Chemical Modelling

Applications and Theory

Author: M Springborg,J-O Joswig

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849735867

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 7840

Chemical Modelling: Applications and Theory comprises critical literature reviews of all aspects of molecular modelling. Molecular modelling in this context refers to modelling the structure, properties and reactions of atoms, molecules and materials. The tenth volume of the series brings Jan Ole Joswig to the editorial team, and a wealth of new reviews spanning several disciplines. For example, materials scientists will benefit from the review on Inverse Molecular Design for Materials and Modelling PAHs will be of interest to environmental scientists. Other reviews have detailed focus on modelling, such as Reaction Kinetics and Accurate Modelling of Electric Properties of Polyatomic molecules from the first principles. Each chapter provides a selective review of recent literature, incorporating sufficient historical perspective for the non-specialist to gain an understanding. With chemical modelling covering such a wide range of subjects, this Specialist Periodical Report serves as the first port of call to any chemist, biochemist, materials scientist or molecular physicist needing to acquaint themselves with major developments in the area.

The Biochemical Basis of Sports Performance

Author: Ronald J Maughan,Michael Gleeson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019920828X

Category: Education

Page: 316

View: 3191

Sports performance is all about skill, strength, speed, power, and endurance; but what governs these attributes, what limits them, and how can they be improved? Heredity, appropriate training, and diet each contribute to overall performance, but optimizing those attributes most important in a given sport requires an understanding of the processes occurring at the molecular and cellular level. To develop this understanding, the book describes how the biochemicalprocesses underpinning energy provision relate to performance in different sports events, and how, in turn, they can be affected by diet and adptation in reponse to training.

A Flash of Light

The Science of Light and Colour

Author: Andy Lorch,Andy Miah

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782627316

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 2649

A Flash of Light is an intriguing book that starts at the beginning of time itself and then winds its way through a host of fascinating light related topics including the hues of aliens sunsets, the psychology of colour, and the chemistry of LCD screens. Written as part of a novel experiment, editors Mark Lorch and Andy Miah hatched a plan to collect a critical mass of academics in a room and charged them with writing a popular science book, under the watchful eye of the general public at the Manchester Science Festival. The result is an enlightening look into the science behind colour and light, encompassing biology, chemistry and physics and including simple and fun try this at home ideas to illustrate the concepts covered. Drawing on the experience of some of the UK s best science communicators, this book will appeal to anyone with an interest in science. Its pacey, witty and engaging tone provides illuminating insight into how and why we see the universe the way we do."

Molecular Model Set for Organic Stereochemistry

Author: Francis A. Carey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780072846096

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2851

A guide to organic stereochemistry covers such topics as carbonyls, isomerism, alkenes, and chiral centers.

Molecules of Murder

Criminal Molecules and Classic Cases

Author: John Emsley

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854049657

Category: Medical

Page: 252

View: 8015

Molecules of Murder is about infamous murderers and famous victims; about people like Harold Shipman, Alexander Litvinenko, Adelaide Bartlett, and Georgi Markov. Few books on poisons analyse these crimes from the viewpoint of the poison itself, doing so throws a new light on how the murders or attempted murders were carried out and ultimately how the perpetrators were uncovered and brought to justice. Part I includes molecules which occur naturally and were originally used by doctors before becoming notorious as murder weapons. Part II deals with unnatural molecules, mainly man-made, and they too have been dangerously misused in famous crimes. The book ends with the most famous poisoning case in recent years, that of Alexander Litvinenko and his death from polonium chloride. The first half of each chapter starts by looking at the target molecule itself, its discovery, its history, its chemistry, its use in medicine, its toxicology, and its effects on the human body. The second half then investigates a famous murder case and reveals the modus operandi of the poisoner and how some were caught, some are still at large, and some literally got away with murder. Molecules of Murder will explain how forensic chemists have developed cunning ways to detect minute traces of dangerous substances, and explain why some of these poisons, which appear so life-threatening, are now being researched as possible life-savers. Award winning science writer John Emsley has assembled another group of true crime and chemistry stories to rival those of his highly acclaimed Elements of Murder.

Cracking the Elements

Author: Rebecca Mileham

Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson

ISBN: 9781844039517

Category:

Page: 320

View: 8105

From the earliest-known elements to those named in 2016, this book takes a comprehensive look at the development of the periodic table - and reveals untold stories, unsung pioneers and plenty of fascinating science along the way. In twelve illustrated chapters, the book makes sense of the patterns and groups within the periodic table, introducing each of the 118 known elements individually and exploring questions including: - Why did the history of fizzy water give early chemistry a sparkle? - How did hydrogen reveal the structure of the atom? - What was the Bunsen burner's role in discovering new elements? - Which of the alkaline earth metals accounts for a kilogramme of your weight? - Why is Marie Curie such a scientific star? - How do tungsten and vanadium explain the secret of super-sharp Syrian swords? - Who discovered the most elements in the periodic table? - What made nihonium, element 113, such a wonderful new year's gift for Japan? - Is glass a liquid or a solid? - How did nitrogen fulfill the alchemists' dream? - Would you have smeared antimony on your face if you'd lived in ancient Egypt? - Why might naked mole rats have clues for surviving a heart attack? - How did the Haya people of Tanzania make steel 1500 years ago? - What makes xenon a great anaesthetic - and why can't all patients use it? - Might there be a pattern in yet undiscovered elements beyond number 118?

The Chemists' War

1914-1918

Author: Michael Freemantle

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849739897

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 3844

The 1914-18 war has been referred to as the 'chemists' war' and to commemorate the centenary, this collection of essays will examine various facets of the role of chemistry in the First World War. Written by an experienced science writer, this book will be of interest to scientists and historians with an interest in this technologically challenging time.

The Science and Commerce of Whisky

Author: Ian Buxton,Paul S. Hughes

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849731500

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 6282

Worldwide - whisky has never been in better shape. Despite the recession, new distillation capacity is being added at a record pace and new consumers in new markets are entering the arena. Distillers are experimenting with new finishes, packaging and marketing techniques and amongst consumers there is a hunger for knowledge and informed commentary. The Science and Commerce of Whisky is written by two acknowledged authorities in the area and fills a significant gap in the literature. It will provide a uniquely authoritative overview of a developing and dynamic sector reflecting best current practice and combine this with a historical perspective, production expertise and insightful, expert market and marketing commentary. The style is readable and accessible and will appeal to undergraduates on appropriate degree courses, industry and craft practitioners and the many whisky enthusiasts around the world.

Organic Stereochemistry

Author: Michael J. T. Robinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198792758

Category: Science

Page: 89

View: 6921

This book is an account for students of how the three-dimensional shapes of molecules influence their chemical and physical properties. It begins with the structures of molecules and then describes how such structures can be changed.

Secret Science of Superheroes

Author: Mark Lorch,Andy Miah

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782624872

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 227

View: 6835

Ever wondered what a superhero eats for breakfast? Do they need a special diet to feed their superpowers? The odd metabolisms of superheroes must mean they have strange dietary needs, from the high calorie diets to fuel flaming bodies and super speeds, to not so obvious requirements for vitamins and minerals. The Secret Science of Superheroes looks at the underpinning chemistry, physics and biology needed for their superpowers. Individual chapters look at synthesising elements on demand, genetic evolution and what superhero suits could be made of. By exploring these topics, the book introduces a wide range of scientific concepts, from protein chemistry to particle physics for a general scientifically interested audience. With contributions from leading science communicators the book hopes to answer some of these important questions rather than debunk or pick holes in the science of superheroes.

Media And Society

Critical Perspectives

Author: Burton, Graeme

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335227236

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 318

This book introduces undergraduates to critical perspectives on the relationship between media and society, and to ideas about the production of meaning through media. The opening chapters provide a foundation to understanding the triangular relationship between media businesses (institutions) and texts and audiences. Succeeding chapters look at specialist areas such as popular music, news, new technologies, advertising and globalization. .There is a development and application of ideas about such key terms as representation, difference, discourse and ideology. The student reader is encouraged to take on different views around issues relating to questions of media power, media influence, audience consumption. There is an emphasis on applying ideas to media practices and media texts. There is engagement with debates around such topics as public service broadcasting and the public sphere. Students are introduced to a range of key thinkers and their ideas as concepts, issues and debates are introduced..The reader is engaged through key questions, case studies, illustrations and diagrams, as well as a clearly argued text bedded in examples. .This book is already used both as a foundation at level 1 for degree courses in media studies, as a key text for general media modules at different levels, and as a key text at various levels in respect of specific chapters supporting specific modules and their topics..

Chemistry at Home

Exploring the Ingredients in Everyday Products

Author: John Emsley

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782626379

Category: Science

Page: 395

View: 4400

Hand cream, detergent, shower gel, toothpaste, toilet cleaner, air freshener, lipstick, perfume, low-fat spread, painkiller, diet drink, insect repellent... hundreds of everyday products that make our lives so much better than those of our forebears. And yet most of us know little about the ingredients they contain and why they deliver the benefits we enjoy. Some people find it worrying when they examine the list of ingredients on a packaging label, because all they read may be unintelligible names or E numbers. It appears to be just chemicals, chemicals, chemicals. The aim of this book is to examine the ingredients more closely and explain the reasons for their being used. Start reading and stop worrying. Chemistry at Home has been written by award-winning popular science writer and chemist, John Emsley, using non-technical language. The book has 12 chapters, each devoted to the kinds of products we are likely to find around the home, including in the garage and the garden shed. Chemistry at Home also includes a glossary which gives more technical information about the molecules mentioned in the book.

More Molecules of Murder

Author: John Emsley

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1788011031

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 7953

How can a plant as beautiful as the foxglove be so deadly and yet for more than a century be used to treat heart disease? The same is true of other naturally occurring molecules as will be revealed in this current book by award-winning author and chemist, John Emsley. More Molecules of Murder follows on from his highly-acclaimed earlier book Molecules of Murder, and again it deals with 14 potential poisons; seven of which are man-made and seven of which are natural. It investigates the crimes committed with them, not from the point of view of the murderers, their victims, or the detectives, but from the poison used. In so doing it throws new light on how these crimes were carried out and ultimately how the perpetrators were uncovered and brought to justice. Each chapter starts by looking at the target molecule itself, its discovery, its chemistry, its often-surprising use in medicine, its effects on the human body, and its toxicology. The rest of the chapter is devoted to murders and attempted murders in which it has been used. But, be reassured that murder by poison is not the threat it once was, thanks to laws which restrict access to such materials and to the skills of analytical chemists in detecting their presence in incredibly tiny amounts.

Chocolate as Medicine

A Quest Over the Centuries

Author: Philip K. Wilson,William Jeffrey Hurst

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849734119

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 5620

Looks at the history of using chocolate as medicine and describes the health benefits and myths of cocoa.

Chemistry for Sustainable Transformation of Lignocellulosic Resources

Author: Tatjana Stevanovic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498775694

Category: Botanical chemistry

Page: 600

View: 3520

This book presents the chemical properties of lignocellulosic fibers and makes a case for why it is important to understand chemical properties of lignocellulosic resources if one wants to innovate and respect sustainable development principles. Thermochemical transformation and biorefinery is presented in the context of green chemistry and green engineering, demonstrating the importance of chemistry for innovation and design of new products and processes. New developments in cellulose technology related to nanocellulose are also discussed, in addition to applications of lignocellulosic biopolymers in new composite materials and biomaterials.

The Chemistry of Human Nature

Author: Tom Husband

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782621342

Category:

Page: 417

View: 6134

Why does chocolate taste so good? Why do we seek 'the one'? How do traits such as intelligence, creativity and violence arise and what purpose do they serve? This book links these characteristics to the origins of life, showing that the conditions necessary to bring life into existence echo through our modern day behaviour. The chemistry of the body is not only fascinating but also highly relevant to everyone, since we are all concerned with maximising our health and enjoyment of life. Currently, there are not many popular science books concerned with biochemistry. One reason for this might be the particularly complex nature of the science involved. This book starts with the fundamentals and then works towards a deeper understanding of the chemistry of human nature. Essential reading for anyone with an interest in this science and written at a level accessible to experts and non-experts alike.

Conservation Chemistry

An Introduction

Author: Ted Lister,Janet Renshaw

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854043958

Category: Science

Page: 114

View: 6890

This book is divided into three sections, dealing with the conservation of plastics, stone and wood. It provides teaching and learning materials that deal with familiar chemistry in an unfamiliar context. It also helps to show how the chemical sciences play a part in many unexpected areas of life. Many people think of objects made of plastic as throwaway and do not consider them as collectable items or ones that might be found in museums. In fact there are increasing numbers of plastic objects in museums as well as in private collections and many are increasing in value. To give just one example, some Barbie dolls can change hands for thousands of pounds. It is also a misconception that plastics do not decay easily - many of them do, and this raises issues about how best to preserve them. This section is set in a context of the collection, care, identification and display of objects in museums and by private collectors. The section on stone focuses on a case study. In order to prevent damage to a stone object, conservation scientists sometimes surround the object with filter paper soaked in pure water. This is called poulticing. Conservation scientists at the British Museum wanted to investigate the poulticing process to see how effective it was at removing salts and to find out whether previous treatment of the stone affected the efficiency of the removal process. The section on wood focuses on the Mary Rose, a wooden Tudor warship that sank off Portsmouth in 1545. In 1982, the hull was raised and since then has been undergoing conservation treatment in a former dry dock at Portsmouth. Over 19,000 artefacts were recovered. The material presented here looks at the chemistry of the decay processes and the methods used to conserve the wood of the Mary Rose's hull and some of the other materials involved.

Organic Chemistry As a Second Language: First Semester Topics

Author: David R. Klein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119110661

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 3283

Readers continue to turn to Klein's Organic Chemistry as a Second Language: First Semester Topics, 4th Edition because it enables them to better understand fundamental principles, solve problems, and focus on what they need to know to succeed. This edition explores the major principles in the field and explains why they are relevant. It is written in a way that clearly shows the patterns in organic chemistry so that readers can gain a deeper conceptual understanding of the material. Topics are presented clearly in an accessible writing style along with numerous hands-on problem solving exercises.

Chemists in a Social and Historical Context

Chemists are Real People, Living in the Real World

Author: Dorothy Warren

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854043804

Category: Education

Page: 66

View: 5637

This resource includes a range of activities designed to look at different aspects of teaching about people in chemistry and the chemical sciences to 11-19 year old students.