Nation-building as necessary effort in fragile states

Author: René Grotenhuis

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048532124

Category: Social Science

Page: 201

View: 3062

Policies intended to bring stability to fragile states tend to focus almost exclusively on building institutions and systems to get governance right. Simply building the state is often seen as sufficient for making it stable and legitimate. But policies like these, René Grotenhuis shows in this book, ignore the question of what makes people belong to a nation-state, arguing that issues of identity, culture, and religion are crucial to creating the sense of belonging and social cohesion that a stable nation-state requires.

Metaphor, Nation and Discourse

Author: Ljiljana Šarić,Mateusz-Milan Stanojević

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027262675

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 356

View: 2454

This edited volume examines how metaphors and related phenomena (metonymies, symbols, cultural models, stereotypes) lead to the discursive construal of a common element that brings the nation together. The central idea is that metaphor use must be questioned to lay bare the processes and the discursive power behind them. The chapters examine a range of contemporary and historical, monomodal and multimodal discourses, including politicians’ discourse, presidential speeches, newspapers, TV series, Catholic homilies, colonialist discourse, and various online sources. The approaches taken include political science, international relations, cultural studies, and linguistics. All contributions feature discursive constructivist views of metaphor, with clear sociocultural grounding, and the notion of metaphor as a framing device in constructing various aspects of nations and national identity. The volume will appeal to scholars in discourse analysis, metaphor studies, media studies, nationalism studies, and political science.

The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Discourse Analysis

Author: Chris Shei

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351819380

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 674

View: 641

Chinese is a discourse-oriented language and the underlying mechanisms of the language involve encoding and decoding so the language can be correctly delivered and understood. To date, there has been a lack of consolidation at the discourse level such that a reference framework for understanding the language in a top-down fashion is still underdeveloped. The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Discourse Analysis is the first to showcase the latest research in the field of Chinese discourse analysis to consolidate existing findings, put the language in both theoretical and socio-functional perspectives, offer guidance and insights for further research and inspire innovative ideas for exploring the Chinese language in the discourse domain. The book is aimed at both students and scholars researching in the areas of Chinese linguistics and discourse analysis.

A State Built on Sand

How Opium Undermined Afghanistan

Author: David Mansfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190694718

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1015

Oscillations in opium poppy production in Afghanistan have long been associated with how the state was perceived, such as after the Taliban imposed a cultivation ban in 2000-1. The international community's subsequent attempts to regulate opium poppy became intimately linked with its own state-building project, and rising levels of cultivation were cited as evidence of failure by those international donors who spearheaded development in poppy-growing provinces like Helmand, Nangarhar and Kandahar. Mansfield's book examines why drug control - particularly opium bans - have been imposed in Afghanistan; he documents the actors involved; and he scrutinizes how prohibition served divergent and competing interests. Drawing on almost two decades of fieldwork in rural areas, he explains how these bans affected farming communities, and how prohibition endured in some areas while in others opium production bans undermined livelihoods and destabilized the political order, fuelling violence and rural rebellion. Above all this book challenges how we have come to understand political power in rural Afghanistan. Far from being the passive recipients of violence by state and non-state actors, Mansfield highlights the role that rural communities have played in shaping the political terrain, including establishing the conditions under which they could persist with opium production.

Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions

Backgrnd. and Congress. Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and Other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Author: Nina M. Serafino

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437930425


Page: 26

View: 4537

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The second session of the 111th Congress faces several issues regarding the continuing development of the Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI), the effort to develop a three-component ¿ready response¿ civilian force of 4,250 members. Contents of this report: (1) Proposals for New Civilian Forces; Creating Civilian Reconstruction and Stabilization (CRS) Capabilities; (2) Codifying CRS Assistance and State Dept. Capabilities; (3) Development of the CRS Office, Responsibilities, and Capabilities; Monitoring and Planning for Potential Conflicts; Developing and Carrying Out Conflict Response Activities; (4) Development of the Civilian Response Corps (CRC); (5) Issues for Congress: CRS Capacity and Status; Appropriate Size for the CRC; Flexible Funding. Illus.

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264098089


Page: 13

View: 1853

Beyond its principles on effective aid, the Paris Declaration lays out a practical, action-oriented roadmap to improve the quality of aid and its impact on development by 2010.

Global Strategic Assessment 2009

America's Security Role in a Changing World


Publisher: Defense Department


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 496

View: 2780

Offers a conceptual pathway for U.S. policymakers to begin recalibrating America's security role to reverse what has appeared to be a widening gap between U.S. ends and means, now and in the future. Provides an overview of eight broad trends shaping the international security environment; a global analysis of the world's seven regions, to consider important developments in their distinctive neighborhoods; and, an examination of prospective U.S. contributions, military capabilities and force structure, national security organization, alliances and partnerships, and strategies.

Accra Agenda for Action

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264098100


Page: 7

View: 6334

Designed to strengthen and deepen implementation of the Paris Declaration, the Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) takes stock of progress and sets the agenda for accelerated advancement towards improving the quality and impact of aid.

A United Nations for the 21st Century: from Reaction to Prevention

Towards an Effective and Efficient International Regime for Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding

Author: Detlev Wolter

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: 9783832923440

Category: Political Science

Page: 473

View: 1995

This book analyzes the achievements of the UN World Summit of September 2005 in the field of conflict prevention, human security, and the advancement of the security development nexus. The book examines the Summit Outcome Document, which contains important general endorsements of the objective to strengthen conflict prevention capacities at the UN and fully supports the mission of the Special Advisor of the Secretary General on the Prevention of Genocide. This document commits all Member States for the first time to develop a notion of "human security" that recognizes that all individuals, in particular vulnerable people, are entitled to freedom from fear and freedom from want. It embraces the concept of a "responsibility to protect" against genocide, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. The book looks at how the newly established Peacebuilding Commission can play an important overall preventive role, in particular by ensuring that post-conflict countries do not relapse into armed conflict. It suggests the upcoming Comprehensive Report on Conflict Prevention by the UN Secretary General and a new General Assembly Resolution should operationalize and implement the shift from reaction to prevention. The United Nations for the 21st Century supports the call for a special summit meeting in 2010 on conflict prevention and human security with the objective to adopt a Global Action Plan on Conflict Prevention and Human Security, which should specify concrete agreements for allocating the resources necessary to bring peace planning, conflict prevention, and peacebuilding strategies to fruition.

Development Co-operation Report 2010

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264079878


Page: 278

View: 8851

This 2010 edition of the OECD Development Co-operation Report describes how the Development Assistance Committee has responded to the economic, food and climate change crises of recent years and how DAC countries are working to make aid more effective.


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: National security

Page: N.A

View: 3615

Conflict and Fragility Monitoring the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations Global Report

Global Report

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264090053


Page: 82

View: 8749

This report looks at ways in which the implementation of the Fragile States Principles does and does not work, based on evidence from the ground across six countries – Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste.

From Fragile State to Functioning State

Pathways to Democratic Transformation in a Comparative Perspective

Author: Sabine Collmer

Publisher: Lit Verlag


Category: History

Page: 377

View: 6643

This edited volume consists of a compilation of articles that evaluates how countries may recover and return to a path of stable and democratic development. In its seventeen chapters, the contributors analyze the difficult transformation processes of four countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Kosovo, and Moldova. The authors tackle theoretical approaches to state reform as well as country specific issues.

The Failure of Democratic Nation Building: Ideology Meets Evolution

Author: A. Somit,S. Peterson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403978425

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 4983

Throughout history authoritarian governments have outnumbered democratic ones to an overwhelming degree. Even today, true democracies are an exception. In this book, Somit and Peterson argue that the main reason for this pattern is that humans are social primates with an innate tendency for hierarchical and authoritarian social and political structures. Democracy requires very special 'enabling conditions' before it can be supported by a state, conditions that require decades to evolve. As a result, attempts to export democracy through nation-building to states without these enabling conditions are doomed to failure. The authors argue that money and energy devoted to nation-building around the globe by the U.S. would be better spent on problems facing the country domestically.

Foreign Aid and Emerging Powers

Asian Perspectives on Official Development Assistance

Author: Iain Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317928334

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 6729

Current debates on emerging powers as foreign aid donors often fail to examine the myriad geopolitical, geoeconomic and geocultural tensions that influence policies of Official Development Assistance (ODA). This book advocates a regional geopolitical approach to explaining donor-donor relationships and provides a multidisciplinary critical assessment of the contemporary debates on emerging powers and foreign aid, bringing together economic and geopolitical approaches in the light of the 2015 completion of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Moving away from established debates assessing the advantages and disadvantages of foreign aid, this book challenges the current geopolitical assumptions of the emerging powers concerning issues such as 'south-south' solidarity, shared development experience and 'multipolarity'. It analyses how donor governments 'sell' aid to recipients through enabling different cultural assumptions and soft power narratives of national identity and provides empirical evidence on agendas such as aid effectiveness, aid for trade, public-private partnerships, and green growth aid. The book examines the role of, and relationships between, the leading traditional and emerging power Asian donors specifically, and explores the different and contested perspectives and patterns of ODA policy through an alternative account of emerging power foreign aid to leading African and Asian recipients. This book provides a valuable resource for postgraduate students and practitioners across disciplines such as development economics and geopolitics of development, uniquely approaching the debate from the perspective of emerging powers and donors.

Post-conflict peacebuilding

a lexicon

Author: Vincent Chetail

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Law

Page: 387

View: 4373

Post-Conflict Peacebuilding comes at a critical time for post-conflict peace building. Its rapid move towards the top of the international political agenda has been accompanied by added scrutiny, as the international community seeks to meet the multi-dimensional challenges of building a just and sustainable peace in societies ravaged by war. Beyond the strictly operational dimension, there is considerable ambiguity in the concepts and terminology used to discuss post-conflict peacebuilding. This ambiguity undermines efforts to agree on common understandings of how peace can be most effectively 'built', thereby impeding swift, coherent action. Accordingly, this lexicon aims to clarify and illuminate the multiple facets of post-conflict peacebuilding, by presenting its major themes and trends from an analytical perspective. To this end, the book opens with a general introduction on the concept of post-conflict peacebuilding, followed by twenty-six essays on its key elements (including capacity-building, conflict transformation, reconciliation, recovery, rule of law, security sector reform, and transitional justice). Written by international experts from a range of disciplines, including political science and international relations, international law, economics, and sociology, these essays cover the whole spectrum of post-conflict peacebuilding. In reflecting a diversity of perspectives the lexicon sheds light on many different challenges associated with post-conflict peacebuilding. For each key concept a generic definition is proposed, which is then expanded through discussion of three main areas: the meaning and origin of the concept; its content and essential components; and its means of implementation, including lessons learned from past practice.