Networked

The New Social Operating System

Author: Lee Rainie,Barry Wellman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262300400

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 2890

Daily life is connected life, its rhythms driven by endless email pings and responses, the chimes and beeps of continually arriving text messages, tweets and retweets, Facebook updates, pictures and videos to post and discuss. Our perpetual connectedness gives us endless opportunities to be part of the give-and-take of networking. Some worry that this new environment makes us isolated and lonely. But in Networked, Lee Rainie and Barry Wellman show how the large, loosely knit social circles of networked individuals expand opportunities for learning, problem solving, decision making, and personal interaction. The new social operating system of "networked individualism" liberates us from the restrictions of tightly knit groups; it also requires us to develop networking skills and strategies, work on maintaining ties, and balance multiple overlapping networks. Rainie and Wellman outline the "triple revolution" that has brought on this transformation: the rise of social networking, the capacity of the Internet to empower individuals, and the always-on connectivity of mobile devices. Drawing on extensive evidence, they examine how the move to networked individualism has expanded personal relationships beyond households and neighborhoods; transformed work into less hierarchical, more team-driven enterprises; encouraged individuals to create and share content; and changed the way people obtain information. Rainie and Wellman guide us through the challenges and opportunities of living in the evolving world of networked individuals.

Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben

Author: Georg Simmel

Publisher: Musaicum Books

ISBN: 802721386X

Category: Social Science

Page: 47

View: 4874

Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben ist ein 1903 erschienener Aufsatz des Soziologen Georg Simmel, mit dem dieser die Grundlagen der Stadtsoziologie schuf. Das tiefste Problem des modernen Lebens ist nach Georg Simmel der Anspruch des Individuums nach der Selbstständigkeit und Eigenart seines Daseins gegen die Übermächte der Gesellschaft, das geschichtlich Ererbte der äußerlichen Kultur und Technik des Lebens zu bewahren. Der Großstädter ist - im Gegensatz zum Kleinstädter - einer "Steigerung des Nervenlebens" ausgesetzt. Darin besteht die Basis für den Typus großstädtischer Individualität. Georg Simmel (1858-1918) war ein deutscher Philosoph und Soziologe. Er leistete wichtige Beiträge zur Kulturphilosophie, war Begründer der "formalen Soziologie" und der Konfliktsoziologie. Simmel stand in der Tradition der Lebensphilosophie, aber auch der des Neukantianismus.

Gadget

Warum die Zukunft uns noch braucht

Author: Jaron Lanier

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518744305

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 7626

Jaron Lanier, der den Begriff der “virtuellen Realität“ erfunden hat, stellt in seinem neuen Buch dar, wie das World Wide Web die Individualität jedes einzelnen von uns bedroht, vermindert oder gar zerstört. Wie kein zweiter hat Jaron Lanier die revolutionären Veränderungen vorausgesagt, die mit dem Internet einhergehen und die alle Aspekte unseres Lebens betreffen: Arbeit und Freizeit, Handel und Wandel, Kommunikation und Sexualität, das kollektive wie das individuelle Leben. Wie kein zweiter warnt er vor den Gefahren des permanenten Online-Seins, vor dem Verlust an Subjektivität in der Anonymität des Netzes. Die eigene Intelligenz und das Urteil des einzelnen von Computeralgorrithmen bedroht. Technologisches Design, das File-Sharing, der Kult ums Facebook, die permanente Erreichbarkeit und oft filterlose Präsentation des Eigenen bedrohen die Kultur des Dialogs, der Eigenheit und Verborgenheit, aus denen die Individualität sich speist. Lanier zeigt die Bedrohungen in vielen Facetten auf und plädiert für einen neuen maßvollen Umgang mit dem Internet. Computer sollen, so sein leidenschaftliches Plädoyer, die Humanität verbessern, nicht ersetzen. Jaron Lanier gilt als Begründer der „virtuelle Realität“ Technologie. Er lehrt als „Scholar at Large for Live Labs, Microsoft Corporation“ in Berkeley, Kalifornien, und ist als Musiker und bildender Künstler international hervorgetreten. Seine Beiträge fanden auch in der deutschen Presse großes Echo. „Ein provozierendes, gewiss kontroverses Buch . . . Leuchtend, kraftvoll, und überzeugend.“ The New York Times „Poetisch und prophetisch . . . das wichtigste Buch des Jahres.“ The Times (London)

Networked Creators

A BIT of Networked

Author: Lee Rainie,Barry Wellman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026232766X

Category: Social Science

Page: 25

View: 4710

Social networks, the personalized Internet, and always-on mobile connectivity are transforming -- and expanding -- social life. In the new social operating system of "networked individualism," anyone with an Internet connection and a bit of digital literacy can create online content that has the potential to reach a wide audience. This BIT explores how the boundaries between producers and consumers are becoming blurred, with noncredentialed amateurs participating in many of the arenas that were once limited to recognized and sanctioned experts.

The Semantic Sphere 1

Computation, Cognition and Information Economy

Author: Pierre Lévy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118601513

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 381

View: 3914

The new digital media offers us an unprecedented memory capacity,an ubiquitous communication channel and a growing computing power.How can we exploit this medium to augment our personal and socialcognitive processes at the service of human development? Combininga deep knowledge of humanities and social sciences as well as areal familiarity with computer science issues, this bookexplains the collaborative construction of a globalhypercortex coordinated by a computable metalanguage. Byrecognizing fully the symbolic and social nature of humancognition, we could transform our current opaque global brain intoa reflexive collective intelligence.

The Routledge Companion to Mobile Media

Author: Gerard Goggin,Larissa Hjorth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135949255

Category: Social Science

Page: 582

View: 5919

The last decade has witnessed the rise of the cell phone from a mode of communication to an indispensable multimedia device, and this phenomenon has led to the burgeoning of mobile communication studies in media, cultural studies, and communication departments across the academy. The Routledge Companion to Mobile Media seeks to be the definitive publication for scholars and students interested in comprehending all the various aspects of mobile media. This collection, which gathers together original articles by a global roster of contributors from a variety of disciplines, sets out to contextualize the increasingly convergent areas surrounding social, geosocial, and mobile media discourses. Features include: comprehensive and interdisciplinary models and approaches for analyzing mobile media; wide-ranging case studies that draw from this truly global field, including China, Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America, as well as Europe, the UK, and the US; a consideration of mobile media as part of broader media ecologies and histories; chapters setting out the economic and policy underpinnings of mobile media; explorations of the artistic and creative dimensions of mobile media; studies of emerging issues such as ecological sustainability; up-to-date overviews on social and locative media by pioneers in the field. Drawn from a range of theoretical, artistic, and cultural approaches, The Routledge Companion to Mobile Media will serve as a crucial reference text to inform and orient those interested in this quickly expanding and far-reaching field.

The Social Net

Understanding our online behavior

Author: Yair Amichai-Hamburger

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019164823X

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 1519

In the past two decades, the Internet has come to dominate every aspect of everyday life. This has been a huge change for many of us, and, for the younger generation - born into this situation - there has been no other way of living. How does this new way of life affect our health and happiness, our well-being? How does it affect our relationships, our friendships? Has the definition of friendship changed now that we have hundreds of friends on Facebook? Why is it that some people find it so hard to talk to people in their daily lives but find it so easy on the Internet? People spend so much time on the Internet - so what do we actually do on there? Why are some people so aggressive and others exceptionally helpful? Are these behaviors that we see from the same people offline? How do we take decisions online and which groups would we rather belong to online where nobody knows us, rather than revealing our true identity to the outside world? The new edition of 'The Social Net' provides a comprehensive understanding of the social aspects of the Internet. It contains chapters on topics such as identity manipulation, online romantic relationships, online decision making, the internet and aggression, and online prejudice and discrimination. The book provides the reader with an understanding of both the negative and positive influences of the net and is an exceptionally useful guide for for how to use the net to improve wellbeing. Today, when there is so much negative publicity surrounding the Internet - despite our reliance on it - this book provides a much needed balanced understanding of the Net and its influence.

Family Whispering

The Baby Whisperer's Commonsense Strategies for Communicating and Connecting with the People You Love and Making Your Whole Family Stronger

Author: Melinda Blau,Tracy Hogg

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451654510

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 336

View: 1972

A Simon & Schuster eBook. Simon & Schuster has a great book for every reader.

The Networked Young Citizen

Social Media, Political Participation and Civic Engagement

Author: Brian D. Loader,Ariadne Vromen,Michael Xenos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131769693X

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 3699

The future engagement of young citizens from a wide range of socio-economic, ethnic and cultural backgrounds in democratic politics remains a crucial concern for academics, policy-makers, civics teachers and youth workers around the world. At a time when the negative relationship between socio-economic inequality and levels of political participation is compounded by high youth unemployment or precarious employment in many countries, it is not surprising that new social media communications may be seen as a means to re-engage young citizens. This edited collection explores the influence of social media, such as YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter, upon the participatory culture of young citizens. This collection, comprising contributions from a number of leading international scholars in this field, examines such themes as the possible effects of social media use upon patterns of political socialization; the potential of social media to ameliorate young people’s political inequality; the role of social media communications for enhancing the civic education curriculum; and evidence for social media manifesting new forms of political engagement and participation by young citizens. These issues are considered from a number of theoretical and methodological approaches but all attempt to move beyond simplistic notions of young people as an undifferentiated category of ‘the internet generation’.

The Political Web

Media, Participation and Alternative Democracy

Author: Peter Dahlgren

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137326387

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 355

As democracy encounters difficulties, many citizens are turning to the domain of alternative politics and, in so doing, making considerable use of the new communication technologies. This volume analyses the various factors that shape such participation, and addresses such key topics as civic subjectivity, web intellectuals, and cosmopolitanism.

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology

Author: S. Shyam Sundar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118426525

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 3323

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology offers an unparalleled source for seminal and cutting-edge research on the psychological aspects of communicating with and via emergent media technologies, with leading scholars providing insights that advance our knowledge on human-technology interactions. • A uniquely focused review of extensive research on technology and digital media from a psychological perspective • Authoritative chapters by leading scholars studying psychological aspects of communication technologies • Covers all forms of media from Smartphones to Robotics, from Social Media to Virtual Reality • Explores the psychology behind our use and abuse of modern communication technologies • New theories and empirical findings about ways in which our lives are transformed by digital media

The Essential Manager

How to Thrive in the Global Information Jungle

Author: James W. Cortada

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119004934

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 6751

This book discusses the evolution of management as a professionover the past two decades and how it continues to evolve. It goeson to describe the new style of management and makesrecommendations for what today’s and tomorrow’smanagers must know and how to work. Offers ways to think about your role as a manager in order tooptimize your effectiveness toward uncertain and turbulentchanges Discusses current realities in which management currentlyoperates Provides a historical background of managerial practices andhow they’ve evolved in the present workplace

Privacy: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191038806

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 1685

Some would argue that scarcely a day passes without a new assault on our privacy. In the wake of the whistle-blower Edward Snowden's revelations about the extent of surveillance conducted by the security services in the United States, Britain, and elsewhere, concerns about individual privacy have significantly increased. The Internet generates risks, unimagined even twenty years ago, to the security and integrity of information in all its forms. The manner in which information is collected, stored, exchanged, and used has changed forever; and with it, the character of the threats to individual privacy. The scale of accessible private data generated by the phenomenal growth of blogs, social media, and other contrivances of our information age pose disturbing threats to our privacy. And the hunger for gossip continues to fuel sensationalist media that frequently degrade the notion of a private domain to which we reasonably lay claim. In the new edition of this Very Short Introduction, Raymond Wacks looks at all aspects of privacy to include numerous recent changes, and considers how this fundamental value might be reconciled with competing interests such as security and freedom of expression. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology, and Society

Author: Daniel Lee Kleinman,Kelly Moore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113623716X

Category: Political Science

Page: 518

View: 7441

Over the last decade or so, the field of science and technology studies (STS) has become an intellectually dynamic interdisciplinary arena. Concepts, methods, and theoretical perspectives are being drawn both from long-established and relatively young disciplines. From its origins in philosophical and political debates about the creation and use of scientific knowledge, STS has become a wide and deep space for the consideration of the place of science and technology in the world, past and present. The Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology and Society seeks to capture the dynamism and breadth of the field by presenting work that pushes the reader to think about science and technology and their intersections with social life in new ways. The interdisciplinary contributions by international experts in this handbook are organized around six topic areas: embodiment consuming technoscience digitization environments science as work rules and standards This volume highlights a range of theoretical and empirical approaches to some of the persistent – and new – questions in the field. It will be useful for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities, including in science and technology studies, history, geography, critical race studies, sociology, communications, women’s and gender studies, anthropology, and political science.

Die Internet-Galaxie

Internet, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783810035936

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 9083

Manuel Castells gibt detailliert und faszinierend Aufschluss über das "Woher" und - soweit aus der aktuellen Situation erkennbar - "Wohin" des Internet und, damit verbunden, der neuen Netzwerkgesellschaft, deren zentrales Kommunikationsmedium das Internet ist. Das www gibt es seit weniger als zehn Jahren. Die allgemeine und kommerzielle Akzeptanz des Internet ist außergewöhnlich - ermöglicht und initiiert Veränderungen in allen individuellen und gesellschaftlichen Bereichen. Es gibt neue Kommunikationssysteme, neue Branchen, Neue Medien und Informationskanäle, neue politische und kulturelle Ausdrucksformen, neue Formen des Lehrens und Lernens und neue Gemeinschaften. Was aber wissen wir schon über das Internet, seine Geschichte, seine Technologie, seine Kultur und seine Applikationen? Welche Folgen ergeben sich für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft? Die Verbreitung des Internet ging so schnell vonstatten, schneller als die Möglichkeiten sorgfältiger empirisch begründeter Analyse. Manuel Castells wird von vielen als der führende Analytiker des Informationszeitalters und der Netzwerkgesellschaft gesehen. Über seine akademische Arbeit hinaus arbeitet er als Berater auf höchstem internationalen Niveau. In diesem kleinen Buch bringt er seine Erfahrung und sein Wissen zur Internet-Galaxie zusammen: Wie hat alles angefangen? Aus welchen zusammen arbeitenden oder konkurrierenden Kulturen besteht das Internet? Wie werden neue Unternehmen dadurch organisiert, wie werden alte Unternehmen davon beeinflusst? Gibt es die "digitale Wasserscheide"? Welchen Einfluss hat das Internet auf soziale und kulturelle Organisationsformen? Wie werden politische Teilhabe, politische Kommunikation, das städtische Leben beeinflusst? Dies sind nur einige Fragen, die in diesem Buch aufgegriffen werden. Castells gibt aber weder Prognosen ab, noch liefert er Patentrezepte - er gibt eine erhellende, auf empirischen Daten beruhende Analyse der aktuellen Situation und hilft uns zu verstehen, wie das

Digital Religion, Social Media and Culture

Perspectives, Practices and Futures

Author: Pauline Hope Cheong

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 326

View: 8458

This anthology – the first of its kind in eight years – collects some of the best and most current research and reflection on the complex interactions between religion and computer-mediated communication (CMC). The contributions cohere around the central question: how will core religious understandings of identity, community and authority shape and be (re)shaped by the communicative possibilities of Web 2.0? The authors gathered here address these questions in three distinct ways: through contemporary empirical research on how diverse traditions across the globe seek to take up the technologies and affordances of contemporary CMC; through investigations that place these contemporary developments in larger historical and theological contexts; and through careful reflection on the theoretical dimensions of research on religion and CMC. In their introductory and concluding essays, the editors uncover and articulate the larger intersections and patterns suggested by individual chapters, including trajectories for future research.

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 2183

Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...

Der Aufstieg der Netzwerkgesellschaft

Das Informationszeitalter. Wirtschaft. Gesellschaft. Kultur

Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658113227

Category: Social Science

Page: 646

View: 5404

Manuel Castells entwirft in seinem Werk eine Soziologie des Informationszeitalters. Auf der Grundlage reichhaltigen empirischen Materials analysiert und interpretiert er die Entwicklung von der Industriegesellschaft zur Informationsgesellschaft. Seit seinem ersten Erscheinen 1996 in den USA hat das Werk einen beispiellosen Siegeszug durch die wissenschaftlich interessierte Leserschaft genommen.

Zehn Gründe, warum du deine Social Media Accounts sofort löschen musst

Author: Jaron Lanier

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 345500492X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 328

»Um „Zehn Gründe...“ zu lesen, reicht ein einziger Grund: Jaron Lanier. Am wichtigsten Mahner vor Datenmissbrauch, Social-Media-Verdummung und der fatalen Umsonst-Mentalität im Netz führt in diesen Tagen kein Weg vorbei.« Frank Schätzing Jaron Lanier, Tech-Guru und Vordenker des Internets, liefert zehn bestechende Gründe, warum wir mit Social Media Schluss machen müssen. Facebook, Google & Co. überwachen uns, manipulieren unser Verhalten, machen Politik unmöglich und uns zu ekligen, rechthaberischen Menschen. Social Media ist ein allgegenwärtiger Käfig geworden, dem wir nicht entfliehen können. Lanier hat ein aufrüttelndes Buch geschrieben, das seine Erkenntnisse als Insider des Silicon Valleys wiedergibt und dazu anregt, das eigenen Verhalten in den sozialen Netzwerken zu überdenken. Wenn wir den Kampf mit dem Wahnsinn unserer Zeit nicht verlieren wollen, bleibt uns nur eine Möglichkeit: Löschen wir all unsere Accounts! Ein Buch, das jeder lesen muss, der sich im Netz bewegt! »Ein unglaublich gutes, dringendes und wichtiges Buch« Zadie Smith

Still Connected

Family and Friends in America Since 1970

Author: Claude S. Fischer

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 958

National news reports periodically proclaim that American life is lonelier than ever, and new books on the subject with titles like Bowling Alone generate considerable anxiety about the declining quality of Americans’ social ties. Still Connected challenges such concerns by asking a simple yet significant question: have Americans’ bonds with family and friends changed since the 1970s, and, if so, how? Noted sociologist Claude Fischer examines long-term trends in family ties and friendships and paints an insightful and ultimately reassuring portrait of Americans’ personal relationships. Still Connected analyzes forty years of survey research to address whether and how Americans’ personal ties have changed—their involvement with relatives, the number of friends they have and their contacts with those friends, the amount of practical and emotional support they are able to count on, and how emotionally tied they feel to these relationships. The book shows that Americans today have fewer relatives than they did forty years ago and that formal gatherings have declined over the decades—at least partially as a result of later marriages and more women in the work force. Yet neither the overall quantity of personal relationships nor, more importantly, the quality of those relationships has diminished. Americans’ contact with relatives and friends, as well as their feelings of emotional connectedness, has changed relatively little since the 1970s. Although Americans are marrying later and single people feel lonely, few Americans report being socially isolated and the percentage who do has not really increased. Fischer maintains that this constancy testifies to the value Americans place on family and friends and to their willingness to adapt to changing circumstances in ways that sustain their social connections. For example, children now often have schedules as busy as their parents. Yet today’s parents spend more quality time with their children than parents did forty years ago—although less in the form of organized home activities and more in the form of accompanying them to play dates or sports activities. And those family meals at home that seem to be disappearing? While survey research shows that families dine at home together less often, it also shows that they dine out together more often. Americans are fascinated by the quality of their relationships with family and friends and whether these bonds fray or remain stable over time. With so many voices heralding the demise of personal relationships, it’s no wonder that confusion on this topic abounds. An engrossing and accessible social history, Still Connected brings a much-needed note of clarity to the discussion. Americans’ personal ties, this book assures us, remain strong.