlled system. Thus, time plays a special role. The goal in reinforcement learning is to develop efficient learning algorithms, as well as to understand the algorithms' merits and limitations. Reinforcement learning is of great interest because of the large number of practical applications that it can be used to address, ranging from problems in artificial intelligence to operations research or control engineering. In this book, we focus on those algorithms of reinforcement learning that build on the powerful theory of dynamic programming.We give a fairly comprehensive catalog of learning problems, describe the core ideas, note a large number of state of the art algorithms, followed by the discussion of their theoretical properties and limitations.

Reinforcement Learning

Author: Richard S. Sutton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461536189

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 3720

Reinforcement learning is the learning of a mapping from situations to actions so as to maximize a scalar reward or reinforcement signal. The learner is not told which action to take, as in most forms of machine learning, but instead must discover which actions yield the highest reward by trying them. In the most interesting and challenging cases, actions may affect not only the immediate reward, but also the next situation, and through that all subsequent rewards. These two characteristics -- trial-and-error search and delayed reward -- are the most important distinguishing features of reinforcement learning. Reinforcement learning is both a new and a very old topic in AI. The term appears to have been coined by Minsk (1961), and independently in control theory by Walz and Fu (1965). The earliest machine learning research now viewed as directly relevant was Samuel's (1959) checker player, which used temporal-difference learning to manage delayed reward much as it is used today. Of course learning and reinforcement have been studied in psychology for almost a century, and that work has had a very strong impact on the AI/engineering work. One could in fact consider all of reinforcement learning to be simply the reverse engineering of certain psychological learning processes (e.g. operant conditioning and secondary reinforcement). Reinforcement Learning is an edited volume of original research, comprising seven invited contributions by leading researchers.

Encyclopedia of Machine Learning and Data Mining, Sammut & Webb, 2nd Ed, 2017

Encyclopedia of Machine Learning and Data Mining

Author: Springer Science, Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 1341

View: 5774

Machine learning and data mining are rapidly developing fields. Following the success of the first edition of the Encyclopedia of Machine Learning, we are delighted to bring you this updated and expanded edition. We have expanded the scope, as reflected in the revised title Encyclopedia of Machine Learning and Data Mining, to encompass more of the broader activity that surrounds the machine learning process. This includes new articles in such diverse areas as anomaly detection, online controlled experiments, and record linkage as well as substantial expansion of existing entries such as data preparation. We have also included new entries on key recent developments in core machine learning, such as deep learning. A thorough review has also led to updating of much of the existing content. This substantial tome is the product of an intense effort by many individuals. We thank the Editorial Board and the numerous contributors who have provided the content.We are grateful to the Springer team of Andrew Spencer, Michael Hermann, and Melissa Fearon who have shepherded us through the long process of bringing this second edition to print. We are also grateful to the production staff who have turned the content into its final form. We are confident that this revised encyclopedia will consolidate the first edition’s place as a key reference source for the machine learning and data mining communities.

Applications of Learning & Planning Methods

Author: Nikolaos G. Bourbakis

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810205461

Category: Computers

Page: 365

View: 1615

Learning and planning are two important topics of artificial intelligence. Learning deals with the algorithmic processes that make a computing machine able to ?learn? and improve its performance during the process of complex tasks. Planning on the other hand, deals with decision and construction processes that make a machine capable of constructing an intelligent plan for the solution of a particular complex problem.This book combines both learning and planning methodologies and their applications in different domains. It is divided into two parts. The first part contains seven chapters on the ongoing research work in symbolic and connectionist learning. The second part includes seven chapters which provide the current research efforts in planning methodologies and their application to robotics.

Statistical Methods for Dynamic Treatment Regimes

Reinforcement Learning, Causal Inference, and Personalized Medicine

Author: Bibhas Chakraborty,Erica E.M. Moodie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461474280

Category: Medical

Page: 204

View: 1591

Statistical Methods for Dynamic Treatment Regimes shares state of the art of statistical methods developed to address questions of estimation and inference for dynamic treatment regimes, a branch of personalized medicine. This volume demonstrates these methods with their conceptual underpinnings and illustration through analysis of real and simulated data. These methods are immediately applicable to the practice of personalized medicine, which is a medical paradigm that emphasizes the systematic use of individual patient information to optimize patient health care. This is the first single source to provide an overview of methodology and results gathered from journals, proceedings, and technical reports with the goal of orienting researchers to the field. The first chapter establishes context for the statistical reader in the landscape of personalized medicine. Readers need only have familiarity with elementary calculus, linear algebra, and basic large-sample theory to use this text. Throughout the text, authors direct readers to available code or packages in different statistical languages to facilitate implementation. In cases where code does not already exist, the authors provide analytic approaches in sufficient detail that any researcher with knowledge of statistical programming could implement the methods from scratch. This will be an important volume for a wide range of researchers, including statisticians, epidemiologists, medical researchers, and machine learning researchers interested in medical applications. Advanced graduate students in statistics and biostatistics will also find material in Statistical Methods for Dynamic Treatment Regimes to be a critical part of their studies.

Planning with Markov Decision Processes

An AI Perspective

Author: Mausam,Andrey Kolobov

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608458865

Category: Computers

Page: 194

View: 1602

Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) are widely popular in Artificial Intelligence for modeling sequential decision-making scenarios with probabilistic dynamics. They are the framework of choice when designing an intelligent agent that needs to act for long periods of time in an environment where its actions could have uncertain outcomes. MDPs are actively researched in two related subareas of AI, probabilistic planning and reinforcement learning. Probabilistic planning assumes known models for the agent's goals and domain dynamics, and focuses on determining how the agent should behave to achieve its objectives. On the other hand, reinforcement learning additionally learns these models based on the feedback the agent gets from the environment. This book provides a concise introduction to the use of MDPs for solving probabilistic planning problems, with an emphasis on the algorithmic perspective. It covers the whole spectrum of the field, from the basics to state-of-the-art optimal and approximation algorithms. We first describe the theoretical foundations of MDPs and the fundamental solution techniques for them. We then discuss modern optimal algorithms based on heuristic search and the use of structured representations. A major focus of the book is on the numerous approximation schemes for MDPs that have been developed in the AI literature. These include determinization-based approaches, sampling techniques, heuristic functions, dimensionality reduction, and hierarchical representations. Finally, we briefly introduce several extensions of the standard MDP classes that model and solve even more complex planning problems. Table of Contents: Introduction / MDPs / Fundamental Algorithms / Heuristic Search Algorithms / Symbolic Algorithms / Approximation Algorithms / Advanced Notes

Machine Learning Algorithms

Popular algorithms for data science and machine learning, 2nd Edition

Author: Giuseppe Bonaccorso

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1789345480

Category: Computers

Page: 522

View: 7202

An easy-to-follow, step-by-step guide for getting to grips with the real-world application of machine learning algorithms Key Features Explore statistics and complex mathematics for data-intensive applications Discover new developments in EM algorithm, PCA, and bayesian regression Study patterns and make predictions across various datasets Book Description Machine learning has gained tremendous popularity for its powerful and fast predictions with large datasets. However, the true forces behind its powerful output are the complex algorithms involving substantial statistical analysis that churn large datasets and generate substantial insight. This second edition of Machine Learning Algorithms walks you through prominent development outcomes that have taken place relating to machine learning algorithms, which constitute major contributions to the machine learning process and help you to strengthen and master statistical interpretation across the areas of supervised, semi-supervised, and reinforcement learning. Once the core concepts of an algorithm have been covered, you’ll explore real-world examples based on the most diffused libraries, such as scikit-learn, NLTK, TensorFlow, and Keras. You will discover new topics such as principal component analysis (PCA), independent component analysis (ICA), Bayesian regression, discriminant analysis, advanced clustering, and gaussian mixture. By the end of this book, you will have studied machine learning algorithms and be able to put them into production to make your machine learning applications more innovative. What you will learn Study feature selection and the feature engineering process Assess performance and error trade-offs for linear regression Build a data model and understand how it works by using different types of algorithm Learn to tune the parameters of Support Vector Machines (SVM) Explore the concept of natural language processing (NLP) and recommendation systems Create a machine learning architecture from scratch Who this book is for Machine Learning Algorithms is for you if you are a machine learning engineer, data engineer, or junior data scientist who wants to advance in the field of predictive analytics and machine learning. Familiarity with R and Python will be an added advantage for getting the best from this book.

Plan, Activity, and Intent Recognition

Theory and Practice

Author: Gita Sukthankar,Christopher Geib,Hung Hai Bui,David Pynadath,Robert P. Goldman

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 012401710X

Category: Computers

Page: 424

View: 3741

Plan recognition, activity recognition, and intent recognition together combine and unify techniques from user modeling, machine vision, intelligent user interfaces, human/computer interaction, autonomous and multi-agent systems, natural language understanding, and machine learning. Plan, Activity, and Intent Recognition explains the crucial role of these techniques in a wide variety of applications including: personal agent assistants computer and network security opponent modeling in games and simulation systems coordination in robots and software agents web e-commerce and collaborative filtering dialog modeling video surveillance smart homes In this book, follow the history of this research area and witness exciting new developments in the field made possible by improved sensors, increased computational power, and new application areas. Combines basic theory on algorithms for plan/activity recognition along with results from recent workshops and seminars Explains how to interpret and recognize plans and activities from sensor data Provides valuable background knowledge and assembles key concepts into one guide for researchers or students studying these disciplines

Enterprise Business Modeling, Optimization Techniques, and Flexible Information Systems

Author: Papajorgji, Petraq

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466639474

Category: Computers

Page: 252

View: 1551

Many factors can impact large-scale enterprise management systems, and maintaining these systems can be a complicated and challenging process. Therefore, businesses can benefit from an assortment of models and management styles to track and collect data for processes. Enterprise Business Modeling, Optimization Techniques, and Flexible Information Systems supplies a wide array of research on the intersections of business modeling, information systems, and optimization techniques. These various business models and structuring methods are proposed to provide ideas, methods, and points of view for managers, practitioners, entrepreneurs, and researchers on how to improve business processes.

Machine Learning For Dummies

Author: John Paul Mueller,Luca Massaron

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111924577X

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 3498

Your no-nonsense guide to making sense of machine learning Machine learning can be a mind-boggling concept for the masses, but those who are in the trenches of computer programming know just how invaluable it is. Without machine learning, fraud detection, web search results, real-time ads on web pages, credit scoring, automation, and email spam filtering wouldn't be possible, and this is only showcasing just a few of its capabilities. Written by two data science experts, Machine Learning For Dummies offers a much-needed entry point for anyone looking to use machine learning to accomplish practical tasks. Covering the entry-level topics needed to get you familiar with the basic concepts of machine learning, this guide quickly helps you make sense of the programming languages and tools you need to turn machine learning-based tasks into a reality. Whether you're maddened by the math behind machine learning, apprehensive about AI, perplexed by preprocessing data—or anything in between—this guide makes it easier to understand and implement machine learning seamlessly. Grasp how day-to-day activities are powered by machine learning Learn to 'speak' certain languages, such as Python and R, to teach machines to perform pattern-oriented tasks and data analysis Learn to code in R using R Studio Find out how to code in Python using Anaconda Dive into this complete beginner's guide so you are armed with all you need to know about machine learning!

Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology

Theory and Applications

Author: Issam El Naqa,Ruijiang Li,Martin J. Murphy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319183052

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 4159

​This book provides a complete overview of the role of machine learning in radiation oncology and medical physics, covering basic theory, methods, and a variety of applications in medical physics and radiotherapy. An introductory section explains machine learning, reviews supervised and unsupervised learning methods, discusses performance evaluation, and summarizes potential applications in radiation oncology. Detailed individual sections are then devoted to the use of machine learning in quality assurance; computer-aided detection, including treatment planning and contouring; image-guided radiotherapy; respiratory motion management; and treatment response modeling and outcome prediction. The book will be invaluable for students and residents in medical physics and radiation oncology and will also appeal to more experienced practitioners and researchers and members of applied machine learning communities.