Dirichlet Branes and Mirror Symmetry

Author: N.A

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821838482

Category: Mathematics

Page: 681

View: 406

Research in string theory over the last several decades has yielded a rich interaction with algebraic geometry. In 1985, the introduction of Calabi-Yau manifolds into physics as a way to compactify ten-dimensional space-time has led to exciting cross-fertilization between physics and mathematics, especially with the discovery of mirror symmetry in 1989. A new string revolution in the mid-1990s brought the notion of branes to the forefront. As foreseen by Kontsevich, these turned out to have mathematical counterparts in the derived category of coherent sheaves on an algebraic variety and the Fukaya category of a symplectic manifold. This has led to exciting new work, including the Strominger-Yau-Zaslow conjecture, which used the theory of branes to propose a geometric basis for mirror symmetry, the theory of stability conditions on triangulated categories, and a physical basis for the McKay correspondence. These developments have led to a great deal of new mathematical work. One difficulty in understanding all aspects of this work is that it requires being able to speak two different languages, the language of string theory and the language of algebraic geometry. The 2002 Clay School on Geometry and String Theory set out to bridge this gap, and this monograph builds on the expository lectures given there to provide an up-to-date discussion including subsequent developments. A natural sequel to the first Clay monograph on Mirror Symmetry, it presents the new ideas coming out of the interactions of string theory and algebraic geometry in a coherent logical context. We hope it will allow students and researchers who are familiar with the language of one of the two fields to gain acquaintance with the language of the other. The book first introduces the notion of Dirichlet brane in the context of topological quantum field theories, and then reviews the basics of string theory. After showing how notions of branes arose in string theory, it turns to an introduction to the algebraic geometry, sheaf theory, and homological algebra needed to define and work with derived categories. The physical existence conditions for branes are then discussed and compared in the context of mirror symmetry, culminating in Bridgeland's definition of stability structures, and its applications to the McKay correspondence and quantum geometry. The book continues with detailed treatments of the Strominger-Yau-Zaslow conjecture, Calabi-Yau metrics and homological mirror symmetry, and discusses more recent physical developments. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers with either a physics or mathematics background, who are interested in the interface between string theory and algebraic geometry.

Mirror Symmetry

Author: Kentaro Hori

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821829556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 929

View: 958

Mirror symmetry is a phenomenon arising in string theory in which two very different manifolds give rise to equivalent physics. Such a correspondence has significant mathematical consequences, the most familiar of which involves the enumeration of holomorphic curves inside complex manifolds by solving differential equations obtained from a ``mirror'' geometry. The inclusion of D-brane states in the equivalence has led to further conjectures involving calibrated submanifolds of the mirror pairs and new (conjectural) invariants of complex manifolds: the Gopakumar Vafa invariants. This book aims to give a single, cohesive treatment of mirror symmetry from both the mathematical and physical viewpoint. Parts 1 and 2 develop the necessary mathematical and physical background ``from scratch,'' and are intended for readers trying to learn across disciplines. The treatment is focussed, developing only the material most necessary for the task. In Parts 3 and 4 the physical and mathematical proofs of mirror symmetry are given. From the physics side, this means demonstrating that two different physical theories give isomorphic physics. Each physical theory can be described geometrically, and thus mirror symmetry gives rise to a ``pairing'' of geometries. The proof involves applying $R\leftrightarrow 1/R$ circle duality to the phases of the fields in the gauged linear sigma model. The mathematics proof develops Gromov-Witten theory in the algebraic setting, beginning with the moduli spaces of curves and maps, and uses localization techniques to show that certain hypergeometric functions encode the Gromov-Witten invariants in genus zero, as is predicted by mirror symmetry. Part 5 is devoted to advanced topics in mirror symmetry, including the role of D-branes in the context of mirror symmetry, and some of their applications in physics and mathematics: topological strings and large $N$ Chern-Simons theory; geometric engineering; mirror symmetry at higher genus; Gopakumar-Vafa invariants; and Kontsevich's formulation of the mirror phenomenon as an equivalence of categories. This book grew out of an intense, month-long course on mirror symmetry at Pine Manor College, sponsored by the Clay Mathematics Institute. The lecturers have tried to summarize this course in a coherent, unified text.

Mirror Symmetry and Tropical Geometry

NSF-CBMS Conference on Tropical Geometry and Mirror Symmetry, December 13-17, 2008, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

Author: Ricardo Castaño-Bernard

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821848844

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 2979

This volume contains contributions from the NSF-CBMS Conference on Tropical Geometry and Mirror Symmetry, which was held from December 13-17, 2008 at Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas. It gives an excellent picture of numerous connections of mirror symmetry with other areas of mathematics (especially with algebraic and symplectic geometry) as well as with other areas of mathematical physics. The techniques and methods used by the authors of the volume are at the frontier of this very active area of research.|This volume contains contributions from the NSF-CBMS Conference on Tropical Geometry and Mirror Symmetry, which was held from December 13-17, 2008 at Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas. It gives an excellent picture of numerous connections of mirror symmetry with other areas of mathematics (especially with algebraic and symplectic geometry) as well as with other areas of mathematical physics. The techniques and methods used by the authors of the volume are at the frontier of this very active area of research.

Tropical Geometry and Mirror Symmetry

Author: Mark Gross

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821852329

Category: Mathematics

Page: 317

View: 5652

Tropical geometry provides an explanation for the remarkable power of mirror symmetry to connect complex and symplectic geometry. The main theme of this book is the interplay between tropical geometry and mirror symmetry, culminating in a description of the recent work of Gross and Siebert using log geometry to understand how the tropical world relates the A- and B-models in mirror symmetry. The text starts with a detailed introduction to the notions of tropical curves and manifolds, and then gives a thorough description of both sides of mirror symmetry for projective space, bringing together material which so far can only be found scattered throughout the literature. Next follows an introduction to the log geometry of Fontaine-Illusie and Kato, as needed for Nishinou and Siebert's proof of Mikhalkin's tropical curve counting formulas. This latter proof is given in the fourth chapter. The fifth chapter considers the mirror, B-model side, giving recent results of the author showing how tropical geometry can be used to evaluate the oscillatory integrals appearing. The final chapter surveys reconstruction results of the author and Siebert for ``integral tropical manifolds.'' A complete version of the argument is given in two dimensions.

Calabi-Yau Varieties: Arithmetic, Geometry and Physics

Lecture Notes on Concentrated Graduate Courses

Author: Radu Laza,Matthias Schütt,Noriko Yui

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493928309

Category: Mathematics

Page: 547

View: 5551

This volume presents a lively introduction to the rapidly developing and vast research areas surrounding Calabi–Yau varieties and string theory. With its coverage of the various perspectives of a wide area of topics such as Hodge theory, Gross–Siebert program, moduli problems, toric approach, and arithmetic aspects, the book gives a comprehensive overview of the current streams of mathematical research in the area. The contributions in this book are based on lectures that took place during workshops with the following thematic titles: “Modular Forms Around String Theory,” “Enumerative Geometry and Calabi–Yau Varieties,” “Physics Around Mirror Symmetry,” “Hodge Theory in String Theory.” The book is ideal for graduate students and researchers learning about Calabi–Yau varieties as well as physics students and string theorists who wish to learn the mathematics behind these varieties.

Riemannian Topology and Geometric Structures on Manifolds

Author: Krzysztof Galicki,Santiago R. Simanca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817647438

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 8446

Riemannian Topology and Structures on Manifolds results from a similarly entitled conference held on the occasion of Charles P. Boyer’s 65th birthday. The various contributions to this volume discuss recent advances in the areas of positive sectional curvature, Kähler and Sasakian geometry, and their interrelation to mathematical physics, especially M and superstring theory. Focusing on these fundamental ideas, this collection presents review articles, original results, and open problems of interest.

Poincarés Vermutung

die Geschichte eines mathematischen Abenteuers

Author: Donal O'Shea

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596176632

Category:

Page: 376

View: 354

Surveys in Differential Geometry

Supplement to the Journal of Differential Geometry

Author: Huai-Dong Cao,Shing-Tung Yau

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781571461384

Category: Geometry, Differential

Page: 347

View: 6411

String Theory and M-Theory

A Modern Introduction

Author: Katrin Becker,Melanie Becker,John H. Schwarz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139460484

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7106

String theory is one of the most exciting and challenging areas of modern theoretical physics. This book guides the reader from the basics of string theory to recent developments. It introduces the basics of perturbative string theory, world-sheet supersymmetry, space-time supersymmetry, conformal field theory and the heterotic string, before describing modern developments, including D-branes, string dualities and M-theory. It then covers string geometry and flux compactifications, applications to cosmology and particle physics, black holes in string theory and M-theory, and the microscopic origin of black-hole entropy. It concludes with Matrix theory, the AdS/CFT duality and its generalizations. This book is ideal for graduate students and researchers in modern string theory, and will make an excellent textbook for a one-year course on string theory. It contains over 120 exercises with solutions, and over 200 homework problems with solutions available on a password protected website for lecturers at www.cambridge.org/9780521860697.

Aspects de la physique en 2005

Einstein, 1905-2005

Author: Colette Anné,Société mathématique de France

Publisher: SMF

ISBN: 9782856291795

Category: Mathematical physics

Page: 192

View: 5037

Geometry & Topology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geometry

Page: N.A

View: 436

Fully refereed international journal dealing with all aspects of geometry and topology and their applications.

Algebra für Einsteiger

Von der Gleichungsauflösung zur Galois-Theorie

Author: Jörg Bewersdorff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658022620

Category: Mathematics

Page: 214

View: 742

Dieses Buch ist eine leicht verständliche Einführung in die Algebra, die den historischen und konkreten Aspekt in den Vordergrund rückt. Der rote Faden ist eines der klassischen und fundamentalen Probleme der Algebra: Nachdem im 16. Jahrhundert allgemeine Lösungsformeln für Gleichungen dritten und vierten Grades gefunden wurden, schlugen entsprechende Bemühungen für Gleichungen fünften Grades fehl. Nach fast dreihundertjähriger Suche führte dies schließlich zur Begründung der so genannten Galois-Theorie: Mit ihrer Hilfe kann festgestellt werden, ob eine Gleichung mittels geschachtelter Wurzelausdrücke lösbar ist. Das Buch liefert eine gute Motivation für die moderne Galois-Theorie, die den Studierenden oft so abstrakt und schwer erscheint. In dieser Auflage wurde ein Kapitel ergänzt, in dem ein alternativer, auf Emil Artin zurückgehender Beweis des Hauptsatzes der Galois-Theorie wiedergegeben wird. Dieses Kapitel kann fast unabhängig von den anderen Kapiteln gelesen werden.

Grundzüge der Mengenlehre

Author: Felix Hausdorff

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780828400619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 476

View: 9148

This reprint of the original 1914 edition of this famous work contains many topics that had to be omitted from later editions, notably, Symmetric Sets, Principle of Duality, most of the ``Algebra'' of Sets, Partially Ordered Sets, Arbitrary Sets of Complexes, Normal Types, Initial and Final Ordering, Complexes of Real Numbers, General Topological Spaces, Euclidean Spaces, the Special Methods Applicable in the Euclidean Plane, Jordan's Separation Theorem, the Theory of Content and Measure, the Theory of the Lebesgue Integral. The text is in German.

Mathematical Reviews

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8190

Principia Mathematica.

Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

View: 1868