Metric Affine Geometry

Author: Ernst Snapper,Robert J. Troyer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483269337

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 1711

Metric Affine Geometry focuses on linear algebra, which is the source for the axiom systems of all affine and projective geometries, both metric and nonmetric. This book is organized into three chapters. Chapter 1 discusses nonmetric affine geometry, while Chapter 2 reviews inner products of vector spaces. The metric affine geometry is treated in Chapter 3. This text specifically discusses the concrete model for affine space, dilations in terms of coordinates, parallelograms, and theorem of Desargues. The inner products in terms of coordinates and similarities of affine spaces are also elaborated. The prerequisites for this publication are a course in linear algebra and an elementary course in modern algebra that includes the concepts of group, normal subgroup, and quotient group. This monograph is suitable for students and aspiring geometry high school teachers.

Metric affine geometry

Author: Ernst Snapper,Robert J. Troyer

Publisher: Dover Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 435

View: 2460

Metric affine geometry

Author: Ernst Snapper,Robert J. Troyer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780126536508

Category: Mathematics

Page: 435

View: 763

Affine Differential Geometry

Geometry of Affine Immersions

Author: Katsumi Nomizu,Takeshi Sasaki

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521441773

Category: Mathematics

Page: 263

View: 6146

This is a self-contained and systematic account of affine differential geometry from a contemporary viewpoint, not only covering the classical theory, but also introducing the modern developments that have happened over the last decade. In order both to cover as much as possible and to keep the text of a reasonable size, the authors have concentrated on the significant features of the subject and their relationship and application to such areas as Riemannian, Euclidean, Lorentzian and projective differential geometry. In so doing, they also provide a modern introduction to the last. Some of the important geometric surfaces considered are illustrated by computer graphics, making this a physically and mathematically attractive book for all researchers in differential geometry, and for mathematical physicists seeking a quick entry into the subject.

Geometry and Symmetry

Author: Paul B. Yale

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486169324

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 2004

DIVIntroduction to the geometry of euclidean, affine and projective spaces with special emphasis on the important groups of symmetries of these spaces. Many exercises, extensive bibliography. Advanced undergraduate level. /div

Affine Maps, Euclidean Motions and Quadrics

Author: Agustí Reventós Tarrida

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857297105

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

View: 9112

Affine geometry and quadrics are fascinating subjects alone, but they are also important applications of linear algebra. They give a first glimpse into the world of algebraic geometry yet they are equally relevant to a wide range of disciplines such as engineering. This text discusses and classifies affinities and Euclidean motions culminating in classification results for quadrics. A high level of detail and generality is a key feature unmatched by other books available. Such intricacy makes this a particularly accessible teaching resource as it requires no extra time in deconstructing the author’s reasoning. The provision of a large number of exercises with hints will help students to develop their problem solving skills and will also be a useful resource for lecturers when setting work for independent study. Affinities, Euclidean Motions and Quadrics takes rudimentary, and often taken-for-granted, knowledge and presents it in a new, comprehensive form. Standard and non-standard examples are demonstrated throughout and an appendix provides the reader with a summary of advanced linear algebra facts for quick reference to the text. All factors combined, this is a self-contained book ideal for self-study that is not only foundational but unique in its approach.’ This text will be of use to lecturers in linear algebra and its applications to geometry as well as advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students.

Applications of Affine and Weyl Geometry

Author: Eduardo García-Río,Peter Gilkey,Stana Nikčević,Ramón Vázquez-Lorenzo

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608457605

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

View: 4925

Pseudo-Riemannian geometry is, to a large extent, the study of the Levi-Civita connection, which is the unique torsion-free connection compatible with the metric structure. There are, however, other affine connections which arise in different contexts, such as conformal geometry, contact structures, Weyl structures, and almost Hermitian geometry. In this book, we reverse this point of view and instead associate an auxiliary pseudo-Riemannian structure of neutral signature to certain affine connections and use this correspondence to study both geometries. We examine Walker structures, Riemannian extensions, and Kähler--Weyl geometry from this viewpoint. This book is intended to be accessible to mathematicians who are not expert in the subject and to students with a basic grounding in differential geometry. Consequently, the first chapter contains a comprehensive introduction to the basic results and definitions we shall need---proofs are included of many of these results to make it as self-contained as possible. Para-complex geometry plays an important role throughout the book and consequently is treated carefully in various chapters, as is the representation theory underlying various results. It is a feature of this book that, rather than as regarding para-complex geometry as an adjunct to complex geometry, instead, we shall often introduce the para-complex concepts first and only later pass to the complex setting. The second and third chapters are devoted to the study of various kinds of Riemannian extensions that associate to an affine structure on a manifold a corresponding metric of neutral signature on its cotangent bundle. These play a role in various questions involving the spectral geometry of the curvature operator and homogeneous connections on surfaces. The fourth chapter deals with Kähler--Weyl geometry, which lies, in a certain sense, midway between affine geometry and Kähler geometry. Another feature of the book is that we have tried wherever possible to find the original references in the subject for possible historical interest. Thus, we have cited the seminal papers of Levi-Civita, Ricci, Schouten, and Weyl, to name but a few exemplars. We have also given different proofs of various results than those that are given in the literature, to take advantage of the unified treatment of the area given herein.

Geometric Methods and Applications

For Computer Science and Engineering

Author: Jean Gallier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461301378

Category: Mathematics

Page: 566

View: 3607

As an introduction to fundamental geometric concepts and tools needed for solving problems of a geometric nature using a computer, this book fills the gap between standard geometry books, which are primarily theoretical, and applied books on computer graphics, computer vision, or robotics that do not cover the underlying geometric concepts in detail. Gallier offers an introduction to affine, projective, computational, and Euclidean geometry, basics of differential geometry and Lie groups, and explores many of the practical applications of geometry. Some of these include computer vision, efficient communication, error correcting codes, cryptography, motion interpolation, and robot kinematics. This comprehensive text covers most of the geometric background needed for conducting research in computer graphics, geometric modeling, computer vision, and robotics and as such will be of interest to a wide audience including computer scientists, mathematicians, and engineers.

Global Affine Differential Geometry of Hypersurfaces

Author: An-Min Li,Udo Simon,Guosong Zhao,Zejun Hu

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110268892

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 8012

This book draws a colorful and widespread picture of global affine hypersurface theory up to the most recent state. Moreover, the recent development revealed that affine differential geometry - as differential geometry in general - has an exciting intersection area with other fields of interest, like partial differential equations, global analysis, convex geometry and Riemann surfaces.

Guide to Computational Geometry Processing

Foundations, Algorithms, and Methods

Author: J. Andreas Bærentzen,Jens Gravesen,François Anton,Henrik Aanæs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447140753

Category: Computers

Page: 326

View: 1176

This book reviews the algorithms for processing geometric data, with a practical focus on important techniques not covered by traditional courses on computer vision and computer graphics. Features: presents an overview of the underlying mathematical theory, covering vector spaces, metric space, affine spaces, differential geometry, and finite difference methods for derivatives and differential equations; reviews geometry representations, including polygonal meshes, splines, and subdivision surfaces; examines techniques for computing curvature from polygonal meshes; describes algorithms for mesh smoothing, mesh parametrization, and mesh optimization and simplification; discusses point location databases and convex hulls of point sets; investigates the reconstruction of triangle meshes from point clouds, including methods for registration of point clouds and surface reconstruction; provides additional material at a supplementary website; includes self-study exercises throughout the text.

Wormholes, Warp Drives and Energy Conditions

Author: Francisco S. N. Lobo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319551825

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 496

Top researchers in the field of gravitation present the state-of-the-art topics outlined in this book, ranging from the stability of rotating wormholes solutions supported by ghost scalar fields, modified gravity applied to wormholes, the study of novel semi-classical and nonlinear energy conditions, to the applications of quantum effects and the superluminal version of the warp drive in modified spacetime. Based on Einstein's field equations, this cutting-edge research area explores the more far-fetched theoretical outcomes of General Relativity and relates them to quantum field theory. This includes quantum energy inequalities, flux energy conditions, and wormhole curvature, and sheds light on not just the theoretical physics but also on the possible applications to warp drives and time travel. This book extensively explores the physical properties and characteristics of these 'exotic spacetimes,' describing in detail the general relativistic geometries that generate closed timelike curves.

The Twelfth Marcel Grossmann Meeting

On Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Astrophysics and Relativistic Field Theories(In 3 Volumes)

Author: Thibault Damour,Robert Jantzen,Remo Ruffini

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814458031

Category: Science

Page: 2660

View: 871

Marcel Grossmann Meetings are formed to further the development of General Relativity by promoting theoretical understanding in the fields of physics, mathematics, astronomy and astrophysics and to direct future technological, observational, and experimental efforts. In these meetings are discussed recent developments in classical and quantum gravity, general relativity and relativistic astrophysics, with major emphasis on mathematical foundations and physical predictions, with the main objective of gathering scientists from diverse backgrounds for deepening the understanding of spacetime structure and reviewing the status of test-experiments for Einstein's theory of gravitation. The range of topics is broad, going from the more abstract classical theory, quantum gravity and strings, to the more concrete relativistic astrophysics observations and modeling. The three volumes of the proceedings of MG12 give a broad view of all aspects of gravitational physics and astrophysics, from mathematical issues to recent observations and experiments. The scientific program of the meeting includes 29 plenary talks stretched over 6 mornings, and 74 parallel sessions over 5 afternoons. Volume A contains plenary and review talks ranging from the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum gravitational theories including recent developments in string theories, to precision tests of general relativity including progress towards the detection of gravitational waves, to relativistic astrophysics including such topics as gamma ray bursts, black hole physics both in our galaxy, in active galactic nuclei and in other galaxies, neutron stars, pulsar astrophysics, gravitational lensing effects, neutrino physics and ultra high energy cosmic rays. The rest of the volumes include parallel sessions on dark matter, neutrinos, X-ray sources, astrophysical black holes, neutron stars, binary systems, radiative transfer, accretion disks, alternative gravitational theories, perturbations of collapsed objects, analog models, black hole thermodynamics, cosmic background radiation & observational cosmology, numerical relativity & algebraic computing, gravitational lensing, variable “constants” of nature, large scale structure, topology of the universe, brane-world cosmology, early universe models & cosmic microwave background anisotropies, inhomogeneous cosmology, inflation, gamma ray burst modeling, supernovas, global structure, singularities, cosmic censorship, chaos, Einstein–Maxwell systems, inertial forces, gravitomagnetism, wormholes & time machines, exact solutions of Einstein's equations, gravitational waves, gravitational wave detectors & data analysis, precision gravitational measurements, history of relativity, quantum gravity & loop quantum gravity, Casimir effect, quantum cosmology, strings & branes, self-gravitating systems, gamma ray astronomy, cosmic rays, gamma ray bursts and quasars. Sample Chapter(s) Space-Time from the Spectral Point of View (467k) Contents: Space-Time from the Spectral Point of View (Ali H Chamseddine and Alain Connes)The Formation of Black Holes in General Relativity (Demetrios Christodoulou)Matching Conditions in Relativistic Astrophysics (Hernando Quevedo)Black Holes as a Source of Information (Juan Maldacena)Black Hole Microstate Counting and Its Macroscopic Counterpart (Ipsita Mandal and Ashoke Sen)Transplanckian String Collisions: An Update (Gabriele Veneziano)Ultraviolet Divergences and Scale-Dependent Gravitational Couplings (Herbert W Hamber)The Black Hole Stability Problem for Linear Scalar Perturbations (Mihalis Dafermos and Igor Rodnianski)The Global Network of Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detectors (David H Reitze)Analytical Relativity of Black Holes (Thibault Damour)Detection of Gravitational Waves Using Pulsar Timing (Richard N Manchester)Relativistic Spin-Precession in Binary Pulsars (Michael Kramer)Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts: 10 Years of Observations (Massimo Della Valle)Gamma-Ray Bursts as Relativistic Objects (Tsvi Piran)Fundamental Physics from Black Holes, Neutron Stars and Gamma-Ray Bursts (Remo Ruffini)The Fascinating TeV Sky (Felix Aharonian)Galaxy Clusters and Their Central Supermassive Black Holes: Case of M87 (Eugene Churazov, Sergey Sazonov, Rashid Sunyaev, William Forman, Christine Jones and Hans Böhringer)Intergalactic Shock Fronts (Maxim Markevitch)Studies of Dark Energy with X-Ray Observations of Galaxy Clusters (Alexey Vikhlinin)and other papers Keywords:General Relativity;Gravitation;Astrophysics;Quantum Gravity;Particle Physics;Cosmology;Theoretical Physics

A Modern View of Geometry

Author: Leonard M. Blumenthal

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486821137

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 5889

Elegant exposition of postulation geometry of planes offers rigorous, lucid treatment of coordination of affine and projective planes, set theory, propositional calculus, affine planes with Desargues and Pappus properties, more. 1961 edition.

Vector Geometry

Author: Gilbert de B. Robinson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486321045

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 6871

Concise undergraduate-level text by a prominent mathematician explores the relationship between algebra and geometry. An elementary course in plane geometry is the sole requirement. Includes answers to exercises. 1962 edition.

Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision

Author: Richard Hartley,Andrew Zisserman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139449141

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 2958

A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Techniques for solving this problem are taken from projective geometry and photogrammetry. Here, the authors cover the geometric principles and their algebraic representation in terms of camera projection matrices, the fundamental matrix and the trifocal tensor. The theory and methods of computation of these entities are discussed with real examples, as is their use in the reconstruction of scenes from multiple images. The new edition features an extended introduction covering the key ideas in the book (which itself has been updated with additional examples and appendices) and significant new results which have appeared since the first edition. Comprehensive background material is provided, so readers familiar with linear algebra and basic numerical methods can understand the projective geometry and estimation algorithms presented, and implement the algorithms directly from the book.

Matter Particled

Patterns, Structure and Dynamics : Selected Research Papers of Yuval Ne'eman

Author: Yuval Ne'eman,Remo Ruffini,Yosef Verbin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812774033

Category: Astrophysics

Page: 875

View: 9338

This unique volume contains a selection of more than 80 of Yuval Ne''eman''s papers, which represent his huge contribution to a large number of aspects of theoretical physics. The works span more than four decades, from unitary symmetry and quarks to questions of complexity in biological systems and evolution of scientific theories. In keeping with the major role Ne''eman has played in theoretical physics over the last 40 years, a collaboration of very distinguished scientists enthusiastically took part in this volume. Their commentary supplies a clear framework and background for appreciating Yuval Ne''eman''s significant discoveries and pioneering contributions. Contents: (Authors of Commentaries in Parentheses): SU(3), Quarks and Symmetry Breaking (Y Verbin); Algebraic Theory of Particle Physics and Spectrum Generating Algebras (N Cabibbo); Supersymmetry and Supergravity (R Kerner); Geometrization of Physics (T Regge); SU(2/1) Super-Unification of the Standard Model and Non Commutative Geometry (J Thierry-Mieg); Spinor Representations of GL ( N, P ) and Chromogravity (I Kirsch); Metric-Affine Gravity (F W Hehl); Strings, Branes and Other Extendons (Dj aijaiki); Various Topics in Astrophysics (J Bahcall); Foundations of Physics (A Botero); Philosophy and Sociology of Science: Evolution and History (J Rosen). Readership: Researchers in physics and mathematical physics, and scientists interested in history of physics and philosophy of science."