Author: Linda Geiser
A key component in healthy ecosystems, lichens can be found in almost any natural habitat in the Pacific Northwest. This revised and expanded edition of the first comprehensive guide to the region's macrolichens is intended for use by beginners as well as specialists: weekend naturalists will be able to identify specimens and recognize the great diversity of lichens, while lichenologists and mycologists will gain greater knowledge of the distribution and abundance of various species. The new edition incorporates an understanding of macrolichens that has advanced tremendously in the ten years since the first edition. It includes 116 new species, many of them new to science since 1997, and 176 additional illustrations. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest includes keys to 108 genera and 574 species of Oregon and Washington macrolichens all the macrolichens known or expected to occur in the two states. The keys also provide reasonable coverage for lichens of Idaho and Montana, inland to the Continental Divide. Color photographs and detailed descriptions are provided for 243 species, emphasizing lichens prevalent in forested ecosystems. The illustrated glossary and introductory material cover the terminology needed to identify macrolichens and provide information on collection and handling. The biology, ecology, and air-quality sensitivity of lichens are discussed, and regional air quality sensitivities are provided for more than one hundred species. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest will prove invaluable to anyone seeking to identify lichens or to better understand these organisms and their vital role in the natural world.
Author: Irwin M. Brodo
Publisher: Yale University Press
Created in response to requests from longtime users, this addition to the acclaimed reference to North American lichens compiles updated and expanded keys for the identification of these fascinating organisms. An ideal laboratory resource, it covers over 2,000 species of lichens indigenous to the continent. There is no comparable volume available for classroom, workshop, or private use. A glossary is illustrated with photographs by Sylvia Duran Sharnoff and Stephen Sharnoff and drawings by Susan Laurie-Bourque, all from the original book. The revised keys are an indispensable identification tool for botanists, students, scientists, and enthusiasts alike.
Author: Irwin M. Brodo,Sylvia Duran Sharnoff,Stephen Sharnoff,Canadian Museum of Nature
Publisher: Yale University Press
Lichens are a unique form of plant life, the product of a symbiotic association between an alga and a fungus. The beauty and importance of lichens have long been overlooked, despite their abundance and diversity in most parts of North America and elsewhere in the world. This stunning book - the first accessible and authoritative guidebook to lichens of the North American continent - fills the gap, presenting superb colour photographs, descriptions, distribution maps, and keys for identifying the most common, conspicuous, or ecologically significant species. The book focuses on 805 foliose, fruticose, and crustose lichens (the latter rarely included in popular guidebooks) and presents information on another 70 species in the keys or notes, special attention is given to species endemic to North America. A comprehensive introduction discusses the biology, structure, uses, and ecological significance of lichens and is illustrated with 90 additional colour photos and many line drawings. English names are provided for most species, and the book also includes a glossary that explains technical terms. This visually rich and informative book will open the eyes of nature lovers everywhere to
Environmental Impact Statement
Ecology and Conservation
Author: Dominick A. DellaSala
Publisher: Island Press
Temperate rainforests are biogeographically unique. Compared to their tropical counterparts, temperate rainforests are rarer and are found disproportionately along coastlines. Because most temperate rainforests are marked by the intersection of marine, terrestrial, and freshwater systems, these rich ecotones are among the most productive regions on Earth. Globally, temperate rainforests store vast amounts of carbon, provide habitat for scores of rare and endemic species with ancient affinities, and sustain complex food-web dynamics. In spite of their global significance, however, protection levels for these ecosystems are far too low to sustain temperate rainforests under a rapidly changing global climate and ever expanding human footprint. Therefore, a global synthesis is needed to provide the latest ecological science and call attention to the conservation needs of temperate and boreal rainforests. A concerted effort to internationalize the plight of the world’s temperate and boreal rainforests is underway around the globe; this book offers an essential (and heretofore missing) tool for that effort. DellaSala and his contributors tell a compelling story of the importance of temperate and boreal rainforests that includes some surprises (e.g., South Africa, Iran, Turkey, Japan, Russia). This volume provides a comprehensive reference from which to build a collective vision of their future.
what we have been doing--.
Author: United States. Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Region
Author: Pier Luigi Nimis,Christoph Scheidegger,Patricia A. Wolseley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
A comprehensive, up-to-date review of lichens as biomonitors of air pollution (bioindication, metal and radionuclide accumulation, biomarkers), and as monitors of environmental change (including global climate change and biodiversity loss) in a wide array of terrestrial habitats. Several methods for using lichens as biomonitors are described in a special section of the book.
natürliche Landwirtschaft als Ausweg aus der Krise
Author: Masanobu Fukuoka
Category: Biologische Landwirtschaft
Category: Forest management
eine Liebeserklärung an die Wunder der Natur
Author: Edward O. Wilson
Author: Peter Neitlich,Paul Rogers,Roger Rosentreter,Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)
Category: Epiphytic lichens
Epiphytic lichen communities are included in the national Forest Health Monitoring (FHM) program because they help us assess resource contamination, biodiversity, and sustainability in the context of forest health. In 1996, field crews collected lichen samples on 141 field plots systematically located across all forest ownership groups in Idaho. Results presented here are the baseline assessment of the statewide field survey. Seventy-five epiphytic macrolichen species were reported from Idaho. Mean species richness varied significantly from seven to 12 species per plot depending on ecoregion province (p < 0.0001). Four lichen species are reported for the first time in Idaho. Major community gradients in nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMS) ordination are most strongly related to latitude, elevation, percent forest cover, and lichen species richness. Ecoregion provinces occupy significantly different subsections of n-dimensional species space in multi-response permutation procedures (MRPP, p < 1 x 10−8).
Bestimmungsschlüssel für Polyporales (p.p.), Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales
Author: Egon Horak,Meinhard Moser
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
In den vergangenen 30 Jahren hat die Erforschung der Makromyceten in Europa und weltweit sowohl in der traditionell-deskriptiven (und von M. Moser entscheidend mitbestimmten) als auch der modernen, molekular-abgestützten Systematik einen gewaltigen Fortschritt gemacht. In dieser Periode wurden zahlreiche neue Arten publiziert, die weitgehend im neuen Bestimmungsschlüssel eingearbeitet wurden. Die Definition und Umschreibung einer Reihe von Gattungen hat sich gegenüber der seit Jahren vergriffenen 5. Auflage allgemein und im Detail stark geändert, sodass nicht nur die Systematik, sondern auch die Nomenklatur bei vielen agaricalen und boletalen Taxa revidiert und angepasst werden musste. Das Bestimmungsbuch ist nunmehr im deutschen Sprachraum bezüglich Vollständigkeit, Information und Datenübermittlung wiederum einmalig, weil alle bis heute für Mitteleuropa bekannten Gattungen der Röhrlinge und Blätterpilze (mit Berücksichtigung der cyphelloid-reduzierten und secotialen Taxa) erfasst werden. Detaillierte Standortsangaben (Ektomykorrhiza-Partner, Habitat- und Substratpräferenz) und Hinweise auf qualitativ hochwertige, meist farbige Abbildungen in der Literatur erleichtern und bestätigen die Bestimmung der berücksichtigten Arten (ca. 80 % der Pilzflora von Mitteleuropa und angrenzender Gebiete). Toxische, giftverdächtige und kulinarisch geschätzte Röhrlinge und Blätterpilze werden im Text mit Symbolen bezeichnet.
Baseline Results from Monitoring in Washington, Oregon, and California
Author: Sarah Jovan
Lichens are highly valued ecological indicators known for their sensitivity to a wide variety of environmental stressors like air quality and climate change. This report summarizes baseline results from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Lichen Community Indicator covering the first full cycle of data collection (1998-2001, 2003) for Washington, Oregon, and California. During this period, FIA conducted 972 surveys of epiphytic macrolichen communities for monitoring both spatial and long-term temporal trends in forest health. Major research findings are presented with emphasis on lichen biodiversity as well as bioindication of air quality and climate. Considerable effort is devoted to mapping geographic patterns and defining lichen indicator species suitable for estimating air quality and climate.
Studien in Richtung einer natürlicheren Gliederung
Author: Bettina Staiger
Author: Fritz Richard Stern
Author: Volkmar Wirth,Markus Hauck,Matthias Schultz