Nursing Research

Author: Denise F. Polit,Cheryl Tatano Beck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781496308924

Category:

Page: 814

View: 7307

Nursing Research, Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice, North American Edition

Nursing, Nursing

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467202142

Category: Education

Page: 89

View: 9366

Facts101 is your complete guide to Nursing Research, Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice, North American Edition. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Nursing Research, Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1619060981

Category: Education

Page: 96

View: 9561

Facts101 is your complete guide to Nursing Research, Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Nursing Research

Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice

Author: Denise F. Polit,Cheryl Tatano Beck

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781794688

Category: Medical

Page: 796

View: 7593

Thoroughly updated and revised to emphasize the link between research and evidence-based practice, this Eighth Edition of a classic textbook presents state-of-the-art methods for conducting high-quality studies. New chapters offer guidance on developing self-report scales, conducting systematic reviews, and enhancing the integrity of qualitative studies. The ancillary Resource Manual includes application exercises, models of comprehensive research critiques, a full NINR grant application, and a "must-have" Toolkit on a CD-ROM, containing a treasure-trove of exemplary research tools (e.g., consent forms, a demographic questionnaire, statistical table templates)--all in easily-adapted Word documents to meet individual research needs. A watershed edition! Student Resource Manual with Toolkit, ISBN: 978-0-7817-7052-1.

Teaching Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing

Second Edition

Author: Rona F. Levin, PhD, RN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826148131

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 2956

Awarded second place in the 2013 AJN Book of the Year Awards in the Nursing Education/Continuing Education category This AJN award-winning text is the only book to teach evidence-based practice (EBP) content grounded in a tested philosophy of teaching and learning. It provides the tools, perspective and context for health educators and practitioners to implement evidence-based care practices and evaluate their efficacy. Reflecting four years of successful experiences in helping academic agencies understand and implement EBP, this new edition has been reorganized to include updated information and five new chapters. It stresses the importance of mentorship in creating EBP and illustrates how mentorship can be designed and implemented to promote EBP. The text clarifies three principal values: How to integrate EBP into academic curricula How to implement an EBP model in clinical settings (for graduate, second career, and CE students) How to address teaching and learning strategies for specific user groups Teaching Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing will be of value to clinical and academic educators, educational and clinical administrators, unit managers, students attending CE programs, and students in nursing education graduate programs. Key Features: Revises and expands upon AJN Book of the Year Award first edition Reflects knowledge gained from four years of successful experiences in teaching and learning EBP since publication of first edition Provides comprehensive and innovative strategies for mentoring and teaching EBP in education and practice scenarios Describes how to implement EBP at undergraduate levels, for second career students, and in continuing education

Advanced Practice Nursing E-Book

An Integrative Approach

Author: Ann B. Hamric,Judith A. Spross,Charlene M. Hanson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437720080

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 3392

Covering all advanced practice competencies and roles, this book offers strategies for enhancing patient care and legitimizing your role within today’s health care system. It covers the history of advanced practice nursing, the theory behind the practice, and emerging issues. Offering a comprehensive exploration of advanced practice nursing, this edition also adds a focus on topics including the APN scope of practice, certification, and the ethical and legal issues that occur in clinical practice. The development of all major competencies of advanced practice nursing is discussed: direct clinical practice, consultation, coaching/guidance, research, leadership, collaboration, and ethical decision-making. Advanced practice competencies are discussed in relation to all advanced practice nursing and blended CNS-NP roles (case manager, acute care nurse practitioner), highlighting the shared aims and distinctions of each role. In-depth discussions on educational strategies explain how competencies develop as the nurses’ practice progresses. A chapter on research competencies demonstrates how to use evidence-based research in practice, and how to promote these research competencies to other APNs. A conceptual framework shows the clear relationship between the competencies, roles, and challenges in today’s health care environment. Practical strategies are provided for business management, contracting, and marketing. Comprehensive information covers the essential competencies of the new Doctor of Nursing Practice degree. More exemplars (case studies) provide real-life scenarios showing APN competencies in action. A new chapter shows how to provide reliable and valid data to substantiate your impact and justify equitable reimbursement for APN services, also enhancing your skills in quality improvement strategies, informatics, and systems thinking. Information on telehealth considerations covers the new sources of electronic healthcare information available to patients and describes how to counsel them on using reliable resources.

Essentials of Nursing Research, 7th Edition, Polit & Beek, 2010

Essentials of Nursing Research

Author: Wolters-Kluwer, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 626

View: 3451

This book marks the seventh time we have worked on this textbook, which is designed to teach students how to read research reports and critique the methods used in nursing studies. It is perhaps difficult to imagine that writing a seventh edition of a textbook on research methods could be fun—but that is exactly the right word to describe our experience in working on this new edition. We have made many changes to the content and organization of this textbook, and the revisions kept our enthusiasm and energy for this project at a very high level. We are confident that we have introduced numerous improvements—but at the same time, we have retained many features that have made this book a classic throughout the world. We think that this edition will make it easier and more satisfying for nurses to pursue a professional pathway that incorporates thoughtful appraisals of evidence. NEW TO THIS EDITION Up-front, Consistent Emphasis on Evidence-Based Practice To an even greater extent than in the past, we emphasize in this edition that research is a crucial enterprise for building an evidence base for nursing practice. We have given the topic of evidence-based practice (EBP) greater prominence by making the chapter on EBP the second chapter of the book (previously the last chapter), and by expanding its content. We emphasize throughout that high-quality evidence is a product of researchers’ decisions in designing and executing a study. Every chapter offers guidance on how to appraise research evidence for its utility in informing nurses’ clinical decisions. We have also added a new chapter on how to read, interpret, and critique systematic reviews, which are considered by many to be a cornerstone of EBP. The Study Guide that supplements this textbook includes a full report of an EBP project. The increased focus on EBP prompted us to modify the book’s title to emphasize the important link between research and evidence. New Material Relating to Medical Research Methodology Nurse researchers have tended to use methods and jargon that originated in the social sciences, but the push for EBP in medicine has led to methodologic innovations that are relevant to all healthcare research. Moreover, nurses can profit from familiarity with medical research terms and approaches so they can comfortably read articles in a broad range of health care journals. This edition offers a more balanced presentation of medical and social science methods and nomenclature. Improved Content on Qualitative Methods In every new edition we have expanded content on qualitative research methods, and this edition is no exception. We are especially pleased to include a new chapter P R E F A C E vii on the issue of quality and trustworthiness in qualitative inquiry, Chapter 18. We believe that the content and breadth of this important chapter is unparalleled in other general textbooks on research methods for nurses. Greater Assistance With Interpretation Many books on research methods describe the techniques used to generate evidence, but they typically offer little or no guidance on interpreting research results. We have made efforts to address this deficiency by offering an interpretive framework for both quantitative (Chapter 16) and qualitative (Chapter 18) research. Additional Support for Research Appraisals—The Toolkit Each chapter of the book includes questions to aid students in reading and appraising research journal articles. In this edition, these critiquing guidelines are also available on the accompanying Student CD-ROM and . With electronic files of these resources, students can download the guidelines, adapt them as needed, and then enter their answers to the questions directly, without having to photocopy pages from the book. Many faculty have told us that the general critiquing guidelines (which we have put in an earlier chapter than in previous editions) are useful as handouts, and now they are more readily accessible. ORGANIZATION OF THE TEXT The content of this edition is organized into five main parts. * Part I—Overview of Nursing Research and Its Role in Evidence-Based Practice introduces fundamental concepts in nursing research. Chapter 1 summarizes the history and future of nursing research, discusses the philosophical underpinnings of qualitative research versus quantitative research, and describes major purposes of nursing research. Chapter 2 offers guidance on using research to build an EBP. Chapter 3 introduces readers to key research terms, and presents an overview of steps in the research process for both qualitative and quantitative studies. Chapter 4 focuses on research reports, explaining what they are and how to read them. Chapter 5 discusses ethics in nursing studies. * Part II—Preliminary Steps in the Appraisal of Evidence further sets the stage for learning about the research process by considering aspects of a study’s conceptualization. Chapter 6 focuses on the development of research questions and the formulation of research hypotheses. Chapter 7 discusses how to prepare and critique literature reviews. Chapter 8 presents information about theoretical and conceptual frameworks. * Part III—Designs for Nursing Research presents material on the design of qualitative and quantitative nursing studies. Chapter 9 describes some fundamental design principles and discusses many specific aspects of quantitative research design. Chapter 10 viii PREFACE addresses the various research traditions that have contributed to the growth of naturalistic inquiry and qualitative research. Chapter 11 provides an introduction to some specific types of research (e.g., evaluations, surveys, secondary analyses), and also describes mixed method studies that integrate qualitative and quantitative components. Chapter 12 introduces designs for sampling study participants. * Part IV—Data Collection concerns the gathering of data to address research questions. Chapter 13 discusses a range of data collection options for nurse researchers, including both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Chapter 14 describes the concept of measurement and criteria for assessing data quality in quantitative studies. * Part V—Data Analysis and Interpretation discusses analytic methods for qualitative and quantitative research. Chapter 15 reviews methods of quantitative analysis. The chapter assumes no prior instruction in statistics and focuses primarily on helping readers to understand why statistics are needed, what tests might be appropriate in a given situation, and what statistical information in a research report means. Chapter 16 discusses ways of appraising rigor in quantitative studies, and approaches to interpreting statistical results. Chapter 17 presents a discussion of qualitative analysis, with an emphasis on ethnographies, phenomenologic studies, and grounded theory studies. Chapter 18 elaborates on criteria for appraising integrity and quality in qualitative studies. Finally, Chapter 19 describes systematic reviews, including how to understand and appraise both meta-analyses and metasyntheses. KEY FEATURES This edition, like its predecessors, is focused on the art—and science—of research critiques. It offers guidance to students who are learning to appraise research reports and use research findings in practice. Among the basic principles that helped to shape this and earlier editions of this book are (1) an assumption that competence in doing and appraising research are critical to the nursing profession; (2) a conviction that research inquiry is intellectually and professionally rewarding to nurses; and (3) an unswerving belief that learning about research methods need be neither intimidating nor dull. Consistent with these principles, we have tried to present research fundamentals in a way that both facilitates understanding and arouses curiosity and interest. General Features We have retained many of the key features that were successfully used in previous editions to assist consumers of nursing research: * Clear, “User-Friendly” Style. Our writing style is designed to be easily digestible and nonintimidating. Concepts are introduced carefully and systematically, difficult ideas are presented clearly, and readers are assumed to have no prior knowledge of technical terms. PREFACE ix * Critiquing Guidelines. Each chapter includes guidelines for conducting a critique of various aspects of a research report. The guidelines sections provide a list of questions that walk students through a study, drawing attention to aspects of the study that are amenable to appraisal by research consumers. Electronic versions of the guidelines are available on the accompanying student CD-ROM and thePoint. * Research Examples. Each chapter concludes with one or two actual research examples designed to highlight critical points made in the chapter and to sharpen the reader’s critical thinking skills. In addition, many research examples are used to illustrate key points in the text and to stimulate students’ thinking about areas of research inquiry. We have chosen many international examples to communicate to students that nursing research is growing in importance worldwide. * Tips for Consumers. The textbook is filled with practical guidance and “tips” on how to translate the abstract notions of research methods into more concrete applications. In these tips, we have paid special attention to helping students read research reports, which are often daunting to those without specialized research training. * Graphics. Colorful graphics, in the form of supportive tables, figures, and examples, reinforce the text and offer visual stimulation. Features for Student Learning We have used many features to enhance and reinforce learning—and, especially, to facilitate the development of critiquing skills. These include the following: * Student Objectives. Learning objectives are identified in the chapter opener to focus students’ attention on critical content. * Key Terms. New terms are defined in context (and bolded) when used for the first time in the text. Each chapter concludes with a list of new terms, and we have made the list less daunting by including only key new terms. A glossary at the end of the book provides additional support for those needing to look up the meaning of a methodologic term. * Bulleted Summary Points. A succinct list of summary points that focus on salient chapter content is included at the end of each chapter. * Full-Length Research Articles. In this edition, the textbook includes four recent fulllength studies—two quantitative and two qualitative—that students can read, analyze, and critique. Two appear in the appendices of the textbook, and two are on the CD-ROM packaged with the book and thePoint. * Critiquing Supports. Each chapter of the textbook concludes with “Critical Thinking Activities”—exercises that provide opportunities to practice critiquing. Some exercises are based on the studies that are included in their entirety in the appendices of the book, while others are based on studies that are summarized at the end of the chapters. Importantly, students can then consult the accompanying CD-ROM and thePoint to find our “answers” (our expert thoughts about each question), so that students can get immediate feedback about their grasp of material in the chapter. (In some cases, there are also thoughtful comments by the actual researchers who conducted the studies). This edition x PREFACE also includes full critiques of the two studies on the CD-ROM and thePoint, which students can use as models for a comprehensive research critique. Many more critiquing opportunities are available in the Study Guide, which includes seven studies in their entirety in the appendices and exercises in each chapter that guide students in reading, understanding, and critiquing these studies. TEACHING-LEARNING PACKAGE Essentials of Nursing Research: Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice, seventh edition, has an ancillary package designed with both students and instructors in mind. * The Study Guide augments the text and provides students with application exercises for each text chapter. Critiquing skills are emphasized, but there are also activities to support the learning of fundamental research terms and principles. Seven recent studies— including one report of an EBP project—are included in the appendices, and many chapter exercises are based on these studies. The studies represent a range of research types, including a clinical trial, a survey, an evaluation of an EBP project, a grounded theory study, a feminist study, a meta-analysis, and a metasynthesis. * Free CD-ROM. The textbook includes a CD-ROM that has many important resources. First, as noted, we provide our answers to the Critical Thinking Activities from the textbook. Critiquing guidelines for each chapter, as well as some other resources, are included as a toolkit in electronic files for downloading, adapting, and printing. Next, the CD-ROM provides hundreds of review questions to assist students in self-testing. This review program provides a rationale for both correct and incorrect answers, helping students to identify areas of strength and areas needing further study. Finally, the CD-ROM has lists of relevant and useful websites for each chapter, which can be “clicked” on directly without having to retype the URL and risk a typographical error. All of these resources are also available on thePoint. * The Instructor’s Resource CD-ROM (IRCD) includes a chapter corresponding to every chapter in the textbook. Each IRCD chapter contains the following: Statement of Intent, Special Class Projects, Answers to Selected Study Guide Exercises, and Test Questions and Answers. In the special class projects, we offer opportunities for students to develop a quantitative and (or) a qualitative data set. With regard to test questions to evaluate student learning, we offer multiple choice and true/false questions and, importantly, we have added questions specifically designed to test students’ ability to comprehend research reports. In addition, PowerPoint slides summarizing key points in each chapter are available in a format that permits easy adaptation. All of this content is also available on thePoint. It is our hope and expectation that the content, style, and organization of this seventh edition of Essentials of Nursing Research will be helpful to those students desiring to become skillful and thoughtful readers of nursing studies and to those wishing to enhance their clinical performance based on research findings. We also hope that this textbook will help to develop an enthusiasm for the kinds of discoveries and knowledge that research can produce. PREFACE xi

Leininger's Transcultural Nursing: Concepts, Theories, Research & Practice, Fourth Edition

Author: Marilyn R. McFarland,Hiba B. Wehbe-Alamah

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071841121

Category: Medical

Page: 624

View: 7830

The Most Comprehensive Presentation of Transcultural Nursing Concepts Featuring the Newly Revised Sunrise Enabler! Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing: Concepts,Theories, Research & Practices, Fourth Edition offers theoretical and practical guidance on the provision of client-focused care by integrating cultural values, beliefs, and lifeways into an individualized plan of care. Transcultural nursing is a vital, holistic approach that allows nurses and other healthcare providers to provide culturally congruent care for individuals, families, groups, and organizations within a context that is meaningful, beneficial, and inclusive of their healthcare values, beliefs, practices, traditions, communication styles, diverse roles,dietary preferences, and more. The text presents a global comparative perspective about Western and non-Western cultures and examines the future direction of transcultural nursing with insights into rural and urban cultures in the United States including the culture care of homeless mothers and children. The book chapters cover such topics as transcultural nursing, research, and healthcare in Kenya, Southeast Asia, Haiti, Syria, and Taiwan as well as translational research, globalization,conflict resolution, mental health considerations, Ayurvedic medicine, genetics and genomics in healthcare, integration of care and caring, and an overview of transcultural history, concepts, and principles. Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing: Concepts,Theories, Research, and Practices was edited by two experts in the field and uses Leininger's Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality and the Ethnonursing Research Method to provide a useful blend of theory and practical clinical information.

Developing a Program of Research in Nursing

Author: Cheryl Tatano Beck, DNSc, CNM, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826123260

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 7374

Provides expert guidance on the development of a program of research This is the first resource to provide graduate nursing students, students in other health sciences, and novice researchers with the tools and perspective to develop their own programs of research. Grounded in the author’s 30 years of experience as a highly esteemed nurse researcher, the book guides nurses step by step through all aspects of program development. It underscores the importance of doing research that is knowledge driven and not limited to a particular method, and describes the characteristics of a successful research program and how to achieve it. It stresses the need for both qualitative and quantitative research methods to develop a valuable program of research. With a major focus on planning for sequential studies and describing potential pathways of a research trajectory, the book addresses options and timing of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method research designs, along with time-management strategies. Numerous examples of various types of nursing research programs provide insight into potential research paths, and information from the author’s own long-term research on postpartum mood and anxiety disorders is used to illustrate concepts throughout the book. The text also includes suggestions for sustaining a research trajectory and provides detailed strategies for publishing successive studies. With an eye to exploring every possible research avenue, the book addresses interdisciplinary collaborative research and international research collaboration. Key Features: Provides specific steps for developing a successful research program in nursing and the health sciences Demonstrates how to use both quantitative and qualitative research methods to produce a knowledge-driven research trajectory Provides time-management strategies for research productivity Explains how to plan for sequential studies and sustain a successful research trajectory Uses concrete examples of research programs, including the author’s own programs on postpartum mood and anxiety disorders

Advanced nursing practice (ANP)

Author: Madrean Schober,Fadwa Affara

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783456845456

Category:

Page: 328

View: 9231

"Advanced Nursing Practice" (ANP) beleuchtet das Thema der fortgeschrittenen Pflegepraxis und Expertise international aus der Perspektive der Praxis, Ausbildung, Regulierung, Forschung und Rollen-/Praxisentwicklung in der Pflege. Die Expertinnen des ICN zeigen warum ANP wichtig ist und wie ANP entwickelt, eingeführt, erhalten und unterstützt werden kann.

Encyclopedia of Nursing Research, Third Edition

Author: Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN,Meredith Kazer, PhD, APRN, A/GNP-BC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107516

Category: Medical

Page: 732

View: 4595

Named a 2013 Doody's Essential Purchase! Named a "Choice Outstanding Academic Title" for 2007 and an "AJN Book of the Year" The award-winning Encyclopedia of Nursing Research, now in its third edition, is the comprehensive resource for tracking developments in the field. With over 20 new areas of research, and meticulous updates of original entries, the encyclopedia presents key terms and concepts and their application to practice. Pithy entries provide the most relevant and current research perspectives, and will be a starting point for future content and references. Nurse researchers, educators, students, and all clinical specialties will find the encyclopedia an important introduction to the breadth of nursing research today. New topics include NIH-funded research areas, a comprehensive survey of major nursing research journals, addictions care, palliative care, translational science, simulation, trauma care, family-centered care, mild cognitive impairment, active surveillance for cancer care, workplace and empowerment research, nurse engagement, nurse-physician collaboration, CAM and empowerment research, spirituality, synthesis and action research, mixed methods research, systematic review, ethnopharmacology, and more. Key Features: Includes NIH-funded research topics Provides a comprehensive survey of major nursing research journals Adds over 20 new areas of research and updates original entries Written by over 200 nursing research experts Organized alphabetically for easy access to information

Essentials of Nursing Research, Denise F. Polit, 7th Edition, 2010

Nursing Research

Author: Wolters Kluwer, Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: 0781781531

Category: Medical

Page: 626

View: 9594

This book marks the seventh time we have worked on this textbook, which is designed to teach students how to read research reports and critique the methods used in nursing studies. It is perhaps difficult to imagine that writing a seventh edition of a textbook on research methods could be fun—but that is exactly the right word to describe our experience in working on this new edition. We have made many changes to the content and organization of this textbook, and the revisions kept our enthusiasm and energy for this project at a very high level. We are confident that we have introduced numerous improvements—but at the same time, we have retained many features that have made this book a classic throughout the world. We think that this edition will make it easier and more satisfying for nurses to pursue a professional pathway that incorporates thoughtful appraisals of evidence. NEW TO THIS EDITION Up-front, Consistent Emphasis on Evidence-Based Practice To an even greater extent than in the past, we emphasize in this edition that research is a crucial enterprise for building an evidence base for nursing practice. We have given the topic of evidence-based practice (EBP) greater prominence by making the chapter on EBP the second chapter of the book (previously the last chapter), and by expanding its content. We emphasize throughout that high-quality evidence is a product of researchers’ decisions in designing and executing a study. Every chapter offers guidance on how to appraise research evidence for its utility in informing nurses’ clinical decisions. We have also added a new chapter on how to read, interpret, and critique systematic reviews, which are considered by many to be a cornerstone of EBP. The Study Guide that supplements this textbook includes a full report of an EBP project. The increased focus on EBP prompted us to modify the book’s title to emphasize the important link between research and evidence. New Material Relating to Medical Research Methodology Nurse researchers have tended to use methods and jargon that originated in the social sciences, but the push for EBP in medicine has led to methodologic innovations that are relevant to all healthcare research. Moreover, nurses can profit from familiarity with medical research terms and approaches so they can comfortably read articles in a broad range of health care journals. This edition offers a more balanced presentation of medical and social science methods and nomenclature. Improved Content on Qualitative Methods In every new edition we have expanded content on qualitative research methods, and this edition is no exception. We are especially pleased to include a new chapter P R E F A C E vii on the issue of quality and trustworthiness in qualitative inquiry, Chapter 18. We believe that the content and breadth of this important chapter is unparalleled in other general textbooks on research methods for nurses. Greater Assistance With Interpretation Many books on research methods describe the techniques used to generate evidence, but they typically offer little or no guidance on interpreting research results. We have made efforts to address this deficiency by offering an interpretive framework for both quantitative (Chapter 16) and qualitative (Chapter 18) research. Additional Support for Research Appraisals—The Toolkit Each chapter of the book includes questions to aid students in reading and appraising research journal articles. In this edition, these critiquing guidelines are also available on the accompanying Student CD-ROM and . With electronic files of these resources, students can download the guidelines, adapt them as needed, and then enter their answers to the questions directly, without having to photocopy pages from the book. Many faculty have told us that the general critiquing guidelines (which we have put in an earlier chapter than in previous editions) are useful as handouts, and now they are more readily accessible. ORGANIZATION OF THE TEXT The content of this edition is organized into five main parts. * Part I—Overview of Nursing Research and Its Role in Evidence-Based Practice introduces fundamental concepts in nursing research. Chapter 1 summarizes the history and future of nursing research, discusses the philosophical underpinnings of qualitative research versus quantitative research, and describes major purposes of nursing research. Chapter 2 offers guidance on using research to build an EBP. Chapter 3 introduces readers to key research terms, and presents an overview of steps in the research process for both qualitative and quantitative studies. Chapter 4 focuses on research reports, explaining what they are and how to read them. Chapter 5 discusses ethics in nursing studies. * Part II—Preliminary Steps in the Appraisal of Evidence further sets the stage for learning about the research process by considering aspects of a study’s conceptualization. Chapter 6 focuses on the development of research questions and the formulation of research hypotheses. Chapter 7 discusses how to prepare and critique literature reviews. Chapter 8 presents information about theoretical and conceptual frameworks. * Part III—Designs for Nursing Research presents material on the design of qualitative and quantitative nursing studies. Chapter 9 describes some fundamental design principles and discusses many specific aspects of quantitative research design. Chapter 10 viii PREFACE addresses the various research traditions that have contributed to the growth of naturalistic inquiry and qualitative research. Chapter 11 provides an introduction to some specific types of research (e.g., evaluations, surveys, secondary analyses), and also describes mixed method studies that integrate qualitative and quantitative components. Chapter 12 introduces designs for sampling study participants. * Part IV—Data Collection concerns the gathering of data to address research questions. Chapter 13 discusses a range of data collection options for nurse researchers, including both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Chapter 14 describes the concept of measurement and criteria for assessing data quality in quantitative studies. * Part V—Data Analysis and Interpretation discusses analytic methods for qualitative and quantitative research. Chapter 15 reviews methods of quantitative analysis. The chapter assumes no prior instruction in statistics and focuses primarily on helping readers to understand why statistics are needed, what tests might be appropriate in a given situation, and what statistical information in a research report means. Chapter 16 discusses ways of appraising rigor in quantitative studies, and approaches to interpreting statistical results. Chapter 17 presents a discussion of qualitative analysis, with an emphasis on ethnographies, phenomenologic studies, and grounded theory studies. Chapter 18 elaborates on criteria for appraising integrity and quality in qualitative studies. Finally, Chapter 19 describes systematic reviews, including how to understand and appraise both meta-analyses and metasyntheses. KEY FEATURES This edition, like its predecessors, is focused on the art—and science—of research critiques. It offers guidance to students who are learning to appraise research reports and use research findings in practice. Among the basic principles that helped to shape this and earlier editions of this book are (1) an assumption that competence in doing and appraising research are critical to the nursing profession; (2) a conviction that research inquiry is intellectually and professionally rewarding to nurses; and (3) an unswerving belief that learning about research methods need be neither intimidating nor dull. Consistent with these principles, we have tried to present research fundamentals in a way that both facilitates understanding and arouses curiosity and interest. General Features We have retained many of the key features that were successfully used in previous editions to assist consumers of nursing research: * Clear, “User-Friendly” Style. Our writing style is designed to be easily digestible and nonintimidating. Concepts are introduced carefully and systematically, difficult ideas are presented clearly, and readers are assumed to have no prior knowledge of technical terms. PREFACE ix * Critiquing Guidelines. Each chapter includes guidelines for conducting a critique of various aspects of a research report. The guidelines sections provide a list of questions that walk students through a study, drawing attention to aspects of the study that are amenable to appraisal by research consumers. Electronic versions of the guidelines are available on the accompanying student CD-ROM and thePoint. * Research Examples. Each chapter concludes with one or two actual research examples designed to highlight critical points made in the chapter and to sharpen the reader’s critical thinking skills. In addition, many research examples are used to illustrate key points in the text and to stimulate students’ thinking about areas of research inquiry. We have chosen many international examples to communicate to students that nursing research is growing in importance worldwide. * Tips for Consumers. The textbook is filled with practical guidance and “tips” on how to translate the abstract notions of research methods into more concrete applications. In these tips, we have paid special attention to helping students read research reports, which are often daunting to those without specialized research training. * Graphics. Colorful graphics, in the form of supportive tables, figures, and examples, reinforce the text and offer visual stimulation. Features for Student Learning We have used many features to enhance and reinforce learning—and, especially, to facilitate the development of critiquing skills. These include the following: * Student Objectives. Learning objectives are identified in the chapter opener to focus students’ attention on critical content. * Key Terms. New terms are defined in context (and bolded) when used for the first time in the text. Each chapter concludes with a list of new terms, and we have made the list less daunting by including only key new terms. A glossary at the end of the book provides additional support for those needing to look up the meaning of a methodologic term. * Bulleted Summary Points. A succinct list of summary points that focus on salient chapter content is included at the end of each chapter. * Full-Length Research Articles. In this edition, the textbook includes four recent fulllength studies—two quantitative and two qualitative—that students can read, analyze, and critique. Two appear in the appendices of the textbook, and two are on the CD-ROM packaged with the book and thePoint. * Critiquing Supports. Each chapter of the textbook concludes with “Critical Thinking Activities”—exercises that provide opportunities to practice critiquing. Some exercises are based on the studies that are included in their entirety in the appendices of the book, while others are based on studies that are summarized at the end of the chapters. Importantly, students can then consult the accompanying CD-ROM and thePoint to find our “answers” (our expert thoughts about each question), so that students can get immediate feedback about their grasp of material in the chapter. (In some cases, there are also thoughtful comments by the actual researchers who conducted the studies). This edition x PREFACE also includes full critiques of the two studies on the CD-ROM and thePoint, which students can use as models for a comprehensive research critique. Many more critiquing opportunities are available in the Study Guide, which includes seven studies in their entirety in the appendices and exercises in each chapter that guide students in reading, understanding, and critiquing these studies. TEACHING-LEARNING PACKAGE Essentials of Nursing Research: Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice, seventh edition, has an ancillary package designed with both students and instructors in mind. * The Study Guide augments the text and provides students with application exercises for each text chapter. Critiquing skills are emphasized, but there are also activities to support the learning of fundamental research terms and principles. Seven recent studies— including one report of an EBP project—are included in the appendices, and many chapter exercises are based on these studies. The studies represent a range of research types, including a clinical trial, a survey, an evaluation of an EBP project, a grounded theory study, a feminist study, a meta-analysis, and a metasynthesis. * Free CD-ROM. The textbook includes a CD-ROM that has many important resources. First, as noted, we provide our answers to the Critical Thinking Activities from the textbook. Critiquing guidelines for each chapter, as well as some other resources, are included as a toolkit in electronic files for downloading, adapting, and printing. Next, the CD-ROM provides hundreds of review questions to assist students in self-testing. This review program provides a rationale for both correct and incorrect answers, helping students to identify areas of strength and areas needing further study. Finally, the CD-ROM has lists of relevant and useful websites for each chapter, which can be “clicked” on directly without having to retype the URL and risk a typographical error. All of these resources are also available on thePoint. * The Instructor’s Resource CD-ROM (IRCD) includes a chapter corresponding to every chapter in the textbook. Each IRCD chapter contains the following: Statement of Intent, Special Class Projects, Answers to Selected Study Guide Exercises, and Test Questions and Answers. In the special class projects, we offer opportunities for students to develop a quantitative and (or) a qualitative data set. With regard to test questions to evaluate student learning, we offer multiple choice and true/false questions and, importantly, we have added questions specifically designed to test students’ ability to comprehend research reports. In addition, PowerPoint slides summarizing key points in each chapter are available in a format that permits easy adaptation. All of this content is also available on thePoint. It is our hope and expectation that the content, style, and organization of this seventh edition of Essentials of Nursing Research will be helpful to those students desiring to become skillful and thoughtful readers of nursing studies and to those wishing to enhance their clinical performance based on research findings. We also hope that this textbook will help to develop an enthusiasm for the kinds of discoveries and knowledge that research can produce. PREFACE xi xii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This seventh edition, like the previous six editions, depended on the contribution of many generous people. Many faculty and students who used the text have made invaluable suggestions for its improvement, and to all of you we are very grateful. Suggestions were made to us both directly in personal interactions (mostly at the University of Connecticut and Griffith University in Australia), and via the wonderful communication tool of email correspondence. In addition to all those who assisted us during the past three decades with the earlier editions, there are some who deserve special mention for this new work. We would like to acknowledge the comments of the reviewers of the previous edition of Essentials, whose anonymous feedback influenced our revisions. Several of the comments triggered several important changes, and for this we are indebted. Other individuals made specific contributions. Although it would be impossible to mention all, we note with thanks the nurse researchers who shared their work with us as we developed examples, including work that in some cases was not yet published. Through the Internet, we worked with authors of the reports that appear in the appendices. We shared with them our critiques and “answers” to the critiquing exercises to make sure that we had not misread or misinterpreted their reports, and they gave generously of their time in reviewing our material. Special thanks to Carol Howell, Marti Rice, Linda Walsh, and Michael McGillion for their help. We also got extraordinary cooperation from the authors of studies that were summarized at the end of the chapters, and we are grateful to them all. We extend our warm thanks as well to those who helped to turn the manuscript into a finished product. The staff at Lippincott Williams & Wilkins has been of tremendous assistance in the support they have given us over the years. We are indebted to Hilarie Surrena, Helen Kogut, Mary Kinsella, Annette Ferran, Joan Wendt, and all the others behind the scenes for their fine contributions. Finally, we thank our family, our loved ones, and our friends, who provided ongoing support and encouragement throughout this endeavor and who were tolerant when we worked long into the night, over weekends, and during holidays to get this seventh

ICNP

Internationale Klassifikation für die Pflegepraxis

Author: Matthias Hinz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783456836690

Category: Nursing care

Page: 464

View: 5051

Evidence-Based Review in Policy and Practice, An Issue of Nursing Clinics,

Author: Alan Pearson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323326633

Category: Medical

Page: 145

View: 3825

Evidence synthesis is the evaluation or analysis of research evidence and opinion on a specific topic to aid in decision-making in health care. Although the science of evidence synthesis has developed most rapidly in relation to the meta-analysis of numerical data linked to theories of cause and effect, the further development of theoretical understandings and propositions of the nature of evidence, its role in health care delivery, and the facilitation of improved global health have increased rapidly since 2000. The articles appearing in this issue examine the role of evidence synthesis in nursing and health care and are written by expert translational scientists from across the world. Three introductory articles overview evidence synthesis and its role in evidence-based health care; methods, issues, and trends in the systematic review of health care evidence; and the development of a robust evidence base for nursing. Subsequent articles explore the impact of systematic reviews on policy and practice in a variety of settings, including perioperative care, pediatrics, rehabilitation and long-term/continuing care, mental health, and public health. The final articles discuss the impact of evidence on health policy and practice and the complexities of translating evidence into policy and practice. These articles show the importance of synthesizing evidence and translating policy and practice into action in our quest to improve health care and health outcomes.

Generating Middle Range Theory

From Evidence to Practice

Author: Callista Roy, PhD, RN, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826110053

Category: Medical

Page: 402

View: 9309

"As expected, this book is complex but it is also engaging, thought-provoking, and exciting because it helps nurses and other readers think deeply about meeting the needs of patients at their most vulnerable moments. Score: 94, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews Callista Roy, one of nursingís leading theorists and creator of the widely used Roy Adaptation Model of Nursing, presents a unique pathway for developing knowledge for nursing practice. Her book distills the most relevant information from 200 published research studies to provide a roadmap for progressing from nursing research to middle-range theory to optimum practice regimens. It is based on tested knowledge, clear evidence, and refined caring perspectives. Step by step, the text identifies and critiques research suited for developing cumulative knowledge for practice and uses the research to develop middle-range theories that apply across all health care settings. It then presents the evidence for practice for each middle range theory, refocuses EBP within nursing knowledge and within defined levels of readiness for practice, and recommends changes for practice based on evidence. Grounded in the Roy Adaptation Model of Nursing, the book provides a single conceptual basis for synthesis of research into middle range theories for use across all patient populations. It clarifies ways to select research from one conceptual basis to build middle-range theories, how to classify evidence for practice by levels of readiness, and recommend research-based changes in practice. The text includes quantitative and qualitative research designs and offers instruments to measure major concepts for implementation. Also included are plentiful examples, tables that display values across studies, definitions of major terms and concepts, and diagrams of concepts. Supplementing the text is a faculty guide for using the text to teach critical thinking at multiple graduate levels and videos illuminating each section of the book. Key Features: Explains clearly how middle-range theories grow from research Designed for implementation in practice Uses Royís five core ìadaptationî contexts as organizing themes: coping, changing life events, loss, chronic health condition, and traumatic events Constitutes a seminal work from a pre-eminent nursing theorist and educator Includes faculty guide and videos elucidating each section of the book