Modeling of Atmospheric Chemistry

Author: Guy P. Brasseur,Daniel J. Jacob

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107146968

Category: Nature

Page: 632

View: 6726

Mathematical modeling of atmospheric composition is a formidable scientific and computational challenge. This comprehensive presentation of the modeling methods used in atmospheric chemistry focuses on both theory and practice, from the fundamental principles behind models, through to their applications in interpreting observations. An encyclopaedic coverage of methods used in atmospheric modeling, including their advantages and disadvantages, makes this a one-stop resource with a large scope. Particular emphasis is given to the mathematical formulation of chemical, radiative, and aerosol processes; advection and turbulent transport; emission and deposition processes; as well as major chapters on model evaluation and inverse modeling. The modeling of atmospheric chemistry is an intrinsically interdisciplinary endeavour, bringing together meteorology, radiative transfer, physical chemistry and biogeochemistry, making the book of value to a broad readership. Introductory chapters and a review of the relevant mathematics make this book instantly accessible to graduate students and researchers in the atmospheric sciences.

Progress and Problems in Atmospheric Chemistry

Author: John Roger Barker

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810221133

Category: Science

Page: 941

View: 9174

Atmospheric chemistry is central to understanding global changes ? ozone depletion, appearance of the polar ozone holes, and compositional changes which worsen the greenhouse effect. Because of its importance, work is progressing on many fronts.This volume emphasizes the troposhere and stratosphere and has chapters on gas phase, condensed phase, and heterogeneous chemistry. Present progress is emphasized, and important future directions are also described.This book fills a need not satisfied by any others and will be popular for some years to come. It informs students and newcomers to the field of the many facets of atmospheric chemistry and can be used as a text for advanced students. It is also a valuable desk reference summarizing activities by quite a number of the most active research groups.Chapter 18 by Kolb et al. on heterogeneous chemistry is especially noteworthy because it represents a unique joint effort by several groups working on a very timely subject; they describe a conceptual framework and establish conventions which will be standard in future papers on this subject.

Numerical Modeling of the Global Atmosphere in the Climate System

Author: Philip Mote,Alan O'Neill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792363026

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 3421

21. Simulating Future Climate G. J. Boer 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489 2 International Aspects . . . . . . . . . . . 490 3 Simulating Historical and Future Climate 492 4 Climate Change in the 20th Century . . . 495 5 Simulating Future Climate Change 498 6 Climate Impact, Adaptation, and Mitigation 501 7 Summary . 502 Index 505 PREFACE Numerical modeling ofthe global atmosphere has entered a new era. Whereas atmospheric modeling was once the domain ofa few research units at universities or government laboratories, it can now be performed almost anywhere thanks to the affordability of computing power. Atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) are being used by a rapidly growing scientific community in a wide range of applications. With widespread interest in anthropogenic climate change, GCMs have a role also in informing policy discussions. Many of the scientists using GCMs have backgrounds in fields other than atmospheric sciences and may be unaware of how GCMs are constructed. Recognizing this explosion in the application of GCMs, we organized a two week course in order to give young scientists who are relatively new to the field of atmospheric modeling a thorough grounding in the basic principles on which GCMs are constructed, an insight into their strengths and weaknesses, and guid ance on how meaningful numerical experiments are formulated and analyzed. Sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and other institu tions, this Advanced Study Institute (ASI) took place May 25-June 5, 1998, at II Ciocco, a remote hotel on a Tuscan hillside in Italy.

Transport and Chemical Transformation of Pollutants in the Troposphere

An Overview of the Work of EUROTRAC

Author: Peter Borrell,Patricia M. Borrell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642597181

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 4879

A major environmental concern is the increasing burden on all scales of photo-oxidants, acidifying substances and potential nutrients in the troposphere. These lead to episodes of summer smog, and appreciable damage to eco-systems both on land and at sea. Underlying the environmental effects is the complex scientific problem of linking the man-made and biological emissions to the myriad chemical reactions that transform the pollutants as they are transported to and deposited in the surroundings and also pristine areas remote from the sources. The project, the scientific results of which are described in this book, was set up to study the problem in an inter-disciplinary way by co-ordinating the work of more than 150 research groups in some 20 countries.

Fundamentals of Atmospheric Modeling

Author: Mark Z. Jacobson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521548656

Category: Science

Page: 813

View: 8739

This well-received and comprehensive textbook on atmospheric processes and numerical methods has been thoroughly revised. This edition includes a wide range of new numerical techniques for solving problems in areas such as cloud microphysics, ocean-atmosphere exchange processes and atmospheric radiative properties. It also contains improved descriptions of atmospheric physics, dynamics, radiation, and aerosol and cloud processes. It is essential reading for researchers, scientists and advanced students to successfully study air pollution and meteorology.

High-Performance Computing and Networking

International Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21-23, 1998 Proceedings

Author: Peter Sloot,Marian Bubak,Bob Hertzberger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540644439

Category: Computers

Page: 1039

View: 9991

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 1998 International Conference and Exhibition on High-Performance Computing and Networking, HPCN EUROPE 1998, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in April 1998. The book presents 85 revised full papers together with 58 posters selected out of a total of more than 220 Submissions. The book is divided in topical sections on industrial and general applications, computational science, and HPF+. All current aspects in high-performance computing and networking are covered, in particular simulation, visualisation, medical applications, nummerical computations, parallel and distributed processing, software engineering, computer and network architectures.

Modeling of Chemical Reactions

Author: R.W. Carr

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080546179

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 2642

Modeling of Chemical Reactions covers detailed chemical kinetics models for chemical reactions. Including a comprehensive treatment of pressure dependent reactions, which are frequently not incorporated into detailed chemical kinetic models, and the use of modern computational quantum chemistry, which has recently become an extraordinarily useful component of the reaction kinetics toolkit. It is intended both for those who need to model complex chemical reaction processes but have little background in the area, and those who are already have experience and would benefit from having a wide range of useful material gathered in one volume. The range of subject matter is wider than that found in many previous treatments of this subject. The technical level of the material is also quite wide, so that non-experts can gain a grasp of fundamentals, and experts also can find the book useful. A solid introduction to kinetics Material on computational quantum chemistry, an important new area for kinetics Contains a chapter on construction of mechanisms, an approach only found in this book

Venus II--geology, Geophysics, Atmosphere, and Solar Wind Environment

Author: Stephen Wesley Bougher,Donald M. Hunten,Roger J. Phillips

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816518302

Category: Science

Page: 1362

View: 8447

The final orbit of Venus by the Magellan spacecraft in October 1994 brought to a close an exciting period of Venus reconnaissance and exploration. The scientific studies resulting from data collected by the Magellan, Galileo, and Pioneer missions are unprecedented in their detail for any planet except Earth. Venus II re-evaluates initial assessments of Venus in light of these and other spacecraft missions and ground-based observations conducted over the past 30 years. More than a hundred contributors summarize our current knowledge of the planet, consider points of disagreement in interpretation, and identify priorities for future research. Topics addressed include geology, surface processes, volcanism, tectonism, impact cratering, geodynamics, upper and lower atmospheres, and solar wind environment. The diversity of the coverage reflects the interdisciplinary nature of Venus science and the breadth of knowledge that has contributed to it. A CD-ROM developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory accompanies the book and incorporates text, graphics, video, software, and various digital products from selected contributors to the text. A multimedia interface allows users to navigate the text and the extensive databases included on the disk. Venus II is the most authoritative single volume available on the second planet. Its contents will not only help shape the goals of future Venus missions but will also enhance our understanding of current Mars explorations.

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

From Air Pollution to Climate Change

Author: John H. Seinfeld,Spyros N. Pandis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118591364

Category: Science

Page: 1232

View: 4662

Thoroughly restructured and updated with new findings and new features The Second Edition of this internationally acclaimed text presents the latest developments in atmospheric science. It continues to be the premier text for both a rigorous and a complete treatment of the chemistry of the atmosphere, covering such pivotal topics as: * Chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere * Formation, growth, dynamics, and properties of aerosols * Meteorology of air pollution * Transport, diffusion, and removal of species in the atmosphere * Formation and chemistry of clouds * Interaction of atmospheric chemistry and climate * Radiative and climatic effects of gases and particles * Formulation of mathematical chemical/transport models of the atmosphere All chapters develop results based on fundamental principles, enabling the reader to build a solid understanding of the science underlying atmospheric processes. Among the new material are three new chapters: Atmospheric Radiation and Photochemistry, General Circulation of the Atmosphere, and Global Cycles. In addition, the chapters Stratospheric Chemistry, Tropospheric Chemistry, and Organic Atmospheric Aerosols have been rewritten to reflect the latest findings. Readers familiar with the First Edition will discover a text with new structures and new features that greatly aid learning. Many examples are set off in the text to help readers work through the application of concepts. Advanced material has been moved to appendices. Finally, many new problems, coded by degree of difficulty, have been added. A solutions manual is available. Thoroughly updated and restructured, the Second Edition of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics is an ideal textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a reference for researchers in environmental engineering, meteorology, chemistry, and the atmospheric sciences. Click here to Download the Solutions Manual for Academic Adopters: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-292291.html

Air Pollution Modelling and Simulation

Author: Bruno Sportisse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662049562

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 1562

This book collates the written contributions of the Second Conference on Air Pollution Modelling and Simulation (APMS 2001). A wide range of current topics is covered, focusing on three challenging issues: (1) the modelling issue of complex, multiphase, atmospheric chemistry; (2) the numerical issue associated with comprehensive three-dimensional chemistry-transport models; and (3) the key issues of data assimilation and inverse modelling. State-of-the art research is presented with many operational procedures applied at either forecast agencies or companies.

Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere

Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

Author: Guy P. Brasseur,Susan Solomon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402032844

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 2679

"[...] an interesting and well-written overview of the current status of our knowledge of the composition of the middle atmosphere and the basic radiative, dynamical and photochemical processes which maintain it." (Bulletin American Meteorological Society)

Exploring Venus as a Terrestrial Planet

Author: Larry W. Esposito,Ellen R. Stofan,Thomas E. Cravens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118671708

Category: Science

Page: 225

View: 3276

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 176. With the search for extra-solar planets in full gear, it has become essential to gain a more detailed understanding of the evolution of the other earth-like planets in our own solar system. Space missions to Venus, including the Soviet Veneras, Pioneer Venus, and Magellan, provided a wealth of information about this planet' enigmatic surface and atmosphere, but left many fundamental questions about its origin and evolution unanswered. This book discusses how the study of Venus will aid our understanding of terrestrial and extra-solar planet evolution, with particular reference to surface and interior processes, atmospheric circulation, chemistry, and aeronomy. Incorporating results from the recent European Venus Express mission, Exploring Venus as a Terrestrial Planet examines the open questions and relates them to Earth and other terrestrial planets. The goal is to stimulate thinking about those broader issues as the new Venus data arrive.

Atmospheric aerosols

characterization, chemistry, modeling, and climate

Author: Kalliat T. Valsaraj,Raghava R Kommalapati,Raghava Rao Kommalapati,American Chemical Society. Division of Environmental Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Meeting,American Geophysical Union. Meeting

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780841269736

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 9706

Atmospheric aerosols play a large role in air pollution in urban areas and in regulating climate. They also play a role in the ongoing debate on global warming potentials of various species. To understand the proper roles of aerosols in the atmosphere, we need data on their physical characterization, their chemistry and appropriate models to project into the future. Apart from general discussions in textbooks, there are not very many monographs devoted to the aspects outlined above. This symposium series book will describe the characteristics of atmospheric aerosols, the chemistry of aerosols, and finally the interplay between aerosol modeling and global climate changes using specific case studies. The book is organized into three sections: Characterization, Chemistry and Modeling of Atmospheric Aerosols. The characterization section of the book includes three chapters. The chapters include: The role of morphology on aerosol particle reactivity; The chemistry portion of the book covers several interesting topics including secondary aerosols and the chapters include: Surface activity of perfluorinated compounds at the air-water interface; Atmospheric chemistry of urban surface films; Photochemistry of secondary organic aerosol formed from oxidation of monoterpenes; Finally the modeling section of the book includes two very interesting chapters; Understanding climatic effects of aerosols: modeling radiative effects of aerosols; Environmental effects to residential New Orleans following hurricane katrina: indoor sediment, vapor-phase and aerosolized contaminants.

Structured Adaptive Mesh Refinement (SAMR) Grid Methods

Author: Scott B. Baden,Nikos P. Chrisochoides,Gannon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387989211

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 8289

The papers presented here describe research to improve the general understanding of the application of SAMR to practical problems, to identify issues critical to efficient and effective implementation on high performance computers, and to stimulate the development of a community code repository for software including benchmarks to assist in the evaluation of software and compiler technologies. The ten chapters have been divided into two parts: programming complexity of SAMR algorithms and the applicability and numerical challenges of SAMR methods.

Climate System Modeling

Author: Kevin E. Trenberth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521432316

Category: Computers

Page: 788

View: 7780

Climate Systems Modeling presents an interdisciplinary and comprehensive study of the dynamics of the whole global system. As a comprehensive text it will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climatology and the study of related topics in the broad earth and environmental sciences.

Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XIX

Author: Carlos Borrego,Ana Isabel Miranda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402084536

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 737

View: 9447

In 1969, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established the C- mittee on Challenges of Modern Society (CCMS). The subject of air pollution was from the start one of the priority problems under study within the framework of various pilot studies undertaken by this committee. The organization of a periodic conference dealing with air pollution modelling and its application has become one of the main activities within the pilot study relating to air pollution. The first five international conferences were organized by the United States as the pilot country, the second five by the Federal Republic of Germany, the third five by Belgium, the fourth four by The Netherlands, the next five by Denmark and the last five by Portugal. This volume contains the abstracts of papers and posters presented at the 29th NATO/CCMS International Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modelling and Its Application, held in Aveiro, Portugal, during September 24–28, 2007. This ITM was organized by the University of Aveiro, Portugal (Pilot Country and Host Organization). The key topics distinguished at this ITM included: Local and urban scale modelling; Regional and intercontinental modelling; Data assimilation and air quality forecasting; Model assessment and verification; Aerosols in the atmosphere; Interactions between climate change and air quality; Air quality and human health.

Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World

An Integration and Synthesis of a Decade of Tropospheric Chemistry Research

Author: Guy P. Brasseur,Ronald G. Prinn,Alexander A.P. Pszenny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642189849

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 6817

Praise for Guy P. Brasseur's Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World American Meteorological Society "This volume summarizes and integrates more than a decade of atmospheric chemistry research. During the period under consideration, great progress has been made in computing, modeling, and observational techniques, and methods have also improved. Here, suggestions for the highest priority research for the next decade are made, and important information is related regarding impacts on the environment."