Muscular Christianity

Manhood and Sports in Protestant America, 1880-1920

Author: Clifford Putney

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674042407

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 1393

Dissatisfied with a Victorian culture focused on domesticity and threatened by physical decline in sedentary office jobs, American men in the late nineteenth century sought masculine company in fraternal lodges and engaged in exercise to invigorate their bodies. One form of this new manly culture, developed out of the Protestant churches, was known as muscular Christianity. In this fascinating study, Clifford Putney details how Protestant leaders promoted competitive sports and physical education to create an ideal of Christian manliness.

Do Real Men Pray?

Images of the Christian Man and Male Spirituality in White Protestant America

Author: Charles H. Lippy

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572333581

Category: Religion

Page: 275

View: 7185

Spirituality has long been regarded as a haven of the female gender?and a componentequally deficient in men?particularly among the white male Protestant population.So, it was with much surprise that the American media greeted the seeminglysudden explosion of the Promise Keepers movement with its emotional stadium ralliesand vivid images of praying men openly recommitting to their faith. The shatteringof a long-held stereotype brought into question the veracity behind long-held perceptions of men and the depth and nature of their piety.In Do Real Men Pray?, author Charles H. Lippy argues that, in fact, American menhave always exhibited a deep and profound spirituality. He challenges the popular beliefthat men somehow cannot match the profundity found in female spirituality. Instead, Lippy lays out a convincing counterargument that the United States has a long and pronounced history of male spirituality.Do Real Men Pray? takes the reader through a chronological history of male spiritualityfrom the colonial period to the present day. Along the way, Lippy introduces readers tosix distinct, powerful images that manifested themselves as the ideal of American Protestant identity at different periods in history: the dutiful patriarch, the gentleman entrepreneur, the courageous adventurer, the efficient businessman, the positive thinker (inspired by the ubiquitous Norman Vincent Peale), and the modern-day faithful leader. From the piety of Cotton Mather to the ?muscular Christianity? of the early twentieth century, this book reveals a clear understanding of the obvious effect spirituality had on men.This book is the first to address thematically the history of male spirituality in theUnited States and is a rich, well-documented addition to the field of religious studies.Do Real Men Pray? will appeal to anyone with an interest in religious history in theUnited States as well as anyone interested in gender studies.

Men and Masculinities

A Social, Cultural, and Historical Encyclopedia

Author: Michael S. Kimmel,Amy Aronson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576077748

Category: Reference

Page: 892

View: 7470

Alphabetically arranged original essays explore such topics as historical movements, race and masculinity, marriage, and aging.

Christianity and the Transformation of Physical Education and Sport in China

Author: Huijie Zhang

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351810669

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2792

Despite the popularity of sport in contemporary China, the practice of physical education is not indigenous to its culture. Strenuous physical activity was traditionally linked to low class and status in the pre-modern Chinese society. The concept of modern PE was introduced to China by Western Christian missionaries and directors of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA). It then grew from a tool for Christian evangelism to a strategic instrument in Chinese nation-building. This book examines the transformation of Chinese attitudes toward PE and sport, drawing on the concepts of cultural imperialism and nationalism to understand how an imported Western activity became a key aspect of modernization for the Chinese state. More specifically, it looks at the relationship between Christianity and the rise of Chinese nationalism between 1840 and 1937. Combining historical insight with original research, this book sheds new light on the evolution of PE and sport in modern China. It is fascinating reading for all those with an interest in sports history, Chinese culture and society, Christianity, physical education or the sociology of sport.

"Manhood" im frühen amerikanischen Sport

Author: Kai Mühlenhoff

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638007316

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 102

View: 7047

Examensarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Sport - Sportgeschichte, Note: 1,3, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster (Sportwissenschaft), 97 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Arbeit baut auf einem drastischen Wandel von Männlichkeitsidealen auf – dem Wandel eines Ideals, welches tief im Leben der Gemeinde verwurzelt ist, zu einem Ideal, das auf individuellen Leistungen fußt und dabei den männlichen Körper in den Mittelpunkt stellt. Ein Männlichkeitsideal ist ein Cluster von Eigenschaften, Verhaltensweisen und Werten, über die sich ein Mann identifiziert und die von Mitgliedern einer Gesellschaft als das Erstrebenswerte, als dasjenige angesehen werden, was den „guten“ und tugendhaften Mann ausmacht. In einer Zeit (1850-1920), in der weitgreifende soziale, wirtschaftliche und politische Veränderungen um sich griffen, sahen die Männer, die für sich das Ideal einer starken Identität beanspruchten, dieses in ernsthafter Gefahr. BEDERMAN (1995) hat mit dem Ideal des Masculine Primitive und seiner Betonung auf dem Körper auf die nicht von einander zu trennende Beziehung von Körper, Identität und Macht hingewiesen. In der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts herrschte die Meinung vor, dass ein starker Körper einem Mann eine starke Identität verlieh und damit die Fähigkeit, sich für sich selbst behaupten und über andere dominieren zu können. Männer haben beständig Strategien entwickelt, für sich das auf Aggressivität, Härte, Kraft und Macht basierende Ideal zu bewahren, beziehungsweise es für ihre individuellen Vorhaben zu Nutze zu machen. Es gilt in diesem Sinne, ihre Strategien herauszuarbeiten, um zu zeigen, welche Funktionen dem Sport dabei als Instrument zur Umsetzung dieser Vorhaben zukamen.

Sport in den USA

Author: Annette Ruth Hofmann

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 9783830976264

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 232

View: 9766

Die USA gelten als die führende Sportnation. Doch was wissen wir wirklich über den amerikanischen Sport, außer dass Baseball, American Football und Cheerleading aus diesem Land stammen? Was versteht man unter Begriffen wie Athletics, Intercollegiate Sports, Intramural Sports, Title IX, Physical Education, Super Bowl oder dem „Y“? Bisher gibt es nur wenig deutschsprachige Literatur über den amerikanischen Sport, seine Strukturen und Ausprägungsformen. Dieses Buch soll diese Lücke ein wenig schließen. Die einzelnen Beiträge, die von namhaften amerikanischen und deutschen Sportwissenschaftlerinnen und -wissenschaftlern verfasst sind, zeigen, dass der Sport in den USA eine ganz andere Struktur als der deutsche Sport mit seinem Vereinswesen aufweist.

Apologia pro vita sua

Geschichte meiner religiösen Überzeugungen

Author: John Henry Newman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783981145298

Category:

Page: 444

View: 2502

Das Bild vom Menschen

Author: Rüstem Ülker,Wolf D. Aries

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 364310233X

Category: Christianity and other religions

Page: 171

View: 9767

Heaven in the American Imagination

Author: Gary Scott Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199831971

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 5108

Does heaven exist? If so, what is it like? And how does one get in? Throughout history, painters, poets, philosophers, pastors, and many ordinary people have pondered these questions. Perhaps no other topic captures the popular imagination quite like heaven. Gary Scott Smith examines how Americans from the Puritans to the present have imagined heaven. He argues that whether Americans have perceived heaven as reality or fantasy, as God's home or a human invention, as a source of inspiration and comfort or an opiate that distracts from earthly life, or as a place of worship or a perpetual playground has varied largely according to the spirit of the age. In the colonial era, conceptions of heaven focused primarily on the glory of God. For the Victorians, heaven was a warm, comfortable home where people would live forever with their family and friends. Today, heaven is often less distinctively Christian and more of a celestial entertainment center or a paradise where everyone can reach his full potential. Drawing on an astounding array of sources, including works of art, music, sociology, psychology, folklore, liturgy, sermons, poetry, fiction, jokes, and devotional books, Smith paints a sweeping, provocative portrait of what Americans-from Jonathan Edwards to Mitch Albom-have thought about heaven.

The Empire Strikes Out

How Baseball Sold U.S. Foreign Policy and Promoted the American Way Abroad

Author: Robert Elias

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1595585281

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 321

Is the face of American baseball throughout the world that of goodwill ambassador or ugly American? Has baseball crafted its own image or instead been at the mercy of broader forces shaping our society and the globe? The Empire Strikes Out gives us the sweeping story of how baseball and America are intertwined in the export of “the American way.” From the Civil War to George W. Bush and the Iraq War, we see baseball’s role in developing the American empire, first at home and then beyond our shores. And from Albert Spalding and baseball’s first World Tour to Bud Selig and the World Baseball Classic, we witness the globalization of America’s national pastime and baseball’s role in spreading the American dream. Besides describing baseball’s frequent and often surprising connections to America’s presence around the world, Elias assesses the effects of this relationship both on our foreign policies and on the sport itself and asks whether baseball can play a positive role or rather only reinforce America’s dominance around the globe. Like Franklin Foer in How Soccer Explains the World, Elias is driven by compelling stories, unusual events, and unique individuals. His seamless integration of original research and compelling analysis makes this a baseball book that’s about more than just sports.

Under the Big Top

Big Tent Revivalism and American Culture, 1885-1925

Author: Josh McMullen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266740

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 3958

Under the Big Top examines the immensely popular big tent revivals of turn-of-the-twentieth-century America and develops a new framework for understanding Protestantism in this transformative period of the nation's history. Contemporary critics of the revivalists often depicted them as anxious and outdated religious opponents of a modern, urban nation. Early historical accounts likewise portrayed tent revivalists as Victorian hold-outs, bent on re-establishing nineteenth-century values and religion in a new America. In this revisionist work, Josh McMullen argues that, contrary to these stereotypes, big tent revivalists actually participated in the shift away from Victorianism and helped in the construction of a new consumer culture in the United States. How did the United States became the most consumer-driven and yet one of the most religious societies in the western world? McMullen shows that revivalists and their audiences reconciled the Protestant ethic of salvation with the emerging consumer ethos by cautiously unlinking Christianity from Victorianism and joining it to the new, emerging consumer culture. Under the Big Top helps to explain the continued appeal of both the therapeutic and the salvific worldview to many Americans as well as the ambivalence that accompanies this combination.

Tippecanoe and Tyler Too

Famous Slogans and Catchphrases in American History

Author: Jan R. Van Meter

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226849686

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 7976

A fascinating reference restores three-dimensionality to more than fifty American sayings and turns clichés back into history by telling the life stories of the words that have profoundly shaped and continue to influence public culture.

Manhood, Citizenship, and the National Guard

Illinois, 1870-1917

Author: Eleanor L. Hannah

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 0814210457

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2056

"During the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era, thousands upon thousands of American men devoted their time and money to the creation of an unsought - and in some quarters unwelcome - revived state militia. In this book, Eleanor L. Hannah studies the social history of the National Guard, focusing on issues of manhood and citizenship as they relate to the rise of the state militias." "The implications of this book are far-reaching, for it offers historians a fresh look at a long-ignored group of men and unites social and cultural history to explore changing notions of manhood and citizenship during years of frenetic change in the American landscape."--BOOK JACKET.

Acts of Conscience

Christian Nonviolence and Modern American Democracy

Author: Joseph Kip Kosek

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231513054

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 3796

In response to the massive bloodshed that defined the twentieth century, American religious radicals developed a modern form of nonviolent protest, one that combined Christian principles with new uses of mass media. Greatly influenced by the ideas of Mohandas Gandhi, these "acts of conscience" included sit-ins, boycotts, labor strikes, and conscientious objection to war. Beginning with World War I and ending with the ascendance of Martin Luther King Jr., Joseph Kip Kosek traces the impact of A. J. Muste, Richard Gregg, and other radical Christian pacifists on American democratic theory and practice. These dissenters found little hope in the secular ideologies of Wilsonian Progressivism, revolutionary Marxism, and Cold War liberalism, all of which embraced organized killing at one time or another. The example of Jesus, they believed, demonstrated the immorality and futility of such violence under any circumstance and for any cause. Yet the theories of Christian nonviolence are anything but fixed. For decades, followers have actively reinterpreted the nonviolent tradition, keeping pace with developments in politics, technology, and culture. Tracing the rise of militant nonviolence across a century of industrial conflict, imperialism, racial terror, and international warfare, Kosek recovers radical Christians' remarkable stance against the use of deadly force, even during World War II and other seemingly just causes. His research sheds new light on an interracial and transnational movement that posed a fundamental, and still relevant, challenge to the American political and religious mainstream.

1877

America's Year of Living Violently

Author: Michael Bellesiles

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 159558594X

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3112

In 1877, a decade after the Civil War, not only was the United States gripped by a deep depression, but the country was also in the throes of nearly unimaginable violence and upheaval marking the end of the brief period known as Reconstruction and a return to white rule across the South. In the wake of the contested presidential election of 1876, white supremacist mobs swept across the South, killing and driving out the last of the Reconstruction state governments. A strike involving millions of railroad workers turned violent as it spread from coast-to-coast, and for a moment seemed close to toppling the nation’s economic structure. In 1877, celebrated historian Michael Bellesiles reveals that the fires of that fated year also fueled a hothouse of cultural and intellectual innovation. Bellesiles relates the story of 1877 not just through dramatic events, but also through the lives of famous and little-known Americans.

Transpacific Field of Dreams

How Baseball Linked the United States and Japan in Peace and War

Author: Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807882666

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 344

View: 5976

Baseball has joined America and Japan, even in times of strife, for over 150 years. After the "opening" of Japan by Commodore Perry, Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu explains, baseball was introduced there by American employees of the Japanese government tasked with bringing Western knowledge and technology to the country, and Japanese students in the United States soon became avid players. In the early twentieth century, visiting Japanese warships fielded teams that played against American teams, and a Negro League team arranged tours to Japan. By the 1930s, professional baseball was organized in Japan where it continued to be played during and after World War II; it was even played in Japanese American internment camps in the United States during the war. From early on, Guthrie-Shimizu argues, baseball carried American values to Japan, and by the mid-twentieth century, the sport had become emblematic of Japan's modernization and of America's growing influence in the Pacific world. Guthrie-Shimizu contends that baseball provides unique insight into U.S.-Japanese relations during times of war and peace and, in fact, is central to understanding postwar reconciliation. In telling this often surprising history, Transpacific Field of Dreams shines a light on globalization's unlikely, and at times accidental, participants.

Ein säkulares Zeitalter

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1297

View: 8586

Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.

Wyatt Earp: A Vigilante Life

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 1429945478

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 8256

Finalist for the 2014 Weber-Clements Book Prize for the Best Non-fiction Book on Southwestern America In popular culture, Wyatt Earp is the hero of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, and a beacon of rough cowboy justice in the tumultuous American West. The subject of dozens of films, he has been invoked in battles against organized crime (in the 1930s), communism (in the 1950s), and al-Qaeda (after 2001). Yet as the historian Andrew C. Isenberg reveals in Wyatt Earp: A Vigilante Life, the Hollywood Earp is largely a fiction—one created by none other than Earp himself. The lawman played on-screen by Henry Fonda and Burt Lancaster is stubbornly duty-bound; in actuality, Earp led a life of impulsive lawbreaking and shifting identities. When he wasn't wearing a badge, he was variously a thief, a brothel bouncer, a gambler, and a confidence man. As Isenberg writes, "He donned and shucked off roles readily, whipsawing between lawman and lawbreaker, and pursued his changing ambitions recklessly, with little thought to the cost to himself, and still less thought to the cost, even the deadly cost, to others." By 1900, Earp's misdeeds had caught up with him: his involvement as a referee in a fixed heavyweight prizefight brought him national notoriety as a scoundrel. Stung by the press, Earp set out to rebuild his reputation. He spent his last decades in Los Angeles, where he befriended Western silent film actors and directors. Having tried and failed over the course of his life to invent a better future for himself, in the end he invented a better past. Isenberg argues that even though Earp, who died in 1929, did not live to see it, Hollywood's embrace of him as a paragon of law and order was his greatest confidence game of all. A searching account of the man and his enduring legend, and a book about our national fascination with extrajudicial violence, Wyatt Earp: A Vigilante Life is a resounding biography of a singular American figure.