Mutants

On the Form, Varieties and Errors of the Human Body

Author: Armand Marie Leroi

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0006531644

Category: Abnormalities, Human

Page: 431

View: 2390

Stepping effortlessly from myth to molecular biology, this elegant, humane, and illuminating book explores the myths and fantasies associated with mutants and their critical link to human development.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6406

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Gulliver in the Land of Giants

A Critical Biography and the Memoirs of the Celebrated Dwarf Joseph Boruwlaski

Author: Anna Grześkowiak-Krwawicz

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409420345

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 155

View: 2241

Polish-born Józef Boruwlaski was the most famous dwarf of the Enlightenment age. He travelled extensively throughout Europe, appearing and performing at royal courts and salons, before settling in Durham in his later life until his death at the age of 97. His memoirs, published in a bilingual (French and English) version in 1788, show him to have been an intelligent observer of the world he inhabited and explored. The life story of this miniature gentleman is not only interesting in its own right, but also offers a new perspective on the culture of the Enlightenment.

The Lagoon

How Aristotle Invented Science

Author: Armand Marie Leroi

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698170393

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 8301

A brilliant study of Aristotle as biologist The philosophical classics of Aristotle loom large over the history of Western thought, but the subject he most loved was biology. He wrote vast volumes about animals. He described them, classified them, told us where and how they live and how they develop in the womb or in the egg. He founded a science. It can even be said that he founded science itself. In The Lagoon, acclaimed biologist Armand Marie Leroi recovers Aristotle’s science. He revisits Aristotle’s writings and the places where he worked. He goes to the eastern Aegean island of Lesbos to see the creatures that Aristotle saw, where he saw them. He explores Aristotle’s observations, his deep ideas, his inspired guesses—and the things he got wildly wrong. He shows how Aristotle’s science is deeply intertwined with his philosophical system and reveals that he was not only the first biologist, but also one of the greatest. The Lagoon is both a travelogue and a study of the origins of science. And it shows how a philosopher who lived almost two millennia ago still has so much to teach us today. From the Hardcover edition.

Bloomsbury Good Reading Guide

Discover your next great read

Author: Nick Rennison

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408103540

Category: Reference

Page: 544

View: 8598

Deciding what to read next when you've just finished an unputdownable novel can be a daunting task. The Bloomsbury Good Reading Guide features hundreds of authors and thousands of titles, with navigation features to lead you on a rich journey through some the best literature to grace our shelves. This greatly expanded edition includes the latest contemporary authors and landmark novels, an expanded non-fiction section, a timeline setting historical events against literary milestones, prize-winner and book club lists. An accessible and easy-to-read guide that no serious book lover should be without. "The essential guide to the wild uncharted world of contemporary and 20th century writing." Robert McCrum, The Observer

Genes: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jonathan Slack

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191664189

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 3721

In this exploration of the concept of the gene, Jonathan Slack looks at the discovery, nature, and role of genes in both evolution and development. Explaining the nature of genetic variation in the human population, how hereditary factors were identified as molecules of DNA, and how certain specific mutations can lead to disease, Slack highlights how DNA variants are used to trace human ancestry and migration, and can also used by forensic scientists to identify individuals in crime. He also explores issues such as the role of genetic heritability and IQ as well as the changes that occur in the genes of populations during evolution. An ideal guide for anyone curious about what genes are and how genetics can be put to use, this Very Short Introduction demonstrates the ways in which the gene concept has been understood and used by molecular biologists, population biologists, and social scientists around the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Cells to Civilizations

The Principles of Change That Shape Life

Author: Enrico Coen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841658

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 7078

Cells to Civilizations is the first unified account of how life transforms itself--from the production of bacteria to the emergence of complex civilizations. What are the connections between evolving microbes, an egg that develops into an infant, and a child who learns to walk and talk? Award-winning scientist Enrico Coen synthesizes the growth of living systems and creative processes, and he reveals that the four great life transformations--evolution, development, learning, and human culture--while typically understood separately, actually all revolve around shared core principles and manifest the same fundamental recipe. Coen blends provocative discussion, the latest scientific research, and colorful examples to demonstrate the links between these critical stages in the history of life. Coen tells a story rich with genes, embryos, neurons, and fascinating discoveries. He examines the development of the zebra, the adaptations of seaweed, the cave paintings of Lascaux, and the formulations of Alan Turing. He explores how dogs make predictions, how weeds tell the time of day, and how our brains distinguish a Modigliani from a Rembrandt. Locating commonalities in important findings, Coen gives readers a deeper understanding of key transformations and provides a bold portrait for how science both frames and is framed by human culture. A compelling investigation into the relationships between our biological past and cultural progress, Cells to Civilizations presents a remarkable story of living change.

Legacy

A Genetic History of the Jewish People

Author: Harry Ostrer MD

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199976384

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 6605

Who are the Jews--a race, a people, a religious group? For over a century, non-Jews and Jews alike have tried to identify who they were--first applying the methods of physical anthropology and more recently of population genetics. In Legacy, Harry Ostrer, a medical geneticist and authority on the genetics of the Jewish people, explores not only the history of these efforts, but also the insights that genetics has provided about the histories of contemporary Jewish people. Much of the book is told through the lives of scientific pioneers. We meet Russian immigrant Maurice Fishberg; Australian Joseph Jacobs, the leading Jewish anthropologist in fin-de-siècle Europe; Chaim Sheba, a colorful Israeli geneticist and surgeon general of the Israeli Army; and Arthur Mourant, one of the foremost cataloguers of blood groups in the 20th century. As Ostrer describes their work and the work of others, he shows that to look over the genetics of Jewish groups, and to see the history of the Diaspora woven there, is truly a marvel. Here is what happened as the Jews migrated to new places and saw their numbers wax and wane, as they gained and lost adherents and thrived or were buffeted by famine, disease, wars, and persecution. Many of these groups--from North Africa, the Middle East, India--are little-known, and by telling their stories, Ostrer brings them to the forefront at a time when assimilation is literally changing the face of world Jewry. A fascinating blend of history, science, and biography, Legacy offers readers an entirely fresh perspective on the Jewish people and their history. It is as well a cutting-edge portrait of population genetics, a field which may soon take its place as a pillar of group identity alongside shared spirituality, shared social values, and a shared cultural legacy.

Human Anatomy: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Leslie Klenerman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191017051

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 8648

A vast subject that includes a strange vocabulary and an apparent mass of facts, human anatomy can at first appear confusing and off-putting. But the basic construction of the human body - the skeleton, the organs of the chest and abdomen, the nervous system, the head and neck with its sensory systems and anatomy for breathing and swallowing - is vital for anyone studying medicine, biology, and health studies. In this Very Short Introduction Leslie Klenerman provides a clear, concise, and accessible introduction to the structure, function, and main systems of the human body, including a number of clear and simple illustrations to explain the key areas. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Rethinking Normalcy

A Disability Studies Reader

Author: Rod Michalko,Tanya Titchkosky

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551303639

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 778

Rethinking Normalcy introduces the growing field of disability studies to an undergraduate audience in a variety of disciplines and programs based in the social sciences, humanities, and health sciences. The authors articulate the depth and breadth of this newly emerging field of study and provide a vibrant foretaste of the kind of work disability studies scholars and activists do to provocatively question the power of normalcy. Strongly interdisciplinary, this volume draws upon many different social and cultural approaches to the study of disability, and essentially addresses disability as a social and political issue. The chapters in this book exemplify ways of questioning our collective relations to normalcy, as such relations affect the lives of both disabled and currently non-disabled people. Over sixty per cent of this book features the work of disability studies scholars located in Canada.

Anthropology

A Beginner's Guide

Author: Joy Hendry,Simon Underdown

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780741170

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8462

In this illuminating tour of humanity, Joy Hendry and Simon Underdown reveal the origins of our species, and the fabric of human society, through the discipline of anthropology. Via fascinating case studies and discoveries, they unravel our understanding of human behaviours and beliefs, including how witchcraft has been used to justify misfortune, and debunk old-fashioned ideas about “race” based upon the latest genetic research. They even share what our bathroom tells us about our concept of the body – and ourselves. From our evolutionary ancestors, through our rites of passage, to our responses to globalization, Hendry and Underdown provide the essential first step to understanding the world as an anthropologist would – in all its diversity and commonality.

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 9908

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Die Entstehung der Arten (Illustriert)

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: AuraBooks | eClassica

ISBN: 3943797171

Category:

Page: 760

View: 9980

Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe ums Dasein • Für die eBook-Ausgabe neu editiert • Mit eingeklinkter Bilderstrecke (22 Illustrationen) • An die moderne Rechtschreibung angepasst, ohne den Charakter des Textes zu verfälschen • Mit Hypertext-Inhaltsverzeichnis und vollständig verlinkten Kapiteln, Unterkapiteln und Fußnoten Bestseller-Autor Rolf Dobelli (»Die Kunst des klaren Denkens«) über dieses Buch: »›Über die Entstehung der Arten‹ war 1859 ein Paukenschlag, wie es ihn in der Geschichte der Wissenschaft vorher und nachher kaum je gegeben hat. Seither spielt sich praktisch jede Diskussion unter Biologen vor dem Hintergrund der Evolutionstheorie ab. Zahlreiche Wissenschaftler machten sich Darwins Thesen rasch zu Eigen und vertraten sie energisch, während die Gegnerschaft sich vor allem aus weltanschaulichen Motiven speiste. Darwins Evolutionstheorie wurde, ohne dass er diese Möglichkeit besonders betont hätte, sofort auch auf den Menschen bezogen – und naturgemäß war dies der Punkt, an dem sich die Geister am erbittertsten schieden.« Die für viele schockierende grundlegende Einsicht Darwins hat sich erst in den letzten Jahrzehnten in der Wissenschaft vollständig durchgesetzt: »Der Unterschied zwischen Mensch und Tier ist auf keinem Gebiet ein grundsätzlicher, sondern stets nur ein gradueller.« (Dobelli)

Was ist "Leben"?

Aristoteles' Anschauungen zur Entstehung und Funktionsweise von Leben : Akten der 10. Tagung der Karl und Gertrud Abel-Stiftung vom 23.-26. August 2006 in Bamberg

Author: Karl-und-Gertrud-Abel Stiftung. Tagung

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 420

View: 1669

How did Aristotle, the founder of scientific biology, define life? In this volume, which collects the contributions to a conference held in 2006, philologists, philosophers and biologists approach this question. They study how Aristotles concept of the soul relates to his perception of life; how he evaluates the different criteria that, according to him, constitute life; how he uses those criteria to define different organic structures; whether there exists a unified definition of life in Aristotles philosophy; aspects of procreation and ontogenesis; the relationship between individuals and species; the reception of Aristotles theories. German text.

Im Herzen waren wir Riesen

die Überlebensgeschichte einer Liliputanerfamilie

Author: Yehuda Koren,Êlat Negev

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548604633

Category: Dwarfs

Page: 303

View: 5583

Die Bildung des Menschen

was die Naturwissenschaften über uns wissen

Author: Ernst Peter Fischer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Human biology

Page: 480

View: 8541

Der menschliche Körper

Aufbau, Funktionen, Störungen : [ein Bildatlas]

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783898932820

Category:

Page: 240

View: 2365

Life and learning seventeen

Author: University Faculty for Life. Conference,University Faculty for Life

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 6951