Metallic Biomaterial Interfaces

Author: Jürgen Breme,C. James Kirkpatrick,Roger Thull

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527622616

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 8781

Clearly divided into three sections on the interface influence of materials and surface modifications, the physical and physicochemical surface characterization, and the biological characterization of the interface and biosystem reactions, this book is the first to concentrate on the highly important area of metal-based implants and their improved functionality and acceptance by the body.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Author: Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080552943

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3672

View: 454

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Comprehensive Biomaterials II

Author: Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081006926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 4858

View: 3369

Comprehensive Biomaterials II, Second Edition brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one expertly-written series of edited volumes. Articles address the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, research and development, regulatory management, commercial aspects, and applications, including medical applications. Detailed coverage is given to both new and emerging areas and the latest research in more traditional areas of the field. Particular attention is given to those areas in which major recent developments have taken place. This new edition, with 75% new or updated articles, will provide biomedical scientists in industry, government, academia, and research organizations with an accurate perspective on the field in a manner that is both accessible and thorough. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance, and future prospects Covers all significant emerging technologies in areas such as 3D printing of tissues, organs and scaffolds, cell encapsulation; multimodal delivery, cancer/vaccine - biomaterial applications, neural interface understanding, materials used for in situ imaging, and infection prevention and treatment Effectively describes the many modern aspects of biomaterials from basic science, to clinical applications

Carbon-based Nanomaterials and Hybrids

Synthesis, Properties, and Commercial Applications

Author: Hans J. Fecht,Kai Brühne

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814316857

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 4017

In recent decades nanotechnology has developed into a highly multidisciplinary topic, drawing from a number of fields such as physics, materials science, biomedicine, and different engineering disciplines. The success of nanoscience- and nanotechnology-related research and products is connected with the technological exploitation of size effects in structures and materials and is, therefore, related to its impact on the society of the future. This most recent trend has been taken up here and represents the main focus of this book applied to carbon-based materials, including nanocrystalline diamond, aerogels, and carbon nanotubes. The book compiles and details cutting-edge research, and several applications are described within the field of energy, microelectronics, and biomedicine. Beyond that, a perspective is given including a diversity of industrial applications and market opportunities for C-based nanoscale materials and devices in the future.

Non-Metallic Biomaterials for Tooth Repair and Replacement

Author: P Vallittu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857096435

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 5079

As the demand for healthy, attractive teeth increases, the methods and materials employed in restorative dentistry have become progressively more advanced. Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement focuses on the use of biomaterials for a range of applications in tooth repair and, in particular, dental restoration. Part one reviews the structure, modification and repair of dental tissues. The properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration are discussed, along with biomineralization and biomimicry of tooth enamel, and enamel matrix proteins (EMPs) for periodontal regeneration. Part two goes on to discuss the processing, bonding and wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and sol-gel derived bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement. Dental composites for tooth repair and replacement are then the focus of part three, including composite adhesive and antibacterial restorative materials for dental applications. The effects of particulate filler systems on the properties and performance of dental polymer composites are considered, along with composite based oral implants, fibre reinforced composites (FRCs) as dental materials and luting cements for dental applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement provides a clear overview for all those involved in the development and application of these materials, including academic researchers, materials scientists and dental clinicians. Discusses the properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration Chapters also examine the wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement Dental composites and antibacterial restorative mateirals are also considered

The Bone-biomaterial Interface

Author: John Edward Davies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biological interfaces

Page: 502

View: 5453

Based on the proceedings of the Bone-Biomaterial Interface Workshop held in Toronto, Canada, December 1990, addresses the questions which have arisen during this period of evolution from inert to active materials in orthopedic, dental, and maxillofacial implants with specific reference to the bone-biomaterial interface. The seven parts of the volume reflect the seven sessions of the workshop, dealing with materials issues, protein adsorption, cell and tissue reactions, mechanical influences on interfacial biology, retrieval analysis, and the industrial context. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Implant Bone Interface

Author: John Older

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447118111

Category: Medical

Page: 177

View: 3829

An update on current knowledge is given for surgeons and researchers involved in implant surgery and the development of implant arthroplasty. The contributions come from a distinguished international faculty of orthopaedic surgeons, biologists and engineers. They examine the junctional tissues between an implant and the bone in joint replacement surgery. The factors that influence junctional tissues and so affect the life-span of the implant are thoroughly discussed. These include: detailed data on the microscopy of the junctional tissues, the mechanical properties of cement, and the architecture of bone and implant design. The discussions following each contribution give meaningful insight into background information and the controversial aspects of surgical implants.

Interface Oral Health Science 2009

Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium for Interface Oral Health Science, Held in Sendai, Japan, Between January 15 and 16, 2009 and the 1st Tohoku-Forsyth Symposium, Held in Boston, MA, USA, Between March 10 and 11, 2009

Author: Takashi Sasano,Osamu Suzuki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431996446

Category: Medical

Page: 435

View: 777

Since 2002, the Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry has proposed “Interface Oral Health Science” as a major theme for next-generation dental research. That theme is based on the following new concept: healthy oral fu- tion is maintained by biological and biomechanical harmony among three s- tems: (1) oral tissues (host); (2) parasitic microorganisms of the oral cavity (parasites); and (3) biomaterials. The concept implies that oral diseases such as dental caries, periodontal disease, and temporomandibular disorders should be interpreted as “interface disorders” that result from disruption of the intact int- face among these systems. The uniqueness of this concept rests on the fact that it not only encompasses the field of dentistry and dental medicine, but also expands the common ground shared with other fields, including medicine, ag- culture, material science, engineering, and pharmacology. We aim to promote advances in dental research and to activate collaboration with related fields by putting interface oral health science into practice. On this basis, we have already organized the 1st and 2nd International Symposiums for Interface Oral Health Science, which included inspiring special lectures, symposiums, poster pres- tations, and other discussions. The contents of the two symposiums were p- lished as monographs entitled Interface Oral Health Science in 2005 and 2007. The 3rd International Symposium was held in January 2009 as part of this project.

Biomaterials

hard tissue repair and replacement

Author: D. Muster

Publisher: North Holland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 313

View: 9707

Biomaterials are rightly seen as advanced materials with the added dimension of biocompatibility. Their development is thus a complex task requiring multi-disciplinary groups both in the clinical and technical fields. In this context, the contacts established and the actions undertaken by the Biomaterials Group of the Council of Europe and the European Materials Research Society have resulted in the creation of a European Network of laboratories to study, evaluate, and develop biocompatible and biofunctional biomaterials. These European intensive courses precisely promote and develop specific teaching indispensable for future progress. The 22 contributions in this volume are intended for all those having a common interest in health care and materials and for all investors in innovation and high technology.

An Introduction to Biomaterials

Author: Jeffrey O. Hollinger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849322822

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 9068

The complexity of biological systems and the need to design and develop biomedical therapies poses major challenges to professionals in the biomedical disciplines. An Introduction to Biomaterials emphasizes applications of biomaterials for patient care. Containing chapters prepared by leading authorities on key biomaterial types, this book underscores the process of biomaterial design, development directed toward clinical application, and testing that leads to therapies for clinical targets. The authors provide a lucid perspective on the standards available and the logic behind the standards in which biomaterials address clinical needs. This volume includes chapters on consensus standards and regulatory approaches to testing paradigms, followed by an analysis of specific classes of biomaterials. The book closes with sections on clinical topics that integrate materials sciences and patient applications.

Handbook of Biomaterial Properties

Author: Jonathan Black,Garth Hastings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412603303

Category: Medical

Page: 590

View: 7250

Progress in the development of surgical implant materials has been hindered by the lack of basic information on the nature of the tissues, organs and systems being repaired or replaced. Materials' properties of living systems, whose study has been conducted largely under the rubric of tissue mechanics, has tended to be more descriptive than quantitative. In the early days of the modern surgical implant era, this deficiency was not critical. However, as implants continue to improve and both longer service life and higher reliability are sought, the inability to predict the behavior of implanted manufactured materials has revealed the relative lack of knowledge of the materials properties of the supporting or host system, either in health or disease. Such a situation is unacceptable in more conventional engineering practice: the success of new designs for aeronautical and marine applications depends exquisitely upon a detailed, disciplined and quantitative knowledge of service environments, including the properties of materials which will be encountered and interacted with. Thus the knowledge of the myriad physical properties of ocean ice makes possible the design and development of icebreakers without the need for trial and error. In contrast, the development period for a new surgical implant, incorporating new materials, may well exceed a decade and even then only short term performance predictions can be made.

An Introduction to Tissue-Biomaterial Interactions

Author: Kay C. Dee,David A. Puleo,Rena Bizios

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471461121

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 4026

An Introduction to Tissue-Biomaterial Interactions acquaintsan undergraduate audience with the fundamental biological processesthat influence these sophisticated, cutting-edge procedures.Chapters one through three provide more detail about themolecular-level events that happen at the tissue-implant interface,while chapters four through ten explore selected material,biological, and physiological consequences of these events. Theimportance of the body’s wound-healing response is emphasizedthroughout. Specific topics covered include:Structure andproperties of biomaterials Proteins Protein-surface interactions Blood-biomaterial interactions Inflammation and infection The immune system Biomaterial responses to implantation Biomaterial surface engineering Intimal hyperplasia and osseointegration as examples oftissue-biomaterial interactions The text also provides extensive coverage of the three pertinentinterfaces between the body and the biomaterial, between the bodyand the living cells, and between the cells and the biomaterialthat are critical in the development of tissue-engineered productsthat incorporate living cells within a biomaterial matrix. Idealfor a one-semester, biomedical engineering course, An Introductionto Tissue-Biomaterial Interactions provides a solid framework forunderstanding today’s and tomorrow’s implantablebiomedical devices.

Polymer Biomaterials in Solution, As Interfaces And As Solids

A Festschrift Honoring the 60th Birthday of Dr. Allan S. Hoffman

Author: Stuart L. Cooper,C. H. Bamford,Teiji Tsuruta,T. Tsuruta

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067641807

Category: Science

Page: 1

View: 6565

The articles collected in this publication have previously been published in eight special issues of the Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, in honour of Dr. Allan S. Hoffman, who is known as a pioneer, a leader and a mentor in the field of biomaterials. The papers from renowned scientists from all parts of the world, representing the state-of-the-art in polymeric biomaterials today, have been rearranged into a logical order of sections, each having a distinct focus. The topics covered are: Surface Modification, Characterization and Properties; Protein Adsorption; Blood Interactions; Cell Interactions; Immobilized Cell Receptor Ligands and Immobilized Cells; Immobilized Biomolecules and Synthetic Derivatives of Biomolecules; New Polymers and Applications; Biodegradable Polymers and Drug Delivery; Water-Soluble Biomolecules, Sunthetic Polymers, and their Conjugates; Hydrogels.

Bone Implant Interface

Author: Hugh U. Cameron

Publisher: C.V. Mosby

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 390

View: 4977

Polymeric Biomaterials

Structure and Function

Author: Severian Dumitriu,Valentin Popa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420094718

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 920

View: 3028

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and Function, contains 25 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: The structure and properties of synthetic polymers including polyesters, polyphosphazenes, and elastomers The structure and properties of natural polymers such as mucoadhesives, chitin, lignin, and carbohydrate derivatives Blends and composites—for example, metal–polymer composites and biodegradable polymeric/ceramic composites Bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, electrospinning for regenerative medicine, and more Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials: from their chemical, physical, and structural properties to polymer synthesis and processing techniques and current applications in the medical and pharmaceutical fields.

The Biomaterials: Silver Jubilee Compendium

Author: David F. Williams

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080528069

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7562

The journal Biomaterials was launched in 1980. The subject of biomaterials science was then in its infancy, being largely cofined to the study of the characteristics of materials used for medical devices. Twenty-five years on, we can truly say that biomaterials science has matured at an incredible rate and now represents a formidable sector that bridges the materials sciences, advanced medical therapies, and molecular and cell sciences. This Silver Jubilee Compendium consists of reprinted versions of the top 25 papers, published during these 25 years, as judged by an international panel of biomaterials scientists. This book is published as a landmark in biomaterials science and it is to be hoped that it will serve as a stimulus to young biomaterials scientists of the early twenty-first century for their pioneering work of the future.

Biomaterials in Hand Surgery

Author: Antonio Merolli,Thomas J. Joyce

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788847011953

Category: Medical

Page: 143

View: 850

Biomaterials are used in many areas of medicine, particularly in surgery and d- tistry. In orthopedic surgery, total hip arthroplasty has been extremely successful, and has been called ‘the operation of the 20th century’. Total hip arthroplasty is r- tinely performed every day in most orthopedic departments. Over the last decades, many efforts have been made to better integrate the components within the recipient bones, to decrease the friction at the prosthetic interface, and to minimize wear. Minimally invasive procedures have been developed, and various designs are inte- ed to preserve as much as possible of the bone stock of young patients. By contrast, the clinical results have been less favorable after various hand and wrist joint replacements. Many early designs have failed, the clinical data of the current pr- theses are frequently quite limited, and there is often insufficient biomechanical information available, although trapezio-metacarpal arthroplasty in particular has become quite popular in recent years. In order to promote progress in hand and wrist arthroplasty, Antonio Merolli and Thomas J. Joyce have edited this lovely book, whose chapters discuss current research and recent advances in hand and wrist arthroplasty. The problems of metacarpophalangeal joint prostheses are particularly developed.

Metals as Biomaterials

Author: Jef A. Helsen,H. Jürgen Breme

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471969358

Category: Medical

Page: 522

View: 9872

Biomaterials is a field that continues to attract a significant amount of attention from researchers, industry, educationalists and regulators. This book is the first to provide readers with an understanding of fundamental theory relating to the use of metals in biomedical applications in addition to comprehensively covering applied aspects encompassing practical and technical advantages and disadvantages. Topics highlighted in the book include guidelines for selecting materials; shape memory alloys; degradation and surface modification; adhesion to ceramics and polymers; biocompartibility and tissue-implant interactions; and European and North American regulatory issues.

Metals Abstracts

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Metallurgy

Page: N.A

View: 1662