Once Upon A Number

The Hidden Mathematical Logic Of Stories

Author: John Allen Paulos

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0786723998

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 4293

What two things could be more different than numbers and stories? Numbers are abstract, certain, and eternal, but to most of us somewhat dry and bloodless. Good stories are full of life: they engage our emotions and have subtlety and nuance, but they lack rigor and the truths they tell are elusive and subject to debate. As ways of understanding the world around us, numbers and stories seem almost completely incompatible.Once Upon a Number shows that stories and numbers aren't as different as you might imagine, and in fact they have surprising and fascinating connections. The concepts of logic and probability both grew out of intuitive ideas about how certain situations would play out. Now, logicians are inventing ways to deal with real world situations by mathematical means—by acknowledging, for instance, that items that are mathematically interchangeable may not be interchangeable in a story. And complexity theory looks at both number strings and narrative strings in remarkably similar terms.Throughout, renowned author John Paulos mixes numbers and narratives in his own delightful style. Along with lucid accounts of cutting-edge information theory we get hilarious anecdotes and jokes; instructions for running a truly impressive pyramid scam; a freewheeling conversation between Groucho Marx and Bertrand Russell (while they're stuck in an elevator together); explanations of why the statistical evidence against OJ Simpson was overwhelming beyond doubt and how the Unabomber's thinking shows signs of mathematical training; and dozens of other treats. This is another winner from America's favorite mathematician.

Investing: The Last Liberal Art

Author: Robert G. Hagstrom

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153101X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 2829

Robert G. Hagstrom is one of the best-known authors of investment books for general audiences. Turning his extensive experience as a portfolio manager at Legg Mason Capital Management into valuable guidance for professionals and nonprofessionals alike, he is the author of six successful books on investment, including The Warren Buffett Way, a New York Times best-seller that has sold more than a million copies. In this updated second edition of Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Hagstrom explores basic and fundamental investing concepts in a range of fields outside of economics, including physics, biology, sociology, psychology, philosophy, and literature. He discusses, for instance, how the theory of evolution disrupts the notion of the efficient market and how reading strategies for literature can be gainfully applied to investing research. Building on Charlie Munger's famous "latticework of mental models" concept, Hagstrom argues that it is impossible to make good investment decisions based solely on a strong knowledge of finance theory alone. He reinforces his concepts with additional data and a new chapter on mathematics, and updates his text throughout to reflect the developments of the past decade, particularly the seismic economic upheaval of 2008. He has also added a hundred new titles to the invaluable reading list concluding the book. Praise for the first edition: "I read this book in one sitting: I could not put it down."—Peter L. Bernstein, author of Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk "Elegant and irresistible. Robert G. Hagstrom makes the complex clear as he confidently crisscrosses through the disciplines of finance, biology, physics, and literature. The only way to understand investing better, [Investing] shows, is to understand the world better. Ideas spark off the page at every turn. This is simply a gem of a book."—James Surowiecki, New Yorker "Investing is a brisk and engaging read, and it is a pleasure to be in the presence of Hagstrom's agile mind."—International Herald Tribune

Gaither's Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

A Collection of Approximately 27,000 Quotations Pertaining to Archaeology, Architecture, Astronomy, Biology, Botany, Chemistry, Cosmology, Darwinism, Engineering, Geology, Mathematics, Medicine, Nature, Nursing, Paleontology, Philosophy, Physics, Probability, Science, Statistics, Technology, Theory, Universe, and Zoology

Author: Carl C. Gaither,Alma E. Cavazos-Gaither

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461411149

Category: Science

Page: 2867

View: 5357

This unprecedented collection of 27,000 quotations is the most comprehensive and carefully researched of its kind, covering all fields of science and mathematics. With this vast compendium you can readily conceptualize and embrace the written images of scientists, laymen, politicians, novelists, playwrights, and poets about humankind's scientific achievements. Approximately 9000 high-quality entries have been added to this new edition to provide a rich selection of quotations for the student, the educator, and the scientist who would like to introduce a presentation with a relevant quotation that provides perspective and historical background on his subject. Gaither's Dictionary of Scientific Quotations, Second Edition, provides the finest reference source of science quotations for all audiences. The new edition adds greater depth to the number of quotations in the various thematic arrangements and also provides new thematic categories.

Literature and Science in the Nineteenth Century

An Anthology

Author: Laura Otis

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191606162

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 624

View: 8565

'It has been said by its opponents that science divorces itself from literature; but the statement, like so many others, arises from lack of knowledge.' John Tyndall, 1874 Although we are used to thinking of science and the humanities as separate disciplines, in the nineteenth century that division was not recognized. As the scientist John Tyndall pointed out, not only were science and literature both striving to better 'man's estate', they shared a common language and cultural heritage. The same subjects occupied the writing of scientists and novelists: the quest for 'origins', the nature of the relation between society and the individual, and what it meant to be human. This anthology brings together a generous selection of scientific and literary material to explore the exchanges and interactions between them. Fed by a common imagination, scientists and creative writers alike used stories, imagery, style, and structure to convey their meaning, and to produce work of enduring power. The anthology includes writing by Charles Babbage, Charles Darwin, Sir Humphry Davy, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Michael Faraday, Thomas Malthus, Louis Pasteur, Edgar Allan Poe, Mary Shelley, Mark Twain and many others, and introductions and notes guide the reader through the topic's many strands. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Cognition and Chance

The Psychology of Probabilistic Reasoning

Author: Raymond S. Nickerson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113561461X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 472

View: 2731

Lack of ability to think probabilistically makes one prone to a variety of irrational fears and vulnerable to scams designed to exploit probabilistic naiveté, impairs decision making under uncertainty, facilitates the misinterpretation of statistical information, and precludes critical evaluation of likelihood claims. Cognition and Chance presents an overview of the information needed to avoid such pitfalls and to assess and respond to probabilistic situations in a rational way. Dr. Nickerson investigates such questions as how good individuals are at thinking probabilistically and how consistent their reasoning under uncertainty is with principles of mathematical statistics and probability theory. He reviews evidence that has been produced in researchers' attempts to investigate these and similar types of questions. Seven conceptual chapters address such topics as probability, chance, randomness, coincidences, inverse probability, paradoxes, dilemmas, and statistics. The remaining five chapters focus on empirical studies of individuals' abilities and limitations as probabilistic thinkers. Topics include estimation and prediction, perception of covariation, choice under uncertainty, and people as intuitive probabilists. Cognition and Chance is intended to appeal to researchers and students in the areas of probability, statistics, psychology, business, economics, decision theory, and social dilemmas.

Science and Its Times: 1950-present

Author: Neil Schlager,Josh Lauer

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780787639396

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 7940

"This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2001.

Senior High School Library Catalog

Author: H.W. Wilson Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 8570

Each vol. is divided into 2 parts 1st-7th ed.: Dictionary catalog and Classified catalog; 8th-9th ed. have 3rd. part: Directory of publishers.

Story Proof

The Science Behind the Startling Power of Story

Author: Kendall F. Haven

Publisher: Libraries Unltd Incorporated

ISBN: 9781591585466

Category: Education

Page: 152

View: 6467

Argues that storytelling and story reading are an important component of brain development and the education of children and adults.

Book review digest

Author: H.W. Wilson Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Books

Page: N.A

View: 3767

Mathematics and Culture in Europe

Mathematics in Art, Technology, Cinema, and Theatre

Author: M. Manaresi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 405

View: 1250

Predicated on the notion that mathematics has been a growing source of aesthetic inspiration in culture, this volume celebrates where the two intermesh. It is a meditation on the performances and cultural events, all mathematics-related, performed in Bologna in 2004, is dedicated to all those who are curious about mathematics, but also more generally about theatre, cinema, literature, arts and science. Thanks to the DVD, one can readers can relive various events through the voices and the images of the participants.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 5673

Content Reading and Literacy

Succeeding in Today's Diverse Classrooms

Author: Donna E. Alvermann,Stephen F. Phelps

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 7386

"The Fourth Edition Builds on Past Strengths and Adds New Ones... " Student Centered. Culturally Diverse Students. Evidence-Based Standards. Written by renowned authors Donna Alvermann and Steven Phelps, the Fourth Edition includes more emphasis and information on addressing the literacy needs of English language learners and culturally diverse students, a new focus on evidence-based practices and standards, and key information on newer frameworks for reading and writing instruction, such as the sociocultural New Literacies Framework, that equips students to teach content area literacy from a student-centered approach. What Continues to Make This Book a Best Seller... Increased discussion of English language learners. New evidence-based research icons highlighting current research New standards icons from various subject areas help pre-service teachers make the connection on how content area literacy instruction helps them meet the standards in their disciplines. New writing icons throughout the chapters point to writing examples. Thoroughly revised Chapter 7, " Reading to Learn." New information for all of the content areas in every chapter is represented in the examples, lessons, vignettes, and scenarios, making it easier for students enrolled from different discipline areas to locate content-specific/relevant examples. Ringing Endorsements for "Content Area Reading and Literacy, Fourth Edition" " Chapter 14-- " Teaching for Diversity." "This is an excellent chapter that certification students and other graduate students can use to understand more about thetypes of diversity categories that are present in instructional settings. This textbook is excellent for students." " Lavernia F. Hutchison, University of Houston-- Central Campus "" There are many strengths in this text. I particularly like the way it is laid out. I believe that helping the students to see the importance of content literacy from the very beginning is extremely important. Immediately following this topic the students then move directly into diversity, which includes the understanding the meaning of language and culture. Both of these topics form the basis for the rest of the course. Overall, I believe that this book is an excellent text for teaching in the Content Area." " Randy M. Wood, Baylor University "" The strengths of this text include the authors in depth knowledge of the field of content area reading. Their chapter on assessing textbooks is invaluable for secondary teachers who don't understand the difficulty of some textbooks and the problems these texts can cause students. The chapter on multiculturalism and the ESL learner is a strength. The chapter on vocabulary is outstanding." " Patricia J. Pollifrone, Gannon University Please visit the book specific website at: http: //www.ablongman.com/alvermann4e to learn more.

Forthcoming Books

Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3551

Math and Mathematicians

The History of Math Discoveries Around the World

Author: Lawrence W. Baker

Publisher: UXL

ISBN: 9780787664817

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 256

View: 341

Offers biographies of mathematicians from all historical periods and articles describing math concepts and principles.

Subjects Matter

Every Teacher's Guide to Content-area Reading

Author: Harvey Daniels,Steven Zemelman

Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books

ISBN: 9780325005959

Category: Education

Page: 276

View: 7420

Grades 7-12 Finally, a book about content-area reading that's just as useful to math, science, and history teachers as it is to English teachers! Lively, practical, and irreverent, Subjects Matter points the way to activities and materials that energize content and engage students across all subject areas. This book features: 23 practical classroom activities that help students understand and remember what they read, in mathematics, science, social studies, English, and more a tough analysis of today's textbooks, along with specific ways to use them more effectively a new "balanced diet" of reading, including 150 books of interest to teenagers instructions for growing a rich classroom library in your subject area plans for setting up student book clubs and reading groups in any discipline group-building techniques that create a productive community of readers a do-it-yourself exploration of the ways smart readers think models for developing ambitious thematic units within your classroom or with colleagues special help and materials for students who struggle scientific proof that the book's recommended activities do improve reading and learning.

Principia Mathematica.

Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

View: 6895

Senior High Core Collection

A Selection Guide

Author: Raymond W. Barber,Patrice Bartell

Publisher: Hw Wilson Co

ISBN: 9780824210861

Category: Best books

Page: 1456

View: 4635

- More than 6,500 books in the initial clothbound volume, plus more than 2,400 new titles in four annual supplements. - New coverage of biographies, art, sports, Islam and the Middle East, and cultural diversity. - Special focus on graphic novels, primary source materials, nonbook materials, and periodicals. - Analytic entries for items in collections and anthologies.