Author: Linda Geiser
A key component in healthy ecosystems, lichens can be found in almost any natural habitat in the Pacific Northwest. This revised and expanded edition of the first comprehensive guide to the region's macrolichens is intended for use by beginners as well as specialists: weekend naturalists will be able to identify specimens and recognize the great diversity of lichens, while lichenologists and mycologists will gain greater knowledge of the distribution and abundance of various species. The new edition incorporates an understanding of macrolichens that has advanced tremendously in the ten years since the first edition. It includes 116 new species, many of them new to science since 1997, and 176 additional illustrations. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest includes keys to 108 genera and 574 species of Oregon and Washington macrolichens all the macrolichens known or expected to occur in the two states. The keys also provide reasonable coverage for lichens of Idaho and Montana, inland to the Continental Divide. Color photographs and detailed descriptions are provided for 243 species, emphasizing lichens prevalent in forested ecosystems. The illustrated glossary and introductory material cover the terminology needed to identify macrolichens and provide information on collection and handling. The biology, ecology, and air-quality sensitivity of lichens are discussed, and regional air quality sensitivities are provided for more than one hundred species. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest will prove invaluable to anyone seeking to identify lichens or to better understand these organisms and their vital role in the natural world.
Author: Bruce McCune,Linda Geiser
This first comprehensive guide to the region's macrolichens offers exquisite color photographs, line drawings, and full-page detailed descriptions for over 200 species.
Author: Irwin M. Brodo,Sylvia Duran Sharnoff,Stephen Sharnoff,Canadian Museum of Nature
Publisher: Yale University Press
Lichens are a unique form of plant life, the product of a symbiotic association between an alga and a fungus. The beauty and importance of lichens have long been overlooked, despite their abundance and diversity in most parts of North America and elsewhere in the world. This stunning book - the first accessible and authoritative guidebook to lichens of the North American continent - fills the gap, presenting superb colour photographs, descriptions, distribution maps, and keys for identifying the most common, conspicuous, or ecologically significant species. The book focuses on 805 foliose, fruticose, and crustose lichens (the latter rarely included in popular guidebooks) and presents information on another 70 species in the keys or notes, special attention is given to species endemic to North America. A comprehensive introduction discusses the biology, structure, uses, and ecological significance of lichens and is illustrated with 90 additional colour photos and many line drawings. English names are provided for most species, and the book also includes a glossary that explains technical terms. This visually rich and informative book will open the eyes of nature lovers everywhere to
Author: Dale Hadley Vitt,Janet E. Marsh,Robin Bruce Bovey
Publisher: Lone Pine Publishing
This book brings the small yet beautiful world of mosses, liverworts, lichens and ferns to those interested in the fascinating world of our Northwest nature. Covering the region from southern Oregon to Alaska and from the Pacific Ocean to Montana and Saskatchewan, this guide features: * Over 370 of the most common species enhanced with photos * Hundreds of additional similar species described * The major vegetation zones in northwestern North America * Habitat descriptions and distribution maps * Systematic keys to the species in each section * Horsetails and clubmosses, as well as mosses, liverworts, lichens and ferns.
Author: Mason E. Hale,Mariette Cole
Publisher: Univ of California Press
A close look at rocks and trees is often rewarded by the orange or yellow mosaic patterns of some of California's 1,000 species of lichens; yet few people know anything about their unusual compound nature (part alga, part fungus) and most lichens don't even have common English names. This convenient guide, the first ever on California lichens, describes the appearance, habitats, and ranges of over 350 species, 48 of which are illustrated in color, with many others shown in black and white. For weavers and fabric manufacturers, the brilliance of lichen colors provides unusual textile dyes. For scientists, the sensitivity of lichens to air pollution makes them useful biomonitors for environmental studies. For nature lovers they can be an unending source of fascination, and Lichens of California offers convenient identification keys, range maps, and chapters describing the structure, chemistry, and ecology of lichens. A close look at rocks and trees is often rewarded by the orange or yellow mosaic patterns of some of California's 1,000 species of lichens; yet few people know anything about their unusual compound nature (part alga, part fungus) and most lichens don't even have common English names. This convenient guide, the first ever on California lichens, describes the appearance, habitats, and ranges of over 350 species, 48 of which are illustrated in color, with many others shown in black and white. For weavers and fabric manufacturers, the brilliance of lichen colors provides unusual textile dyes. For scientists, the sensitivity of lichens to air pollution makes them useful biomonitors for environmental studies. For nature lovers they can be an unending source of fascination, and Lichens of California offers convenient identification keys, range maps, and chapters describing the structure, chemistry, and ecology of lichens.
Author: Thomas E. Burke
Terrestrial mollusks, the second largest phylum in the animal kingdom, are vitally important to the earth's ecology. With the publication of Land Snails and Slugs of the Pacific Northwest, a definitive and comprehensive guide to snails and slugs of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and western Montana is finally available. Primarily an identification guide, this richly illustrated volume offers complete information on the range of terrestrial mollusk shapes, sizes, and characteristics. It presents an overview of their habitat requirements as well as details of land snail and slug ecology, collection and preservation methods, and biogeography. Land Snails and Slugs of the Pacific Northwest is an essential reference for biologists, horticulturalists, gardeners, and naturalists, and anyone wishing to identify species in the field. * Identification keys and species accounts for most of the 245 taxa of terrestrial slugs and snails in the region * 280 full-color photographs of 155 species and subspecies * Range maps for most species
Author: Joseph Arnett
The Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Washington offers a window into the beauty and diversity of the rarest plants in the state and serves as a field guide for people seeking to find and identity these species.Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Washington includes: -317 vascular plants, six mosses, and one lichen -Full-color photographs of the plants and their habitats, line drawings, and distribution maps -Detailed species descriptions, identification tips, and recommended times for making identifications -Current conservation status and state rank -Complete reference list, synonymies, and glossary Each rare plant is fully characterized through rich description of its appearance, reproductive strategy, associated plants, and habitat, identification of current threats to its survival in Washington, and scarcity in areas outside the state. A trip across Washington presents an array of habitats, from dripping spruce and hemlock forests along the coast to arid grasslands and shrub-steppe and sand dune systems east of the mountains, from low-elevation outwash prairies to treeless slopes of volcanoes and granite peaks, from basalt flows and rocky islands to salt marshes and tiny seeps and riparian edges. This book brings attention to the rarest and least understood plant species that find niches in this complex landscape. Pamela Camp is a private consultant in field biology and restoration ecology and former Spokane District Botanist with the Bureau of Land Management. John C. Gamon is a Natural Heritage Program Manager with the Department of Natural Resources. "This guide will be the primary source of information on rare plants for land managers, ecological consultants, and others who need the most recent data on Washington's rare plants. I heartily endorse and recommend it." -Art Kruckeberg "It is axiomatic that you cannot conserve that which you cannot find or identify, and that more biological losses owe to ignorance than to malice or indifference. This is why I take such heart and pleasure in the Field Guide to Rare Plants of Washington. By refreshing the great botanical legacy of Hitchcock, Kruckeberg, Denton and their ilk with contemporary knowledge and nomenclature, enriched by thirty-three years of experience from the Washington Natural Heritage Program, the authors have created a clear and handsome volume of immense conservation importance for our time and for the challenging times to come. What we manage to save of our rich floristic heritage may be largely thanks to this book and its contributors." -Dr. Robert Michael Pyle, author of The Butterflies of Cascadia, Wintergreen, etc.
Author: W. B. Schofield
Publisher: University of Washington Press
A substantial glossary and comprehensive checklist are included. This useful guide to genera found abundantly in the region will be welcomed not only by the professional field botanist but by the enterprising amateur naturalist who wishes to discover the unusual beauty and fascinating variety of these bryophytes."--BOOK JACKET.
Author: David Moore,Geoffrey D. Robson,Anthony P. J. Trinci
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Uniquely modern textbook providing a broad, all-round understanding of fungal biology and the biological systems to which fungi contribute.
Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems
Author: Christian Körner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Generations of plant scientists have been fascinated by alpine plant lifean ecosystem that experiences dramatic climatic gradients over a very short distance. This comprehensive book examines a wide range of topics including alpine climate and soils, plant distribution and the treeline phenomenon, plant stress and development, global change at high elevation, and the human impact on alpine vegetation. Geographically, the book covers all parts of the world including the tropics.
Author: Thomas H. Nash
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A broad-ranging review of organisms which have long-fascinated biologists, ecologists and chemists.
Author: Erin Tripp
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
Field Guide to the Lichens of White Rocks is a careful examination of the lichens that occur at the ecologically important and lichenologically rich urban outcropping of Fox Hills sandstone known as White Rocks Nature Preserve, located in Boulder County, Colorado. This extensively illustrated field guide presents detailed information on the macroscopic and microscopic features needed to identify species, as well as extensive notes on how to differentiate closely related lichens—both those present at White Rocks and those likely to be found elsewhere in western North America. This guide is one of the only complete lichen inventories of a sandstone formation in North America and covers all constituents including the crustose microlichen biota, traditionally excluded from other inventories. A short introduction and glossary equip the reader with basic information on lichen morphology, reproduction, and ecology. Visitors to White Rocks Nature Preserve must schedule staff-led public tours or set up sponsored research projects through the City of Boulder Open Space and Mountain Parks, and there are many other outcroppings of Fox Hills sandstone across the West, making Field Guide to the Lichens of White Rocks a significant resource for anyone interested in this unique environment. This accessible, user-friendly guide will also be valuable to naturalists and lichenologists around the world as well as educators, conservationists, and land managers concerned with the growing significance of open spaces and other protected urban areas throughout North America. The University Press of Colorado gratefully acknowledges the generous support of the University of Colorado Natural History Museum, City of Boulder Parks & Open Spaces, and the Colorado Native Plant Society board and members toward the publication of this book.
Author: W. B. Schofield
This richly illustrated text/reference, originally printed in 1985, provides a comprehensive introduction to the structure, evolution and interrelationships of the bryophytes. Leading bryologist W. B. Schofield gives a broad, international view of bryology that goes beyond a basic understanding of structure to present the bryophytes as a vital group of living plants. After a solid foundation in the morphology of mosses, liverworts and hornworts separate chapters, organized to allow easy comparison of the evolutionary lines, offer definitive information on the biology of the organisms. Topics covered in detail include cytology, genetics, chemistry, ecology, physiology, geography and the history of the discipline. Emphasizing the biologic significance of the bryophytes, the author uses an abundance of elegant original illustrations to show the structure, diversity and the natural beauty of the bryophytes. There is also an extensive glossary of bryologic terminology. W. B. Schofield is Professor Emeritus at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. He is a former president of the American Bryological and Lichenological Society.
A New Synthesis for Peace and Security
Author: Gary E. Machlis,Thor Hanson,Zdravko Špirić,Jean E. McKendry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The purpose of this book is specific and ambitious: to outline the distinctive elements, scope, and usefulness of a new and emerging field of applied ecology named warfare ecology. Based on a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, the book provides both a theoretical overview of this new field and case studies that range from mercury contamination during World War I in Slovenia to the ecosystem impacts of the Palestinian occupation, and from the bombing of coral reefs of Vieques to biodiversity loss due to violent conflicts in Africa. Warfare Ecology also includes reprints of several classical papers that set the stage for the new synthesis described by the authors. Written for environmental scientists, military and humanitarian relief professionals, conservation managers, and graduate students in a wide range of fields, Warfare Ecology is a major step forward in understanding the relationship between war and ecological systems.
Author: Stephen Sharnoff
The definitive guide to California's diverse array of lichen flora, with color photographs and descriptions of over 500 species
Author: Irwin M. Brodo
Publisher: Yale University Press
Created in response to requests from longtime users, this addition to the acclaimed reference to North American lichens compiles updated and expanded keys for the identification of these fascinating organisms. An ideal laboratory resource, it covers over 2,000 species of lichens indigenous to the continent. There is no comparable volume available for classroom, workshop, or private use. A glossary is illustrated with photographs by Sylvia Duran Sharnoff and Stephen Sharnoff and drawings by Susan Laurie-Bourque, all from the original book. The revised keys are an indispensable identification tool for botanists, students, scientists, and enthusiasts alike.
rediscovering our natural heritage
Author: Ryan P. O'Connor,Michael A. Kost,Joshua G. Cohen
Publisher: Michigan State Univ Pr
Prairies and savannas are a rare and unique part of Michigan's natural heritage. Once occupying a significant portion of Lower Michigan's landscape, these dynamic and varied communities have nearly vanished, along with numerous species that rely on the habitats they provide. Now less than 1 percent of the original prairie and savanna acreage remains in Michigan, and the little that remains is threatened by habitat destruction, invasive species, and rapidly closing canopies. Prairies and Savannas in Michigan gives a complete understanding of these dynamic systems, the plants and animals they support, the ecological processes that sustain them, and current efforts to restore these valuable pieces of Michigan's natural heritage. Intended for general readers, Prairies and Savannas in Michigan clearly describes the variety of natural habitats and itemizes noteworthy species found in each. The book fills a unique niche for practicing and armchair ecologists alike, and it provides a much needed educational overview for citizens living in a state with such unique and diverse - though rapidly disappearing - habitats. This is the only work in print that focuses on prairie and savanna communities.
Author: Larry L. St. Clair,M.L. Bean Museum,Rio Grande National Forest (Colo.)
Publisher: Brigham Young University Press