Social Skins of the Head

Body Beliefs and Ritual in Ancient Mesoamerica and the Andes

Author: Vera Tiesler,María Cecilia Lozada

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: 0826359647

Category: HISTORY

Page: 288

View: 4864

The meanings of ritualized head treatments among ancient Mesoamerican and Andean peoples is the subject of this book, the first overarching coverage of an important subject. Heads are sources of power that protect, impersonate, emulate sacred forces, distinguish, or acquire identity within the native world. The essays in this book examine these themes in a wide array of indigenous head treatments, including facial cosmetics and hair arrangements, permanent cranial vault and facial modifications, dental decorations, posthumous head processing, and head hunting. They offer new insights into native understandings of beauty, power, age, gender, and ethnicity. The contributors are experts from such diverse fields as skeletal biology, archaeology, aesthetics, forensics, taphonomy, and art history.

Archaeology of Food

An Encyclopedia

Author: Karen Bescherer Metheny,Mary C. Beaudry

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0759123667

Category: Social Science

Page: 702

View: 3564

This indispensable resource provides an illustrated introduction to and overview of the archaeological study of food and foodways today.

Mortuary Landscapes of the Classic Maya

Rituals of Body and Soul

Author: Andrew K. Scherer

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477300511

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 4179

From the tombs of the elite to the graves of commoners, mortuary remains offer rich insights into Classic Maya society. In Mortuary Landscapes of the Classic Maya: Rituals of Body and Soul, the anthropological archaeologist and bioarchaeologist Andrew K. Scherer explores the broad range of burial practices among the Maya of the Classic period (AD 250–900), integrating information gleaned from his own fieldwork with insights from the fields of iconography, epigraphy, and ethnography to illuminate this society’s rich funerary traditions. Scherer’s study of burials along the Usumacinta River at the Mexican-Guatemalan border and in the Central Petén region of Guatemala—areas that include Piedras Negras, El Kinel, Tecolote, El Zotz, and Yaxha—reveals commonalities and differences among royal, elite, and commoner mortuary practices. By analyzing skeletons containing dental and cranial modifications, as well as the adornments of interred bodies, Scherer probes Classic Maya conceptions of body, wellness, and the afterlife. Scherer also moves beyond the body to look at the spatial orientation of the burials and their integration into the architecture of Maya communities. Taking a unique interdisciplinary approach, the author examines how Classic Maya deathways can expand our understanding of this society’s beliefs and traditions, making Mortuary Landscapes of the Classic Maya an important step forward in Mesoamerican archeology.

Rain Harvesting in the Rainforest

The Ancient Maya Agricultural Landscape of Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico

Author: Helga Geovannini Acuña

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 141

View: 6843

The main subject discussed in this study is the way in which the ancient Maya of Calakmul (modern Mexico), who thrived between 900 B.C. to A.D. 1000, managed their landscape in order to survive in the tropical rainforest. Their lithic technology, the hot, humid climate with a prolonged dry season, the lack of permanent surface sources of fresh water, and thin soils, considered insufficient for sustained agricultural production, are factors that were addressed successfully by the Maya in developing their complex civilization. The authors research begins with landscape, archaeological, and edaphological analyses, after which she explores the areas most advantageous to permanent habitation, suitable agricultural zones, land potential of the region and the capability of the area for supporting population. In addition, a complex agricultural channel irrigation system is explored as a critical factor for managing productive terrain for agriculture in karstic depressions (bajos). Similarly, an impressive rain harvesting system is exposed as an option to optimize hydrological resources for canalizing excessive rain during the wet season and storing water during the dry period. Finally, a reconstruction of the agricultural landscape is proposed.

Frida Kahlo

die Gemälde

Author: Hayden Herrera,Frida Kahlo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783888144691


Page: 272

View: 4300

Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens

Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya

Author: Simon Martin,Nikolai Grube

Publisher: Chronicles


Category: History

Page: 240

View: 9355

"The ideal reference on Maya archaeology." Science News

Bericht aus Yucatán

Author: Diego de Landa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150205280


Page: 291

View: 7628


Author: Peter J. Schmidt,Mercedes de la Garza,Enrique Nalda

Publisher: Rizzoli Intl Pubns


Category: Art

Page: 695

View: 4648

Looks at Mayan civilization, including Mayan architecture, astronomy, history, mathematics, politics, religion, commerce, navigation, sculpture, and handicrafts

Fourth Palenque Round Table, 1980

Author: Elizabeth P. Benson,Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute (San Francisco, Calif.)

Publisher: Univ of Texas Pr


Category: Social Science

Page: 353

View: 5640

Third Palenque Round Table, 1978--part 2

Proceedings of the Tercera Mesa Redonda de Palenque, June 11-18, 1978

Author: Merle Green Robertson

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 226

View: 8306

To Be Like Gods

Dance in Ancient Maya Civilization

Author: Matthew G. Looper

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 029277818X

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 5366

The Maya of Mexico and Central America have performed ritual dances for more than two millennia. Dance is still an essential component of religious experience today, serving as a medium for communication with the supernatural. During the Late Classic period (AD 600-900), dance assumed additional importance in Maya royal courts through an association with feasting and gift exchange. These performances allowed rulers to forge political alliances and demonstrate their control of trade in luxury goods. The aesthetic values embodied in these performances were closely tied to Maya social structure, expressing notions of gender, rank, and status. Dance was thus not simply entertainment, but was fundamental to ancient Maya notions of social, religious, and political identity. Using an innovative interdisciplinary approach, Matthew Looper examines several types of data relevant to ancient Maya dance, including hieroglyphic texts, pictorial images in diverse media, and architecture. A series of case studies illustrates the application of various analytical methodologies and offers interpretations of the form, meaning, and social significance of dance performance. Although the nuances of movement in Maya dances are impossible to recover, Looper demonstrates that a wealth of other data survives which allows a detailed consideration of many aspects of performance. To Be Like Gods thus provides the first comprehensive interpretation of the role of dance in ancient Maya society and also serves as a model for comparative research in the archaeology of performance.

Facts and Artifacts of Ancient Middle America

A Glossary of Terms and Words Used in the Archaeology and Art History of Pre-Columbian Mexico and Central America

Author: Curt Muser

Publisher: Dutton Adult


Category: Central America

Page: 212

View: 9951

Tercera Mesa Redonda de Palenque

Proceedings of the Tercera Mesa Redonda de Palenque, June 11-18, 1978, Palenque : a Conference on the Art, Hieroglyphics, and Historic Approaches of the Late Classic Maya

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780292780378

Category: Mayas

Page: 226

View: 6773

Starre und alternierende Fundamentalkurse im Rahmen preisinduzierter Preisanpassung

Author: Simon Martin

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640656229


Page: 72

View: 2778

Diplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich BWL - Wirtschaftspolitik, Note: 2,7, Otto-Friedrich-Universitat Bamberg, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Dieses Kursniveau ist fundamental gerechtfertigt" -unzahlige Autoren. Psychologische Effekte wie der Herdentrieb, Vertrauen in Marke und der Glaube an uberzeugende Stories" (SHILLER 2005: 150ff.) tragen dann ihr ubriges dazu bei, dass die hohen (steigenden) Preise das Vertrauen und den Glauben an den realwirtschaftlichen Aufschwung noch bestarken und damit die Leute auch mehr reale Investitionen tatigen (AKERLOF 2009: 135) und damit de facto fur mehr reale Unternehmensgewinne sorgen. Dies betrifft dann die Realwirtschaft mit dem gesamten Bruttoinlandsprodukt, da das Einkommen, die Konsum- bzw. Investitionsfreude und das Marktvertrauen der Leute beeinflusst werden (SHILLER 2005: 70). Dieses, Price-to-Price-Feedback genannte Phanomen, tragt dazu bei, dass Preisveranderungen in beide Richtung weiter und weiter fortbestehen (AKERLOF 2009: 134f.). Den Finanzmarkten kommt damit eine wichtige Rolle als Spiegel der allgemeinen Wirtschaftserwartung zu (PIEL 2003: 23f.). Die aufkommenden Fragen, namlich was passiert mit der Marktdynamik, wenn sich die Fundamen-talkurse anpassen und wie wirkt sich die preisinduzierte Nachfrage aus, sollen in dieser Arbeit untersucht werden. Zur Analyse der aufgeworfenen Fragen nach den alternierenden Fundamentalkursen und der preisinduzierten Nachfrage soll ein simulierter Finanzmarkt entwickelt werden. Es werden die beiden Themenkomplexe im Vorlauf zu den Modellgleichungen der Simulation naher erlautert. Dazu soll die Problematik bei der Bestimmung des Fundamentalkurses naher betrachtet und das Price-to-Price Feedback vorgestellt werden. Danach werden die Modellgleichungen aufgestellt und erlautert, die dann in dem simulierten Finanzmarktmodell zum Einsatz kommen. Nach der Definition der Startwerte wird zunachst das Basismodell G definiert, welches die Komponenten der angepassten, opportunisti"

Seventh Palenque Round Table, 1989

Author: Merle Greene Robertson

Publisher: Pre Columbian Art Research


Category: Indians of Central America

Page: 285

View: 5957

Handbook of Latin American Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Latin America

Page: 931

View: 8034

Contains scholarly evaluations of books and book chapters as well as conference papers and articles published worldwide in the field of Latin American studies. Covers social sciences and the humanities in alternate years.

Iconography without texts

Author: Paul Taylor,Warburg Institute

Publisher: N.A


Category: Art

Page: 205

View: 6751

Intended for "art historians, archaeologists and anthropologists who are faced with the problem of interpreting visual artefacts which have become divorced from the cultural contexts within which they once had meaning"--P. ix.