New Directions in Sociology

Essays on Theory and Methodology in the 21st Century

Author: Ieva Zake,Michael DeCesare

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786485493

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 7606

Written by the new generation of sociologists, these essays chart a course for the future of the discipline, both by revisiting forgotten theories and methods and by suggesting innovative theoretical and methodological approaches. Comprised of seven essays on theory and five on methodology, the volume also attempts to reconnect theorists and methodologists in a discussion about the future of the sociological enterprise.

Translation and Society

An Introduction

Author: Sergey Tyulenev

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317687906

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 210

View: 1288

This essential new textbook guides readers through the social aspects and sociologically informed approaches to the study of translation. Sergey Tyulenev surveys implicitly and explicitly sociological approaches to the study of translation, drawing on the most important and influential works both within translation studies and in sociology, as well as recent developments in the field. In addition to the theoretical grounding provided, the book explains in detail the methodology of studying translation from a sociological point of view. Translation and Society discusses why translation should be studied sociologically, reinforces the foundation of the sociologically informed translation research already in existence in the field and outlines possible new directions for the future. Throughout the book there are many examples and case studies and each chapter includes thought-provoking discussion points, possible assignments, and suggestions for further reading. This is an invaluable textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Translation Studies.

HCI Theory

Classical, Modern, and Contemporary

Author: Yvonne Rogers

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608459004

Category: Social Science

Page: 113

View: 7877

Theory is the bedrock of many sciences, providing a rigorous method to advance knowledge, through testing and falsifying hypotheses about observable phenomena. To begin with, the nascent field of HCI followed the scientific method borrowing theories from cognitive science to test theories about user performance at the interface. But HCI has emerged as an eclectic interdiscipline rather than a well-defined science. It now covers all aspects of human life, from birth to bereavement, through all manner of computing, from device ecologies to nano-technology. It comes as no surprise that the role of theory in HCI has also greatly expanded from the early days of scientific testing to include other functions such as describing, explaining, critiquing, and as the basis for generating new designs. The book charts the theoretical developments in HCI, both past and present, reflecting on how they have shaped the field. It explores both the rhetoric and the reality: how theories have been conceptualized, what was promised, how they have been used and which has made the most impact in the field -- and the reasons for this. Finally, it looks to the future and asks whether theory will continue to have a role, and, if so, what this might be. Table of Contents: Introduction / The Backdrop to HCI Theory / The Role and Contribution of Theory in HCI / Classical Theories / Modern Theories / Contemporary Theory / Discussion / Summary

Practicing History

New Directions in Historical Writing After the Linguistic Turn

Author: Gabrielle M. Spiegel

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415341073

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 7262

This essential collection of key articles offers a re-evaluation of the practice of history in light of current debates. Critical thinkers and practicing historians present their writings, along with clear and thorough editorial material, to examine the complex ideas at the forefront of historical practice. This volume gives a synoptic overview of the last twenty-five years' theoretical analysis of historical writing, with a critical examination of the central concepts and positions that have been in debate. The collection delineates the emergence of "practice theory" as a possible paradigm for future historical interpretation concerned with questions of agency, experience and the subject. These complex ideas are introduced to students in this accessible reader, and for teachers and historians too, this survey is an indispensable and timely read.

Emerging Issues in the 21st Century World-system: New Theoretical Directions for the 21st Century World-System

Author: Wilma A. Dunaway

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780313324703

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 275

View: 4346

As one half of the latest edition of Immanuel Wallerstein's Political Economy of the World System series, this collection offers cutting-edge theoretical directions to explain the structural crises of the 21st century world system. Contributors argue that the capitalist world system has reached a critical bifurcation point, a short period which will be characterized by a sudden shift in the long-term structural forces that have created and sustained the world as we know it. Writers challenge conventional thinking about the most significant structural crises that face the twenty-first century world system, including terrorism, debt, the growth of megacities as global actors, the emergence of a powerful transnational capitalist class, and the world ecological crisis.

Sociology of Art

A Reader

Author: Jeremy Tanner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134393296

Category: Art

Page: 288

View: 4901

Introducing the fundamental theories and debates in the sociology of art, this broad ranging book, the only edited reader of the sociology of art available, uses extracts from the core foundational and most influential contemporary writers in the field. As such it is essential reading both for students of the sociology of art, and of art history. Divided into five sections, it explores the following key themes: * classical sociological theory and the sociology of art * the social production of art * the sociology of the artist * museums and the social construction of high culture * sociology aesthetic form and the specificity of art. With the addition of an introductory essay that contextualizes the readings within the traditions of sociology and art history, and draws fascinating parallels between the origins and development of these two disciplines, this book opens up a productive interdisciplinary dialogue between sociology and art history as well as providing a fascinating introduction to the subject.

Conceptualizing Relational Sociology

Ontological and Theoretical Issues

Author: C. Powell,F. Dépelteau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113734265X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9392

Edited by François Depelteau and Christopher Powell, this volume and its companion, Applying Relational Sociology: Networks, Relations, addresses fundamental questions about what relational sociology is and how it works.

New Perspectives on Economic Development

A Human Agency Approach

Author: Fu-Lai Tony Yu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867162

Category: Science

Page: 189

View: 4403

This book is the first of its kind to use Austrian subjectivism to analyze issues in economic development. Unlike scholars in mainstream neoclassical economics who explain economic development by quantitative growth models, this book attempts to understand economic progress in human agency perspective. In this approach, human agency is placed at the centre of economic analysis. This book begins with a review of the theories of economic development in the history of Austrian economics, with the intention of extending the contributions of major Austrian economists to development economics. After pointing out the weaknesses in the orthodox neoclassical approach to economic growth, the book then puts forward a subjectivist methodology which integrates the contributions of Max Weber, Alfred Schutz and Austrian Economists to interpret economic phenomena and policies. This chapter also serves as a methodological foundation for arguments elaborated in subsequent chapters. The rest of the book discusses important issues in economic development, namely, entrepreneurial process, national capabilities, innovation, trade, government, transition and catching up strategies for firms in latecomer economies. The book ends with concluding remarks and a proposal for a new research agenda in economic development. This book is well written, free from mathematics and is highly readable. It adds new insights not only in economics, but also in management, politics and social sciences. It will be useful to scholars, policy makers and students in economic development, entrepreneurship, theory of the firm, management of innovation, government policy, economic sociology, Austrian and evolutionary economics.

The Death and Resurrection of Deviance

Current Ideas and Research

Author: M. Dellwing,J. Kotarba,N. Pino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137303808

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 2018

Are reports of the 'death of deviance' premature? This collection brings together leading international scholars to analyse uses of the 'deviance' concept to argue its vitality and show its possible utility in a variety of fields including religion, education and media narratives.

A Companion to Qualitative Research

Author: Uwe Flick,Ernst von Kardoff,Ines Steinke

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761973751

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 7700

A Companion to Qualitative Research draws on the work of an array of leading scholars from Europe, Britain and North America to present a summary of every aspect of the qualitative research process from nuts-and-bolts methods and research styles, to examinations of methodological theory and epistemology. It is one of the few surveys of qualitative research to adopt a genuinely international voice.

Beyond the Cultural Turn

New Directions in the Study of Society and Culture

Author: Victoria E. Bonnell,Lynn Avery Hunt,Richard Biernacki

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520216792

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 1729

A collection of engaging essays that look specifically at the effect of culturalism on history and sociology and propose new directions in the theory and practice of research.

Change Research

A Case Study on Collaborative Methods for Social Workers and Advocates

Author: Corey S. Shdaimah,Roland W. Stahl,Sanford F Schram

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525362

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2011

Collaborating with community members adds a critical dimension to social work research, providing practitioners with intimate knowledge of a community's goals and needs while equipping community advocates with vital skills for social change. Sharing the inspiring story of one such partnership, Corey Shdaimah, Roland Stahl, and Sanford F. Schram recount their efforts working with an affordable housing coalition in Philadelphia, helping activists research low-income home ownership and repair. Their collaboration helped create the Philadelphia Housing Trust Fund, which funnels millions of dollars to people in need. This volume describes the origins of their partnership and its growth, including developing tensions and their diffusion in ways that contributed to the research. The authors personalize methods of research and the possibilities for advocacy, ultimately connecting their encounters to more general, critical themes. Building on the field's commitment to social justice, they effectively demonstrate the potential of change research to facilitate widespread, long-term difference and improve community outcomes.

New Directions in American Reception Study

Author: Philip Goldstein,James L. Machor

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195320875

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 379

View: 1892

This collection reconsiders and extends reception research in literary studies, book history, and media/cultural studies and marks out new directions for such work by reevaluating its methodologies and by examining not only traditional American literature but also women's, African-American, and multicultural literatures, popular culture, the ordinary reader, and the role of reception in the history of the book.

Contemporary Sociolinguistics

Theory, Problems, Methods

Author: Aleksandr D. Švejcer

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027279357

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 193

View: 8409

The "common core" of different sociolinguistic schools includes a number of general problems such as the social differentiation of language, the sociolinguistic aspects of bilingualism and diglossia, the typology of linguistic situations, language engineering, national and standard languages and their social functions, etc. Still urgent to the sociolinguists of all countries and all trends is the problem of developing their own methodology and the application of research methods developed by other disciplines to sociolinguistics. The above-mentioned problems constitute the major thrust of this book. It is not merely a summary of studies by a certain sociolinguistic school or even several schools; the main goal of the author is to elucidate a number of major philosophical and theoretical questions, fundamental problems of sociolinguistics and methods of sociolinguistic analysis.

Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods

Integrating Theory and Practice

Author: Michael Quinn Patton

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483314812

Category: Social Science

Page: 832

View: 5861

Drawing on more than 40 years of experience conducting applied social science research and program evaluation, author Michael Quinn Patton has crafted the most comprehensive and systematic book on qualitative research and evaluation methods, inquiry frameworks, and analysis options available today. Now offering more balance between applied research and evaluation, this Fourth Edition of Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods illuminates all aspects of qualitative inquiry through new examples, stories, and cartoons; more than a hundred new summarizing and synthesizing exhibits; and a wide range of new highlight sections/sidebars that elaborate on important and emergent issues. For the first time, full case studies are included to illustrate extended research and evaluation examples. In addition, each chapter features an extended "rumination," written in a voice and style more emphatic and engaging than traditional textbook style, about a core issue of persistent debate and controversy.

Bürgerrechte und soziale Klassen

zur Soziologie des Wohlfahrtsstaates

Author: Thomas Humphrey Marshall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783593346601

Category:

Page: 202

View: 1773

Anthropological Theory

Author: Robert Alan Manners,David Kaplan

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202364194

Category: Social Science

Page: 590

View: 8995

Anthropological theory has been much discussed in recent years, yet the crucial questions still remain--how can it be defined, how is it developed, how is it to be applied, and how can one confirm it? The editors of Anthropological Theory answer these questions by presenting essays relating to various aspects of anthropological theory. Their selections from widely scattered and often difficult-to-obtain sources present a comprehensive set of writings that describe the current position and issues involved in theory. The development of field work in anthropology generated a tremendous emphasis on empirical data and research. The plethora of information awaiting collection and the enthusiasm with which the field embraced it so immersed anthropologists that they were unable to relate this new information to the field as a whole. Manners and Kaplan believe that this lack of generalization had a profoundly negative effect upon the discipline. Therefore, they look closely into the relationship between field work and theory in an opening essay and go on to present material that demonstrates the value and the necessity of theory in anthropology. Essays by anthropologists and other social scientists deal with "explanation," evolution, ecology, ideology, structuralism, and a number of other issues reflecting throughout the editors' conviction that anthropology is a science, the goal of which is to produce generalizations about sociocultural phenomena. The book provides necessary perspective for examining and evaluating the crucial intellectual concerns of modern anthropology and will therefore be important for the work of every anthropologist. Robert A. Manners (1913-1996) received his Ph.D. from Columbia University and carried on field work in the Caribbean, among American Indians in the Southwest, and in East Africa. He wrote numerous articles and reviews for anthropological journals as well as many books. He was professor of anthropology, Brandeis University where he started up the department. David Kaplan is professor emeritus of anthropology at Brandeis University. He has contributed articles and reviews to various journals. He has also done field work in Mexico and his areas of specialty include economic anthropology, method and theory, and peasant culture of Mesoamerica.

The Prism of Science

The Israel Colloquium: Studies in History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science

Author: Edna Ullmann-Margalit

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400945663

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 9825

This is the second volume of Proceedings of the Israel Colloquium for the History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science. At the time that this preface is being written, the fourth annual series of lectures within the framework of the Israel Colloquium is already behind us and the fifth is underway. The Israel Colloquium thus has now not only a future to look forward to but also a past which is a source ,of pride and pleasure for those who take part in this venture. The Israel Colloquium has, I believe, struck roots in the Israeli scientific and intellectual life, while drawing on the ever-increasing readiness of the international scientific and intellectual community for continuous support. As in the first volume, here too the papers presented, taken together, attempt a threefold representation of science and of the scientific activity: the historical, the social, and the systematic. A novel focal point in this volume is the treatment of some case studies illuminating historical, social, and philosophical aspects of medicine. Another center of gravity here is the Eddington Centennial Symposium which was a main event in the Collo quium activity of the 1982-83 series. This is a fitting place for me to report with sorrow the untimely death in the summer of 1984 of Solly G. Cohen, one of Israel's leading scientists, who is among the contributors to this volume.

Nineteenth-Century Cities

Essays in the New Urban History

Author: Stephan Thernstrom,Richard Sennett

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300094657

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 1247

14 essays cover cities in United States, Canada, England, France, and Columbia. Contributors include Norman Birnbaum, Stuart Blumin, Michael Frisch, Clyde Griffen, Herbert Gutman, Michael Katz, Peter Knights, Lynn Lees, Anthony Maingot, Joan Scott, Leo Schnore.