Mind and Supermind

Author: Keith Frankish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521038119

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 4063

Mind and Supermind offers an alternative perspective on the nature of belief and the structure of the human mind. Keith Frankish argues that the folk-psychological term 'belief' refers to two distinct types of mental state, which have different properties and support different kinds of mental explanation. Building on this claim, he develops a picture of the human mind as a two-level structure, consisting of a basic mind and a supermind, and shows how the resulting account sheds light on a number of puzzling phenomena and helps to vindicate folk psychology. Topics discussed include the function of conscious thought, the cognitive role of natural language, the relation between partial and flat-out belief, the possibility of active belief formation, and the nature of akrasia, self-deception and first-person authority. This book will be valuable for philosophers, psychologists and cognitive scientists.

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Science

Author: Keith Frankish,William Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113951041X

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9760

Cognitive science is a cross-disciplinary enterprise devoted to understanding the nature of the mind. In recent years, investigators in philosophy, psychology, the neurosciences, artificial intelligence, and a host of other disciplines have come to appreciate how much they can learn from one another about the various dimensions of cognition. The result has been the emergence of one of the most exciting and fruitful areas of inter-disciplinary research in the history of science. This volume of original essays surveys foundational, theoretical, and philosophical issues across the discipline, and introduces the foundations of cognitive science, the principal areas of research, and the major research programs. With a focus on broad philosophical themes rather than detailed technical issues, the volume will be valuable not only to cognitive scientists and philosophers of cognitive science, but also to those in other disciplines looking for an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the field.

Super Minds

Starter, Level 1 and Level 2

Author: Herbert Puchta,Gnter Gerngross,Peter Lewis-Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781107427822

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 9069

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

Author: E. J. Lowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521654289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 4665

A lucid and wide-ranging 2000 introduction suitable for readers with a basic grounding in philosophy.

The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139991655

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 6297

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding, modeling, and creating intelligence of various forms. It is a critical branch of cognitive science, and its influence is increasingly being felt in other areas, including the humanities. AI applications are transforming the way we interact with each other and with our environment, and work in artificially modeling intelligence is offering new insights into the human mind and revealing new forms mentality can take. This volume of original essays presents the state of the art in AI, surveying the foundations of the discipline, major theories of mental architecture, the principal areas of research, and extensions of AI such as artificial life. With a focus on theory rather than technical and applied issues, the volume will be valuable not only to people working in AI, but also to those in other disciplines wanting an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the field.

Bibliographie de la philosophie

Bibliography of philosophy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782271064011

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 1474

L'opposition entre Foucault et Habermas a donné lieu à l'un des moments légendaires de la philosophie sociale du XXe siècle. A juste titre sans doute, puisqu'il vit s'affronter deux conceptions de la nature et des finalités d'une analyse englobante de la société moderne qui ont compté parmi les plus riches et les plus cohérentes de l'après-guerre, étendant leurs ramifications dans de multiples directions : théorie du langage, conception de la subjectivité, épistémologie des sciences humaines, philosophie morale, étude des processus de rationalisation, élucidation du statut de la critique.L'objet de cet ouvrage est d'éclairer, dans toute leur richesse et leur diversité, les enjeux du différend entre Foucault et Habermas. Passé le temps des polémiques, demeure un dossier consistant dont l'exploration s'avère aujourd'hui décisive pour toute théorie de la société qui voudra concilier la pertinence historique et politique de son propos avec la conscience des fondements comme des limites de son propre discours.

The Philosophical Review

Author: Jacob Gould Schurman,James Edwin Creighton,Frank Thilly,Gustavus Watts Cunningham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 7062

An international journal of general philosophy.

Philosophy of Mind

Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Manuel Curado,Steven S. Gouveia

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527500772

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 8047

The human mind is one of the most extraordinary mysteries of the contemporary sciences and philosophy. We know for sure that we have one, and that we have feelings and conscious experience. But why is that? This anthology addresses contemporary issues in the field of study that is the philosophy of mind. It is divided into five main parts: i) the concept of Self in the contemporary philosophy of mind; ii) sensory experience: odors, vision and colors; iii) Artificial Intelligence: the future, the ethics and the costs; iv) the relationship between neuroscience and philosophy; and, finally, v) the influences and history of the philosophy of mind. This book will be useful for specialists of the field, but also for others who are interested in some of the more updated sciences of the mind.

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the Social Mind

Author: Julian Kiverstein

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315530163

Category: Philosophy

Page: 574

View: 7506

The idea that humans are by nature social and political animals can be traced back to Aristotle. More recently, it has also generated great interest and controversy in related disciplines such as anthropology, biology, psychology, neuroscience and even economics. What is it about humans that enabled them to construct a social reality of unrivalled complexity? Is there something distinctive about the human mind that explains how social lives are organised around conventions, norms, and institutions? The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the Social Mind is an outstanding reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. An international team of contributors present perspectives from diverse areas of research in philosophy, drawing on comparative and developmental psychology, evolutionary anthropology, cognitive neuroscience, and behavioural economics. The thirty-two original chapters are divided into five parts: The evolution of the social mind: including the social intelligence hypothesis, co- evolution of culture and cognition, ethnic cognition, and cooperation; Developmental and comparative perspectives: including primate and infant understanding of mind, shared intentionality, and moral cognition; Mechanisms of the moral mind: including norm compliance, social emotion, and implicit attitudes; Naturalistic approaches to shared and collective intentionality: including joint action, team reasoning and group thinking, and social kinds; Social forms of selfhood and mindedness: including moral identity, empathy and shared emotion, normativity and intentionality. Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind and psychology, The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the Social Mind is also suitable for those in related disciplines such as social psychology, cognitive neuroscience, economics and sociology.

The Philosophy of Animal Minds

Author: Robert W. Lurz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139481029

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 664

This volume is a collection of fourteen essays by leading philosophers on issues concerning the nature, existence, and our knowledge of animal minds. The nature of animal minds has been a topic of interest to philosophers since the origins of philosophy, and recent years have seen significant philosophical engagement with the subject. However, there is no volume that represents the current state of play in this important and growing field. The purpose of this volume is to highlight the state of the debate. The issues which are covered include whether and to what degree animals think in a language or in iconic structures, possess concepts, are conscious, self-aware, metacognize, attribute states of mind to others, and have emotions, as well as issues pertaining to our knowledge of and the scientific standards for attributing mental states to animals.

New Waves in Philosophy of Action

Author: J. Aguilar,A. Buckareff,K. Frankish

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230304257

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 9509

A collection of original, state-of-the-art essays by some of the best young philosophers working on the myriad problems of action and agency. Each one has already made important contributions to the philosophy of action and cognate areas. The chapters reflect their research and make a significant contribution to some debate in the field.

In Two Minds

Dual Processes and Beyond

Author: Jonathan St. B. T. Evans,Keith Frankish

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199230167

Category: Philosophy

Page: 369

View: 6313

This book explores the idea that we have two minds - one that is automatic, unconscious, and fast, the other controlled, conscious, and slow. In recent years there has been great interest in so-called dual-process theories of reasoning and rationality. According to dual processs theories, there are two distinct systems underlying human reasoning - an evolutionarily old system that is associative, automatic, unconscious, parallel, and fast, and a more recent, distinctively human system that is rule-based, controlled, conscious, serial, and slow. Within the former, processes are held to be innate and to use heuristics which evolved to solve specific adaptive problems. In the latter, processes are taken to be learned, flexible, and responsive to rational norms. Despite the attention these theories are attracting, there is still poor communication between dual-process theorists themselves, and the substantial bodies of work on dual processes in cognitive psychology and social psychology remain isolated from each other. This book brings together leading researchers on dual-processes to summarize the state of the art, highlight key issues, present different perspectives, explore implications, and provide a stimulus to further work. It includes new ideas about the human mind both by contemporary philosophers interested in broad theoretical questions about mental architecture and by psychologists specialising in traditionally distinct and isolated fields. For all those in the cognitive sciences, this is a book that will advance dual-process theorizing, promote interdisciplinary communication, and encourage further applications of dual-process approaches.

Super Minds Level 1 Teacher's Book

Author: Melanie Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521220610

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 254

View: 5238

Super Minds is a seven-level course for young learners. This exciting seven-level course enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. Super Minds develops creativity with visualisation exercises and art and craft activities, explores social values with lively stories and encourages cross-curricular thinking with fascinating 'English for school' sections. For ease of use, this Level 1 Teacher's Book is interleaved with pages from the Student's Book. It includes detailed lesson aims, clear instructions and a vast array of extra activities.

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

Author: Ted Honderich

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191037478

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1088

View: 5834

Oxford University Press presents a major new edition of the definitive philosophical reference work for readers at all levels. For ten years the original volume has served as a stimulating introduction for general readers and as an indispensable guide for students; its breadth and depth of coverage have ensured that it is also read with pleasure and interest by those working at a higher level in philosophy and related disciplines. A distinguished international assembly of 249 philosophers contributed almost 2,000 entries, and many of these have now been considerably revised and updated; to these are added over 300 brand-new pieces on a fascinating range of current topics. This new edition offers enlightening and enjoyable discussions of all aspects of philosophy, and of the lives and work of the great philosophers from antiquity to the present day.

Modern Moral Philosophy

Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement: 54

Author: Anthony O'Hear

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521603263

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 2150

Collection of original essays by leading researchers on current approaches to moral philosophy.

Knowledge, Thought, and the Case for Dualism

Author: Richard Fumerton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107037875

Category: Philosophy

Page: 283

View: 2336

Offers a new rehabilitation of the knowledge argument for dualism, demonstrating its interconnection with philosophy of mind.

Who Ordered This Truckload of Dung?

Inspiring Stories for Welcoming Life's Difficulties

Author: Brahm

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0861712781

Category: Humor

Page: 288

View: 2368

The 108 pieces in the international bestseller Who Ordered This Truckload of Dung? offer thoughtful commentary on everything from love and commitment to fear and pain. Drawing from his own life experience, as well as traditional Buddhist folk tales, author Ajahn Brahm uses over thirty years of spiritual growth as a monk to spin delightful tales that can be enjoyed in silence or read aloud to friends and family. Featuring titles such as "The Two-Finger Smile" and "The Worm and His Lovely Pile of Dung," these wry and witty stories provide playful, pithy takes on the basic building blocks of everyday life. Suitable for children, adults, and anyone in between, this eloquent volume wraps insight and inspiration inside of a good old yarn.