Ancient Iran and Mesopotamia
Author: Paul Collins
Publisher: Ashmolean Museum
Ancient Mesopotamia and Iran are usually treated separately or as part of a much broader "Ancient Near East." However, the developments that lie at the root of our own world--farming, cities, writing, organised religion, warfare--were forged in the tensions and relations between the inhabitants of lowland Mesopotamia (ancient Iraq) and the highlands of Iran. Mountains and Lowlands explores this relationship providing a detailed but accessible account covering the period 6000 BC-AD 650, from the development of the first agricultural communities to the coming of Islam. The story is told through the superlative Ancient Near Eastern collections in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, supplemented by images of photographs of archaeological sites and of iconic pieces in other collections including the Louvre, Paris.
Essays in the Archaeology of Greater Mesopotamia
Author: Louis D. Levine
ein mesopotamisches Königreich in hellenistisch-parthischer Zeit
Author: Monika Schuol
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Dieser Band befaat sich mit der politischen, wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Bedeutung Suedbabyloniens vom 2. Jh. v. Chr.-3. Jh. n. Chr. Mit der Beruecksichtigung zeitgleicher Entwicklungen im Romischen Reich, im Seleukiden- bzw. Partherreich, im arabischen Raum und in der Golfregion wird die Geschichte der Charakene in einen groaeren historischen Kontext gestellt. Besonderes Gewicht wird dabei auf die Klarung des politischen Verhaltnisses zwischen den charakenischen Funktionstragern und ihren arsakidischen Oberherrn gelegt. Gemeinsame wirtschaftliche Interessen von Romern und Parthern und die geographische Lage der Charakene lieaen das Konigreich zeitweilig zu einer Drehscheibe fuer den Fernhandel zwischen dem Mittelmeerraum, der arabischen Halbinsel und den Gebieten ostlich des Zweistromlandes werden. Die Auswertung literarischer, epigraphischer, archaologischer und numismatischer Zeugnisse unterschiedlichster Provenienz laat Charakteristika der acharakenischen Kulturo erkennen, die durch babylonische, aramaische, iranische, juedische und arabische Traditionen gepragt ist. Mit Registern. aMan kann dem Herausgeber J. Wiesehofer nur wuenschen, dass weitere Regionen des multikulturellen Partherreiches erforscht und in ahnlich gehaltvollen Monographien in der neu gegruendeten Reihe Oriens et Occidens publiziert werden. Das vorliegende Werk von Frau Schuol hat in seinem Gehalt und seiner Prazision Maastabe gesetzt.o Welt des Orients "Pionierarbeit und Grundlagenforschung im besten Sinne a eindrucksvoll" H-Soz-u-Kult "The author is to be congratulated with this new evaluation of the history of the South Mesopotamian kingdom of Characene during the Hellenistic and Parthian periods. Because of the diversity of Eastern and Western sources used and Characene's central place in the international trade between East and West, this book is a perfect start of a series called Oriens et Occidens." Bibliotheca Orientalis "a wissenschaftlich fundiert und innovativ." Museum Helveticum "Vor allem wegen der lueckenlosen Erschlieaung der Quellen und der Sekundarliteratur wird die Arbeit von S. auf Jahre hinaus das Standardwerk zur Charakene darstellen." Historische Zeitschrift "ano future study on the Arsacid Empire or the trade within its realm could ignore this work [a] her book should be available in every major library. We are looking forward to the next volumes in this interesting series." Bryn Mawr Classical Review "Die Monographie besticht durch ihren gut gegliederten Aufbau [a] S.s detailreiches Buch stellt insgesamt eine Leistung dar, die fuer kuenftige einschlagige Arbeiten eine unentbehrliche Grundlage bilden wird." Gnomon.
Uncovering the Greatest Secret of the Ancient World
Author: Luke A. Myers
Gnostic texts are filled with encounters of strange other worldly beings, journeys to visionary heavenly realms, and encounters with the presence and spirit of the divine. In Gnostic visions, author and Gnostic scholar Luke A. Myers presents evidence demonstrating how Gnostic visions were created and the connection these visions have to naturally occurring visionary compounds that are still in existence today. The culmination of more than ten years of research, Gnostic Visions advances the understanding of classical ethnobotany, Gnosticism, and the genesis of early Christian history. In this book the author discusses the prehistoric foundations of early human religion as well as the visionary religious traditions of the classical Greeks and Egyptians. Using these as a foundation, the book presents new and never before seen research explaining how Gnostic visions were created and what types of compounds were used by these ancient people to create them. Gnostic Visions presents evidence directly linking visionary Ayahuasca analogs with the creation of Gnostic and Hermetic visionary experiences. Gnostic Visions also describes the decline of Gnosticism, other visionary practices used in the Dark Ages and gives a brief tour of the visionary plants of the new world. In Gnostic visions, Myers tells of his personal experience with the divine and includes some of his own reflections of the importance of mankind’s relationship to the natural world. He communicates that altered states of consciousness have been responsible for many of the most profound mystical religious experiences in human history.
Author: Ehsan Yarshater
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Richard Nelson Frye
Local Developments and Long-range Interactions in the 4th Millennium BC
Author: Cameron A. Petrie
Publisher: Oxbow Books
The fourth millennium BC was a critical period of socio-economic and political transformation in the Iranian Plateau and its surrounding zones. This period witnessed the appearance of the world’s earliest urban centres, hierarchical administrative structures, and writing systems. These developments are indicative of significant changes in socio-political structures that have been interpreted as evidence for the rise of early states and the development of inter-regional trade, embedded in longer-term processes that began in the later fifth millennium BC. Iran was an important player in western Asia especially in the medium- to long-range trade in raw materials and finished items throughout this period. The 20 papers presented here illustrate forcefully how the re-evaluation of old excavation results, combined with much new research, has dramatically expanded our knowledge and understanding of local developments on the Iranian Plateau and of long-range interactions during the critical period of the fourth millennium BC.
Author: Ian Spencer Hornsey
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
A History of Beer and Brewing provides a comprehensive account of the history of beer. Research carried out during the last quarter of the 20th century has permitted us to re-think the way in which some ancient civilizations went about their beer production. There have also been some highly innovative technical developments, many of which have led to the sophistication and efficiency of 21st century brewing methodology. A History of Beer and Brewing covers a time-span of around eight thousand years and in doing so:Â·Stimulates the reader to consider how, and why, the first fermented beverages might have originatedÂ·Establishes some of the parameters that encompass the diverse range of alcoholic beverages assigned the generic name 'beer'Â·Considers the possible means of dissemination of early brewing technologies from their Near Eastern originsThe book is aimed at a wide readership particularly beer enthusiasts. However the use of original quotations and references associated with them should enable the serious scholar to delve into this subject in even greater depth.
Author: George Rawlinson
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book. ++++ The below data was compiled from various identification fields in the bibliographic record of this title. This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to ensure edition identification: ++++ The Five Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Or, The History, Geography, And Antiquites Of Chaldaea, Assyria, Babylon, Media, And Persia, Collected And Illustrated From Ancient And Modern Sources, Volume 3; The Five Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Or, The History, Geography, And Antiquites Of Chaldaea, Assyria, Babylon, Media, And Persia, Collected And Illustrated From Ancient And Modern Sources; George Rawlinson 2 George Rawlinson J. Murray, 1871 History; Ancient; General; Assyria; Babylonia; History / Ancient / General; History / Middle East / General; History, Ancient; Iran
Author: Susan Pollock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Social Science
Innovative study of the early state and urban societies in Mesopotamia, c. 5000 to 2100 BC.
Author: Michael Roaf
Maps on lining papers and bibliography.
Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China
Author: Charvát, Petr
Publisher: Karolinum Press
In the book titled Birth of the State, readers learn what researchers nowadays think about the rise and stabilization of the oldest statehood in the original civilization centres of the Old World - Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China. The scholar takes them through essential economic, political and spiritual changes caused in those societies by the rise and stabilization of the first states. The overviews are completed with a comprehensive view of the entire theme, attempting to provide a balanced view of the rise of the oldest states not only as a question of economy, politics or power, but also as exceeding the basic threshold in the spiritual sphere. The book allows the very founders and cultivators of the oldest state units to speak: in the moments when their work seemed to be on the verge of total collapse, they spoke to their contemporaries urging them to defend the ideals that formed the basis of their civilizations. The book is intended for university students as well as others interested in the rise and development of the oldest states of the humankind.
A Study of the Origin, Evolution, and Implications of the Boundaries of Modern Iran with Its 1
Author: Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh
Category: Political Science
This book is about Iranian boundaries at a time when crisis of various nature are occurring around Iran, especially in Iraq and Afghanistan, with immediate effect on the Iranian borderlands and substantial effect of Iran's relations with her neighbours. Furthermore, issues like the legal regime of the Caspian Sea and the UAE claims on the Iranian-owned and Iranian-held islands of Tunbs and Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf create a situation in Iran's neighbourhood, which influence her foreign relations and engage the country in matters of international importance. Occurrence of all these issues on and around the boundaries of Iran and a thorough study of the unexplored foundation and evolution of these issues within the framework of the study of the Iranian boundaries make this book timely, special, original, and important.
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Author: Roger Matthews,Hassan Fazeli Nashli
Publisher: Oxbow Books
The period c. 10,000-5000 BC witnessed fundamental changes in the human condition with societies across the Fertile Crescent shifting their alignment from millennia-old practices of seasonally mobile hunting and foraging to year-round sedentism, plant cultivation and animal herding. The significant role of Iran in the early stages of this transition was recognised more than half a century ago but has not been to the fore of academic consciousness in recent decades. In the meantime, investigations into Neolithic transformation have proceeded apace in all other regions of the Fertile Crescent and beyond. Here, 18 studies attempt to redress that balance in re-assessing the role of Iran in the early neolithisation of human societies. These studies, many of them by Iranian scholars, consider patterns of change and/or continuity across a variety of topographical landscapes; investigate Neolithic settlement patterns, the use of caves, animal exploitation and environmental indicators and present new insights into some well-known and some newly investigated sites. The results re-affirm the formative role of this region in the transition to sedentary farming.
Author: John Curtis
Publisher: British Museum Press
This second edition to the art, archaeology and history of Ancient Persia, includes new discoveries and ideas and corrects errors from the first edition. This concise introduction to the subject continues to form a guide to the collection of the British Museum whilst also commenting extensively on the Ancient Persian communities from 6000BC to the 7th century AD.
Vols. for 1963- include the Director's report, 1961/62-
Author: Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis,Sarah Stewart
The Parthians are a fascinating but little-known ancient civilization. In the mid-third century BCE a bold and ambitious leader called Arshak challenged Hellenic rule and led his armies to victory. The dynasty which he founded ruled over what became a mighty empire and restored the glory of Iran following the region's conquest by Alexander the Great. This imperial eastern superpower, which lasted for 400 years and stretched from the Hindu Kush to Mesopotamia, withstand the might of Rome for centuries. The Parthians were nomadic horse-warriors who left few written records, concentrating rather on a rich oral and storytelling tradition. What knowledge we have of this remarkable people derives primarily from their coinage, which mixed Hellenism with Persian influences. In this book, distinguished scholars examine - from a variety of perspectives - the origins of the Parthians, their history, religion and culture, as well as perceptions of their empire through the lens of both imperial Rome and China.