Models and Ultraproducts

An Introduction

Author: John Lane Bell,A. B. Slomson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486449793

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 7141

In this text for first-year graduate students, the authors provide an elementary exposition of some of the basic concepts of model theory--focusing particularly on the ultraproduct construction and the areas in which it is most useful. The book, which assumes only that its readers are acquainted with the rudiments of set theory, starts by developing the notions of Boolean algebra, propositional calculus, and predicate calculus. Model theory proper begins in the fourth chapter, followed by an introduction to ultraproduct construction, which includes a detailed look at its theoretic properties. An overview of elementary equivalence provides algebraic descriptions of the elementary classes. Discussions of completeness follow, along with surveys of the work of Jónsson and of Morley and Vaught on homogeneous universal models, and the results of Keisler in connection with the notion of a saturated structure. Additional topics include classical results of Gödel and Skolem, and extensions of classical first-order logic in terms of generalized quantifiers and infinitary languages. Numerous exercises appear throughout the text.

Logic and Structure

Author: Dirk van Dalen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447145585

Category: Mathematics

Page: 263

View: 5035

Dirk van Dalen’s popular textbook Logic and Structure, now in its fifth edition, provides a comprehensive introduction to the basics of classical and intuitionistic logic, model theory and Gödel’s famous incompleteness theorem. Propositional and predicate logic are presented in an easy-to-read style using Gentzen’s natural deduction. The book proceeds with some basic concepts and facts of model theory: a discussion on compactness, Skolem-Löwenheim, non-standard models and quantifier elimination. The discussion of classical logic is concluded with a concise exposition of second-order logic. In view of the growing recognition of constructive methods and principles, intuitionistic logic and Kripke semantics is carefully explored. A number of specific constructive features, such as apartness and equality, the Gödel translation, the disjunction and existence property are also included. The last chapter on Gödel's first incompleteness theorem is self-contained and provides a systematic exposition of the necessary recursion theory. This new edition has been properly revised and contains a new section on ultra-products.

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling

Author: Edward A. Bender

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486137120

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 537

Accessible text features over 100 reality-based examples pulled from the science, engineering, and operations research fields. Prerequisites: ordinary differential equations, continuous probability. Numerous references. Includes 27 black-and-white figures. 1978 edition.

Toposes and Local Set Theories

An Introduction

Author: John L. Bell

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486462862

Category: Mathematics

Page: 267

View: 2484

This text introduces topos theory, a development in category theory that unites important but seemingly diverse notions from algebraic geometry, set theory, and intuitionistic logic. Topics include local set theories, fundamental properties of toposes, sheaves, local-valued sets, and natural and real numbers in local set theories. 1988 edition.

Logic, Mathematics, Philosophy, Vintage Enthusiasms

Essays in Honour of John L. Bell

Author: David DeVidi,Michael Hallett,Peter Clark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400702141

Category: Philosophy

Page: 486

View: 5274

The volume includes twenty-five research papers presented as gifts to John L. Bell to celebrate his 60th birthday by colleagues, former students, friends and admirers. Like Bell’s own work, the contributions cross boundaries into several inter-related fields. The contributions are new work by highly respected figures, several of whom are among the key figures in their fields. Some examples: in foundations of maths and logic (William Lawvere, Peter Aczel, Graham Priest, Giovanni Sambin); analytical philosophy (Michael Dummett, William Demopoulos), philosophy of science (Michael Redhead, Frank Arntzenius), philosophy of mathematics (Michael Hallett, John Mayberry, Daniel Isaacson) and decision theory and foundations of economics (Ken Bimore). Most articles are contributions to current philosophical debates, but contributions also include some new mathematical results, important historical surveys, and a translation by Wilfrid Hodges of a key work of arabic logic.

Combinatorial Set Theory

With a Gentle Introduction to Forcing

Author: Lorenz J. Halbeisen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319602314

Category: Mathematics

Page: 594

View: 4487

This book, now in a thoroughly revised second edition, provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to modern set theory. Following an overview of basic notions in combinatorics and first-order logic, the author outlines the main topics of classical set theory in the second part, including Ramsey theory and the axiom of choice. The revised edition contains new permutation models and recent results in set theory without the axiom of choice. The third part explains the sophisticated technique of forcing in great detail, now including a separate chapter on Suslin’s problem. The technique is used to show that certain statements are neither provable nor disprovable from the axioms of set theory. In the final part, some topics of classical set theory are revisited and further developed in light of forcing, with new chapters on Sacks Forcing and Shelah’s astonishing construction of a model with finitely many Ramsey ultrafilters. Written for graduate students in axiomatic set theory, Combinatorial Set Theory will appeal to all researchers interested in the foundations of mathematics. With extensive reference lists and historical remarks at the end of each chapter, this book is suitable for self-study.

Introduction to Lattices and Order

Author: B. A. Davey,H. A. Priestley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107717523

Category: Mathematics

Page: 309

View: 2612

This new edition of Introduction to Lattices and Order presents a radical reorganization and updating, though its primary aim is unchanged. The explosive development of theoretical computer science in recent years has, in particular, influenced the book's evolution: a fresh treatment of fixpoints testifies to this and Galois connections now feature prominently. An early presentation of concept analysis gives both a concrete foundation for the subsequent theory of complete lattices and a glimpse of a methodology for data analysis that is of commercial value in social science. Classroom experience has led to numerous pedagogical improvements and many new exercises have been added. As before, exposure to elementary abstract algebra and the notation of set theory are the only prerequisites, making the book suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It will also be a valuable resource for anyone who meets ordered structures.

Einführung in die Modelltheorie

Vorlesungen

Author: Philipp Rothmaler

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783860254615

Category: Model theory

Page: 331

View: 6860

Nonarchimedean Fields and Asymptotic Expansions

Author: A. H. Lightstone,Abraham Robinson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483257444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 214

View: 7174

North-Holland Mathematical Library, Volume 13: Nonarchimedean Fields and Asymptotic Expansions focuses on the connection between nonarchimedean systems and the orders of infinity and smallness that are related with the asymptotic behavior of a function. The publication first explains nonarchimedean fields and nonstandard analysis. Discussions focus on the method of mathematical logic, ultrapower construction, principles of permanence, internal functions, many-sorted structures, nonarchimedean fields and groups, and fields with evaluation. The text then discusses the Euler-Maclaurin expansions and the formal concept of asymptotic expansions. Topics include a generalized criterion for asymptotic expansions, asymptotic power series, Watson's Lemma, asymptotic sequences, and the Euler-Maclaurin formula. The manuscript examines Popken space, including asymptotically finite functions, convergence, norm, algebraic properties of the norm, and Popken's description of the norm. The text is a dependable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in nonarchimedean fields and asymptotic expansions.

Where Mathematics Comes from

How the Embodied Mind Brings Mathematics Into Being

Author: George Lakoff,Rafael E. Núñez

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 493

View: 824

Provides an in-depth analysis of the cognitive science of mathematical ideas that argues that conceptual metaphor plays a definitive role in mathematical ideas, exploring such concepts as arithmetic, algebra, sets, logic, and infinity. 20,000 first printing.

Applications of Model Theory to Functional Analysis

Author: Jose Iovino

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486780848

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

View: 5978

The first self-contained introduction to techniques of model theory, this 2002 text presents material still not readily available elsewhere, including Krivine's theorem and the Krivine-Maurey theorem on stable Banach spaces.

Satan, Cantor und die Unendlichkeit

und 200 weitere verblüffende Tüfteleien

Author: Raymond Smullyan

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034862318

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 232

View: 327

Introduction to Analysis

Author: Maxwell Rosenlicht

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486650388

Category: Mathematics

Page: 254

View: 8815

Written for junior and senior undergraduates, this remarkably clear and accessible treatment covers set theory, the real number system, metric spaces, continuous functions, Riemann integration, multiple integrals, and more. Rigorous and carefully presented, the text assumes a year of calculus and features problems at the end of each chapter. 1968 edition.

Elementare Zahlentheorie

Author: Edmund Landau

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821836528

Category: Mathematics

Page: 180

View: 5683

Landau's monumental treatise is a virtual encyclopedia of number theory and is universally recognized as the standard work on the subject. The text is in German.